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Loewenthal 
 
Johann Jacob Loewenthal
Number of games in database: 130
Years covered: 1842 to 1867
Overall record: +45 -53 =31 (46.9%)*
   * Overall winning percentage = (wins+draws/2) / total games
      Based on games in the database; may be incomplete.
      1 exhibition game, odds game, etc. is excluded from this statistic.

MOST PLAYED OPENINGS
With the White pieces:
 Sicilian (10) 
    B44 B20 B21 B30 B32
 Ruy Lopez (9) 
    C64 C65 C78 C84 C63
 Philidor's Defense (7) 
    C41
 King's Gambit Declined (5) 
    C30 C31
 Petrov (5) 
    C42
 Giuoco Piano (5) 
    C53 C54 C50
With the Black pieces:
 Evans Gambit (8) 
    C51 C52
 Petrov (6) 
    C42 C43
 Philidor's Defense (6) 
    C41
 Giuoco Piano (6) 
    C50
 King's Gambit Accepted (5) 
    C39 C38 C33 C37
 French Defense (5) 
    C00 C01
Repertoire Explorer

NOTABLE GAMES: [what is this?]
   Morphy vs Loewenthal, 1858 0-1
   Loewenthal vs Morphy, 1858 1-0
   Loewenthal vs Morphy, 1858 1/2-1/2
   H Buckle vs Loewenthal, 1851 0-1
   Loewenthal vs Brien / Wormald, 1854 1-0
   Loewenthal vs Szen, 1842 1-0
   Loewenthal vs Morphy, 1859 1-0
   Morphy vs Loewenthal, 1858 0-1
   Loewenthal vs H Buckle, 1851 1-0
   Morphy vs Loewenthal, 1859 1/2-1/2

NOTABLE TOURNAMENTS: [what is this?]
   Morphy-Loewenthal (1858)

GAME COLLECTIONS: [what is this?]
   Morphy London 1859 by Calli

GAMES ANNOTATED BY LOEWENTHAL: [what is this?]
   Morphy vs Anderssen, 1858
   Morphy vs H Baucher, 1858
   Harrwitz vs Morphy, 1858
   Morphy vs Anderssen, 1858
   Morphy vs Lord Lyttelton, 1858
   >> 29 GAMES ANNOTATED BY LOEWENTHAL

Search Sacrifice Explorer for Johann Jacob Loewenthal
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JOHANN JACOB LOEWENTHAL
(born 1806, died Jul-20-1876) Hungary

[what is this?]
Johann Jacob Loewenthal was born in 1806 (traditionally 1810) in Pest, Hungary.(1) From 1842-1862 he was a member of the international chess elite, scoring multiple wins over the best players of his day, including Paul Morphy, Howard Staunton, Adolf Anderssen, Daniel Harrwitz, and Jozsef Szen.

Hungarian Master

Despite belonging to a Jewish family, Loewenthal attended a Catholic Piarist middle school, along with future Hungarian champion Jozsef Szen. It is not known whether they were school friends or even knew each other at this point, but by 1836 they were regular partners at the Cafe Europa, Pest's premiere chess haunt. Szen, already recognized as Hungary's strongest player, gave his partner large odds, but within a year, Loewenthal could compete at even odds, and eventually began scoring some fine wins, such as Loewenthal vs Szen, 1842. Szen now regarded Loewenthal highly enough to enlist him as first assistant in an 1842 correspondence match against Paris, which Pest won 2-0. In 1846 Loewenthal toured Vienna, winning a match against Carl Hamppe. He didn't fare as well against Baron Tassilo von Heydebrand und der Lasa in an informal series of games at Neuner's Cafe, going down +0 -5 =2. Von der Lasa attributed this lopsided score to Lowenthal's "persistence in playing, three times, the Evans's gambit attack."(2)

In 1848 Loewenthal joined the Hungarian nationalist democratic revolution of Janos Kossuth, and served in the civil administration of a provisional parliamentary government. The revolution was crushed in late 1849 and Loewenthal fled Hungary for Germany. In Hamburg he booked passage on a steamship bound for America, and arrived in New York City on 29 December 1849.

