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Bernhard Horwitz
Number of games in database: 136
Years covered: 1837 to 1861

Overall record: +44 -70 =22 (40.4%)*
   * Overall winning percentage = (wins+draws/2) / total games in the database.

With the White pieces:
 Sicilian (21) 
    B21 B20 B44
 French Defense (12) 
    C00 C01
 Giuoco Piano (11) 
    C53 C54 C50
 French (10) 
 King's Pawn Game (7) 
With the Black pieces:
 King's Pawn Game (11) 
 Ruy Lopez (11) 
    C65 C62 C67 C60 C66
 Dutch Defense (8) 
    A84 A85
 Philidor's Defense (7) 
 Giuoco Piano (5) 
    C53 C50
 Vienna Opening (5) 
    C26 C28
Repertoire Explorer

NOTABLE GAMES: [what is this?]
   J Schulten vs Horwitz, 1846 0-1
   Horwitz vs Bird, 1851 1-0
   Horwitz vs Staunton, 1846 1-0
   Horwitz vs Harrwitz, 1846 1-0
   Horwitz vs Bird, 1851 1/2-1/2
   Staunton vs Horwitz, 1846 0-1
   Staunton vs Horwitz, 1851 0-1
   Horwitz vs Cunningham, 1856 1-0

NOTABLE TOURNAMENTS: [what is this?]
   Kieseritsky - Horwitz (1846)
   London (1851)

GAME COLLECTIONS: [what is this?]
   chess strategems viii - under construction by gauer

Search Sacrifice Explorer for Bernhard Horwitz
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(born May-10-1807, died Aug-29-1885, 78 years old) Germany (federation/nationality United Kingdom)

[what is this?]
Horwitz was born in Neustrelitz, and went to school in Berlin, where he studied art. From 1837 to 1843, he was part of a group of German chess players known as "The Pleiades". After settling in England in 1845 he played in the London (1851) tournament, beating Henry Edward Bird but then being knocked out by Howard Staunton.

His true love was problems and together with Josef Kling wrote the classic book Chess Studies. He was the winner of the first study composing tourney in 1862.

Wikipedia article: Bernhard Horwitz

 page 1 of 6; games 1-25 of 136  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves Year Event/LocaleOpening
1. Horwitz vs Bledow 0-114 1837 BerlinC53 Giuoco Piano
2. Captain Evans vs Horwitz 1-027 1843 LondonC44 King's Pawn Game
3. Horwitz vs Staunton 0-128 1845 LondonC53 Giuoco Piano
4. Staunton vs Horwitz 0-155 1846 London m3 ;HCL 34C41 Philidor Defense
5. Kieseritzky vs Horwitz ½-½67 1846 Kieseritsky - HorwitzA84 Dutch
6. Staunton vs Horwitz 0-117 1846 London m3 ;HCL 34C44 King's Pawn Game
7. Horwitz vs Harrwitz 1-045 1846 London m4 ;HCL 34C44 King's Pawn Game
8. Horwitz vs Staunton  ½-½48 1846 London m3 ;HCL 34C53 Giuoco Piano
9. Staunton vs Horwitz  1-055 1846 London m3 ;HCL 34C53 Giuoco Piano
10. Harrwitz vs Horwitz 1-048 1846 London m4 ;HCL 34C44 King's Pawn Game
11. Horwitz vs Kieseritzky 0-155 1846 Kieseritsky - HorwitzC64 Ruy Lopez, Classical
12. Horwitz vs Staunton ½-½62 1846 London m3 ;HCL 34B21 Sicilian, 2.f4 and 2.d4
13. Kieseritzky vs Horwitz 1-041 1846 Kieseritsky - HorwitzC42 Petrov Defense
14. Horwitz vs Staunton 0-123 1846 London m3 ;HCL 34C53 Giuoco Piano
15. Harrwitz vs Horwitz 1-043 1846 London m4 ;HCL 34C44 King's Pawn Game
16. Staunton vs Horwitz 1-056 1846 London m3 ;HCL 34A83 Dutch, Staunton Gambit
17. Horwitz vs Staunton  1-043 1846 London m3 ;HCL 34C44 King's Pawn Game
18. Horwitz vs Harrwitz 0-136 1846 London m4 ;HCL 34C44 King's Pawn Game
19. Kieseritzky vs Horwitz 0-126 1846 Kieseritsky - HorwitzC26 Vienna
20. Staunton vs Horwitz  1-054 1846 London m3 ;HCL 34A85 Dutch, with c4 & Nc3
21. Horwitz vs Kieseritzky 1-023 1846 Kieseritsky - HorwitzC44 King's Pawn Game
22. Staunton vs Horwitz 1-033 1846 London m3 ;HCL 34C41 Philidor Defense
23. Horwitz vs Harrwitz 1-044 1846 London m4 ;HCL 34C44 King's Pawn Game
24. Horwitz vs Kieseritzky 0-131 1846 Kieseritsky - HorwitzC51 Evans Gambit
25. Staunton vs Horwitz 1-012 1846 London m3A85 Dutch, with c4 & Nc3
 page 1 of 6; games 1-25 of 136  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2) | Horwitz wins | Horwitz loses  

