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Yuri Averbakh vs Andre Lilienthal
Moscow-ch (1949), Moscow URS, rd 1
King's Indian Defense: Normal Variation. Rare Defenses (E90)  ·  1-0

ANALYSIS [x]

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Kibitzer's Corner
Oct-08-05  chessfreako: Why did Andre Lilienthal resign? It's a drawn position!
Oct-08-05  percyblakeney: I think black doesn't have any good way to defend against the threat Kf4-Ke5-Kf6.
Oct-08-05
Premium Chessgames Member
  Benzol: Averbakh gives this ending in his book 'Bishop vs Knight Endings'.

The sealed move was 42.♔f4 and he gives the following variation 42...a4 43.♔e5 ♗g4 44.♔f6 ♗h5 45.♔e7 ♗g4 46.a3! ♗d1 47.♘e6+ ♔b7 48.♔d6 ♗xb3 49.♘d8+ ♔c8 50.♘xc6 a4 51.♘e7+ and wins.

If 43...♗a3 44.♔f6 ♗d3 45.♔e7 followed by 46.♘e6+ forcing back the Black King.

Oct-08-05  chessfreako: Y can't he play 42. .. ♗e8? It seems to hold the position
Oct-08-05
Premium Chessgames Member
  Benzol: <chessfreako> The Bishop is on the c8 square. See move 41...♗c8.
Oct-08-05  chessfreako: i'm sorry I mean 42. .. Bd7 then move it to 43. .. Be8. But thanks anyway I already know why it's a loss.

Thanks! :)

Aug-23-06  think: This is definitely lost for black because there is nothing stopping white's king to penetrate via f4 and e5. Then if black protects c6, g6 will be taken, and vice versa. (I'm into Latin phrases starting with v today)
Mar-20-20
Premium Chessgames Member
  woldsmandriffield: An interesting game in which Averbakh makes something out of virtually nothing.

Had Averbakh played 14 b3 then 14..Ng3 is strong, creating the possibility of 15 Re1 Rxe3 16 fxe3 Qg5 when Black has an extremely promising position. After 14 Nxe4 Nxe4 15 b3 the move 15..Ng3 lacked bite and Black was tempted to snare the two Bishops with 15 Re1 Nxe2+ when he should probably have gone 15..Nf5 16 Nxf5 Bxf5 with a level gane.

Lilienthal's plan of 18..a6 & 19..Qh4 was not very incisive and he might have done better to push 18..a5..a4.

The next puzzle is why Black did not try 23..Re8 when White has nothing. Trading Queens turned a one-result game (draw) into a two-result game (draw or a White win).

Averbakh must have been pleased to see 29..d5 30 c5 and fixing the Pawns creates a weak c6 pawn and dark squared weaknesses in the centre.

Lilienthal evaded the trap 33..Rb8? 34 Re7+! but he might have set a trap of his own: 33..a5 eg 34 g3 Rb8 and now 35 Re7+? loses to 35..Kxe7 36 Nxc6+ Kd7 37 Nxb8 Kc7 38 Na6 Kb7

I have not read the analysis in Bishop vs Knight Endings and pondered why, after the exchange of Rooks, marching the K to a5 and putting the Knight on b5 does not win. The reason is 37 Ke3 Kc7 38 Kd3 Bd7 39 h4 an now Black can defend a6 along the a6-f1 diagonal.

Averbakh's 40 g5! was decisive If now Black replies 40..f5 he creates huge holes on d4 and e5 and fixes a terminal weakness on g6.

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