Cincinnati Cigar Divan

Understandably, Loewenthal found himself in a state of mental distress, with scant savings and little more than a vague idea to travel west and "settle down upon the land."(3) He had not been a chess professional in Hungary, and he had no intention of pursuing a chess career in America. After some weeks he chanced upon a chess puzzle in the New York Albion which rekindled his passion for chess, and instilled a desire to join the company of strong American players. He contacted the newspaper, which in turn gave him a letter of introduction to Charles Henry Stanley, the Albion's chess column editor. Stanley knew Loewenthal was a Hungarian chess master and introduced him to the New York chess circle. Loewenthal was embraced, engaging in a series of informal matches. He began a tour of the United States, always preceded by a letter of introduction that guaranteed him a warm welcome at each new stop. During a brief sojourn in New Orleans he played, and lost, two games to a 12 year old Paul Morphy. His American odyssey ended on 22 June 1850 in Cincinnati, where he garnered enough local support to open his own "Cigar Divan" (chess parlour). In early 1851 Loewenthal’s friends raised the necessary funds to send him to the International Chess Tournament in London.

Staunton's Protégé

In the first round of London 1851 Elijah Williams knocked Loewenthal out of the tournament. He was too ashamed to go back to America because he felt guilty about letting down his Cincinnati backers. Eight years later he published an apology to them in <The Book of the First American Chess Congress>. There were other reasons to remain in England, most notably the chance to test himself against the best masters in the world. Between 1851-1854 he played a series of games against Staunton, Anderssen, and Lionel Adalbert Bagration Felix Kieseritsky. Howard Staunton in particular was impressed with Loewenthal, both as a chess player and a man, and he soon became a powerful benefactor. Through his influence he secured employment for Loewenthal as a chess writer for the "Era," and in 1853 he arranged a match between his new protégé and Daniel Harrwitz, a player ranked by <The Oxford Companion to Chess> as the strongest master in the world at this time (4). The match, first to 11 wins, would prove both a grueling and bitter affair, partly because Staunton insisted on politicizing the contest even before it had begun. He castigated Harrwitz for being a professional chess player whilst praising Loewenthal for conforming to the English ideal of a gentleman master who kept "the game subordinate to the duties of life." (5) Loewenthal established a 9-2 lead, but Harrwitz dug down and after almost three months of struggle came out on top +11 -10 =12.

Staunton was disappointed by the result, but contrary to a widely held and persistent belief, he did not break off cordial relations with Loewenthal at this time.(6) Staunton continued to exert his influence to aid his protégé, recommending him as a chess tutor, an agreeable job Loewenthal could add to chess writing and chess club administration as a means to eke out a very modest income without actually becoming a chess professional. Staunton had no quibble with Loewenthal or others making a living from chess, so long as that living did not derive solely from exhibitions, playing for stakes in clubs, or winning cash prizes from matches or tournaments. The actual falling out between Staunton and Loewenthal likely arose from a disagreement over the record of an informal series of consultation matches played between 1856-1857 featuring Staunton + allies vs. Loewenthal + allies. Staunton took to boasting about his gaudy plus score, and when publicly challenged on its accuracy (though not by Loewenthal), he requested that Loewenthal publish his agreement with the tally. Loewenthal failed to do so, and Staunton severed relations. He also withdrew his longstanding public support, using his influence to ease Loewenthal out of a paid position as secretary of the St. George Chess Club.

Career Peak

Loewenthal's first English tournament victory at Manchester 1857 proved a somewhat curious affair, partly because the master's section was regarded to be an undercard for this widely publicized consultation game-Anderssen / Horwitz / Kling vs Staunton / Boden / Kipping, 1857. In addition, it was a three round single game knockout designed to finish the event as quickly as possible. Nonetheless, Loewenthal triumphed by eliminating Bernhard Horwitz and Adolf Anderssen, then "beating" Samuel Standidge Boden by drawing him in the final round. Boden was forced to leave to meet an engagement in London, so Loewenthal was declared the winner and awarded a set of Chinese carved chessmen, which he proudly put on display in London.

In 1858 Loewenthal became the first European master to face Paul Morphy, now a grown man determined to prove he was the greatest chess player in the world. Morphy won the match with relative ease, although Loewenthal managed three wins, including at least one truly fine performance in game five- Loewenthal vs Morphy, 1858. Morphy, even more dead set against chess professionalism than Staunton, tried to give the match stakes to Loewenthal, who refused, but finally allowed Morphy to buy him new furniture.