Kibitzer's Corner
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Premium Chessgames Member
  tamar: Horwitz' solution:

1 Kb6 Nb7 2 Nf7 Kc8 3 Bh7 Kb8 4 Bf5 Ka8 5 Bd3 Kb8 6 Ba6 winning

White has to avoid stalemating Black; if 4 Be4? Nd6! =

This is a good study if you are trying to learn the basics of mating with knight and bishop versus King.

There is an alternate solution after

1 Kb6 Nb7 with 2 Ne4 Kc8 3 Be6+ Kb8
4 Bc4 Kc8 5 Bb5! Kb8 6 Bd7

that shows even more clearly how White builds a box around the King while covering the knight.

Jan-05-06  BIDMONFA: Bernhard Horwitz

HORWITZ, Bernhard

Premium Chessgames Member
  Knight13: <Knight13: I just can't believe a chessmaster only wins (38.9%).> More than a year has gone by, and his percentage has increased by... 0.9 percent?? Nice...

Anyway, many of his endgame parts from his games are in the book Basic Chess Endings by Ruebin Fine. He was a good endgame player, wasn't he?

Premium Chessgames Member
  Knight13: <'Chess Studies'> Good book.
Mar-22-06  AlexanderMorphy: probably need to see a doctor, or maybe i'm too lae in telling you this as you last posted on Horwitz 20 days ago!
Apr-28-06  Chess Classics: <Knight13> Those voices in your head know a lot about chess :-)


Premium Chessgames Member
  keypusher: <He played in the first international chess tournament, London 1851, again beating Bird in the first round, but losing to Staunton in the second and getting knocked out by J. Szen in the third.>

Staunton knocked him out in the second round. The losers in the second and third rounds of the tournament played matches with each other to determine third through eighth places (since everyone who finished 1st-8th won a prize). The third round losers, Staunton and Williams, played each other to decide third place. Williams won. Among the second round losers, Szen beat Horwitz and H.A. Kennedy to take fifth.

My superficial impression of Horwitz is that he played openings poorly and endings very well, especially by mid-nineteenth century standards. As pointed out in his biography, he composed a great many wonderful studies.

Premium Chessgames Member
  Knight13: Is his first name pronounced as "Buhn hard" or "Ber nard"?
Premium Chessgames Member
  vonKrolock: with an open 'E', gutural 'h' (but not so strongly guturated) and all consonants well pronounced, but the final 'd' nearer to a 't' - bErn-khart' - repeat:
Jul-14-07  Karpova: <‘Old Horwitz is gone ... His genius for end positions was unequalled by any chess master, and with the greatest facility he evolved and demonstrated profound ideas which most experts could only arrive at by laborious calculations. His loss is irreparable to the chess world at large, and personally I feel bereft of one of my dearest friends, who thoroughly sympathized with all my aims and opinions.’>

Wilhelm Steinitz
October 1885, page 301, International Chess Magazine (1885-1891)

