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Charles Henry Stanley
Number of games in database: 91
Years covered: 1844 to 1868
Overall record: +44 -33 =10 (56.3%)*
   * Overall winning percentage = (wins+draws/2) / total games
      Based on games in the database; may be incomplete.
      4 exhibition games, odds games, etc. are excluded from this statistic.

MOST PLAYED OPENINGS
With the White pieces:
 Giuoco Piano (11) 
    C50 C53 C54
 Sicilian (8) 
    B21 B20 B40 B32
 Vienna Opening (7) 
    C26
 King's Gambit Accepted (6) 
    C33 C37
With the Black pieces:
 Giuoco Piano (9) 
    C53 C50
 King's Pawn Game (6) 
    C44
 Queen's Gambit Declined (6) 
    D30 D31
 French Defense (6) 
    C01 C00
 King's Gambit Accepted (5) 
    C38 C39 C33
 Evans Gambit (4) 
    C51 C52
Repertoire Explorer

NOTABLE GAMES: [what is this?]
   E Rousseau vs C Stanley, 1845 0-1
   C Stanley vs Morphy, 1857 1-0
   Steele vs C Stanley, 1860 0-1
   C Stanley vs E Rousseau, 1845 1-0
   C Stanley vs E Rousseau, 1845 1-0

NOTABLE TOURNAMENTS: [what is this?]
   1st American Chess Congress (1857)

GAME COLLECTIONS: [what is this?]
   Stanley - Rousseau 1845 match by crawfb5
   Stanley - Turner 1850 match by crawfb5
   1852 Saint Amant - Stanley Match by TheFocus

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CHARLES HENRY STANLEY
(born 1819, died Oct-06-1901) United Kingdom (citizen of United States of America)

[what is this?]
Charles Henry Stanley was born in Brighton, England in September, 1819. In 1839, he defeated Howard Staunton (+3-2=1), receiving odds of pawn and move. Stanley emigrated to New York in 1842 and worked at the British Consulate. He was regarded as the best chess player in New York from 1842 to 1857. In 1844, he defeated John William Schulten in two matches in New York. He started America's first chess column in the New York Spirit of the Times on March 1, 1845, which contained the first chess problem published in America. The chess column ran until October, 1848 (1).

In 1845, he, again, defeated John William Schulten in a match in New York. In December, 1845, he defeated Eugene Rousseau at the New Orleans Chess Club (Sazerac Coffee House) in the first unofficial US Championship (15 wins, 8 losses, 8 draws) (9). This was the first organized chess event in the United States. The stakes for the event was $1,000. Rousseau’s second was Eugene Morphy, Paul's uncle. Paul Morphy attended the match at the age of 8 and became interested in chess. In 1846 Stanley defeated Charles Vezan in New York and George Hammond in Chicago. In October 1846, he started the American Chess Magazine: a periodical Organ of Communication for American Chess-Players, which folded in September 1847 (2). In 1846 he published the first book in America on a chess match, 31 Games of Chess. The New York Albion published his chess column from 1848 until 1856; it was then conducted by Perrin and Young until George Henry Mackenzie took over in 1866. (3).

In February, 1850 he defeated John Turner (10) of Louisville, Kentucky in Washington, DC and drew a match against Johann Jacob Loewenthal (+3-3=0) in New York. In 1852 he suggested the holding of an international chess tournament at the Great Exhibition in New York in 1853, but nothing came of it. In 1852, he drew a match with Pierre Charles Fournier de Saint Amant in New York (+4-4=0). In 1855 he organized the first World Chess Problem tournament.

In 1857 he was knocked out in the first round of the 1st American Chess Congress by Theodore Lichtenhein, winning 2 games and losing 3 games. He was considered to be America's first chess champion until he lost a match with Paul Morphy. Soon in December of that year, Stanley’s daughter, Pauline, was born & named after her father's successor in chess. From October until June of 1859, he edited another column for the 11 year-old Harper's Weekly, also publishing Morphy’s Match Games and The Chess Player’s Instructor prepared over the course of that winter & spring (4, 5, 6).

In 1860 he returned to England and took 2nd in the 3rd British Chess Association Congress in Cambridge, England, losing to Ignatz Von Kolisch. From 1860 to 1862, he edited a chess column in the Manchester Express and Guardian, winning an 1861 tournament in Leeds, England (7).

He lost an 1868 match to George Mackenzie in New York and wrote another chess column for the New York Round Table in the year following the match (8). He was an alcoholic who spent his last 20 years in institutions on Ward’s Island and in the Bronx. He died in 1901.

