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King's Gambit Accepted (C34)
1 e4 e5 2 f4 exf4 3 Nf3

Number of games in database: 1526
Years covered: 1620 to 2023
Overall record:
   White wins 46.7%
   Black wins 38.5%
   Draws 14.9%

Popularity graph, by decade

Explore this opening  |  Search for sacrifices in this opening.
With the White Pieces With the Black Pieces
Joseph G Gallagher  23 games
Alexander Bangiev  19 games
Lawrence Day  14 games
NN  14 games
Roger D de Coverly  8 games
Jacques Mieses  7 games
NOTABLE GAMES [what is this?]
White Wins Black Wins
Bronstein vs M20, 1963
Morphy vs NN, 1858
Greco vs NN, 1620
Efimov vs Bronstein, 1941
Chigorin vs Steinitz, 1892
Morozevich vs Kasparov, 1995
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 page 1 of 62; games 1-25 of 1,526  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves YearEvent/LocaleOpening
1. Greco vs NN 1-0101620UnknownC34 King's Gambit Accepted
2. Greco vs NN 1-0181620Miscellaneous gameC34 King's Gambit Accepted
3. Greco vs NN 1-0181620EuropeC34 King's Gambit Accepted
4. Greco vs NN 1-0241620Miscellaneous gameC34 King's Gambit Accepted
5. Morant vs A de Feuquieres 1-0101680ParisC34 King's Gambit Accepted
6. L L'Aisne vs Maubuisson 1-0351680CasualC34 King's Gambit Accepted
7. Jannisson / Maubuisson vs Lionne / Morant 1-0361680CasualC34 King's Gambit Accepted
8. Allgaier vs NN 1-0141807ViennaC34 King's Gambit Accepted
9. von der Lasa vs W Hanstein 1-0291841?C34 King's Gambit Accepted
10. G Walker vs E Daniels  0-1371842Casual gameC34 King's Gambit Accepted
11. Kieseritzky vs E Rousseau  1-0311843Offhand GameC34 King's Gambit Accepted
12. Kieseritzky vs I Calvi 0-1541844Paris m/1C34 King's Gambit Accepted
13. W Pulling vs J O'Sullivan 1-0191845Casual gameC34 King's Gambit Accepted
14. C Vezin vs C Stanley 1-0411845CorrC34 King's Gambit Accepted
15. Cochrane vs Mohishunder 1-0211851CalcuttaC34 King's Gambit Accepted
16. H Kloos vs W Bruijn  1-0251851AmsterdamC34 King's Gambit Accepted
17. Cochrane vs Mohishunder 1-0181855CalcuttaC34 King's Gambit Accepted
18. Cochrane vs Mohishunder 1-0251855CalcuttaC34 King's Gambit Accepted
19. Cochrane vs Mohishunder 0-1251855CalcuttaC34 King's Gambit Accepted
20. Anderssen vs Mayet  1-0261855BerlinC34 King's Gambit Accepted
21. Cochrane vs Somacarana  1-0261857CalcuttaC34 King's Gambit Accepted
22. Morphy vs NN 1-0231858Blindfold simul, 6bC34 King's Gambit Accepted
23. E McCutcheon vs F E Brenzinger  0-1231861Morphy Chess Rooms, Casual GameC34 King's Gambit Accepted
24. S Pacoret de Saint-Bon vs Dubois 1-0141862LondonC34 King's Gambit Accepted
25. Kolisch vs J Schulten  1-0301862Paris m/1C34 King's Gambit Accepted
 page 1 of 62; games 1-25 of 1,526  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2)  

Kibitzer's Corner
< Earlier Kibitzing  · PAGE 7 OF 7 ·  Later Kibitzing>
Jul-12-10  MaxxLange: <tpstar> Some authors advocate that Black play a "Modern Defense" with ....d5 to the KGA via the move order:

1 e4 e5 2 f4 d5 3 exd5 exf4

I think that they are mainly suggesting this move order to avoid 1 e4 e5 2 f4 exf4 3 Bc4

What is your opinion of this line for Black?