Premium Chessgames Member
  keypusher: <karpova> Thanks for all these interesting quotes you are putting up.
Dec-19-07  sneaky pete: A painter by profession, writes David Levy (Staunton biography).
Premium Chessgames Member
  whiteshark: Trapping the ♖, a B. Horwitz study:

click for larger view

1. Nf5+ Kh7 2. Rh2+ Kg6 3. Rg2+ Kf7 4. Rxg8 Kxg8 5. Ne7+ Kf7 6. Nc6 Kf8 7. Kf6 Ke8 8. Ke6 Kf8 9. Kd7 1-0

May-21-08  Augalv: Bernhard Horwitz
« Articles homeSubmitted by billwall on Tue, 05/20/2008 at 4:03pm. Bernhard Horwitz (1807-1885) was a German-born painter (specialized in miniatures) and chess study composer. In 1845, he settled in England and began teaching chess. In 1846, he lost an unofficial world championship match with Howard Staunton, losing 14 games, winning 7, and drawing 3. He won the first study-composing chess tournament, held in 1862. Along with Josef Kling, he wrote Chess Studies and End-Games in 1851, reprinted in 1884 with 208 endgame studies. He was one of the Berlin Pleiades. He lent his name to the Horwitz Bishops, which are two bishops working in tandem on adjacent diagonals.

Here is one of the games the Horwitz beat Staunton. Horwitz threatened a back rank mate that Staunton missed.

Premium Chessgames Member
  wordfunph: Bernard popularized the Horwitz Defense 1.d4 e6

Happy Birthday Master Horwitz!

Premium Chessgames Member
  whiteshark: Player of the Day

I wonder if they (Kling/Horwitz) created the term <Horwitz Bishops>? If so, probably in their book <Chess Studies> of 1851?

May-10-09  Granny O Doul: The term is "Harrwitz bishops", after Daniel Harrwitz.
Premium Chessgames Member
  whiteshark: Thanks <Granny O Doul>, but I guess you are wrong:

After a little research I found a dicussion at saying that Nimzowitsch used this term <Horwitz Bishops> in <My System>.

I've checked it there [part II - positional play, chapter 3d (bishops)], and it gives among others the following example for <Horwitz Bishops>:

click for larger view

with <1.Qe4!> as winning move.

Premium Chessgames Member
  Pawn and Two: Here are three studies by Horwitz. White to play and win in each study.

click for larger view

click for larger view

click for larger view

May-10-09  WhiteRook48: happy birthday!
Premium Chessgames Member
  James Demery: He didn`t believe in keeping the draw in hand.
May-11-09  Granny O Doul: It seems both "Harrwitz" and "Horwitz bishops" appear plenty of places. To me, it makes more sense that they'd be named for an attacking player than for a composer of studies.
Sep-11-11  TheRavenPK: <Pawn and Two> A lot of time has passed since you came up with these problems, now I believe I have a solution.

The first one: 1.Kb1 a3 2.b3 and then it is just a question of technique. Against Crafty I won with 2..Ke5 3.Ka2 Kd4 4.Kxa3 Kc5 5.Ka4 Kb6 6.Kb4 Ka6 7.Kc5 Kb7 8.Kb5 Ka7 9.Kc6 Ka8 10.Kb6 Kb8 11.Ka6 Kc8 12.b4 Kc7 13.b5 Kb8 14.Kb6 Kc8 15.Ka7 Kd7 16.b6 Kc6 17.b7 Kd5 18.b8=Q...

The second one: 1.Kg8 Qa7 2.Bd4 Qb8 (2..Qxd4 3. b8=Q+ Kxe7 4.Qxc7+ Kf6 5.Qxf7+ and on the next move 6.Qg7+ forcing the exchange of the queens and winning) 3.Bc5 f5 4.Kg7 f4 5.Kf6 f3 7.Ke6 f2 8.Bxf2 and now black has to move his queen so it can be captured.

The third one: quite nice one, 1.Ne3 Ka2 2.Nd5 Ka1 3.Nb4 a2 4.Kc1 a3 5.Nc2+. If instead 1..a2, it's mate in two.

Premium Chessgames Member
  GrahamClayton: Portrait:
Sep-14-12  Karpova: Horwitz left London in 1855 and moved to Southampton for a while where he painted, as the March 1855 'Wiener Schachzeitung' reports on page 100.
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