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Morphy 

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Paul Morphy
Number of games in database: 465
Years covered: 1848 to 1869
Overall record: +195 -25 =24 (84.8%)*
   * Overall winning percentage = (wins+draws/2) / total games
      Based on games in the database; may be incomplete.
      221 exhibition games, odds games, etc. are excluded from this statistic.

MOST PLAYED OPENINGS
With the White pieces:
 Evans Gambit (44) 
    C51 C52
 King's Gambit Accepted (25) 
    C37 C39 C38 C35 C36
 Philidor's Defense (14) 
    C41
 Sicilian (14) 
    B44 B21 B40 B20
 King's Pawn Game (13) 
    C44 C40 C20
 King's Gambit Declined (12) 
    C30 C31
With the Black pieces:
 King's Gambit Accepted (21) 
    C33 C39 C38
 Ruy Lopez (15) 
    C65 C77 C64 C78 C84
 Evans Gambit (15) 
    C51 C52
 Giuoco Piano (10) 
    C53 C50 C54
 Philidor's Defense (7) 
    C41
 Petrov (4) 
    C42
Repertoire Explorer

NOTABLE GAMES: [what is this?]
   Morphy vs Duke Karl / Count Isouard, 1858 1-0
   Paulsen vs Morphy, 1857 0-1
   Morphy vs Le Carpentier, 1849 1-0
   Bird vs Morphy, 1858 0-1
   Morphy vs Schrufer, 1859 1-0
   Morphy vs A Morphy, 1850 1-0
   J Schulten vs Morphy, 1857 0-1
   Morphy vs Anderssen, 1858 1-0
   Morphy vs Anderssen, 1858 1-0
   N Marache vs Morphy, 1857 0-1

NOTABLE TOURNAMENTS: [what is this?]
   Morphy - Harrwitz (1858)
   Anderssen - Morphy (1858)
   1st American Chess Congress (1857)
   Morphy - Loewenthal (1858)
   Morphy - Mongredien (1859)

GAME COLLECTIONS: [what is this?]
   Paul Morphy -The Great Chess Genius by Timothy Glenn Forney
   Morphy Favorites by chocobonbon
   If chess was a religion, Morphy would be God. by Chopin
   paul morphy best games by brager
   Pure Morphy by saveyougod
   Paul Morphy Conquered the World by fredthebear
   Odds games #2 by WhiteRook48
   A First Book of Morphy by melodie
   A First Book of Morphy by Frisco Del Rosario by adrien79
   Match Morphy! by amadeus
   Paul Morphy's Best Games by KingG
   Morphy: A Modern Perspective by monkeysbum
   morpstau's favorite games by morpstau
   First Book of Morphy by ganine1947

GAMES ANNOTATED BY MORPHY: [what is this?]
   La Bourdonnais vs McDonnell, 1834
   La Bourdonnais vs McDonnell, 1834
   La Bourdonnais vs McDonnell, 1834
   McDonnell vs La Bourdonnais, 1834
   La Bourdonnais vs McDonnell, 1834
   >> 31 GAMES ANNOTATED BY MORPHY

Search Sacrifice Explorer for Paul Morphy
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PAUL MORPHY
(born Jun-22-1837, died Jul-10-1884, 47 years old) United States of America

[what is this?]
Paul Charles Morphy was born in New Orleans. He was the son of a successful lawyer and judge Alonzo Morphy. His uncle, Ernest Morphy, claims that no one formally taught Morphy how to play chess, but rather that he learned the rules by observing games between himself and Alonzo. When Morphy was only 12 years old, Johann Jacob Loewenthal visited New Orleans and at the behest of his father, agreed to play a casual match with the prodigy. Young Paul won 2½ to ½.

In 1857 Morphy won the First American Chess Congress with a dominating performance http://graeme.50webs.com/chesschamp... . This success was followed by a European trip where he met and triumphed over most of the prominent masters of the period, namely Adolf Anderssen whom he defeated +7 -2 =2 (see Anderssen-Morphy (1858)), Loewenthal in Morphy-Loewenthal (1858) and Daniel Harrwitz in Morphy-Harrwitz (1858). Upon returning to America, he announced his retirement from chess.