Jul-12-10  Shams: <MaxxLange> To my knowledge that is Black's most favorable Falkbeer, though it's not quite enough for equality. (So they say-- I have troubles against it.)

I play 3.Bc4 myself, and you're right, after 3...Nf6 and then 4...d5 white doesn't have to take with the e-pawn.

Jul-12-10  MaxxLange: It is a "Fakebeer" transpose to the so-called Modern KGA line, you do not play ....e3

personally, I think that Black has several good defenses to the King's Gambit, and this is one of them.

Jul-12-10  Shams: <MaxxLange> Not sure what you mean by ...e3 being necessary. Falkbeer Counter Gambit is simply 1.e4 e5 2.f4 d5
Premium Chessgames Member
  Eric Schiller: <shams> e3 obvious typo for e4 and statement is correct. 3...exf4 is not Falkbeer, it usually leads to Modern Variation. It is what I teach my students.
Jul-12-10  Shams: <Eric Schiller> I realize this site's strengths don't necessarily include opening taxomony, but-- King's Gambit Declined, Falkbeer Counter Gambit (C31)

is this just wrong? If so, I stand corrected and apologize to <MaxxLange>.

Also, the typo is only "obvious" if you know what he meant. I don't play the "gotcha" game of taking literal advantage. :)

Jul-13-10  MaxxLange: <..e3 obvious typo for ...e4> right, thanks.

In the Falkbeer Counter-Gambit, Black pushes his KP to e4, after 3 exd5, and White normally plays 4 d3

Or, he can transpose to the" Modern" KGA line instead, with 3....exf4

Jul-13-10  MaxxLange: afaik, in recent GM play, Black is actually doing well with the old Kiseritzky lines, and the theoretical ball is very much back in the King's Gambit players' court.
Premium Chessgames Member
  Penguincw: Opening of the Day

King's Gambit Accepted, Fischer Defense
1.e4 e5 2.f4 exf4 3.♘f3 d6

click for larger view

Feb-06-12  King Death: < MaxxLange:...In the Falkbeer Counter-Gambit, Black pushes his KP to e4, after 3 exd5, and White normally plays 4 d3

Or, he can transpose to the" Modern" KGA line instead, with 3....exf4>

Black can also play 3...c6 4.Nc3 ef.

Premium Chessgames Member
  WannaBe: The line 1. e4 e5 2. f4 exf4 3. Nf3 d6 4. d4 g5 5. h4 g4 6. Ng1 Bh6 7. Nc3 c6 8. Nge2 Qf6 is known as Fischer's Defence?

There is only one game (simul, no less) in the DB where Fischer played this line.

May-08-12  Calar: <WannaBe> Move 3...d6 defines Fischer's defense. Fischer was not the first to recommend or play this move, but he made it popular by claiming it refutes KG in his famous article "A bust to the King's Gambit".

Link to the article:

Feb-05-13  Jacob Arnold: SOLVED.
Jul-15-13  Everett: Pertinent conclusions from the above sited article:

<"Well, there were a number of reasons for choosing it. One was that 50 years ago Bobby Fischer published a famous article, "A Bust to the King's Gambit", claiming to have done exactly that. I was curious to see how valid his conclusions were. Turns out they were amazingly accurate. The main line of the King's Gambit, 1.e4 e5 2.f4 exf4 3.Nf3, is indeed winning for Black. Moreover, the only winning move is 3... d6!, just as Fischer claimed. For instance the more popular 3...g5 allows White to draw after 4.h4! In fact, Fischer's main line holds up incredibly well: 3...d6! 4.Bc4 h6! 5.d4 g5! (an exclam denotes any move which gives a better theoretical result than every alternative), although some side-variations from his article do have inaccuracies.

Genius or luck?

Probably mostly luck. Naturally some of his lines are not accurate: they weave in and out of draws. But the main conclusion is correct.

So is the King's Gambit really busted?

No, just if White plays 3.Nf3. Incidentally 3.Bc4 loses as well to 3...Nf6! (incredibly every other move allows White to draw). But this is where the fun begins. It turns out that the weird looking 3.Be2! leads to a draw. In fact we found that 3.Be2! is the only move that avoids a white loss.">

Wow. Sad.

