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1st American Chess Congress (1857)

  PARTICIPANTS (sorted by highest achieved rating; click on name to see player's games)
Louis Paulsen, Paul Morphy, Alexander Beaufort Meek, Theodore Lichtenhein, Charles Henry Stanley, Hardman Philips Montgomery, Benjamin Raphael, James Thompson, Napoleon Marache, Samuel Robert Calthrop, Hiram Kennicott, Hubert Knott, Frederick Perrin, William S Allison, William James Appleton Fuller, Daniel Fiske

Chessgames.com Historical Chess Event
1st American Chess Congress (1857)
The first American Chess Congress (1) was held in New York City from October 6th to November 10th, 1857. Daniel Fiske and Thomas Frere were the organizers, and the tournament was designed with similarities to the London (1851) format, with the provision that draws did not count and had to be replayed. The first prize was $300. The 16 best American masters were invited to participate in the event, including Paul Morphy and Louis Paulsen. Morphy dominated the event, sweeping each of his opponents until Paulsen in the final. Despite dropping one game in the final match, Morphy finished the tournament with an astounding 14 wins, 3 draws, and 1 loss.

Not one to accept money for chess, Morphy turned down the cash prize in exchange for a silver tray, pitcher, and four goblets in its place. His victory cemented him as one of the best players in the world (if not the best), and prompted his tour across the Atlantic where he faced the best Europe had to offer in a series of matches, winning each and every one of them. Not long after his return to America, Morphy would retire from chess.

New York 6 Oct - 10 Nov The matches, final standings, and crosstables:

First Round:

+Morphy 3/3 1 1 1 -Thompson 0/3 0 0 0 +Meek 3/5 1 1 0 0 1 -Fuller 2/5 0 0 1 1 0 -Knott 3/7 1 0 1 0 0 +Perrin 4/7 0 1 0 1 1 +Lichtenhein 3/5 1 0 0 1 1 -Stanley 2/5 0 1 1 0 0 +Raphael 3/6 0 1 0 1 1 -Kennicott 2/6 1 0 1 0 0 -Fiske 2/5 1 1 0 0 0 +Marache 3/5 0 0 1 1 1 -Calthrop 0/3 0 0 0 +Paulsen 3/3 1 1 1 -Allison 1/4 0 1 0 0 +Montgomery 3/4 1 0 1 1

Quarterfinal Round:

+Morphy 3/3 1 1 1 -Meek 0/3 0 0 0 -Perrin 0/3 0 0 0 +Lichtenhein 3/3 1 1 1 +Raphael 3/6 1 1 0 0 1 -Marache 2/6 0 0 1 1 0 +Paulsen 2/2 1 1 -Montgomery 0/2 0 0

Semifinal Round:

+Morphy 3/4 1 1 1 -Lichtenhein /4 0 0 0 -Raphael /3 0 0 +Paulsen 2/3 1 1

Third place playoff:

3rd Lichtenhein 3/3 1 1 1 4th Raphael 0/3 0 0 0

<Final Match>

1st Morphy 6/8 1 0 1 1 1 1 2nd Paulsen 2/8 0 1 0 0 0 0

Fourteen years later, the 2nd American Chess Congress (1871) was the next to be held.

References: (1) http://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amer... , (2) Original collection: Game Collection: New York 1857, by User: suenteus po 147

Missing information: First eight games in list do not have full dates

 page 1 of 3; games 1-25 of 68  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves Year Event/LocaleOpening
1. B Raphael vs T Lichtenhein  0-132 1857 1st American Chess CongressC33 King's Gambit Accepted
2. T Lichtenhein vs B Raphael  1-029 1857 1st American Chess CongressC48 Four Knights
3. T Lichtenhein vs B Raphael 1-025 1857 1st American Chess CongressA43 Old Benoni
4. Paulsen vs B Raphael  ½-½47 1857 1st American Chess CongressC47 Four Knights
5. F Perrin vs T Lichtenhein  0-129 1857 1st American Chess CongressB44 Sicilian
6. B Raphael vs Paulsen  0-125 1857 1st American Chess CongressB40 Sicilian
7. D Fiske vs N Marache 0-135 1857 1st American Chess CongressA84 Dutch
8. T Lichtenhein vs F Perrin 1-030 1857 1st American Chess CongressB00 Uncommon King's Pawn Opening
9. S Calthrop vs Paulsen 0-130 1857 1st American Chess CongressB21 Sicilian, 2.f4 and 2.d4
10. H Montgomery vs W S Allison 0-152 1857 1st American Chess CongressC44 King's Pawn Game
11. Paulsen vs S Calthrop  1-042 1857 1st American Chess CongressC44 King's Pawn Game
12. N Marache vs D Fiske  0-148 1857 1st American Chess CongressB44 Sicilian
13. W S Allison vs H Montgomery 0-120 1857 1st American Chess CongressC53 Giuoco Piano
14. A Meek vs W Fuller 1-026 1857 1st American Chess CongressC20 King's Pawn Game
15. Morphy vs J Thompson 1-048 1857 1st American Chess CongressB44 Sicilian
16. F Perrin vs H Knott  0-139 1857 1st American Chess CongressC01 French, Exchange
17. J Thompson vs Morphy 0-121 1857 1st American Chess CongressC50 Giuoco Piano
18. B Raphael vs H Kennicott  0-136 1857 1st American Chess CongressC44 King's Pawn Game
19. H Montgomery vs W S Allison 1-030 1857 1st American Chess CongressC51 Evans Gambit
20. S Calthrop vs Paulsen 0-122 1857 1st American Chess CongressC40 King's Knight Opening
21. H Kennicott vs B Raphael 0-134 1857 1st American Chess CongressC42 Petrov Defense
22. H Knott vs F Perrin 0-139 1857 1st American Chess CongressD35 Queen's Gambit Declined
23. W S Allison vs H Montgomery 0-123 1857 1st American Chess CongressC50 Giuoco Piano
24. D Fiske vs N Marache  1-042 1857 1st American Chess CongressD40 Queen's Gambit Declined, Semi-Tarrasch
25. J Thompson vs Morphy 0-146 1857 1st American Chess CongressC53 Giuoco Piano
 page 1 of 3; games 1-25 of 68  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2)  
 

Kibitzer's Corner
Nov-16-12
Premium Chessgames Member
  brankat: A collection of great historical value!
Nov-16-12  Troller: I see Morphy lost a game against Paulsen. What a patzer he was, that Morphy.
Nov-16-12
Premium Chessgames Member
  brankat: <Troller> You got that right. It is about time that people see the light. And not only in regards to P.Morphy.

There has been an endless procession of patzers, who, for some unfathomable reason, had been praised as true masters of the game.

Steinitz the Conceited, Lasker of the Coffee-house, Nimzowitch the Weirdo, Euwe the Weakling, talentless Botvinnik, lucky Tal, cowardly Petrosian, Karpov the Pinko etc.

Only BOBBY shines like the Sun!

Nov-19-12  Tigranny: <brankat> I wouldn't call Karpov a pinko...
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