Although the official title of World Champion did not exist in his time, Morphy was and is widely regarded as the strongest player of his day. Even today his games are studied for their principles of open lines and quick development, and his influence on the modern game is undeniable. Mikhail Botvinnik wrote of his influence: "His mastery of open positions was so vast that little new has been learned about such positions after him."

User: jessicafischerqueen 's YouTube documentary of Paul Morphy: http://www.youtube.com/playlist?lis...

Notes: Paul also played team chess with Morphy / Barnes and Morphy / Mongredien, and edited a chess column in the New York Ledger.

Wikipedia article: Paul Morphy


 page 1 of 19; games 1-25 of 465  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves Year Event/LocaleOpening
1. Morphy vs A Morphy 1-031 1848 New OrleansC23 Bishop's Opening
2. Morphy vs A Morphy 1-018 1848 New OrleansC33 King's Gambit Accepted
3. Morphy vs NN 1-019 1848 New OrleansC20 King's Pawn Game
4. Morphy vs NN 1-020 1849 New Orleans cgC39 King's Gambit Accepted
5. Morphy vs Le Carpentier 1-013 1849 New Orleans000 Chess variants
6. Morphy vs A Morphy 1-021 1849 New Orleans -C51 Evans Gambit
7. Morphy vs E Morphy 1-020 1849 New OrleansC53 Giuoco Piano
8. J McConnell vs Morphy 0-123 1849 New OrleansC38 King's Gambit Accepted
9. Morphy vs A Morphy 1-046 1849 New OrleansC51 Evans Gambit
10. Morphy vs E Rousseau 1-023 1849 New OrleansC50 Giuoco Piano
11. Morphy vs J McConnell 1-023 1849 New OrleansC40 King's Knight Opening
12. Morphy vs E Rousseau 1-017 1849 New OrleansC39 King's Gambit Accepted
13. Morphy vs J McConnell 1-029 1849 New OrleansC39 King's Gambit Accepted
14. Morphy vs A Morphy 1-015 1849 New Orleans mC51 Evans Gambit
15. Morphy vs J McConnell 1-011 1849 New Orleans cgC35 King's Gambit Accepted, Cunningham
16. NN vs Morphy 0-124 1850 New Orleans USAC65 Ruy Lopez, Berlin Defense
17. Morphy vs NN 1-018 1850 ?000 Chess variants
18. Morphy vs Loewenthal 1-049 1850 New OrleansB21 Sicilian, 2.f4 and 2.d4
19. J McConnell vs Morphy 0-114 1850 New OrleansC02 French, Advance
20. Morphy vs A Morphy 1-018 1850 New Orleans ?000 Chess variants
21. Morphy vs Loewenthal 1-055 1850 New OrleansC42 Petrov Defense
22. Morphy vs E Morphy 1-025 1850 New OrleansC52 Evans Gambit
23. Morphy vs NN 1-014 1850 casualC44 King's Pawn Game
24. J McConnell vs Morphy 0-125 1850 New OrleanC52 Evans Gambit
25. Morphy vs Maurian 0-127 1854 New Orleans000 Chess variants
 page 1 of 19; games 1-25 of 465  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2) | Morphy wins | Morphy loses  
 

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Kibitzer's Corner
< Earlier Kibitzing  · PAGE 269 OF 269 ·  Later Kibitzing>
Mar-04-16  Jambow: Ok Sara aka <SBC> no offence but I'm sort of a motor head so I needed to look up your profile and make sure your initials weren't for Small Block Chevy...
Mar-04-16
Premium Chessgames Member
  tamar: <SBC> Distressing to me that I can purvey false information while looking directly at a text. As you say, people see what they want to see. I expected the Haiti account to be about Paul's father.

