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Paul Morphy vs Adolf Anderssen
"Keep Your Eye on the Paul" (game of the day Jul-13-2007)
Casual Game (1858), Paris FRA
King's Gambit: Accepted. Kieseritsky Gambit Berlin Defense (C39)  ·  1-0
ANALYSIS [x]

FEN COPIED

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Given 137 times; par: 26 [what's this?]

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Kibitzer's Corner
< Earlier Kibitzing  · PAGE 4 OF 4 ·  Later Kibitzing>
Jul-06-14  Tal1949: Speechless...
Jul-14-14  Mudphudder: Classic morphy slaughter.
Sep-26-14  Joshka: Can anyone with an engine check for a better move for black on move 18? 18...Na6 can't be that good. Nc2, Bg5+, or something else HAS to be better, no?..thanks in advance!!
Sep-26-14  john barleycorn: Fischer in his MSMG mentions this game in his notes to Spassky vs Fischer, 1960

After 13.Nxe7 Bxe7 he remarks "and Black should win".

18...Na6 costs the game according to Maroczy in his Morphy book. He recommended 18...Ng3 19.Nb5 Be7 20.Qxh7 with an equal game.

Sep-26-14  nimh: <Nov-13-07
nimh: Rybka 2.4 mp, AMD X2 2.01GHz, 10 min per move, threshold 0.33. Morphy no mistakes!

Anderssen 2 mistakes:
18...Na6 0.38 (18...Ng3 -0.39)
20...Bxb2 3.04 (20...Bg5+ 0.43)

Jan-18-09
WhiteRook48: Yikes! Morphy's play is incredible! >

Or perhaps not...

FEN:


click for larger view

Stockfish_14053109_x64_modern:
40/80 47:33 29 885 922k 10 473k +0,40 Qf7-h5 Bh4-e7 Qh5xh1 Be7-g5+ Kd2-c3 Bc8-e6 b2-b3 Ra8-c8+ Kc3-b2 Bg5-f6+ d3-d4 Bf6xd4+

40/80 47:33 29 885 922k 10 473k +1,77 Qf7-f4 Bh4-e7 Ra1-e1 Re8-f8 Qf4-h2 Be7-g5+ Kd2-c3 Bc8-d7 d3-d4 Ra8-c8+ Kc3-b3 Rc8-c6 Bf1-b5 Rc6-b6 c2-c4 h7-h6 Re1xh1 Na6-c7 Kb3-c3 Nc7xb5+ Na3xb5 Bd7xb5 c4xb5 Kd8-c7 a2-a4 a7-a6 Kc3-c4 a6xb5+ a4xb5 Rf8-f5 Rh1-b1 Rf5xb5 b2-b4

Looks like Morphy missed a win on move 19.

Sep-26-14  tranquilsimplicity: <Garech> We can conclude that even the great Bobby Fischer was unable to comprehensively analyse the King's Gambit. In my view, David Bronstein was right when he advised us to play the King's Gambit owing its richness of positions. Even nowadays, super GMs lose to the King's Gambit, notwithstanding software concluding that Black is better in most positions. #
Dec-17-14  PolishPentium: To keypusher...: Sorry to be over 3.5 years late, but i now realize that your 19 Rxe1 is eminently reasonable. I foolishly thought it was not possible since in reviewing the moves i absentmindedly failed to allow Morphy's 18th move. D'Oh!
Feb-10-15  Cactusjuice: I think Morphy's rating is over 2600 today at least
Oct-19-15  Isolani: 21...Re7 seems to be an improvement IMHO since it takes away white's impending Qa4+ fork, or am I missing something?
Oct-20-15  Boomie: <Isolani: 21...Re7 seems to be an improvement IMHO since it takes away white's impending Qa4+ fork, or am I missing something?>

White has 22. Re1 and the rook on e7 is lost.

