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Daniel Harrwitz
Number of games in database: 165
Years covered: 1845 to 1868
Overall record: +80 -55 =28 (57.7%)*
   * Overall winning percentage = (wins+draws/2) / total games
      Based on games in the database; may be incomplete.
      2 exhibition games, odds games, etc. are excluded from this statistic.

With the White pieces:
 King's Gambit Accepted (21) 
    C33 C39 C36 C38
 King's Pawn Game (8) 
 Dutch Defense (8) 
    A84 A85
 Queen's Gambit Declined (6) 
    D35 D30
 King's Gambit Declined (5) 
    C30 C31
 Philidor's Defense (4) 
With the Black pieces:
 Sicilian (16) 
    B20 B21 B30 B44
 Giuoco Piano (11) 
    C50 C53 C54
 Philidor's Defense (10) 
 King's Pawn Game (9) 
 Ruy Lopez (6) 
    C64 C65
 Bird's Opening (4) 
    A03 A02
Repertoire Explorer

NOTABLE GAMES: [what is this?]
   Mayet vs Harrwitz, 1848 0-1
   Harrwitz vs Anderssen, 1848 1-0
   Harrwitz vs Horwitz, 1846 1-0
   E Williams vs Harrwitz, 1846 1/2-1/2
   Harrwitz vs Morphy, 1858 1-0
   Morphy vs Harrwitz, 1858 0-1
   Harrwitz vs Morphy, 1858 1-0
   Harrwitz vs Morphy, 1858 1/2-1/2
   Harrwitz vs Horwitz, 1849 1-0
   Harrwitz vs Allies, 1848 1-0

NOTABLE TOURNAMENTS: [what is this?]
   Harrwitz - Williams (1846)
   Harrwitz - Williams (1852)
   Harrwitz - Williams 1852/53 (1852)
   Anderssen - Harrwitz (1848)
   Morphy - Harrwitz (1858)

GAME COLLECTIONS: [what is this?]
   Blunderchecked games II by nimh
   KG(D) Classical Variation by crazedrat

Search Sacrifice Explorer for Daniel Harrwitz
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(born Feb-22-1821, died Jan-02-1884, 62 years old) Germany

[what is this?]
Daniel Harrwitz was born in Breslau, Germany. During the 1850s he was among the top 3 or 4 players in the World. He played matches against Howard Staunton (+0, =0, -7) in 1846, Bernhard Horwitz (+6, =1, -5) in 1846, Adolf Anderssen (+5, =0, -5) in 1848, Horwitz (+7, =12, -6) in 1849, Jozsef Szen (+3, =1, -1) in 1852 and Johann Jacob Loewenthal (+11, =12, -8) in 1853. He played in Manchester 1857 but was knocked out by Anderssen in the 1st round and played a match against Paul Morphy (+2, =1, -5) in 1858. When his father died, he retired to Bolzano in the Austrian Alps with a small family inheritance.

 page 1 of 7; games 1-25 of 165  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves Year Event/LocaleOpening
1. B Greville vs Harrwitz 0-115 1845 ParisC44 King's Pawn Game
2. Harrwitz vs Kieseritzky 1-039 1845 ParisB21 Sicilian, 2.f4 and 2.d4
3. Staunton vs Harrwitz 1-024 1846 LondonC44 King's Pawn Game
4. Harrwitz vs Horwitz 0-154 1846 London m4 ;HCL 34C44 King's Pawn Game
5. E Williams vs Harrwitz 0-130 1846 Harrwitz - WilliamsD20 Queen's Gambit Accepted
6. Harrwitz vs Staunton 0-138 1846 LondonC54 Giuoco Piano
7. Harrwitz vs Horwitz 1-048 1846 London m4 ;HCL 34C44 King's Pawn Game
8. Harrwitz vs Staunton 0-145 1846 LondonD30 Queen's Gambit Declined
9. G Walker vs Harrwitz 0-135 1846 London mC33 King's Gambit Accepted
10. Horwitz vs Harrwitz 1-045 1846 London m4 ;HCL 34C44 King's Pawn Game
11. E Williams vs Harrwitz ½-½84 1846 Harrwitz - WilliamsD20 Queen's Gambit Accepted
12. Staunton vs Harrwitz 1-025 1846 LondonC45 Scotch Game
13. Horwitz vs Harrwitz 0-136 1846 London m4 ;HCL 34C44 King's Pawn Game
14. E Williams vs Harrwitz 0-147 1846 Harrwitz - WilliamsC50 Giuoco Piano
15. Staunton vs Harrwitz 1-038 1846 LondonC50 Giuoco Piano
16. H Buckle vs Harrwitz 1-048 1846 LondonC50 Giuoco Piano
17. Harrwitz vs Horwitz 1-043 1846 London m4 ;HCL 34C44 King's Pawn Game
18. Horwitz vs Harrwitz 1-020 1846 London m4 ;HCL 34C44 King's Pawn Game
19. Harrwitz vs Horwitz 1-031 1846 London m4 ;HCL 34C44 King's Pawn Game
20. E Williams vs Harrwitz ½-½52 1846 Harrwitz - WilliamsD20 Queen's Gambit Accepted
21. Harrwitz vs Staunton 0-115 1846 LondonC53 Giuoco Piano
22. Horwitz vs Harrwitz 1-044 1846 London m4 ;HCL 34C44 King's Pawn Game
23. Harrwitz vs Horwitz ½-½26 1846 London m4 ;HCL 34C44 King's Pawn Game
24. Horwitz vs Harrwitz 1-031 1846 London m4 ;HCL 34C44 King's Pawn Game
25. Harrwitz vs E Williams 1-043 1846 Harrwitz - WilliamsC38 King's Gambit Accepted
 page 1 of 7; games 1-25 of 165  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2) | Harrwitz wins | Harrwitz loses  