The struggle with Morphy had Loewenthal fighting fit for the Birmingham 1858 congress, which proved to be his career highlight. After dispatching James Kipping in the first round, he squared off against Howard Staunton and vanquished him in their first game, a two day 66 move struggle that lasted at least 12 hours- Staunton vs Loewenthal, 1858. The experience seemed to break Staunton, who offered little resistance in game two of the round. He would never again post a good result in a significant chess event. After eliminating John Owen in round 3, Loewenthal faced the formidable Austrian master Ernst Falkbeer in the final. In the first to 3 wins championship round, Falkbeer offered considerably more resistance than had Staunton, but Loewenthal triumphed +3 -1 =4, carrying off top honors and a 60 guinea cash prize.

Citizen of Empire

Now serving as secretary of the British Chess Association, Loewenthal organized the London 1862 congress, an imporant event featuring the English debut of Wilhelm Steinitz. The congress was also notable for its round robin format, which would soon permanently replace the traditional knock out system. In addition, Loewenthal supervised a supplementary problem solving contest, wrote the tournament book, and entered the tournament, which proved too much for him. After winning his first three rounds against Thomas Wilson Barnes, Valentine Green, and Augustus Mongredien, Loewenthal dropped out of the competition due to exhaustion. Adolf Anderssen would ultimately win the event. London 1862 marked the end of Loewenthal's competitive chess career.

Loewenthal continued to serve in the B.C.A until 1868, organizing a Challenge Cup in 1866 which was won by Cecil Valentine De Vere, who thus became recognized as the first official British Chess Champion. Loewenthal was widely respected for his work in the B.C.A., but he prompted a great uproar by attempting to use this office to create new official English chess rules designed to update the rules Staunton had laid down in 1860 in <Chess Praxis>. The controversy arose largely from one exceedingly strange proposal, that a player was not obligated to change a promoted pawn into a different piece.(7) This engendered a heated argument over English chess rules that was not finally resolved until the early 20th century.

Happily, this gaffe did not seriously affect Loewenthal's position as a leader in British chess administration. No foreign master had held so many high offices in important chess clubs and national organizations, and he formalized his full integration into the English chess scene by obtaining British citizenship in 1866. Loewenthal's love for England was reciprocated in concrete form on two occasions. In 1864 and 1874 special funds were collected to supplement his always precarious income. Four years before his death in 1876, Loewenthal met Staunton for dinner at the Malvern chess congress and renewed their friendship, an occasion Loewenthal likely appreciated as much or more than the financial support. From 1851-1876 he had dedicated his entire life to English chess, and continued to do so after his death. He left his modest estate as a trust fund to promote chess in England. This only amounted to 274 pounds, but the St. George Chess Club used it to purchase a silver cup which was used from 1922 on as a prize for inter-county championships.

Notes

(1)Loewenthal's birth year has traditionally been given as 1810, but it is likely earlier than that. In his 17 July 1866 application for British citizenship, he states he is 60 years old, which would put his birthday in 1806 or even late 1805. It seems unlikely Loewenthal would forget how old he was by a four year margin. His application can be viewed in the <National Archive of the U.K.> ref. HO1/133/5171.

(2)Chessplayer's Chronicle VII (1846) pp.216-18

(3)Daniel Willard Fiske (ed), <The Book of the First American Chess Congress> (New York 1859) p.390

(4)Hooper and Whyld <The Oxford Companion to Chess 2d Edition> (Oxford 1992) p.169

(5)Illustrated London News XXII 15 (October 1853) p.531.

(6) Tim Harding, <Eminent Victorian Chess Players- Ten Biographies> (McFarland 2012), pp.84-86.

(7) The B.C.A. revision of Staunton's <Chess Praxis> rules was intended to harmonize English and Continental rules. They were drafted with the help of foreign masters including Von der Lasa and Jaenisch. The revisions did eventually help achieve the goal of harmonization, but they were badly marred by the inclusion of the "dead pawn promotion" option, in which a player was not forced to change a promoted pawn to another piece. The discussion over the revisions was complicated by the tendency of some to support the revisions solely in order to oppose Staunton, and also by the fact that Continental journals such as the <Wiener Schachzeitung> agreed with Staunton that the "dead pawn" rule was ridiculous.