It was Diego Jr, not Paul's father Alonso (born Nov 23,1798), who escaped in the following account from Lawson.

<He placed his infant son in a market basket and covered him in vegetables. Diego then sent him, along with his mother, who was disguised as a produce vendor, to board an English vessel at anchor in the harbor.>

Mar-04-16
Premium Chessgames Member
  morfishine: <Jambow> I like your insight into Morphy, especially your note of being a polymath genius. Clearly, there was something unique about Morphy

*****

Mar-04-16  SBC:

According to "Old Families of Louisiana," Diego Sr became vice-consul for Spain while living in Charleston, SC and upon moving to New Orleans, became consul for Spain. When Diego Sr died in 1814, his son Diego Jr, who arrived in a basket, became vice-consul and in 1818 became consul and moved to Natchez. Jr was a highly regarded scholar who wrote a book on Spanish idioms and a French, Spanish and English dictionary. He also translated many works into various languages. It wasn't until 1819 that Alonzo was admitted to the bar and he became attorney general for the state of Louisiana in 1829. Two years after Paul, his third child, was born that he was appointed to the Louisiana Supreme Court, the position he held when he died in Nov. of 1856.

Mar-05-16  Jambow: <morfishine> glad you found my opinion insightful, thank you.

On a more personal note relating to my Ancestry DNA results. My GEDMATCH analysis came in so I looked them over. Native American showed up with there loci and algorithms. Surprise surprise, not sure if Mr. Morphy is Subsaharian African or not but I am. Ok only about 1% but I'm applying to the United Negro college fund ASAP, a drop is a drop. An education and a Casino things are really looking up. ;0]

Seriously I guess if you spent a few bucks on an Ancestry DNA kit, you can run it through GEDMATCH and find more than hey you're European. The Caucus results were much more clearly defined too, looks like Turkey/Syria right in the hot zone.

Mar-09-16  SBC: Images of Morphy: https://www.chess.com/article/view/...
Mar-23-16  zanzibar: I tried to find it on <CG>, but I don't think the following game is on <CG>. Has anybody ever seen it?

[Event "?"]
[Site "?"]
[Date "????.??.??"]
[Round "?"]
[White "Morphy"]
[Black "NN"]
[Result "1-0"]
[FEN "rnbqkbnr /pppppppp/8/8/8/8/PPPPPPPP/1NBQKBNR w KQkq - 0 1"]

1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bc4 Nf6 4.Ng5 d5 5.exd5 Nxd5 6.Nxf7 Kxf7 7.Qf3+ Ke6 8.Nc3 Nd4 9.Bxd5+ Kd6 10.Qf7 Be6 11.Bxe6 Nxe6 12.Ne4+ Kd5 13.c4+ Kxe4 14.Qxe6 Qd4 15.Qg4+ Kd3 16.Qe2+ Kc2 17.d3+ Kxc1 18.O-O# 1-0

It's from ACJ v3-4 (1878-79) p174/193

Mar-23-16
Premium Chessgames Member
  jnpope: <Has anybody ever seen it?>

A few times...

sources:

<The Chess Monthly, v2, 1858.12, p371; info: Mr. Paul Morphy gives an Amateur of New Orleans the Queen's Rook.>

<Morphy's games of chess, and Frere's problem tournament, 1859, p99>

<Choix des parties les plus remarquables jouées par Paul Morphy en Amérique, 1859, pp42-43>

<Morphy's Games, 1860, Appleton, pp453-455>

<Morphy's Games, 1860. Bohn, pp403-404>

<St. Louis Globe-Democrat, 1878.09.29, info: Morphy-Ballard>

<Paul Morphy. Skizze aus der Schachwelt, 2nd ed., 1881, p89; info: Morphy-"B...n">

<Paul Morphy, Maróczy, 1909, pp103-104>

<Paul Morphy, Lawson, 1976, p356; info: 1854, Paul Morphy vs Alonzo Morphy>

<Paul Morphy and the Evolution of Chess Theory, game 89>

Mar-23-16  zanzibar: Ha, so it's bona fide I assume.