Kibitzer's Corner
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Premium Chessgames Member
  Knight13: <aw1988> I've learned his style of play and some tactics... And some of his opening play like the move c3.
Jan-05-06  BIDMONFA: Daniel Harrwitz


Premium Chessgames Member
  Knight13: Happy Birthday, Daniel Harrwitz!!!
Premium Chessgames Member
  Knight13: I've enjoyed viewing this guy's games more than any other 19th century players, except Henry Edward Bird.
Apr-23-07  wolfmaster: Compared to his contemporaries,(Bird,Anderssen,Morphy etc...) Harrwitz had the lowest draw/game ratio at about 1/6. Bird had 1/7, Morphy(because he destroyed everybody)1/14, and Anderssen 1/14. Lowenthal also had a high 1/6. Others include Mayet 1/16(LOL), und Der Lasa( a bit before Harrwitz),1/6,Kieseritsky ,1/10,De Reviere 1/12, DuBois 1/9,Staunton 1/8, Von Jaenisch 1/5(because of his long fought matches with Ilya Shumov), Max Lange 1/9, Shumov 1/13, Elijah Williams 1/5,(who contested a long match with Harrwitz in 1852) Horwitz 1/8(another player with whom Harrwitz handled fairly easily in a long match called "The Battle of the Witz) Kennedy 1/13,Szen 1/11.
Premium Chessgames Member
  keypusher: <wolfmaster>

<Horwitz 1/8(another player with whom Harrwitz handled fairly easily in a long match called "The Battle of the Witz)>

As you can see by looking at the bio above, Harrwitz played two matches with Horwitz, and both were extremely close.

Given that we have nowhere near a complete record for any mid-19th century player, and the games we do have are a mix of match games, tournament games, and casual games, drawing ratios don't mean much.

Apr-23-07  elLocoEvans: In that engraving Harrwitz has some resemblance to a sleepy Poe.
Premium Chessgames Member
  GrahamClayton: Harrwitz was renowned for taking "vacations" in the middle of matches.

Source: David Hooper and Kenneth Whyld, "Oxford Companion to Chess", 2nd edition, OUP, 1992

Premium Chessgames Member
  Karpova: From Jeremy P. Spinrad's "Chess Journalism: Old and New", May 2007:

Page 4: <The first part of the magazine is devoted to discussing the recent match between Harrwitz and Löwenthal, which to Staunton's dismay was won by Harrwitz. How did Staunton congratulate the victor?

"We cannot resist recording our conviction that in no Chess match of importance ever played, was the truth of the familiar proverb which tells us 'the race is not always to the swift, nor the battle to the strong,' so forcefully exemplified as in this.">

From "The Chess Player's Chronicle", 1854

Oct-28-08  wolfmaster: <keypusher> You are as wrong as wrong can be.
Oct-28-08  Nietzowitsch: <wolfmaster> Statistics are the triumph of the quantitative method, and the quantitative method is the victory of sterility and death. You are as wrong as wrong can be!
Oct-29-08  wolfmaster: <Nietzowitsch> What?
Apr-26-09  myschkin: . . .

<< Lehrbuch des Schachspiels> (1862) >

+.pdf download

Apr-29-09  WhiteRook48: what a weird player
Premium Chessgames Member
  GrahamClayton: Some interesting biographical information about Harrwitz's date of birth and death can be found at:
Premium Chessgames Member
  GrahamClayton: Here is an excellent description of Harrwitz playing two blindfold games simultaneously, taken from the Hobart, Courier, dated 26 June 1857:

The Cafe de la Regence, Paris, on Friday night was the scene of an extraordinary display of chess power, contending without seeing the board, in two games at the same time against two players of the Paris Chess Club.

Prince Antoine Bonaparte, the Duke of
Brunswick, the Marquis do Carraciola, Count Issoire, and a great number of amateurs and members of the club, wore present, and followed with unflagging interest to the close the wonderful feat of mental abstraction and chess memory which M. Harrwitz presented on the occasion without, to all appearance, any harassing effect.