Sources

Daniel Willard Fiske (ed), <The Book of the First American Chess Congress> New York 1859

Hooper and Whyld <The Oxford Companion to Chess 2d Edition> Oxford 1992

Tim Harding, <Eminent Victorian Chess Players- Ten Biographies> McFarland 2012

Audio guide

How to pronounce Lowenthal's name, courtesy of <Annie K.>: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7UjY...


 page 1 of 6; games 1-25 of 130  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves Year Event/LocaleOpening
1. Loewenthal vs Szen 0-137 1842 BudapestC53 Giuoco Piano
2. Loewenthal vs Szen 1-035 1842 BudapestC53 Giuoco Piano
3. Loewenthal vs Von Der Lasa  ½-½38 1846 WienB01 Scandinavian
4. Von Der Lasa vs Loewenthal  ½-½32 1846 WienC00 French Defense
5. Hamppe vs Loewenthal 0-130 1846 UnknownC26 Vienna
6. Hamppe vs Loewenthal 0-132 1846 match (03)C26 Vienna
7. Loewenthal vs Hamppe 1-047 1846 Germany mC44 King's Pawn Game
8. C Stanley vs Loewenthal 1-031 1850 New York mC37 King's Gambit Accepted
9. Morphy vs Loewenthal 1-049 1850 New OrleansB21 Sicilian, 2.f4 and 2.d4
10. Morphy vs Loewenthal 1-055 1850 New OrleansC42 Petrov Defense
11. Loewenthal vs Anderssen 1-020 1851 LondonC51 Evans Gambit
12. Loewenthal vs H Buckle 0-158 1851 London m1A40 Queen's Pawn Game
13. H Buckle vs Loewenthal 1-041 1851 **Rd--()-, LondonA02 Bird's Opening
14. Loewenthal vs Jaenisch 1-028 1851 BerlinC33 King's Gambit Accepted
15. Loewenthal vs Staunton 1-039 1851 London m1B40 Sicilian
16. Anderssen vs Loewenthal 0-117 1851 London MatchC45 Scotch Game
17. Loewenthal vs E Williams 0-139 1851 LondonA40 Queen's Pawn Game
18. Anderssen vs Loewenthal 1-021 1851 LondonC51 Evans Gambit
19. H Buckle vs Loewenthal 0-135 1851 London m1C50 Giuoco Piano
20. Loewenthal vs A Ehrmann ½-½56 1851 Club Tourney+B21 Sicilian, 2.f4 and 2.d4
21. Loewenthal vs Staunton ½-½44 1851 London m1B32 Sicilian
22. Anderssen vs Loewenthal 1-020 1851 London LBC33 King's Gambit Accepted
23. Loewenthal vs H Buckle 0-142 1851 London m1C01 French, Exchange
24. Loewenthal vs H Buckle 1-056 1851 London m1A02 Bird's Opening
25. Loewenthal vs E Williams 0-139 1851 London m5C00 French Defense
 page 1 of 6; games 1-25 of 130  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2) | Loewenthal wins | Loewenthal loses  
 

Kibitzer's Corner
< Earlier Kibitzing  · PAGE 2 OF 2 ·  Later Kibitzing>
Jul-19-06  Knight13: This line is named after him:

1. e4 c5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. d4 cxd4 4. Nxd4 e5 5. Nb5


click for larger view

5... a6 6. Nd6+ Bxd6 7. Qxd6 Qf6


click for larger view

Called the Loewenthal Variation, an alternative to 5... d6 ... White can either play 8. Qd1, Qa3 or even Qc7!?

Jul-19-06  aw1988: Qd1 and Qa3 should be fine, but not Qc7...
Jul-19-06  aw1988: I know, it just looks so... strange. The queen doesn't do anything or go anywhere.
Jul-19-06  Knight13: [Reposted] <aw1988> Hi. Check it out yourself: Opening Explorer.

Even Karpov played 8. Qc7: Karpov vs Aronshtats, 1971

And this game: O Rubtsova vs M Ristic, 1970

Nov-21-06
Premium Chessgames Member
  Sneaky: <White can either play 8. Qd1, Qa3 or even Qc7!?> First, there's nothing wrong with 8.Qc7, it really puts a cramp on Black's development. But the best move is 8.Qxf6! which virtually refutes the entire variation. I can go over the details if anybody is interested.
Nov-21-06  Ziggurat: <I can go over the details if anybody is interested.> Please do. What's the general scheme for white?
Nov-21-06
Premium Chessgames Member
  Sneaky: OK, here's the mainline of the refutation:

after 8.Qxf6! (already a counterintuitive move, seemingly allowing black a lead in development) Nxf6 9.Nc3 (9.f3 d5 =; 9.Bd3 Nb4 =) we have this position, Black to move:


click for larger view

9...d5 is clever but works out no better than the line below, see Short vs R Tomczak, 1991 for an example. So with that out of the way, the only real hope to stir things up and relieve that backwards pawn is the direct approach 9...Nb4

Now we're looking at this, with White to move


click for larger view

What would you play here? Lots of patzers play 10.Bd3, basically giving up all of White's advantage, but the real move is, believe it or not, ... 10.Kd2!!


click for larger view

Now White has neutralized the threat on c2 as well as preserved his bishop pair.