Aug-02-14  ljfyffe: W.E. Perry(Yarmouth)-Alfred Porter(Saint John) 1886 correspondence: 1e4 e5 2f4 exf4 3Nf3 g5 4Bc4 g4 5Ne5 Qh4+ 6 Kf1 f3 7gxf3 Nf6 8Rg1 d6 9Nxg4 Nxg4 10fxg4 Qh3+ 11Kf2 Be7 12Qf3 Qxh2+ 13Rg2 Qe5 14Bxf7+ Kd8 15Bh5 Rf8 16Bf7 Be6 17Kg1 Rxf7 18Qe2 h5 19gxh5 Rg7 20Rxg7 Qxg7+ 21Qg2 Qh6 22Qg6 Qxg6 23hxg6 Nc6 24Nc3 Ne5 25d3 Nxg6 26Be3 Kd7 27Nd5 Bh4 28Rf1 Rf8 29Rxf8 Nxf8 30a4 Bd5 31exd5 a6 32Kc8 Bf6 33d4 Ng6 34b4 Ne7 0-1
Aug-02-14  Catfriend: Re: Rajlich: Busting the King's Gambit

While I have no doubt KG is, in so many words, busted (indeed, I was deeply certain of it for years) and 3..d6 is the refutation, Rajlich just isn't consistent in his interview. First, in a trivial manner:

<It’s solved in the sense that we know the outcome, just as we know the outcome for most five and six piece endings. > That's simply wrong. We know that outcome with <certainty>. We actually <know> it. There's no need to use < an algorithm which attempts to classify chess positions into wins, draws and losses> if you have this kind of certainty.

So this is just misleading.

Now, obviously Rajlich understands it well and in fact admits so later. He honestly denies being able to just go over the whole tree (up to positions previously classified). What he says is that his heuristic for trimming the tree is efficient enough for him to be able to cover all the "probable" continuations.

Aye, there's the rub. Without any serious proof, I do <not> believe trimming just based on computer evaluation deep down the line is certain. Complex endgames in particular are notorious for presenting counter-examples. I still remember Kramnik vs Grischuk, 2011, with the position after 51..Rxa4, being evaluated (erroneously) by the computer as absolutely won for White.

To summarize: of course this analytic work must be fairly conclusive. It is <nowhere near> actually "solving" the opening.

Aug-02-14  john barleycorn: <catfriend> the mentioned article was an "April's fool" joke.
Aug-02-14  Catfriend: <john barleycorn> In that case I embarrassed myself in vain :)

But are you sure? 31.3 is just a day too early for that.

Aug-02-14  Nerwal: <the mentioned article was an "April's fool" joke.>

Yes it was.

The idea that 3. ♘f3 loses was bold but after all not completely impossible. The claim that 3. ♗c4 ♘f6 wins as well for black, on the other hand, sounds ludicrous as soon as one gets a look at the typical continuations considered by theory...

Aug-02-14  ljfyffe: Inspector "Everyone is under the suspicion!"
Aug-03-14  ljfyffe: <3Nf3 d6 4Bc4 h6 5d4 g5 60-0 Bg7 7c3 Nc6 8Qb3 Qe7 9h4 Nf6 10hxg5 hxg5 11Nxg5 Nxe4 12Bxf7+ Kd8 13Nxe4 Qxe4 14Bxf4 Nxd4 15Bg5+ Kd7 16Qd5 Ne2+ 17Kf2 Qg4=>MC0#10.
Premium Chessgames Member
  perfidious: <ljfyffe> Don't think I ever faced 8.Qb3 in that line, which often arose in my games via transposition after 3....h6 4.d4 d6 5.Bc4 g5 6.0-0 Bg7 7.c3 (or the weaker 7.Nc3) Nc6.
Aug-03-14  ljfyffe: Before 16Qd5, Fischer believed White was busted.
Nov-08-17  Amarande: Alternatives are dangerous for Black. Here is a natural one (which is apparently the second most popular move, despite its hazards).

