Some of the main organizers of the tournament were Bledow (who had passed away by the time the final proposals could be arranged), von der Lasa, Kennedy and Staunton(1). They wanted a congress of competitive chess players at the start of the London World's Fair that could serve as an international and recurring chess meeting for the best players in Europe and the rest of the world(2). The tournament started in May of that year and proceeded to standardize issues such as consistent time-controls, rules and notation in a knock-out style format.|
Anderssen vs Kieseritzky, 1851, the famous Immortal Game, was played at the venue but was not part of the tournament.
First Round Second Round Semi-final Final
Kieseritsky ½ Anderssen 4
Szen 2 Szen 2
---------- Anderssen 4
Horwitz 2½ Staunton 1
Bird 1½ Staunton 4½
Staunton 2 Horwitz 2½
---------- Anderssen 4½
Williams 2 Wyvill 2½
Löwenthal 0 Williams 4
Mucklow 2 Mucklow 0
E Kennedy 0 Wyvill 4
---------- Williams 3
H Kennedy 2
Mayet 0 Wyvill 4½
Wyvill 2 H Kennedy 3½
References: (1) Wikipedia article: London 1851 chess tournament , (2) http://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_...
Original collection: Game Collection: WCC Index (London 1851), by User: suenteus po 147
Missing information: no dates
| page 1 of 4; games 1-25 of 84
| page 1 of 4; games 1-25 of 84
|Feb-25-13|| ||Expendable Asset: From Wyvill's biography section on chessgames.com: <Marmaduke Wyvill was an English Member of Parliament who finished 2nd to Adolf Anderssen at the London (1851) tournament.> |
And the description above shows that Anderssen defeated Wyvill in the final to claim first place, thereby placing Wyvill as second.
However, the standings at the top indicate that Wyvill came in third place.
|Feb-26-13|| ||Dionysius1: It looks like he might have come second by knockout (the tournament table) and 3rd by his score in the games he played (chessgames table).|
|Feb-26-13|| ||Expendable Asset: <Dionysius1> So that's why. Thanks for pointing it out.|
Getting second place in the 1851 International was a very impressive feat at the time. But it doesn't seem to matter at all in the long-run, since very few chess players today even know about Wyvill. He's barely mentioned in any 20-21st century chess books, yet he came ahead of Staunton, Bird, Szen, Kieseritsky, Horwitz, and others. And he got the best performance overall against the winner of the tournament, Adolf Anderssen.
|Feb-26-13|| ||keypusher: <Expendable Asset> Wyvill was a member of Parliament who didn't play a lot of chess compared to people like Staunton or Anderssen.|
He had a wonderful result in this tournament but had a relatively easy draw (Lowe, H.A. Kennedy, and Elijah Williams) before the final. If you play through the games I think you'll agree that Szen was Anderssen's toughest opponent. Szen also crushed H.A. Kennedy and Horwitz in "loser's bracket" matches -- he probably had the best overall performance after Anderssen.
|Feb-26-13|| ||Expendable Asset: <keypusher> Understood. One should blame the format of the tournament and the lucky/unlucky pairings, though, not Wyvill for going up against weaker players.|
And I meant the best result <against> the winner of the tournament, meaning XYZ vs Anderssen, not who had the best performance overall in the tournament after Anderssen. Wyvill vs Anderssen was a 2.5/4.5, while Szen vs Anderssen was 2/4, both in Anderssen's favor, but Wyvill had the best individual overall performance playing against Anderssen alone. Wyvill was not a pushover. A lot of people mention how far Staunton got in 1851 but very few bother to give Wyvill some real credit for his accomplishment here. We're talking about the 1851 International, not the games anybody played after, not the games anybody played before. Ex. just because Bird played over 50 years more of chess doesn't suddenly make him more important or notable in <1851> than Wyvill.
|Mar-26-13|| ||wordfunph: The Chess Tournament London 1851 by Howard Staunton..|
|Mar-07-14|| ||keypusher: <Expendable Asset>
<And I meant the best result <against> the winner of the tournament, meaning XYZ vs Anderssen, not who had the best performance overall in the tournament after Anderssen. Wyvill vs Anderssen was a 2.5/4.5, while Szen vs Anderssen was 2/4, both in Anderssen's favor, but Wyvill had the best individual overall performance playing against Anderssen alone. >
To quote myself, <If you play through the games I think you'll agree that Szen was Anderssen's toughest opponent. > None of Anderssen's four wins over Wyvill lasted 30 moves.
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