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John William Schulten
Number of games in database: 71
Years covered: 1841 to 1869

Overall record: +15 -52 =4 (23.9%)*
   * Overall winning percentage = (wins+draws/2) / total games in the database.

With the White pieces:
 King's Gambit Accepted (18) 
 King's Pawn Game (6) 
With the Black pieces:
 Evans Gambit (10) 
 Giuoco Piano (8) 
    C50 C53
 King's Gambit Accepted (5) 
    C33 C34 C39 C38
Repertoire Explorer

NOTABLE GAMES: [what is this?]
   J Schulten vs Morphy, 1857 1-0
   Kieseritzky vs J Schulten, 1853 0-1
   J Schulten vs C Stanley, 1844 1-0

GAME COLLECTIONS: [what is this?]
   Stanley - Schulten (1845-46) by MissScarlett

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(born 1814, died Dec-25-1875, 61 years old) Germany

[what is this?]

In the 1840s and 1850s, he traveled widely in Europe and the United States to play some of the best chess players in the world Adolf Anderssen, Alexandre Deschapelles, Daniel Harrwitz, Bernhard Horwitz, Lionel Kieseritzky, Paul Morphy, Gustav Neumann, Jules Arnous de Riviere, Eugene Rousseau, Pierre Charles Fournier de Saint-Amant, Charles Henry Stanley, Tassilo von der Lasa, and Johannes Zukertort losing to most of them. Although he lost matches against Kieseritzky and Morphy, he did beat both of them once. His only win against Morphy was in New York City in 1857.

Wikipedia article: John William Schulten

Last updated: 2022-03-26 22:23:01

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 page 1 of 3; games 1-25 of 72  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves YearEvent/LocaleOpening
1. J Schulten vs E Rousseau 0-1331841MatchC33 King's Gambit Accepted
2. Saint-Amant vs J Schulten 1-0301842ParisC50 Giuoco Piano
3. J Schulten vs Saint-Amant 0-1201842ParisB22 Sicilian, Alapin
4. C Stanley vs J Schulten  0-1351844Stanley - Schulten m(1)C45 Scotch Game
5. J Schulten vs C Stanley 0-1501844Stanley - Schulten m(2)C53 Giuoco Piano
6. J Schulten vs C Stanley 0-1341844Stanley - Schulten m(2)C20 King's Pawn Game
7. J Schulten vs C Stanley 1-0711844Stanley - Schulten m(2)C20 King's Pawn Game
8. J Schulten vs C Stanley 1-0271844New York m1C20 King's Pawn Game
9. C Stanley vs J Schulten 1-0431844MatchC20 King's Pawn Game
10. C Stanley vs J Schulten ½-½331844MatchC53 Giuoco Piano
11. C Stanley vs J Schulten 1-0681844Stanley - Schulten m(1)C50 Giuoco Piano
12. C Stanley vs J Schulten  1-0251845Stanley - Schulten m(3)C33 King's Gambit Accepted
13. C Stanley vs J Schulten  0-1311845Stanley - Schulten m(3)C50 Giuoco Piano
14. J Schulten vs C Stanley  0-1301845Stanley - Schulten m(3)C20 King's Pawn Game
15. J Schulten vs C Stanley 0-1381845Stanley - Schulten m(3)C53 Giuoco Piano
16. J Schulten vs C Stanley  ½-½521845Stanley - Schulten m(3)C20 King's Pawn Game
17. J Schulten vs C Stanley 0-1371845Stanley - Schulten m(3)C33 King's Gambit Accepted
18. C Stanley vs J Schulten 0-1201845Stanley - Schulten m(3)C33 King's Gambit Accepted
19. C Stanley vs J Schulten  0-1291845Stanley - Schulten m(3)C50 Giuoco Piano
20. C Stanley vs J Schulten  0-1451845Stanley - Schulten m(3)C01 French, Exchange
21. J Schulten vs C Stanley  1-0301845Stanley - Schulten m(3)C33 King's Gambit Accepted
22. J Schulten vs C Stanley  0-1291845Stanley - Schulten m(3)C33 King's Gambit Accepted
23. C Stanley vs J Schulten  0-1211845Stanley - Schulten m(3)C50 Giuoco Piano
24. C Stanley vs J Schulten  ½-½531845Stanley - Schulten m(3)C23 Bishop's Opening
25. J Schulten vs C Stanley 0-1501845Stanley - Schulten m(3)A30 English, Symmetrical
 page 1 of 3; games 1-25 of 72  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2) | Schulten wins | Schulten loses  

Kibitzer's Corner
Dec-02-04  Knight13: 6.9%! What a loser!
May-18-05  fenno: It is interesting that Chessmetrics site claims that Schulten "had" second best rating in the world in january 1851. Well below Kieseritzky, however, and just slightly above Harrwitz.
May-18-05  Poulsen: Chessbase gives him 3½ p. in 32 games. Among the games there's a win in 18 moves against Morphy.

Sonas ratingcalculations on are highly debateble. The calculations might be believeble from a purely statistical viewpoint, but the foundation for the calculations are very weak, since we in fact know very few results prior to London 1851.

