Members · Prefs · Laboratory · Collections · Openings · Endgames · Sacrifices · History · Search Kibitzing · Kibitzer's Café · Chessforums · Tournament Index · Players · Kibitzing

Benjamin Raphael vs Paul Morphy
New York (1857), New York, NY USA
King's Gambit: Accepted. Bishop's Gambit Bryan Countergambit (C33)  ·  0-1


explore this opening
find similar games 462 more games of Morphy
sac: 15...O-O-O PGN: download | view | print Help: general | java-troubleshooting

TIP: Some games have annotation. These are denoted in the game list with the icon.

PGN Viewer:  What is this?
For help with this chess viewer, please see the Olga Chess Viewer Quickstart Guide.

Kibitzer's Corner
May-28-04  ivan2kilu: This "morphy" guy is good.
Premium Chessgames Member
  Doctor Who: LOL!!! Yes, this "Morphy guy" seems to know a few things about chess!
May-28-04  harrwitz: Hi, be careful...Sergeant's book notes that 4...P-QKt4 is a poor move and that Black's exchange sacrifice "ought not to have been so effective, had not White been greedy on move 18." In short, White has a winning position on move 17, according to Sergeant.
May-28-04  harrwitz: ...Only to botch it up thoroughly, of course =)
Premium Chessgames Member
  tamar: I don't think 18 ♕xf7 is too greedy. 18 ♕xf7 ♖f8 19 ♕b3+ ♔c8 has to be just winning for White, but only if he follows up sharply, say with 20 ♗xg5 grabbing another pawn. 20...♖xf3 21 ♕xf3 ♕xg5 does not help black as he is already down material. 20 c3 is the clunker. The ♕ never gets back into the game.
Oct-04-04  InspiredByMorphy: 17. Qb3+ Ka8 18. Nxg8 Rxg8 19. Qxf7 wins. It appears 15. ...Rc8 was necessary.
Apr-14-09  paulmorphy41: To Tamar; After 20.Nf3 Qb3 21.Bxg5 not Rxf3, but Nxd4 22.Nxd4 Qxg5 23Nf3 Nf4 24.g3 ne2+ 25.Kg2 Nf4+ 26. Kf1 Ne6. Maybe blacks still lost, but it is complicated
Premium Chessgames Member
  tamar: <paulmorphy41: To Tamar; After 20.Nf3 Qb3 21.Bxg5 not Rxf3, but Nxd4 22.Nxd4 Qxg5 23Nf3 Nf4 24.g3 ne2+ 25.Kg2 Nf4+ 26. Kf1 Ne6. Maybe blacks still lost, but it is complicated>

Difficult for White to unwind, especially if Black plays 24...Qg4 in your line.

If you try to play White, you are trying to contain 4 developed pieces, with two of your own, but it is possible to do.

These kind of games bothered Steinitz, who could see that Morphy allowed lost positions, but it took many years for defensive technique to be developed.

BTW in my post 5 years ago (!) I probably meant 21 Bxg5 as the knight needs to come out to f3 on move 20 for any of it to make sense.

Apr-20-09  paulmorphy41: To Tamar your right on 24...Qg4 in my line probably draws by perpetual checks with the knight.
May-16-11  James Bowman: Where some players saw obsticals Morphy sees options, where others saw a plan Morphy saw a multitude of paths all leading to mate.
Jun-15-12  RookFile: This is all nice, but with proper play Morphy should have lost this game. I'm amazed he didn't get blown off the board.
Sep-22-14  rainingpieces: 21.c3 is bad. White had a good position before it. 21.Be3 seems to be the best move, since it frees up the rook and protects the d4-pawn. A complicated position still
Premium Chessgames Member
  keypusher: A real swindle from Morphy. Raphael was a strong player (he finished fourth in the NY tournament) and you get the sense that Morphy was taking this game awfully casually, especially at the beginning.

Max Lange apparently suggested 11....g4 12.Ne1 f5 13.h3 Ng3 14.Rh2 Bxe5 15.hxg4 Qb6! (Sargeant), but that's just a fantasy variation. 12.Nh4 (12....Qg5 13.g3 f5 14.Bc4) and 13.exf6 are massive improvements.

