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Eugene Rousseau
Number of games in database: 61
Years covered: 1841 to 1867
Overall record: +13 -39 =9 (28.7%)*
   * Overall winning percentage = (wins+draws/2) / total games.

Repertoire Explorer
Most played openings
C50 Giuoco Piano (12 games)
B21 Sicilian, 2.f4 and 2.d4 (5 games)
C44 King's Pawn Game (5 games)
C52 Evans Gambit (4 games)
D32 Queen's Gambit Declined, Tarrasch (4 games)
C70 Ruy Lopez (2 games)
D30 Queen's Gambit Declined (2 games)
C30 King's Gambit Declined (2 games)
C51 Evans Gambit (2 games)
C64 Ruy Lopez, Classical (2 games)

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(born Nov-13-1805, died 1870, 64 years old) France (federation/nationality United States of America)

[what is this?]
(Rodolphe) Eugène Rousseau was born in Saint Denis, France. In 1839, he lost a 100-game match to Lionel Adalbert Bagration Felix Kieseritsky at the Café de la Régence. Rousseau came to the United States in 1841, settling in New Orleans. In 1841, he lost to John William Schulten in their first match in New Orleans (+10-11=0). In their second match in 1841, Rousseau defeated John William Schulten (+7-4=0). In 1842, he drew a match with B. Oliver (5.5-5.5). In 1843, Rousseau defeated John William Schulten in a match in New York (+13-8=0). With Ernest Morphy as his 2nd in December 1845, Rousseau played Charles Henry Stanley at the Sazerac Coffee House in New Orleans for a stake of $1,000, winner-take-all. It was the first organized chess event in the United States and the first chess event held for the purpose of recognizing the best player in the Unites States. The term “US Champion” did not exist at the time. The match was to be won by the first player to win 15 games, draws not counting. There was no time limit to the games. Rousseau lost the match (+8-15=8). Paul Morphy attended the match at the age of 8 and became interested in chess. In 1850, Rousseau lost a match with Johann Jacob Loewenthal (+0-5). In 1867, Rousseau played in an international tournament in Paris with 12 other players. He took last place with 4 points out of 23. The tournament was won by Ignatz von Kolisch. Rousseau died around 1870.

 page 1 of 3; games 1-25 of 61  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves YearEvent/LocaleOpening
1. J Schulten vs E Rousseau 0-1331841New OrleansC33 King's Gambit Accepted
2. E Rousseau vs Saint Amant 0-1351842ParisB21 Sicilian, 2.f4 and 2.d4
3. Saint Amant vs E Rousseau  0-1451842ParisC44 King's Pawn Game
4. Saint Amant vs E Rousseau 1-0291843ParisC44 King's Pawn Game
5. E Rousseau vs Saint Amant  ½-½501843ParisB20 Sicilian
6. E Rousseau vs C Stanley  0-1661845New Orleans mC01 French, Exchange
7. C Stanley vs E Rousseau 1-0191845New Orleans mB21 Sicilian, 2.f4 and 2.d4
8. C Stanley vs E Rousseau ½-½661845New Orleans mB21 Sicilian, 2.f4 and 2.d4
9. E Rousseau vs C Stanley 0-1291845New Orleans mC53 Giuoco Piano
10. C Stanley vs E Rousseau 0-1551845New Orleans mC50 Giuoco Piano
11. E Rousseau vs C Stanley 1-0691845New Orleans mC70 Ruy Lopez
12. C Stanley vs E Rousseau  0-1541845New Orleans mD32 Queen's Gambit Declined, Tarrasch
13. C Stanley vs E Rousseau 1-0451845New Orleans mC50 Giuoco Piano
14. E Rousseau vs C Stanley ½-½481845New Orleans mC55 Two Knights Defense
15. E Rousseau vs C Stanley 0-1371845New Orleans mC44 King's Pawn Game
16. C Stanley vs E Rousseau 1-0201845New Orleans mC26 Vienna
17. C Stanley vs E Rousseau 1-0491845New Orleans mC50 Giuoco Piano
18. E Rousseau vs C Stanley ½-½601845New Orleans mC64 Ruy Lopez, Classical
19. C Stanley vs E Rousseau 0-1411845New Orleans mC54 Giuoco Piano
20. E Rousseau vs C Stanley 1-0401845New Orleans mC70 Ruy Lopez
21. C Stanley vs E Rousseau 1-0361845New Orleans mC50 Giuoco Piano
22. C Stanley vs E Rousseau 1-0471845New Orleans mC50 Giuoco Piano
23. E Rousseau vs C Stanley 1-0371845New Orleans mC44 King's Pawn Game
24. E Rousseau vs C Stanley 0-1501845New Orleans mC44 King's Pawn Game
25. C Stanley vs E Rousseau 0-1311845New Orleans mB21 Sicilian, 2.f4 and 2.d4
 page 1 of 3; games 1-25 of 61  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2) | Rousseau wins | Rousseau loses  

Kibitzer's Corner
Jun-27-05  Knight13: Eugène Rousseau (c.1810 - c.1870) was a French chess master. He was the strongest chess player in New Orleans in the first half of the 1840s. In 1845 he played a match against the Englishman Charles Stanley for the title of chess champion of the US, the first contest ever for that title. The match was played for a stake of $1000. Rousseau lost the match (+8=8-15) and Stanley became the first US Champion.

