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TOURNAMENT STANDINGS
London Tournament

Adolf Anderssen15/21(+14 -5 =2)[view games]
Elijah Williams13.5/21(+13 -7 =1)[view games]
Marmaduke Wyvill13/24(+12 -10 =2)[view games]
Jozsef Szen12.5/17(+12 -4 =1)[view games]
Hugh Alexander Kennedy10/19(+9 -8 =2)[view games]
Howard Staunton10/21(+9 -10 =2)[view games]
Bernhard Horwitz5/15(+4 -9 =2)[view games]
James Swain Mucklow2/10(+2 -8 =0)[view games]
Henry Edward Bird1.5/4(+1 -2 =1)[view games]
Johann Jacob Loewenthal1/3(+1 -2 =0)[view games]
Lionel Adalbert Bagration Felix Kieseritsky0.5/3(+0 -2 =1)[view games]
Edward Shirley Kennedy0/2(+0 -2 =0)[view games]
Samuel Newham0/2(+0 -2 =0)[view games]
Alfred Brodie0/2(+0 -2 =0)[view games]
Edward Lowe0/2(+0 -2 =0)[view games]
Karl Mayet0/2(+0 -2 =0)[view games]

Chessgames.com Historical Chess Event
London (1851)
Some of the main organizers of the tournament were Bledow (who had passed away by the time the final proposals could be arranged), von der Lasa, Kennedy and Staunton(1). They wanted a congress of competitive chess players at the start of the London World's Fair that could serve as an international and recurring chess meeting for the best players in Europe and the rest of the world(2). The tournament started in May of that year and proceeded to standardize issues such as consistent time-controls, rules and notation in a knock-out style format.

First Round Second Round Semi-final Final ---------- Anderssen 2½ Kieseritsky ½ Anderssen 4 Szen 2 Szen 2 Newham 0 ---------- Anderssen 4 Horwitz 2½ Staunton 1 Bird 1½ Staunton 4½ Staunton 2 Horwitz 2½ Brodie 0 ---------- Anderssen 4½ Williams 2 Wyvill 2½ Löwenthal 0 Williams 4 Mucklow 2 Mucklow 0 E Kennedy 0 Wyvill 4 ---------- Williams 3 H Kennedy 2 Mayet 0 Wyvill 4½ Wyvill 2 H Kennedy 3½ Löwe 0

Anderssen vs Kieseritzky, 1851, the famous Immortal Game, was played at the venue but was not part of the tournament.

References: (1) Wikipedia article: London 1851 chess tournament , (2) http://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_...

Original collection: Game Collection: WCC Index (London 1851), by User: suenteus po 147

Missing information: no dates

 page 1 of 4; games 1-25 of 84  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves Year Event/LocaleOpening
1. Wyvill vs H Kennedy 1-057 1851 LondonA13 English
2. Anderssen vs Staunton 1-032 1851 LondonB40 Sicilian
3. Staunton vs Anderssen 0-147 1851 LondonC50 Giuoco Piano
4. Anderssen vs Staunton 1-035 1851 LondonC45 Scotch Game
5. Staunton vs Anderssen 1-030 1851 LondonC53 Giuoco Piano
6. E Williams vs Wyvill 1-032 1851 LondonB21 Sicilian, 2.f4 and 2.d4
7. E Williams vs Wyvill 1-036 1851 LondonB21 Sicilian, 2.f4 and 2.d4
8. Wyvill vs E Williams 1-037 1851 LondonA13 English
9. E Williams vs Wyvill 0-150 1851 LondonA00 Uncommon Opening
10. J S Mucklow vs E Williams 0-129 1851 LondonC02 French, Advance
11. E Williams vs J S Mucklow 1-038 1851 LondonB30 Sicilian
12. J S Mucklow vs E Williams 0-144 1851 LondonA13 English
13. H Kennedy vs Wyvill 1-065 1851 LondonA03 Bird's Opening
14. Wyvill vs H Kennedy 0-135 1851 LondonA13 English
15. H Kennedy vs Wyvill 0-152 1851 LondonB54 Sicilian
16. Wyvill vs H Kennedy ½-½62 1851 LondonA13 English
17. H Kennedy vs Wyvill 1-037 1851 LondonB46 Sicilian, Taimanov Variation
18. Wyvill vs H Kennedy 1-036 1851 LondonA13 English
19. H Kennedy vs Wyvill 0-128 1851 LondonB34 Sicilian, Accelerated Fianchetto
20. E Williams vs J S Mucklow 1-077 1851 LondonB21 Sicilian, 2.f4 and 2.d4
21. Horwitz vs Szen 0-143 1851 LondonC00 French Defense
22. Szen vs Horwitz 1-028 1851 LondonC67 Ruy Lopez
23. Staunton vs E Williams 1-034 1851 LondonC01 French, Exchange
24. E Williams vs Staunton 1-046 1851 LondonA03 Bird's Opening
25. E Williams vs Staunton ½-½37 1851 LondonA43 Old Benoni
 page 1 of 4; games 1-25 of 84  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2)  
 