The engine likes c2-c3 until the moment that Raphael actually decides to play it, e.g. 18.c3 Qg6 19.g4(!?) Nf4 20.Bxf4 gxf4 21.Nd3, and if 21...f5 22.h3 h5? 23.Nxf4. Not many humans would play that way. The machine also likes 20.c3 or 20.Qd5, in either event keeping White's massive advantage.

As <raining pieces> points out, 21.Be3 is good (21....Nf4 22.Bxf4 Rxf4 23.h3), or White can play 21.h3 at once.

21.c3 turned a win into a loss. Raphael must have missed or underestimated 22....Qd3. Mate is forced after 23....Nf4!, but it's also forced after 23....Qe2 -- just takes a little longer.

NOTE: You need to pick a username and password to post a reply. Getting your account takes less than a minute, is totally anonymous, and 100% free—plus, it entitles you to features otherwise unavailable. Pick your username now and join the chessgames community!
If you already have an account, you should login now.
Please observe our posting guidelines:
  1. No obscene, racist, sexist, profane, raunchy, or disgusting language.
  2. No spamming, advertising, duplicate or nonsense posts.
  3. No malicious personal attacks, including cyber stalking, systematic antagonism, or gratuitous name-calling of any member Iincludinfgall Admin and Owners or any of their family, friends, associates, or business interests. If you think someone is an idiot, then provide evidence that their reasoning is invalid and/or idiotic, instead of just calling them an idiot. It's a subtle but important distinction, even in political discussions.
  4. Nothing in violation of United States law.
  5. No malicious posting of or linking to personal, private, and/or negative information (aka "doxing" or "doxxing") about any member, (including all Admin and Owners) or any of their family, friends, associates, or business interests. This includes all media: text, images, video, audio, or otherwise. Such actions will result in severe sanctions for any violators.
  6. NO TROLLING. Admin and Owners know it when they see it, and sanctions for any trolls will be significant.
  7. Any off-topic posts which distract from the primary topic of discussion are subject to removal.
  8. The use of "sock puppet" accounts to circumvent disciplinary action taken by Moderators is expressly prohibited.
  9. The use of "sock puppet" accounts in an attempt to undermine any side of a debate—or to create a false impression of consensus or support—is prohibited.
  10. All decisions with respect to deleting posts, and any subsequent discipline, are final, and occur at the sole discretion of the Moderators, Admin, and Owners.
  11. Please try to maintain a semblance of civility at all times.
Blow the Whistle See something that violates our rules? Blow the whistle and inform a Moderator.

NOTE: Keep all discussion on the topic of this page. This forum is for this specific game and nothing else. If you want to discuss chess in general, or this site, visit the Kibitzer's Café.

Messages posted by Chessgames members do not necessarily represent the views of, its employees, or sponsors. All Moderator actions taken are at the sole discretion of the Admin and Owners—who will strive to act fairly and consistently at all times.

This game is type: CLASSICAL. Please report incorrect or missing information by submitting a correction slip to help us improve the quality of our content.

<This page contains Editor Notes. Click here to read them.>

Featured in the Following Game Collections[what is this?]
Morphy Favorites
by chocobonbon
What can I say...Morphy it is...
from Collections in Idleness 4 by kishchess
King's Gambit
by Piranha01
King's Gambit: Accepted. Bishop's Gambit Bryan Countergambit (C
from PAUL MORPHY by vaskolon
What can I say...Morphy it is...
from Collections in Idleness 4 by Trigonometrist
Tras "Mis Geniales Predecesores"
Black - King's Gambit Accepted: Morphy
by gaborn
Morphy's King's Gambit: Accepted. Bishop's Gambit
from Paul Morphy by tentsewang
Game 55
from If chess was a religion, Morphy would be God. by Chopin
tomking's favorite games
by tomking
pre-Steinitz Era2: 1861 or before
by Antiochus
Paul Morphy -The Great Chess Genius
by Timothy Glenn Forney

home | about | login | logout | F.A.Q. | your profile | preferences | Premium Membership | Kibitzer's Café | Biographer's Bistro | new kibitzing | chessforums | Tournament Index | Player Directory | Notable Games | World Chess Championships | Opening Explorer | Guess the Move | Game Collections | ChessBookie Game | Chessgames Challenge | Store | privacy notice | contact us
Copyright 2001-2019, Chessgames Services LLC