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Lionel Kieseritzky
Number of games in database: 92
Years covered: 1832 to 1853

Overall record: +49 -29 =10 (61.4%)*
   * Overall winning percentage = (wins+draws/2) / total games in the database. 4 exhibition games, blitz/rapid, odds games, etc. are excluded from this statistic.

With the White pieces:
 King's Gambit Accepted (14) 
    C39 C34 C37
 Sicilian (6) 
    B20 B21
 French Defense (5) 
    C01 C00
With the Black pieces:
 King's Gambit Accepted (18) 
    C33 C35 C37 C39
 Giuoco Piano (6) 
    C53 C54
 Evans Gambit (6) 
Repertoire Explorer

NOTABLE GAMES: [what is this?]
   J Schulten vs Kieseritzky, 1850 0-1
   Kieseritzky vs I Calvi, 1842 1-0
   J Schulten vs Kieseritzky, 1851 0-1
   Kieseritzky vs H Buckle, 1846 1-0
   Anderssen vs Kieseritzky, 1851 0-1
   NN vs Kieseritzky, 1846 0-1
   Anderssen vs Kieseritzky, 1851 1/2-1/2
   I Calvi vs Kieseritzky, 1842 1/2-1/2
   Kieseritzky vs C W Vitzthum von Eckstaedt, 1846 1-0
   Kieseritzky vs Horwitz, 1846 1-0

NOTABLE TOURNAMENTS: [what is this?]
   Kieseritsky - Horwitz (1846)

GAME COLLECTIONS: [what is this?]
   Kieseritsky & Bannik & Lange best games by Imohthep
   Blunderchecked games I by nimh

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(born Jan-01-1806, died May-18-1853, 47 years old) Estonia

[what is this?]

Lionel Adalbert Bagration Felix Kieseritzky was born of mixed Polish and German descent in what is now Tartu. A teacher of mathematics, he became increasingly absorbed in chess and in 1839 went to France to meet Louis Charles Mahe De La Bourdonnais. Whilst there he took up residence in the Cafe De La Regence giving lessons or playing games for a fee of five francs per hour. He defeated Bernhard Horwitz (+7, =1, -4) in a match in London in 1846. However, he is best remembered for the loss of the Immortal Game against Adolf Anderssen at the London (1851) tournament and a line in the King's Gambit Accepted (1.e4 e5 2.f4 exf4 3.♘f3 g5 4.h4 g4 5.♘e5.)

Kieseritzky is credited with invention of the first three-dimensional chess, Kubicschach ("Cubic Chess") in 1851, but failed to attract adherents. The 8󭅌 cube format was later picked up by Dr. Ferdinand Maack in 1907 when developing Raumschach ("Space Chess").(1)

note: Kieseritzky played consultation chess on the team of Kieseritsky / Kling.

(1) Wikipedia article: Lionel Kieseritzky

 page 1 of 4; games 1-25 of 92  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves YearEvent/LocaleOpening
1. Von Guttceit vs Kieseritzky 1-0251832DorpatC35 King's Gambit Accepted, Cunningham
2. Kieseritzky vs Von Guttceit 1-0171832casualC39 King's Gambit Accepted
3. Kieseritzky vs C Jaenisch ½-½501838corrD20 Queen's Gambit Accepted
4. Kieseritzky vs H H Boncourt 0-1301839Match?A00 Uncommon Opening
5. Saint-Amant vs Kieseritzky 0-1441840ParisC53 Giuoco Piano
6. Kieseritzky vs Saint-Amant 0-1391840ParisC00 French Defense
7. Kieseritzky vs Saint-Amant ½-½501840ParisA00 Uncommon Opening
8. H H Boncourt vs Kieseritzky 0-1491840Match?C53 Giuoco Piano
9. Desloges vs Kieseritzky 0-1271841Paris m/1C33 King's Gambit Accepted
10. Kieseritzky vs I Calvi 0-1411842MatchD37 Queen's Gambit Declined
11. W Schwartz vs Kieseritzky 1-0201842ParisD20 Queen's Gambit Accepted
12. Kieseritzky vs J Chamouillet 0-1311842corrC39 King's Gambit Accepted
13. I Calvi vs Kieseritzky 1-0331842MatchC45 Scotch Game
14. Kieseritzky vs I Calvi 1-0361842Paris 1_mC39 King's Gambit Accepted
15. I Calvi vs Kieseritzky 1-0271842MatchC45 Scotch Game
16. I Calvi vs Kieseritzky 0-1201842MatchC42 Petrov Defense
17. Kieseritzky vs J Chamouillet 1-0391842Paris m/1C39 King's Gambit Accepted
18. I Calvi vs Kieseritzky 0-1531842MatchC53 Giuoco Piano
19. I Calvi vs Kieseritzky ½-½561842MatchC44 King's Pawn Game
20. E Rousseau vs Kieseritzky  1-0361843Offhand GameC33 King's Gambit Accepted
21. Kieseritzky vs F C Laigle 1-0131843Double Blindfold ExhibitionD35 Queen's Gambit Declined
22. F C Laigle vs Kieseritzky 0-1161843Double Blindfold ExhibitionA03 Bird's Opening
23. Kieseritzky vs E Rousseau  ½-½441843Offhand GameC39 King's Gambit Accepted
24. Kieseritzky vs E Rousseau  1-0381843Offhand GameC39 King's Gambit Accepted
25. Kieseritzky vs E Rousseau  1-0301843Offhand GameC37 King's Gambit Accepted
 page 1 of 4; games 1-25 of 92  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2) | Kieseritzky wins | Kieseritzky loses  