So there is very little facts - if any - to substansuate a claim, that Schulten would have been the second best rated in the world by januar 1851.

It's worth noticing, that most of his preserved games were played against famed players of the time. No wonder, that he lost! His over-all score must have been a lot better - why should Morphy bother to play him, if it weren't?

May-18-05  Runemaster: The schulten of swing.
May-18-05  Marvol: Going through his games you got to admire his want to go forward. In most of his games he makes only a few moves "backward", usually he throws his pieces at the opponent like... like... boomerangs, since usually they come backfiring at him :-S

Jun-20-05  Montreal1666: Who is Schulten?
Jul-28-05  Knight13: <Knight13: 6.9%! What a loser!> Sorry! I didn't want to say it. I apologize.
Premium Chessgames Member
  tpstar: Looks like this fellow enjoyed a fascinating career, playing the leading players of his day, albeit not particularly successfully. The database credits him with one win over Morphy J Schulten vs Morphy, 1857 (the kibitzing discusses his career) and one over Kieseritzky Kieseritzky vs J Schulten, 1853 (notice the long match between them where Schulten won 34 games and drew 10), plus two wins and a draw against Charles Henry Stanley - and then an incredible slew of losses, including brutal miniatures like J Schulten vs Kieseritzky, 1844 & Morphy vs J Schulten, 1857

He must have been exceedingly wealthy to play such top class opposition, although one can only wonder about his reputation back then among his peers. I suspect his games are chock full of basic tactics. And yes, it's too bad more of his wins didn't survive extant.

Premium Chessgames Member
  FSR: His most famous game must be his crushing loss in J Schulten vs Morphy, 1857.
Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: New York Times, December 29th 1875, p.4:

<Cable advices announce the sudden death of Mr. John W. Schulten, which occurred the 25th inst., in the City of Berlin, where he had lived for many years in charge of the business of Messrs. A. T. Stewart & Co. for all Germany. Mr. Schulten was some years ago a well-known merchant of this City, and will be well remembered for his kind and social qualities by those who enjoyed his personal acquaintance.>

Gaige claims Schulten was born in Germany, but has no year of birth, so where does the 1821 at Wikipedia come from, I wonder. That he was already playing serious matches with Rousseau in 1841 and with Stanley in 1844/45 - when, in 1845, he's described as the president of the New York CC - suggest that he must be older.

Did he come to America as a child? Or to set up in business?

<Between 1846 and 1848, the construction and finishing details of one of Stewart's most famous buildings, the "Marble Palace" at 280 Broadway, were completed. This establishment, "the cradle of the department store",[8] sent A. T. Stewart & Company to the top of America's most successful retailers.>

Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: (New York) Evening Post, July 1st 1848, p.3:

<The subscribers hereby give notice that they have formed a limited Partnership pursuant to the laws of the state of New York concerning Limited Partnerships. The name or firm under which said partnership is to be conducted is J. W. SCHULTEN & HURD. The general nature of the business intended to be transacted by the said partnership is a general mercantile and commission buiness. The general partners interested in the said partnership are John W. Schulten and Chauncey D. Hurd, both residing in the city of New York. The special partner is Pierre Antoine Jules Blanc, residing at Faverges, in the duchy of Savoy, kingdom of Sardinia. The said special partner has contributed to the common stock of the said copartnership the sum of one hundred thousand dollars in actual cash. The said copartnership is to commence on the first day of July, in the year one thousand eight hundred and forty-eight, and to terminate on the first day of July, in the year one thousand eight hundred and fifty-four.


Mr. J. W. Schulten ceases this day to be a partner in the house of Blanc, Duport & Co., Faverges in Savoy. The above copartnership will retain the general agency of Messrs. Blanc, Duport & Co., for the United States and will keep the depot of the silks of their manufactory at No. 34 Broad street.>

Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: <Daniel Fiske> wrote:

<Tonight Schulten is to encounter Morphy. He will be the strongest opponent the young hero has yet encountered and I am anxious to see the result. Schulten’s play is of the highest kind. I watched him last night as he played with Perrin and Stanley and I have never seen such games except when Morphy played.>

Morphy beat Schulten +23 -1.

Aug-06-21  Nosnibor: It looks like Schulten got schot down when facing Morphy.
Premium Chessgames Member
  Tabanus: Berlin Deaths has him as Johann Wilhelm Schulten, born in Düsseldorf, married to Selma Böninger, died in Berlin 25 Dec 1875 at the age of 61 years and 9 months (= abt. 1814).

Rheinland marriages: married 1851 to Selma Böninger.

Germany, Select Births and Baptisms: at least three children (with names), no dates.

US passport applications in 1848 and 1861
New York Naturalization record oath date 6 July 1848

Looks like he traveled around a bit, the famliy may have lived in Germany all the time (since 1851).

Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: Good work. In 1857/58, he's said to be <of Paris> (see C.N. 6079). It's possible he still had business dealings with the <duchy of Savoy, kingdom of Sardinia> mentioned above, which was in political imbo between France and Italy (

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