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KING DEFLECTION: *TWO* LOOSE SQUARES NEAR KING
Compiled by notyetagm
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If the king keeps the enemy -queen- or -rook- out of an adjacent square, then it cannot perform any other tasks.

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White to play: 29 ?


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Black's previous move was 28 ... ♖d5xb5??, grabbing a useless pawn on the queenside.

Black overlooks two critical tactical points pertaining to his <KING SAFETY>:

1) Black g7-king is <STALEMATED>

2) <TWO LOOSE SQUARES NEAR HIS KING>: the h8-square is attacked by the White c8-rook and the h6-square is attacked by the White e3-bishop and -both- of these squares are <DEFENDED> -only- by the Black g7-king. But since -one- piece cannot <DEFEND> -two- squares (in general), this tactical situation suggests that the Black g7-king is <OVERWORKED> and can be <DEFLECTED>.

White does not miss his chance, meeting the blunder 28 ... ♖d5xb5?? with 29 ♗e3xh6+!,

Position after 29 ♗e3xh6+! 1-0


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forcing Black's immediate resignation due to the forced mate 29 ♗e3xh6+! ♔g7x♗h6 <deflection from h8> 30 ♖c8-h8+ ♔h6-g7 31 ♕c2-h7#.

(VAR) 29 ♗e3xh6+! ♔g7x♗h6 30 ♖c8-h8+ ♔h6-g7 31 ♕c2-h7#


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This puzzle is also a great illustration of the power of the <LINE PIECES ♕♖♗> when they are on <OPEN LINES> (files, diagonals, and ranks). Not one of the White c8-rook, c2-queen, or e3-bishop is -anywhere- near the Black g7-king, yet they are able to perform a mate in 3 because they have <OPEN LINES> to the Black king.

A big win for Jorge Sammur-Hasbun (White) on his way to retaining his Dos Hermanas ICC internet blitz title in 2008.

Event "FI32"
Site "Internet Chess Club"
Date "2008.04.05"
Round "15"
White "NECF-InSchools"
Black "Indiana-Jones"
Result "1-0"
ICCResult "Black resigns"
WhiteElo "3196"
BlackElo "3094"
Opening "English: symmetrical, hedgehog system" ECO "A34"
NIC "EO.40"
Time "17:12:10"
TimeControl "180+0"

1. c4 c5 2. Nc3 Nf6 3. Nf3 b6 4. g3 Bb7 5. Bg2 e6 6. O-O Be7 7. e3 O-O 8. Qe2 d5 9. cxd5 Nxd5 10. d4 Ba6 11. Nb5 Nc6 12. a4 cxd4 13. exd4 Rc8 14. Rd1 Bf6 15. h4 h6 16. Ne5 Qe7 17. Ng4 Rfd8 18. Be3 Qb4 19. Bxd5 Rxd5 20. Nxf6+ gxf6 21. Rac1 Kh7 22. Rc4 Qb3 23. Rdc1 Ne7 24. R1c3 Bxb5 25. axb5 Qa2 26. Qc2+ Kg7 27. Rxc8 Nxc8 28. Rxc8 Rxb5 29. Bxh6+ 1-0

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<KING DEFLECTION: 17 ... Rf8xf3+!! 18 Kg3xRf3 <deflection from h4> Qd8-h4>

This <KING DEFLECTION/DISTRACTION> that was overlooked(!) by the great tactician Nakamura is based on the -two- <LOOSE SQUARES> near the White g3-king, the f3- and h4-squares.

In the brilliant game Judit Polgar vs J Fernandez Garcia, 2003, Polgar's 24 ♖d1-d7!! is based on the -two- <LOOSE SQUARES> near the Black c8-king, the b7- and d7-squares.

Event "ICC 3 0"
Site "Internet Chess Club"
Date "2008.02.07"
Round "-"
White "pendex2008"
Black "Smallville"
Result "0-1"
ICCResult "White resigns"
WhiteElo "3090"
BlackElo "3272"
Opening "French: Tarrasch, closed variation"
ECO "C05"
NIC "FR.16"
Time "22:51:56"
TimeControl "180+0"

1. e4 e6 2. d4 d5 3. Nd2 Nf6 4. e5 Nfd7 5. f4 c5 6. Ndf3 Nc6 7. c3 cxd4 8. cxd4 Bb4+ 9. Kf2 f6 10. Bd3 fxe5 11. fxe5 O-O 12. Ne2 Ndxe5 13. dxe5 Nxe5 14. Bf4 Bc5+ 15. Kg3 Nxf3 16. gxf3 e5 17. Bd2 Qf6 18. Rf1 e4 19. fxe4 Qg6+ 0-1

22 Rf7+! Black g7-king cannot stop Rf1-f7 -and- Qc2-h7
Mamedyarov vs B Galstian, 2002 
(A57) Benko Gambit, 22 moves, 1-0

24 Rd7!! Kxd7 25 Qxb7+ deflects Black c8-king from b7, mating
Judit Polgar vs J Fernandez Garcia, 2003 
(B05) Alekhine's Defense, Modern, 24 moves, 1-0

36 ... Rg6-f2+!
R Janssen vs A Giri, 2011 
(A07) King's Indian Attack, 36 moves, 0-1