[Footnote: 10.Kd1? may look more aesthetic than the odd 10.Kd2 that blocks in the bishop--but it runs into ...Ng4 with the threat on f2, exploiting the "overloaded king." But, after 10.Kd2!! Ng4? 11.f3 then Nf2 does nothing more than get a knight trapped.]

So now Black plays 10...d5 to relieve his backward pawn (hoping for something like 10.exd5 Nfxd5 11.Nxd5 Nxd5 =) but It's not so easy: 11.a3! d4 (what else?) 12.axb4 dxc3


click for larger view

And now the last hard move to remember in this variation: 13.Ke3!! stopping all counterplay. Play might continue 13...cxb2 14.Bxb2 O-O 15.Be2 (15.Bxe5? Ng4+ ) Re8 and this postion, typical of these kinds of endgames, is so strong for White than I am convinced that Black would need a miracle to find a draw:


click for larger view

Now you might think, "hey--bishop pair, shmishop pair, Black got rid of his backwards pawn, so he should be able to hold this position." All I can say is, set this up against a strong chess computer and try to hang on. Those bishops will cut you to ribbons. Then set it up where you get to play White and notice what an easy time you have slapping even a strong computer like Rybka into submission.

Nov-23-06  Ziggurat: Thanks Sneaky - the Ke2-Ke3 maneuvre is very beautiful and extremely hard to see!
Nov-25-06
Premium Chessgames Member
  tpstar: Fritz 7 Deep Position Analysis [20MB]:

10. Kd2 d5 11. a3 d4 12. axb4 dxc3+ 13. Ke3 cxb2 14. Bxb2 0-0 15. Be2 Re8

1) 16. f3

a) 16 ... Nd7 17. Rhd1 Kf8 18. c4 f6 19. c5 [1.34/14]

b) 16 ... Nd7 17. Bc3 b6 18. g3 Ra7 19. Bb2 [0.78/15]

c) 16 ... Kf8 17. b5 a5 18. c4 Nh5 19. g3 [1.53/14]

d) 16 ... Kf8 17. Rhd1 Nd7 18. Bc4 b5 19. Bd5 [1.19/16]

e) 16 ... Rb8 17. Rhd1 b5 18. Rd6 Nd7 19. Rad1 [1.53/14]

f) 16 ... Rb8 17. c4 b6 18. b5 a5 19. c5 [1.50/16]

2) 16. Rhd1 Be6 17. Rd2 Rac8 18. f3 Bc4 19. Ra5 [1.31/15]

Nov-28-06  Rubenus: How do you spell it? Loewenthal, Lowenthal or Löwenthal?
Nov-28-06
Premium Chessgames Member
  Karpova: <Rubenus: How do you spell it? Loewenthal, Lowenthal or Löwenthal?>

<Lowenthal> is wrong. the other two are possible (just like Gruenfeld)

Nov-28-06
Premium Chessgames Member
  Calli: I spell it Löwenthal. Thanks for asking.
Aug-18-07
Premium Chessgames Member
  Karpova: <Copyright controversies are not uncommon. In 1853 the Chess Player’s Chronicle reported on the ‘Chess Meeting at Manchester’, attended by such luminaries as Staunton, Harrwitz, Horwitz, Williams and Löwenthal. Page 189 related:

‘Mr Löwenthal then explained the circumstances of the transaction as to his challenge to Mr Harrwitz, and said that the London Club wished to force on him conditions which no player would accept, viz. – that all the games should be played at the London Chess-club; and that all the games should be the property of that club (Shame! absurd!). He proposed that half the games should be played at the London and the other half at the St George’s Chess-club; but that the games must be public property (applause); but to this they would not agree ...’> http://www.chesshistory.com/winter/...

Jul-15-08
Premium Chessgames Member
  brankat: R.I.P. Master Loewenthal.
Jul-15-08
Premium Chessgames Member
  whiteshark: Player of the Day

I wonder about his citizenship. It's not mentioned in his biography. He was born in <Austrian Empire>.