References: (1) New York Spirit of the Times Wikipedia article: Spirit of the Times (1845-8), (2) American Chess Magazine: a periodical Organ of Communication for American Chess-Players (1846-7), (3) New York Albion (1848-56), (4) Harper's Weekly: A Journal of Civilization - Chess Chronicle - http://harpers.org/index.html (1858-9), (5) Morphy’s Match Games (1859), (6) The Chess Player’s Instructor (1859), (7) Manchester Express and Guardian (1860-2), (8) New York Round Table (1869), (9) http://graeme.50webs.com/chesschamp... (10) http://graeme.50webs.com/chesschamp... (11) http://www.chessarch.com/excavation... (collated chess columns of historical interest).

Wikipedia article: Charles Henry Stanley


 page 1 of 4; games 1-25 of 91  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves Year Event/LocaleOpening
1. C Stanley vs J Schulten ½-½33 1844 New York m1C53 Giuoco Piano
2. C Stanley vs J Schulten 1-043 1844 New York m1C23 Bishop's Opening
3. J Schulten vs C Stanley 0-150 1844 New York m2C53 Giuoco Piano
4. J Schulten vs C Stanley 1-027 1844 New York m1C23 Bishop's Opening
5. J Schulten vs C Stanley 0-134 1844 New York m2C23 Bishop's Opening
6. J Schulten vs C Stanley 0-138 1844 New York m2C53 Giuoco Piano
7. J Schulten vs C Stanley 1-071 1844 New York m2C23 Bishop's Opening
8. C Stanley vs E Rousseau  ½-½36 1845 New Orleans m ;HCL 34B32 Sicilian
9. C Stanley vs E Rousseau 1-047 1845 New Orleans m ;HCL 34C50 Giuoco Piano
10. E Rousseau vs C Stanley 0-129 1845 New Orleans m ;HCL 34C53 Giuoco Piano
11. C Stanley vs E Rousseau  0-128 1845 New Orleans m ;HCL 34C00 French Defense
12. E Rousseau vs C Stanley ½-½60 1845 New Orleans m ;HCL 34C64 Ruy Lopez, Classical
13. C Stanley vs E Rousseau ½-½66 1845 New Orleans m ;HCL 34B21 Sicilian, 2.f4 and 2.d4
14. E Rousseau vs C Stanley ½-½58 1845 New Orleans m ;HCL 34C01 French, Exchange
15. C Stanley vs E Rousseau 1-063 1845 New Orleans m ;HCL 34C23 Bishop's Opening
16. E Rousseau vs C Stanley  1-037 1845 New Orleans m ;HCL 34C44 King's Pawn Game
17. C Stanley vs E Rousseau 0-155 1845 New Orleans m ;HCL 34C50 Giuoco Piano
18. E Rousseau vs C Stanley 0-155 1845 New Orleans m ;HCL 34D30 Queen's Gambit Declined
19. C Stanley vs E Rousseau 1-049 1845 New Orleans m ;HCL 34C50 Giuoco Piano
20. E Rousseau vs C Stanley  0-166 1845 New Orleans m ;HCL 34C01 French, Exchange
21. C Stanley vs E Rousseau  0-154 1845 New Orleans m ;HCL 34D30 Queen's Gambit Declined
22. E Rousseau vs C Stanley 0-118 1845 New Orleans m ;HCL 34D30 Queen's Gambit Declined
23. C Stanley vs E Rousseau 1-036 1845 New Orleans m ;HCL 34C50 Giuoco Piano
24. E Rousseau vs C Stanley 1-069 1845 New Orleans m ;HCL 34C70 Ruy Lopez
25. C Stanley vs E Rousseau  ½-½48 1845 New Orleans m ;HCL 34B40 Sicilian
 page 1 of 4; games 1-25 of 91  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2) | Stanley wins | Stanley loses  

Kibitzer's Corner
Feb-04-05  euripides: Judging from the games, Stanley appears to be an American, who was playing in New York and New Orleans in the 1840s and visited England in the 1850s. Anyone know more ?
Feb-04-05  sneaky pete: <euripides> Born England, 1819, moved to the USA in the 1840s, was considered the American champion from 1845 when he defeated Rousseau in a match until 1857 (Morphy).
Feb-04-05  euripides: <pete> many thanks !
Jun-27-05  Knight13: Charles Henry Stanley (1819 - 1901) was the first chess champion of the United States. He became the champion in 1845 after defeating Eugène Rousseau of New Orleans in a match for the championship. Stanley was an Englishman who came to the USA in 1843, and his English ideas had a great influence on American chess.