31 Rf1xf6! Black g7-king protect h6-square from White d2-queen
Smyslov vs Geller, 1951 
(A07) King's Indian Attack, 48 moves, 1-0

54 ... Ra1+! 55 Kxa1 Qxc2 deflects the White b1-king from c2
Yifan Hou vs Khurtsidze, 2006 
(B11) Caro-Kann, Two Knights, 3...Bg4, 55 moves, 0-1

32 Bxh7+! Kxh7 deflects the Black g8-king from f7, 33 Qxf7+
Larsen vs F Terkelsen, 1954 
(A06) Reti Opening, 35 moves, 1-0

31 ... Rh1+! 32 Kxh1 Qh3+ White h2-king cannot defend h1, h3
D J Ledger vs P K Wells, 2001 
(A07) King's Indian Attack, 33 moves, 0-1

30 Rf7!! Black g6-king must keep the White e3-queen out of h6
Jobava vs Ehlvest, 2007 
(A07) King's Indian Attack, 30 moves, 1-0

34 Rxf7!! Kxf7 deflects Black g8-king from h7-square, 35 Qh7+
Jakovenko vs A Moiseenko, 2007 
(A33) English, Symmetrical, 39 moves, 1-0

26 ... Rc3xa3!! White b2-king must keep Black queen out of c3
Pillsbury vs Lasker, 1896 
(D50) Queen's Gambit Declined, 30 moves, 0-1

29 Rh1-h7+! Black g7-king must keep White f3-queen out of f7
A Volokitin vs Bareev, 2007 
(B12) Caro-Kann Defense, 29 moves, 1-0

34 Rh1-h7+! Black g7-king must keep White e8-queen out of f7
G Sargissian vs M Tratar, 2007 
(E61) King's Indian, 41 moves, 1-0

17 Bc4xf7+! Black g8-king keeps White h6-queen out of h7-square
V Soldatenkov vs S Durnovo, 1898 
(C21) Center Game, 24 moves, 1-0

36 ... Ra1-h1+! White h2-king must keep Black h4-queen from h3
J Enevoldsen vs Alekhine, 1939 
(E33) Nimzo-Indian, Classical, 37 moves, 0-1

29 Rb1-b7+! Black c7-king must defend d7-square from d1-queen
Tal vs D Keller, 1959 
(D44) Queen's Gambit Declined Semi-Slav, 34 moves, 1-0

29 Re8xBf8+! Black g8-king keeps White h6-queen out of h8-sq
Geller vs Kotov, 1955 
(C90) Ruy Lopez, Closed, 29 moves, 1-0

26 Bb3xf7+!! Black g8-king must keep White h6-queen out of h7
Alekhine vs K Junge, 1942  
(C86) Ruy Lopez, Worrall Attack, 28 moves, 1-0

38 Rb6xh6+! Black h7-king must keep White e8-queen from h8-sq
B Grachev vs Akobian, 2009 
(D37) Queen's Gambit Declined, 38 moves, 1-0

34 Rf2xf7+! Black e7-king cannot defend both d7-,f7-squares
Mamedyarov vs Svidler, 2009 
(D45) Queen's Gambit Declined Semi-Slav, 36 moves, 1-0

29 ... Rf8-f1!? White g2-king must keep h5-queen out of h1-sq
Mamedyarov vs Kramnik, 2009 
(D37) Queen's Gambit Declined, 58 moves, 0-1

42 ... Rd8-d1+! Black e1-king cannot defend both d1-,f1-squares
Ivanchuk vs Topalov, 2009 
(B99) Sicilian, Najdorf, 7...Be7 Main line, 54 moves, 0-1

25 .. Rh8xh2! White g1-king must keep d2-queen out of f2-square
Topalov vs Shirov, 2009 
(D44) Queen's Gambit Declined Semi-Slav, 30 moves, 1/2-1/2

25 Re1xNe7+! Black d7-king must keep White d1-queen out of c7
Steinitz vs Chigorin, 1889 
(D07) Queen's Gambit Declined, Chigorin Defense, 27 moves, 1-0

42 Bh6+!! Kxh6 43 Qxf7 deflects Black g7-king from f7, mating
Leko vs Kamsky, 2006 
(C97) Ruy Lopez, Closed, Chigorin, 46 moves, 1-0

Movsesian vs A Istratescu, 2012 
(C18) French, Winawer, 53 moves, 0-1

49 ... Re8-e2+! 50 Kf2xRe2 Qh2xg2+ leads to forced mate
R van Kampen vs S Ernst, 2012 
(C97) Ruy Lopez, Closed, Chigorin, 53 moves, 0-1

29 Bb1-h7+! 1-0 Black g8-king defends f7-sq from White e7-queen
Judit Polgar vs Xie Jun, 1996 
(C90) Ruy Lopez, Closed, 29 moves, 1-0

M Al Sayed vs Kiril D Georgiev, 2013 
(A46) Queen's Pawn Game, 27 moves, 1-0

30 .. Bg6-d3+! White e2-king must keep Black queen out of d1-sq
A Moiseenko vs Bacrot, 2013 
(D31) Queen's Gambit Declined, 34 moves, 1/2-1/2

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