To better understand how the matches wee conducted, it may be as well to state that the Cafe de la Régence consists of two large salles on the ground floor; one fitted up as a cafe, properly so called, and the other provided with billiard tables and arranged as an estaminet, in which smoking is allowed. In both of these rooms, which are open to all, and in which chess is going on nearly all day long, the amateur is sure at all times to find someone willing to play a game. But above is situated a range of rooms appropriated to the use of the Paris Chess Club, and in these it was that the wonderful display took place on the occasion of which we speak.

In the centre of the largest of those rooms were placed two tables, at which were seated, each with a board and chessmen before him, M. Lecrivain and M. P-, the gentlemen with whom
M. Harrwitz was to engage in peaceful conflict. The room beyond, the last of the suite, was set apart for the mental player, all its fitting-up consisting merely of three or four chairs, and a table in one corner, on which were placed wine, sugar, and water, and other refreshments, as well as writing materials, to enable the gentleman who acted as secretary to mark down the moves when decided on.

The door of communication between the two rooms was kept open the whole time, so that every one could see that not only M. Harrwitz had no means of aiding his memory by any extraneous or tangible object, but that all intercourse with other persons was absolutely impossible. All round the other rooms were arranged chess-tables, on which the amateurs invited to be present followed the moves as they were played. Everything being declared in readiness, at about half-past nine the play commenced.

The manner in which the moves were
announced was this :- M. Lequesne, who had kindly consented to act as secretary, after having received instructions from M. Harrwitz wrote down the moves for both games, and then entering the other room and saying ' First game,' specified tho move fixed for it; next saying 'Second game', he acted in the same way for it. The moves, thus named, were then played on the board, and the two adversaries studied the reply to be given. When both gentlemen had decided M. Lequense marked down the moves as before, and then in turn announced aloud to M. Harrwitz, exactly in the same manner, the advance so given in each case.

The longest game, in which there was remark of fine play by both sides, lasted three hours and a half, and from the beginning to the end of that long space of time, during which the strain on the memory must havo been enormous, Mr. Harrwitz (says Galignani) never for a moment appeared in the slightest degree embarrassed, nor did he delay longer in his moves than he probably would have done in an ordinary game, when looking at the board. The replies certainly came more rapidly from him than from the other room, M. Lecrivain taking a considerable time to examine each position and playing with great caution; M. P-, on the other hand, moved at once, and, being naturally a quick player, soon got somewhat fatigued by the great length of time which he was obliged to remain unoccupied while waiting for the decisions of M. Lecrivain.

It is most probably to this circumstance that must be attributed the fact that he by no means equalled his usual game. It was after one o'clock when M. Harrwitz came into thie general room after winning in both games. He declared himself to be but little fatigued, and, in answer to observations made to him, proceeded at once to explain various points of his play."

Feb-22-12  brankat: Really a nice description of this exhibition,

Mr.certainly was one of the strongest masters of the 1850s.

Premium Chessgames Member
  Penguincw: R.I.P. Harrwitz.
Apr-29-12  Llawdogg: Thanks, Graham Clayton, for that wonderful description of the blindfold play of Harrwitz.
Premium Chessgames Member
  parisattack: Apparently not the Harrwitz of the ...h6 variation of the ...e5 Sicilian but rather a player of the mid-20th century?

Anyone know details?

This Harrwitz did play a few ...e5 Sicilians before inventing the Taimanov Variation which he played in quite modern fashion!

Premium Chessgames Member
  optimal play: <<<Mr. Blackburne tells a good story of Harrwitz, the celebrated chess player, recently deceased.>

The latter was playing a game at a London club, and his opponent had just attacked a Knight with a Pawn. Harrwitz saw that if the Knight were captured he could force a mate in four moves, but feared that if he openly abandoned the Knight, suspicion would be aroused and his little scheme frustrated.

How was his opponent to be thrown off his guard?

He hit upon the ingenious expedient of making a false move with the attacked Knight. His opponent of course claimed the usual penalty of compelling him to move the King. Remonstrances were vain ; the laws of the game must be adhered to, and with well-simulated disgust at his own stupidity, Harrwitz replaced the Knight and moved his King.

His opponent innocently snapped up the Knight, whereupon the shockingly wily German blandly announced his mate in four.>

- South Australian Weekly Chronicle (Adelaide, SA) issue Saturday 7 March 1885>

Mar-18-14  RookFile: I love it. Good for Harrwitz. :)
Mar-18-14  RedShield: That anecdote sounds very fishy.
Premium Chessgames Member
  offramp: I was surprised to see that "Daniel Harrwitz beat Elijah Williams 17 to 2, with 8 draws." Williams was a strong player!
Premium Chessgames Member
  eternaloptimist: From looking at Harrwitz's results, it's safe to say that he's 1 of the most underrated chess players of all time!
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