1 e4 e5 2 f4 exf4 3 Nf3 d6 4 Bc4 g5?
<Not sure this is really losing but it's playing with fire for sure. Play h6 first!>

5 h4!
<Time for a walk on the wild side>

5 ... g4 6 Ng5!
<An improved vein of Allgaier! And as with other f7 based attacks it seems only a tiny little bit is needed to put Black in serious peril, viz. most Fegatello type variations where White gets even one extra useful move before Nxf7>

6 ... Nh6
<He could return the pawn with Be6, but his position would remain badly inferior. This is the only way to defend f7. Now White's Knight is trapped as in the Allgaier, and will be caught by f6 unless he plays 7 e5; but under the circumstances this would be such a pusillanimous move>

7 d4!! f6
<I don't think Black can really afford this. The King's side is broken up and too few pieces are active. At the least, White's play is at least as sound as any other N-sac KG opening line I can think of>

8 Bxf4 fxg5 9 Bxg5 Qd7
<Misfortune already! That Bishop never does get developed, but if 9 ... Be7 then 10 Bxh6 and Black is a pawn down and exposed to attack without compensation>

10 O-O Nc6 11 Nc3!
<Quiet moves while a piece down are the right policy. Black's material advantage is suppressed as long as he cannot develop his QB and QR; such overt attempts as 11 d5 or 11 Bxh6 Bxh6 12 Bf7+ and 13 d5 simply let Black's Knight get into a happy place>

11 ... Bg7 12 Nd5! Nf7
<In order to castle, for which both White's KR and KB must be shut off. Bait is 12 ... Bxd4? 13 Qxd4! Nxd4 14 Nf6+, and due to the sweeping diagonals of the White Bishops Black not only loses back the Queen forthwith but too many of his loose men go lost shortly as well.>

13 Nf6+
<A mirage would be 13 Rxf7 as although White does win the Queen by force, Black now gets too much of a ROI on it>

13 ... Bxf6 14 Bxf6 O-O?
<This was Black's plan but may be the losing move! After Rg8 Black seems to have more tenacious prospects?>

15 Qd2!
<Threatening Qg5#, and if h6, then equally Qxh6! and wins due to the pins>

15 ... d5
<I now played 16 exd5, which is far inferior and allowed Black to hold out longer. 16 Bxd5 appears to lead bluntly to an immediate decision, as it looks that Black will not be able to find an alternative to Qxd5 remaining with two pieces for the Queen. The game continuation is shown here, with all the romantic King's Gambit verve.>

16 exd5
<Threatening 17 d6 with similar effect to the above note>

16 ... Na5
<In order to answer 17 d6 with Nxc4>

17 Bd3 Qxd5 18 Rae1! Nc6
<The threat was 19 Re5 with apocalypse, as Nxe5 allows Qg5+ and mate in two more moves, while a Queen's move would allow Rg5+ and much the same denouement>

19 c4 Qd6 20 Qc2!!
<A calm shift that is immediately decisive! I don't feel bad for missing Bxd5 at this point. The threat of Bxh7# cannot be covered satisfactorily>

20 ... Ng5
<An abject pleading for mercy. If Nh6 or Nd8, then 21 Bxh7+ Kf7 22 Qg6#; if Nh8 then 21 Bxh7+ Kf7 22 Bxh8+ leads to mate; if Re8 21 Bxh7+ Kf8 22 Qg6 and Black cannot meet the threats to his King>

21 fxg5 Ne7
<Mate by Bxh7 and Qg6 was still on the table. Black's position is hopeless, and he will have to give up even more material, after which he will still succumb to mate>

22 Rxe7 Qxe7 23 Bxe7 Rf7 24 Bxh7+! Rxh7 25 Qg6+ 1-0

Premium Chessgames Member
  tpstar: <Amarande> Nice game!

<all the romantic King's Gambit verve> Plus some blatant greed by Black with delayed development. The QB & QR were no help for the entire game, while every White piece was involved and useful.

<As Black, Fischer was on to something with 3 ... d6 and the dark square blockade while consolidating the gambit Pawn, and now the database statistics can back him up.>

King's Gambit Accepted (C33)

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