Oct-20-15
Premium Chessgames Member
  beatgiant: <Isolani>,<Boomie> 21...Re7 22. Re1 Be5 23. d4 and the bishop is lost.
Oct-21-15  Isolani: Thanks Boomie and beatgiant. How in the world did I overlook Re1? Wow.
Nov-16-15  talhal20: Many Kibitzers, I find, attribute Morphy's success to playing lesser chess players of his time. Adolf Anderssen was not an ordinary player. He was the leading player during Morphy's time. See what happened to him when he played Morphy. Grand masters play chess with superior logic. Morphy played chess with logic beyond logic. That is the difference between Paul Morphy and all the world chess champions, past and present.
Feb-11-16  Aleksashka: Morphy's tactics seems to me is never give a little rest to his opponent
Feb-18-16  saturn2: Did Morphy anticipate that in this position the queen counts more R+B+N together? Engines would disagree but if one admires Morphy enough he would say Morphys judgment was better than engines and he anticipated that the black pieces were not well coordinated and black would loose one of them by a queen fork (like 19 Qh5 forking B and N or finally 23 Qa4 forking K and B)?
Apr-17-17  mikealando: Morphy was simply the finest, ahead of all the other by some good distance
May-16-17  User not found: Richard Taylor..


click for larger view

It's creative, attacking, risk taking, exciting, experimental, genius! Whites not even guaranteed a win, the position looks better because of blacks undeveloped queen side but one little inaccuracy from black (who didn't see it coming!) and Morphy will destroy, which is exactly what happened..


click for larger view

Bxf7+! ..kxB Nd5+ ..kd8 NxQ ..BxN Qg4 ..d6 Qf7l4 ..Rg8 Qxf7 ..Bxh4+ kd2 ..Re8 Na3 and then the "inaccuracy" is played..


click for larger view

The innocent and not very blunder looking ..Na6? and 5 moves later it's a wrap! He's a genius.

May-17-17
Premium Chessgames Member
  morfishine: Chessmetrics has Morphy 2700+
Jul-08-17
Premium Chessgames Member
  GrahamClayton: It is not very often that you see a White queen on h1 within twenty moves :-)
Jul-09-17
Premium Chessgames Member
  keypusher: <UNF>. Pretty sure this was a book line. Morphy had played the black side earlier in 1858.

H Baucher vs Morphy, 1858

Jul-10-17
Premium Chessgames Member
  heuristic: 19...Bf6??
19...Be7 20.Qxh1 Bg5+ 21.Kc3 Be6 22.b3 Rc8+ 23.Kb2 Bf6+

20.Qxh1?
20.Re1 Rxe1 21.Kxe1 Ng3 22.Qf7 Bxb2 23.Nb5 Nxf1 24.Kxf1 Bd7 25.Qf8+ Be8 26.Nxd6

20...Bxb2??
20...Bg5+ 21.Kc3 Be6 22.Qxh7 Bf6+ 23.d4 Rc8+ 24.Bc4 Bxc4 25.Nxc4 d5

Jul-10-17
Premium Chessgames Member
  keypusher: <keypusher: <UNF>. Pretty sure this was a book line. Morphy had played the black side earlier in 1858.>

Sergeant's book of Morphy games quotes Lowenthal on the alternative 8....Qe7+ 9.Be2 Qb4+ 10.Qd2! <invented by Mr. Baucher and endorsed by our leading players>. See Anderssen vs M Lange, 1859

Apr-13-18  LearningH: WOW there was some extra SPICE in those moves. Compliments of New Orleans no doubt.
Jun-21-18  ThirdPawn: Re Paul Morphy rating:

I really don't understand how anyone can compare Paul Morphy to current times. How are you gauging his rating? As if his very little blunders make him less superior current GMs who play without any blunders? Oh, please. People who step on Morphy by claiming he played against weaker opponents and would not par well with current players reminds me of Staunton's controversy with Morphy. This is ego related, whether one considers themselves to be better than Morphy, or considers their favorite top player of current to beat Morphy with ease.

What Morphy did back then is almost equivalent to what the chess engines do to current GMs. He simply would not and could not be beat. This is a guy who played for the sport of it, didn't accept winnings but instead used it to entice other top players to come play against him(he was pretty much a multi-millionaire), didn't have teachers/coaches, etc. He won over 80% of his games against the best of his time because only they were available, but that doesn't mean he couldn't beat players of today. Even back then, there were top players who were afraid to play Morphy. Is anyone achieving this task currently?

I agree with Fisher that if Morphy were to be brought back today, he would still be a formidable opponent he once was almost 200 years ago. What makes him dangerous is his ability to adapt, as we saw him starting a match first by losing against a new opponent and then going on to win the match in a significant manner. He understood the game like no other, in my opinion.

Jun-21-18  ThirdPawn: AlphaZero's game play reminds me of Paul Morphy's more than anyone else. The pawn gambits, the sacrifices, the advancement of pieces and the exploits are all central themes of both players. And in closed positions, both of these players' game play is lackluster and dull.
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