Rousseau's second in the match was Ernest Morphy, who took his eight-year-old nephew Paul Morphy along and allowed him to be present for the contests. Later, Paul was allowed to play Rousseau, and it became clear that Paul was a better player, despite his young age.

In 1850 Johann Löwenthal paid a visit to New Orleans, and beat Rousseau five games straight.

Against Winawer, he did better. He beat Winawer with black pieces in Paris in 1867 (moves given in Algebraic chess notation):

1. e4 e5 2. f4 Bc5 3. Nf3 d6 4. c3 Bg4 5. Bc4 Nd7 6. h3 Bxf3 7. Qxf3 Qe7 8. a4 a6 9. b4 Ba7 10. Na3 Ngf6 11. f5 c6 12. d3 h6 13. Nc2 Rd8 14. Be3 Bb8 15. O-O Nh7 16. Qg4 Qf8 17. h4 Ndf6 18. Qf3 Qe7 19. g4 d5 20. Bc5 Bd6 21. Bxd6 Qxd6 22. Bb3 O-O 23. Rad1 g5 24. Ne3 Kg7 25. h5 Rfe8 26. Rf2 Nf8 27. Rb2 b5 28. Ra2 d4 29. axb5 axb5 30. Nc2 Ra8 31. Rxa8 Rxa8 32. cxd4 exd4 33. Kg2 N8d7 34. Qf2 Nxg4 35. Qxd4+ Qxd4 36. Nxd4 Ne3+ 37. Kf3 Nxd1 38. Bxd1 Ne5+ 39. Ke3 Ra1 40. Be2 Rb1 41. Nf3 Nxf3 42. Bxf3 Rxb4 43. e5 c5 44. Bc6 Rb1 45. Ke4 b4 46. Kd5 b3 47. Kd6 b2 48. Ke7 Re1 49. f6+ Kg8 50. Be4 Rxe4 51. dxe4 b1=Q 52. Kd6 Qxe4 0-1

Rousseau died in 1870 at the age of sixty.

--- Wikipedia

Oct-04-05  Astardis: He invented the Rousseau Gambit, reached after 1. e4 e5 2. Nf2 Nc6 3. Bc4 f5 Personally, I like to play it in speedy games.
Only one of the games given above shows him playing his own gambit. Although I guess he used it on other occasions, as well.
Jan-27-06  BishopofBlunder: Anybody else notice that the first two games in the database took place 9 years prior to his birth?
Jan-22-07  wolfmaster: BishopofBlunder, I think that either Rousseau played those games later, or it was a no-name Rousseau that played those games before Eugene's time.
Jun-11-08  Karpova: Eugene Rousseau was born in St. Denis and his historical Elo was 2370.
Aug-04-09  Dredge Rivers: Any relation to Jean-Jacques?
Nov-18-12  Llawdogg: Yes, a distant relation.
Jan-16-13  thomastonk: The biography reports on three matches with John William Schulten in 1841 and 1843, respectively, and the results are those published by Charles Henry Stanley in the "New York Spirit of the Times" on June 21, 1845 on request of Rousseau.

On July 5, 1845 Stanley reports in the same journal on a communication with Schulten, who claimed that he had only played one match with Rousseau. According to Schulten this match consisted of 21 games and he "succeeded by the odd game".

Nov-13-16  TheFocus: Happy birthday, Eugene Rousseau.
Premium Chessgames Member
  Big Pawn: Happy belated Columbus Day, Eugene Rousseau.
Premium Chessgames Member
  offramp: <Big Pawn: Happy belated Columbus Day, Eugene Rousseau.>

I also would like to wish Rousseau a belated happy Columbus Day.

If they have sales in the chess shops in heaven, if it exists, then I hope you find the bargain you seek.

Jul-04-17  izimbra: <offramp: <Big Pawn: Happy belated Columbus Day, Eugene Rousseau.>

I also would like to wish Rousseau a belated happy Columbus Day.

If they have sales in the chess shops in heaven, if it exists, then I hope you find the bargain you seek.>

Leave a comment!
Do you have a comment, izimbra? Post it here!

I didn't write that. It just came with the app...So I kind of Felt like saying I have seen a lot of holiday contractor stints and this could be among the best examples. Cheers!

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