Jul-15-08
Premium Chessgames Member
  Calli: "Loewenthal, who became a naturalised Englishman, had a highly polished manner and mixed freely in good society. He was a friend and frequent opponent at chess of W. G. Ward [q. v.], under whose influence he joined the Roman Catholic church." - The Dictionary of National Biography, 1909 [Note - JJL was Jewish by birth.]

Another interesting tidbit from the same book:

"Though a non-combatant in the revolutions of 1849, Loewenthal was an ardent follower of Kossuth, and held a civil appointment under his administration ; he was in consequence expelled from Austro-Hungary after the patriot's downfall in 1849,..."

Jul-16-08  sneaky pete: <... under whose influence he joined the Roman Catholic church> and <Jewish by birth>: No doubt, but G.H. Diggle in BCM, July 1976, mentions that <Janos Jakab> Löwenthal "was educated at the Roman Catholic middle school of the piarist fathers, and received his first chess lessons from Jozsef Szen, four [should be five, if the biographers on this site are right] years his senior, who was at the same school for eight years."

Also from Diggle: "And though he 'lived for chess, and (sometimes not too well) by chess', he never 'crossed the line into Bohemia'. He had an acute sense of what was due to the Chess Public, and would have starved rather than appeared at a chess function, or given a lesson to a client, 'improperly dressed' or in dirty linen."

Oct-26-08
Premium Chessgames Member
  Karpova: <How do we know Crittenden played chess? This comes from an interesting letter written by Hungarian master Johann Jacob Löwenthal about his time in America, which was printed in the book of the first 'American Chess Congress'. Kentucky was at that time quite a hotbed of American chess, and Löwenthal spent some time there as the guest and opponent of the leading players of the state. Part of the letter reads as follows:

"On the 10th of April I left Lexington for Frankfort on my way to Cincinnati, carrying with me letters of introduction to Mr. Temple, the Treasurer of the state of Kentucky. Mr. Temple introduced me to Gen. Pain and to Governor Crittenden, in whom I had the satisfaction of becoming acquainted with one of the leading statesmen of America. I stayed at the Governor's house to tea and supper amid a large party. Mr. Brown, who was, I was told, considered the best player in Frankfort, was present. I won two games of Mr. Brown, to whom I gave odds, and then requested the honor of a game with the Governor. Here my good fortune deserted me, Mr. Crittenden proved victorious, and I had to console myself with the thought that I had been beaten in even play by one of the shrewdest brains in the States.">

From page 6 of Jeremy P. Spinrad's "Early American Political Players", December 2007: http://www.chesscafe.com/text/spinr...

Jan-08-09  myschkin: . . .

"The Chess Congress of 1862"
Edited and Games Annotated by J.J. Löwenthal
(open access zipped PDF, ~18MB )

http://www.chessville.com/downloads...

für Deutschsprachige Interessierte:
http://books.google.com/books?id=l1...

Jul-15-09  Knight13: Happy Birthday, Lowenthal!

Sucks that you share a birthday with Pal Benko. Could've been YOU who's Player of the Day instead of him!

Jul-31-09  Knight13: Loewenthal drew Steinitz with score of (+0 -0 = 2) in 1866

search "Steinitz vs Loewenthal".

That proves enough that he's a very strong and underrated player.

Mar-15-10  micartouse: I love the Lowenthal ... as White because it was my first tournament win and gave me joy. :) I agree with Sneaky's line because I somehow remembered the king walk by playing against my computer, so I entered into the endgame confidently. Play actually resumed:

8. Qxf6 Nxf6
9. Nc3 d5
10. Bg5! Nxe4
11. Nxd5! 0-0
12. Be3

and despite the fact that it took me 1/2 of my time to come up with those moves, they are good and led to a crushing position. This endgame is somehow awful for Black - it seems all the tactical shots show up for White for positional reasons I don't understand.

Dec-31-10
Premium Chessgames Member
  Phony Benoni: J.J. gets today's Victorian Trash Talking Award, for a note in the game Brien vs Gocher, Match, Ipswich, 1860. In this position:


click for larger view

White played <19.Nb5>. Loewenthal commented, in the <Chess Player's Chronicle (1860), p. 306:

<"The game is lost as ...Bxh2+ is threatened. The move in the text has the poor advantage of changing the position on the board.">

Jul-15-11  YoungEd: Here's to good friends. Tonight is kind of special. Let it be Loewenthal.
Jul-15-12
Premium Chessgames Member
  brankat: R.I.P. master Loewenthal.
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