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Paul Morphy vs NN
Blindfold simul, 5b (1858), New Orleans, LA USA, Mar-17
King's Gambit: Accepted. King's Knight Gambit (C37)  ·  1-0

ANALYSIS [x]

FEN COPIED

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Kibitzer's Corner
Feb-05-04  Egghead: A pretty finish, but White's piece sacrifices would be unsound against better defensive play, no? I wonder if he knew his opponent's strength.
Feb-05-04  Giancarlo: Go figure, it was Morphy, he didn't really care who he was playing as long as he crushed them. You have to remember Morphy was way ahead of his time, so his opponets weren't exactly "strong", of course, there was Anderseen who was the exception, but Morphy even took him to the limit every time.
May-17-05  chesswonders: Another interesting one from Morphy. Does the Knight sac on move 5 always win??
May-17-05  SBC: <chessgames.com>

This game is from a bindfold simul at the new Orleans chess club early in 1858. That's not indicated in the pgn. (It explains why Morphy is playing an NN even)

<chesswonders>

Well, the knight sac is part of the Muzio line in the King's Gambit. No, it doesn't win - nor does it lose. White gives up a knight for open lines, tempo, development and an attack (al dynamic)...black gets a static (material) advantage. Each much prove he can use his different advantage to win.

The Muzio is great to play against someone weaker if you want to show off a bit. Against someone stronger, you better know your stuff because there's no margin for error. It's a fun opening to play with someone relatively equal in strength.

It's funny you didn't mention the second sac! 8. Bxf7+

This game is a double Muzio. In the double Muzio the second sac is usually the other Knight. This particular Bishop sac is sometimes called the Morphy-Muzio. Double Muzios are relatively rare and require nerves of steel.

May-17-05  Milo: Morphy vs Maurian, 1857
May-17-05  Milo: Cochrane vs Staunton, 1842

A better scheme of defense IMO.

May-17-05  Milo: My computer rather likes the bishop sacrifice... it also defends (in a game against itself) in the same fashion as NN here.

9.Qxf4+ Nf6 10.e5 Be7 11.OO Qd6

May-17-05  SBC: Here's a game that demonstrates the complexities of the Muzio and how difficult it can be to translate white's dynamic resources into a win.

[Event "Muzio Thematic Tourn"]
[Site "IECG correspondence"]
[Date "2004.02.20"]
[Round "-"]
[White "Sakai, Kiyotaka"]
[Black "Malmstrom, Jan "]
[Result "0-1"]

1. e4 e5 2. f4 exf4 3. Nf3 g5 4. Bc4 g4 5. O-O gxf3 6. Qxf3 Qf6 7. e5 Qxe5 8. Bxf7+ Kxf7 9. d4 Qf5 10. Bxf4 Nf6 11. Qe2 Qg4 12. Qc4+ d5 13. Qxc7+ Be7 14. Be5 Nd7 15. Nc3 Rg8 16. Rf2 Qe6 17. Raf1 Rg6 18. Ne2 Qb6 19. Qc3 Nxe5 20. dxe5 Bc5 21. exf6 Rxf6
0-1

May-18-05  chesswonders: Thanks SBC! Educative stuff for me.
Dec-01-05  Chopin: The Muzio is an interesting line, however if one doesn't play it properly, the knight sacrifice on f3 will haunt you through out the game. Morphy makes it look so easy.
Mar-03-06  McCool: Nice sacrifices for positional advantage.
May-24-06
Premium Chessgames Member
  Eggman: According to Macon Shibut's "Paul Morphy And The Evoluation Of Chess Theory" Morphy played this game blindfolded.
May-24-06
Premium Chessgames Member
  Calli: BFX means BlindFold eXhibition
May-24-06  technical draw: Thank you <Calli>. I thought it meant playing chess while riding a bicycle.
Dec-02-06
Premium Chessgames Member
  Calli: Duplicate of Morphy vs NN, 1858
Mar-06-07  tonsillolith: Even though his opponents were not always the strongest, I'm still usually surprised by how quickly they are either forced to give back all the material Morphy sacrificed or are mated.
May-04-07  wolfmaster: Of course, all gambits win against NN.:)
May-26-08
Premium Chessgames Member
  heuristic: Morphy: K safety _before_ attack
9.0-0 instead of 9.Qxf4+ Nf6 10.e5 Bg7 11.0-0
10.c3 instead of 10.Qxf4 Qxd4+ 11.Be3 Qxb2 12.e5

Morphy: minimum 3 pieces for an attack
15.Ne4 instead of 15.exf6 Rg8 16.Qh6 Bd5 17.Qxh5+

NN: passive defence
9...Nf6 instead of 9...Qxd4+ 10.Be3 Qg7 11.Qxf4+ Ke8
10...Bh6 instead of 10...Rg8 11.Qxf4 Rg6 12.e5 Bh3

NN: ooops
15...Qe7 instead of 15...Rg8 16.Qh6 Bd5
16...Nxf6+ instead of 16...Qf8 17.Ng5+ Kg6

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