Kibitzer's Corner
Feb-25-13  Expendable Asset: From Wyvill's biography section on chessgames.com: <Marmaduke Wyvill was an English Member of Parliament who finished 2nd to Adolf Anderssen at the London (1851) tournament.>

And the description above shows that Anderssen defeated Wyvill in the final to claim first place, thereby placing Wyvill as second.

However, the standings at the top indicate that Wyvill came in third place.

?

Feb-26-13  Dionysius1: It looks like he might have come second by knockout (the tournament table) and 3rd by his score in the games he played (chessgames table).
Feb-26-13  Expendable Asset: <Dionysius1> So that's why. Thanks for pointing it out.

Getting second place in the 1851 International was a very impressive feat at the time. But it doesn't seem to matter at all in the long-run, since very few chess players today even know about Wyvill. He's barely mentioned in any 20-21st century chess books, yet he came ahead of Staunton, Bird, Szen, Kieseritsky, Horwitz, and others. And he got the best performance overall against the winner of the tournament, Adolf Anderssen.

Feb-26-13
Premium Chessgames Member
  keypusher: <Expendable Asset> Wyvill was a member of Parliament who didn't play a lot of chess compared to people like Staunton or Anderssen.

He had a wonderful result in this tournament but had a relatively easy draw (Lowe, H.A. Kennedy, and Elijah Williams) before the final. If you play through the games I think you'll agree that Szen was Anderssen's toughest opponent. Szen also crushed H.A. Kennedy and Horwitz in "loser's bracket" matches -- he probably had the best overall performance after Anderssen.

Feb-26-13  Expendable Asset: <keypusher> Understood. One should blame the format of the tournament and the lucky/unlucky pairings, though, not Wyvill for going up against weaker players.

And I meant the best result <against> the winner of the tournament, meaning XYZ vs Anderssen, not who had the best performance overall in the tournament after Anderssen. Wyvill vs Anderssen was a 2.5/4.5, while Szen vs Anderssen was 2/4, both in Anderssen's favor, but Wyvill had the best individual overall performance playing against Anderssen alone. Wyvill was not a pushover. A lot of people mention how far Staunton got in 1851 but very few bother to give Wyvill some real credit for his accomplishment here. We're talking about the 1851 International, not the games anybody played after, not the games anybody played before. Ex. just because Bird played over 50 years more of chess doesn't suddenly make him more important or notable in <1851> than Wyvill.

Mar-26-13
Premium Chessgames Member
  wordfunph: The Chess Tournament London 1851 by Howard Staunton..

http://www.ebay.com/itm/The-Chess-T...

Mar-07-14
Premium Chessgames Member
  keypusher: <Expendable Asset>

<And I meant the best result <against> the winner of the tournament, meaning XYZ vs Anderssen, not who had the best performance overall in the tournament after Anderssen. Wyvill vs Anderssen was a 2.5/4.5, while Szen vs Anderssen was 2/4, both in Anderssen's favor, but Wyvill had the best individual overall performance playing against Anderssen alone. >

To quote myself, <If you play through the games I think you'll agree that Szen was Anderssen's toughest opponent. > None of Anderssen's four wins over Wyvill lasted 30 moves.

Apr-21-14
Premium Chessgames Member
  zanzibar: Adding this short piece of information from wikipedia would be quite a bit helpful here:

< Each first-round match was a best-of-three games, draws not counting. Subsequent rounds were best-of-seven, and losers played consolation matches. The pairings were made by chance,>

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