Kibitzer's Corner
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Premium Chessgames Member
  Phony Benoni: <waustad> You're right. My mistake.
Premium Chessgames Member
  Nightsurfer: Poor <Lionel Adalbert Bagration Felix Kieseritsky> ! More or less everybody knows that he messed up <"The Immortal Game"> Anderssen vs Kieseritzky, 1851 ... but who knows that the famous <"Immortal Game"> Anderssen vs Kieseritzky, 1851 has only been <one> (!) in a series of <15> (!!) games, the source: ..., and those 15 games have been a contest of 15 games against Adolf Anderssen , the <WINNER> of <"The Immortal Game">, but the <LOSER> of the contest against <Lionel Adalbert Bagration Felix Kieseritsky> !

The closing balance of <Lionel Adalbert Bagration Felix Kieseritsky> at the end of his 15 games against Adolf Anderssen at London 1851: <Lionel Adalbert Bagration Felix Kieseritsky> wins 8 games, he loses 5 games and he draws 2 games, so <Lionel Adalbert Bagration Felix Kieseritsky> was the real 9:6-winner against Adolf Anderssen !!

Jul-07-13  JoergWalter: <Nightsurfer> to get the arithmetic right and not to upset the late professor Anderssen by your math skills (according to this database):

<Lionel Adalbert Bagration Felix Kieseritsky beat Adolf Anderssen 7 to 6, with 2 draws.>

Premium Chessgames Member
  Nightsurfer: <JoergWalter> This great database here - of course it is the best one in the world!! - is not complete, as you know, they do not register all the games (in comparison to the MEGABASE of ChessBase). My source is the article on <Lionel Kieseritsky> at WIKIPEDIA, I have quoted that source, please check it out: , you will find the figures there after the headline "Schachtaetigkeit" at the end of the 2nd paragraph. I assume that the figures at WIKIPEDIA are based on the MEGABASE of ChessBase, so please check it out!
Jul-07-13  JoergWalter: <Nightsurfer> the article and the wiki article both have 15 games. If there was a difference the amount of games would be different. I guess, Wikipedia just counted wrong. (You could have doublechecked it...)

Premium Chessgames Member
  Nightsurfer: <JoergWalter> So be it, I am not a nitpicker ... but the point that I want to make is the undeniable fact that <Lionel Kieseritsky> has defeated <Adolf Anderssen> and not vice versa - and that is the message of my posting, the exact margin whatsoever. (But thank you very much, dear <JoergWalter>, for having put things right!)
Jul-07-13  JoergWalter: Agreed. However, when the result is close (by one point) wrong addition may lead to wrong overall picture. We are lucky that in this case it is just cosmetic.
Jul-07-13  thomastonk: <Nightsurfer, JoergWalter> I think some details are worth additional consideration. The "Schachzeitung" 1851 contains reports of Anderssen and Kieseritzky. Accordingly, both men met in the evening of Saturday, May 24, a few days before the tournament, but didn't played at this aoccasion. On Monday, the rules we discussed and the drawing of pairings has happened. On Tuesday morning the tournament begun. The Immortal Game is said to be played one day before the tournament, that is Sunday or Monday.

So, the offhand games you are discussing were played before and after their first round encounter in the tournament, and hence I wouldn't call it a match. Anderssen reports that he had challenged L枚wenthal for a match of 11 games and a stake of 5 pounds. I think you see the difference. Moreover, I would not even call them 'a series of games', because I assume that there was more than one such series. Many offhand games by Anderssen and Kieseritzky are reportet with several other opponents, as well.

The exact number of these offhand games is unknown, which supports their occasional character, as well as the large number of their mutual and other encounters shows that they were played more rapidly than the tournament games.

However, there can be little doubt that Kieseritzky won the majority of these games, as even the "Schachzeitung" reports this based on Kieseritzky's report, but didn't forgot to mention that Anderssen still was playing a tournament.