One of his ideas was to have a regular newspaper column devoted to chess, which he started in 1845 in The Spririt of the Times. He also started the American Chess Magazine in 1846, but others copied the idea (which originated in England), and competition forced the magazine out of business.

In 1855 he organized the first World Problem Tournament.

In 1846 he published the first US book on a chess match, 31 Games of Chess.

Stanley is a little known figure who has been eclipsed by the achievements of the world famous Paul Morphy. He played Morphy in 1857, losing the title of US Chess Champion to his much better opponent.

He was married and later had a daughter Pauline, who was named after Morphy.

--- Wikipedia

Apr-02-09  WhiteRook48: from 1881 to 1901 he got drunk?!
Dec-20-10
Premium Chessgames Member
  Phony Benoni: Stanley seems to have had that wonderful editorial knack of handling correspondents with subtle insults in the stately Victorian manner. Here are a couple of examples from his column in <The Albion>:

(October 10, 1852) <"...but the fact of your ability to solve a three move problem is not conclusive as to its unfitness for publication.">

(November 6, 1852) <"Your four move problem can be solved in two. As regards No. 201, notwithstanding your extreme confidence you are in error; it not being "soluble" (without the aid of nitric acid) in less than the stipulated number of moves. In the game of Chess, you should always look at least one move deep.">

Jan-16-13
Premium Chessgames Member
  thomastonk: In the "New York Spirit of the Times" on May 24th, 1845 he gives the number of wins in the three matches with John William Schulten: 11:5, 11:9 and 15:13, each time in Stanley's favour.
Jan-16-13
Premium Chessgames Member
  thomastonk: In the "New York Spirit of the Times" on October 11, 1845 Stanley reports on a match with Schulten which is "now in course", and hence both played even a fourth match! There is no result of this match published until Stanley leaves NY for New Orleans, where he played the well-known match with Eugene Rousseau. But Stanley must have won it, too, because he calls himself the strongest player in the North, when he played Rousseau.
Jan-16-13
Premium Chessgames Member
  jnpope: The fourth match was temporarily halted so Stanley could play Rousseau. When Stanley returned to New York the match was resumed:

<The following games were contested at the N. Y. Chess Club, on Monday evening, in continuation of a match which has been for some time pending, and has at length terminated in Mr. Schulten's favor. The result of a total number of twenty-two games played, is as follows:-

Won by Mr. Schulten . . . 11
Won by Mr. Stanley . . . 7
Drawn games . . . 4
Total number of games played . . . 22

We have much pleasure in congratulating Mr. Schulten on the achievement of his victory, which, indeed, his great skill and untiring perseverance have well merited.>

source: New York Spirit of the Times 1846.03.28

Jan-16-13
Premium Chessgames Member
  jnpope: From the bio above:

<In 1948, the New York Albion published his chess column until 1856, & it was not until 1866 when George Henry Mackenzie revived the column a decade later (3).>

Ok, who writes this stuff? The column ran continuously. I haven't gotten around to posting the decade of Perrin and Young columns because 99.9% of them are just problems, no news, no games... so I gave those a lower priority in getting them scanned and uploaded to the Chess Archaeology website.

Jan-16-13
Premium Chessgames Member
  Phony Benoni: <jnpope> Apparently, the biographer assumed that the gap at Chess Archaeology was due to the column being discontinued. Thanks for the information.

I've made a change to that part, but haven't examined the rest of the bio carefully.

Jan-16-13
Premium Chessgames Member
  jnpope: <Phony Benoni> Thanks. Small things like that drive me nuts.
Jan-17-13
Premium Chessgames Member
  thomastonk: <jnpope> Thank you very much for the results of the fourth Schulten match! The columns of 1846 I will read only today ...

This lost match is quite remarkable, I think, because Stanley just won the title of the U.S. chess champion. Moreover, Schulten's results in these four matches have a clear upward tendency!

Sep-29-13
Premium Chessgames Member
  offramp: One thousand ante-bellum dollars. That's a whole heap of mazoolah.
Sep-30-13
Premium Chessgames Member
  offramp: In fact I had a look at http://www.measuringworth.com/uscom... and it gives the following answer:
<In 2012, the relative value of $1,000.00 from 1846 ranges from $23,300.00 to $7,870,000.00.>

So it is easy to see that the Stanley-Rousseau match, with a prize fund of just under $8,000,000.00, is the sporting event with the highest prize fund in the history of the entire world.

Magnus Carlsen would weep into his Rakfisk if he ever found that out!

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