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Guenther Moehring vs Kurt Litkiewicz
Potsdam ch-DDR (1974), Potsdam GDR, rd 2, Feb-??
English Opening: Anglo-Indian Defense. Anglo-Grünfeld Variation (A16)  ·  1/2-1/2



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Kibitzer's Corner
Sep-21-04  mjk: Black draws a won ending. After 66.♔xf7, Black has mate in 33 <Nalimov>. After a dozens of inaccurate moves it's a draw in a won position (if one ignores the 50-move rule).
Premium Chessgames Member
  offramp: Someone should have told Litkiewitz about the Guretzky-Kornitz manoeuvre.
Apr-29-08  David2008: Moehring defended boldly and his Rook moves (89 Rh4-h7!; 90 Kf5-g4, Rd7!) (with BQ at c3, WK at e2) successfully set Black problems. Passive defence is useless - one gets ground down. Black plays common-sense and reasonably good moves until move 98. The position with Black to play is Black: Ke3, Qc4; White Kc1, Rb2. Black has 20 moves left to capture the R or checkmate. There is a difficult book win starting 98 ... Qc4-a4+ 99 Kd1-c1, Ke3-d4! (not ..Kd3, 100 Rb2-b3+! gains a lot of time) 100. Kc1-d2, Qa4-c4 101. Rb2-b6! (main variation; for Rb8 see Note A) Qc4-c3+! 102 Ke2 (or 102 Kd1, Kd4-e3! etc) Qc3-c2+ 103 Ke1 Qc5! and the attacked R has no good square from which to guard both a Q fork and Kd4-d3. Alternatively, 103 Kf3 (instead of Ke1) Qc5! and remarkably the R is lost to Q checks on an open board.

Note A: 101 Rb8! is another good try: Black cannot win the Rook by force immediately, instead he wins by improving the position of his Queen by checks (finishing on the long diagonal) before advancing the King. White is one move short of being able to retreat his Rook safely and cover the lateral checks. 101... Qc3+! 102. Ke1! Qf3+ 103.Kc2 Qg2+ 104. Kb1 Kc3! and wins on move 109 at the latest - 9 moves to spare.

This win is not easy to find over the board, the attacker has to find a precise sequence of moves since alternatives let the defender off the hook. To quote Capablanca ('Chess Fundamentals', 1921): "This is one of the most difficult endings without Pawns. The resources of the defence are many, and when used skilfully only a very good player will prevail within the limit of fifty moves allowed by the rules".

Premium Chessgames Member
  FSR: <David2008> Interesting. I hadn't realized that Capablanca had remarked on the difficulties in winning the ending. Fine in Basic Chess Endings, written 20 years after Capablanca's book, erroneously claims that the superior side wins without difficulty.
Premium Chessgames Member

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89 Rh7 is an example of a distance defence. The easiest way to break a distance defence is to harass the Rook and ideally put the Queen behind the King if it is advantageously situated, as here.

89.. Qc4+ 90 Kf2 (if White runs the other way the separation of Q & R becomes an issue: eg 90 Kd2 Qd4+ 91 Kc2 Kg4 92 Rh2 Qc5+ -+) 90..Qd4+ 91 Kf3 Qf6! 92 Rh2 Kg5+ 93 Kg2 Kg4 94 Kg1 Qd4+ 95 Kg2 Qe5 96 Kg1 Kg3 97 Rg2+ Kh3 -+

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