Wonder why it's not on <CG> then? (Or did I miss it?)

Do you have a guess as to NN is? My source hints around about it...

Mar-23-16  zanzibar: Oh, I take that back, having looked a little harder...

Turns out <CG> thinks NN is A. Morphy and that the game is from 1850:

Morphy vs A Morphy, 1850

Not what was suggested in ACJ. Is there a consensus from all those other sources? I assume they don't all get weighted the same.

Mar-23-16  zanzibar: Yes, the ACJ source was in turn Ballard. Funny that your ref

<St. Louis Globe-Democrat, 1878.09.29, info: Morphy-Ballard>

and ACJ merely suggests that NN could be Ballard.

Mar-23-16
Premium Chessgames Member
  jnpope: Lawson gives Alonzo Morphy, but I'm not sure what his original source was for this game. All of the info I have is attached to my source citations.
Mar-23-16  zanzibar: OK, thanks <jn>, I was just posting an aside while researching <Paris (1878)>.

Maybe I'll look at the game in CM later, it appears to be the oldest source.

Thanks.

Mar-30-16  SBC: <Zanzibar>

Shibut - Game 089
Maroczy - Game 096
Sergeant - Game CCXCVII

"The names of a number of Morphy’s opponents were not known until years later in some cases, and others will never be known. Maurian, in his chess column in the New Orleans Sunday Delta, frequently referred to Morphy’s opponents as ‘Amateurs.” As, for example, when he published the game in which Paul checkmated his father by castling on his eighteenth move. Maurian published the game in 1858, but not until 1884 was the name of Paul’s opponent known. After Morphy's death Maurian wrote to the New Orleans Times-Democrat of July 27, 1884.

'The subjoined curious little partie at odds [Queen's Rook], which is given in the various collections of Morphy's games simply as an Amateur, will acquire renewed interest for the chess world when it is stated that the Amateur in question was in fact Morphy's father, Judge Alonzo Morphy, and that the game was played about the year 1850, when the great master was hardly thirteen years old'

Sergeant was never aware of this relationship of the opponents in Morphy’s Games of Chess, in which the game appears as GAME CCXCVII" -Lawson p.82.

So both the original game score and the later 1884 revelation that Alonzo was Morphy's opponent came from de Maurian himself.

Apr-02-16
Premium Chessgames Member
  Phony Benoni: <Morphy's Law>:

"If anything can go wrong -- you're playing chess."

Apr-07-16
Premium Chessgames Member
  chancho: A segment from the article: <A Chess Champion’s Dominance—and Madness>

(from 2011)

<Morphy returned to New Orleans an international celebrity but settled into a strangely subdued mood; he said he hadn’t done as well as he should have.

He finally embarked on a law career, but interrupted it at the outbreak of the Civil War.

He opposed secession, and felt torn between his loyalties to the Union and to Louisiana, but he journeyed to Richmond to see Confederate General P.G.T. Beauregard, a family friend, about the possibility of securing a diplomatic position.

Some accounts suggest that he served as a volunteer aid to Beauregard (even gathering intelligence for the Confederates during the First Battle of Manassas), but others say the general deemed Morphy unqualified to serve, on or off the battlefield.>

http://www.smithsonianmag.com/histo...

Apr-21-16
Premium Chessgames Member
  Joshka: Does anyone know, what's the significance of placing one's hand inside your jacket at breast level? I see this very often in photos from the 19th Century. thanks in advance!!
Apr-21-16
Premium Chessgames Member
  TheFocus: <Joshka> Google "Hand in waistcoat".

Commonly, it denoted leadership.

I always wondered about that myself.

Apr-28-16
Premium Chessgames Member
  Joshka: <TheFocus> Hey thanks, I guess I just don't realize you can use google for just about everything!LOL;-)
Apr-28-16
Premium Chessgames Member
  TheFocus: <Joshka> You're welcome.

Me and Google are old friends.

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