Premium Chessgames Member
  Penguincw: R.I.P. Lionel Kieseritsky.
Feb-16-15  JonDSouzaEva: "When the mind collapses and the brain degenerates it is a pathetic thing to see the shell that was the man. There he sits, the once famous chess master, his face upturned to the sun as its rays glide through the window like some stealthy predator come to suck out life rather than infuse his being with it. You would think that he was a mannequin in some department store鈥檚 tableau. In his prime he reigned supreme, the heir of Deschapelles and De Labourdonnais. Now he sits and waits for the great bell tower of the cathedral to boom out its daily message. This he gravely records in his notebook as though he were solving some universal mathematical conundrum. Each evening M. K- surrenders to me this diary (to call it that) for my perusal. At that moment, despite his pitiful physical state he seems to have the hauteur of a General turning over to a subaltern a briefing for the troops.

The stroke that has paralyzed his left side seems paradoxically to have stimulated his mind in certain ways and at certain times. Usually listless, he will be clothed and unclothed, bathed and examined, fed and assisted with his toilet. His stool is like rock or shrapnel. When animated he will write feverishly in his notebook and is heard muttering about 鈥榯he small and humble star rising in the west鈥. It is as though he is prophesying the fate of mankind. His sole consolation is his chess set. He had been slumped over it in his lodgings when found by the police who had been called by his landlord. My assistant Foch felt that this one familiar object might be helpful in his stabilisation and therapeutic recovery. For this I hold out little hope, despite his relatively young age of 47. Recovery is as much a matter of volition as it is a neurological healing and functionality.

The sad truth is that friendless and penniless M. K- has little for which to live. His debts are considerable as letters found in his lodgings reveal. 鈥楲a R茅gence鈥, the magazine which he had published having failed, his sole source of income was the daily games of chess he would play for a fee with all comers. Debtors have already sold off those volumes and other belongings found in his apartment. Were it not for the Sisters who daily tend and feed him, he would simply starve and rot in his own filth. Faith of any sort, Catholic or Protestant, does not seem to have featured in his life. The most we are doing for this poor unfortunate is keeping him comfortable until death finally embraces him. That, in my view, will come soon鈥"

Extract from the hospital log of Claude Bernard, quoted in 鈥淏ulletin de L鈥橝cad茅mie Nationale de M茅dicine鈥. Source:

Premium Chessgames Member
  keypusher: Thank you for posting that Jon.
Mar-04-16  zanzibar: This link seems worth posting:

for those interested in Kieseritsky.

Apr-04-16  Mr. V: So I hate to resurrect the topic of his name, but is there any knowledge if he had any connections to the Bagrationi family of Georgia? Seems like a rather strange name for a Baltic German to have.
Apr-04-16  Mr. V: But I suppose nothing is mentioned of it in the link above, so perhaps there is no relation to the Georgian nobility.
Premium Chessgames Member
  offramp: <His stool is like rock or shrapnel...>

What was he eating, one wonders.

Premium Chessgames Member
  tamar: Sisters need to learn to cook...
Premium Chessgames Member
  offramp: The only advantage I can see to having rockhard stools is that they submit to analysis by tuning fork.
Apr-07-16  paavoh: @Mr.V. Re: Bagration. I will suggest that Kieseritzky was named after the famous general Pjotr Bagration who died 1812(?). Not unusual to give a hero's name to a child.
Premium Chessgames Member
  thegoodanarchist: Friends called him "Bagsy" or "Bags"
Oct-30-16  rgr459: a a physician, my preferred question to assess stool consistency is: if you stool on the floor, and drop a quarter in it, will it splash, stick, or bounce off?
Premium Chessgames Member
  offramp: <thegoodanarchist: Friends called him "Bagsy" or "Bags">

He was also known as <Kieser> or <Kieser the Geezer>. His Mum called him <The Keezmeister>. His Dad called him <The Big Keez> or <The Brain of Bagration>. At school he was <Felix the Helix>. The Headmaster called him <The Great Bagwash>. Anderssen called him <Mint Shrapnel>.

Mar-02-19  zanzibar: <He was a frail and sickly man, with too much brain for his body; and he wasted early away.>
Premium Chessgames Member
  Sally Simpson: ***

In this book:

we see this game reproduced thus.


Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: Bell's Life in London, August 21st 1853, p.5:

<M Kieseritzkij died some time back; melancholy to say, in the Hotel Dieu, the authorities of which applied to the Paris Chess players to bury him by a small subscription, but this was so ill-responded to that poor Kieseritzkij was buried the burial of a pauper. Truth is, the Paris players are broken up, the club all but gone, and the band who should keep alive the sacred fire without head or permanent locale. The Cafe de la Regence is to come down, its site being required for building improvements.>

Hotel Dieu:

Aug-09-21  Albertan: Kieseritzky鈥檚 Immortal Game:

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