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Wilhelm Steinitz vs Johannes Zukertort
Steinitz - Zukertort World Championship Match (1886), St. Louis, MO USA, rd 6, Feb-03
Spanish Game: Berlin Defense. Rio Gambit Accepted (C67)  ·  1-0
ANALYSIS [x]

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Kibitzer's Corner
Aug-11-03  morphynoman2: This was the first game of this match played in Saint Louis.

5... Nf6? 6. Ne5 Be7 7. d4 0-0 8. Nc3 (Euwe)

8... Nb5? 9. Nd5! 0-0 10. Ne7 Kh8 11. Qh5 d6 (11... g6 12. Qh6 Re8 13. Rh5! gh5 14. Qf6) 12 Qh7! Kh7 13. Rh5 (Euwe)

9... c6!? (Euwe)

10... g6?; better was Re8 (Steinitz)

11... Re8?; better was Ne8 (Chigorin)

12... Bg5?; better was 12... Bd4 13. Re8 Ne8 14. Bb2 d5 15. Re1 Be6= (Steinitz)

13. Bb2! Be3 14. fe3 c6 15. Rf1 Qe7 16. Ba3, with compensation for the material, with attack; 14... f5 15. e4!; 14... Re6 15. Rf1 with the idea of Bc4 (Lasker)

14... Bd2 15. Ne4 Bg5 16. Ng5 Qxg5 17. Re1 Ng7 and black has the upper hand (Schallopp); 16. Bc4! d5 17. Ng5 Qxg5 18. Bd5, with a decisive advantage (Lasker); 15... Bh6 16. Bc4! Qe7 17. Re1 Kf8 18. Re2, and then Nf6!; 16... d5 17. Bd5 Qd5 18. Nf6 Nf6 19. Qf6 Kf8 20. Re1 Be6 (only move) 21. Qh8, winning (Neidstadt)

18... c5 19. Qf4, with advantage and attack (Euwe)

21... hg5? 22. Qf4 Rf8 23. Qh6, winning (Euwe)

22... hxg6 23. Qh4! (Euwe)

24... Bd3 25. cxd3 Re8 26. Qh6 Kg8 27. Nh5 Nxh5 28. Qxh5, with advantage (Neidstadt)

25... Ne6. Better was 25... c5 (Schallopp) 26. Qh6! Nf5 27. Bf5 Bxf5 28. Nh5, winning (Neistadt)

Aug-11-03  morphynoman2: 28. Qh4 Re6! (Euwe)

37. dxe3! (Euwe)

41... h4? (41... hxg4!, Euwe)

42... Kg5 43. Kf3 with the idea of Bf6, winning (Euwe)

45. Bg5! (Euwe)

After 46. Kh3 white has a decisive advantage (Euwe)

59... Bc5 60. g5 d3 61. Nf4 Ke3 62. Nd3 Kxd3 63. g6 (Euwe)

Aug-21-03  ksadler: Are moves 28-34 right? I got a copy of the game from the World Chess Championship site, and it confirms it but is there a story for why no draw by repetition was claimed?
Aug-21-03
Premium Chessgames Member
  Sneaky: I guess they both thought the game was about even, so they played on.
Aug-21-03
Premium Chessgames Member
  AgentRgent: Or perhaps this game predates the draw by repetition rule?
Aug-21-03  ksadler: That's a possibility...I'm not sure when it came into effect?
Aug-24-03  ksadler: <Agent> You were correct, or at least I'd assume that there was no draw by repetition rule at that time because later in their match Zukertort vs Steinitz, 1886 a position is repeated 6 times without a draw being claimed.
Apr-23-04  morphyvsfischer: <ksadler> Well, Alekhine had that famous argument in <Reti vs. Alekhine, 1924 Baden-Baden> (the year was in the early 20's), so it didn't come with FIDE.
Apr-02-07  Whack8888: Zukertort earlier in the match used this variation and won. Though Steinitz varied first by playing 8. Nc3 instead of 8. Bf1 I am really surprised that Zukertort played 10...g6. I can understand his worry about his but it seems like he is overreacting. He played an early Re8 in the other game--I think game 3 and got more or less a decent game--he was able to reroute his Knight, free his bishop and generally unconstrict his position.

This was Steinitz's first win after four Zukertort wins in a row, though Steinitz had played well and had superior positions in many of those Zukertort wins.

Feb-26-08  Knight13: This is a good demonstration of how in an one-sided ending the knight is better than the bishop. Steinitz, of course, knew this.
Aug-17-08
Premium Chessgames Member
  micahtuhy: Yes, this was the first game played in St. Louis. THe Match was played in New York, St. Louis and New Orelans, I wish the games showed that as well, oh well. Here is where Steinitz turned the momentum on Zukertort.
Aug-20-08  just a kid: I guess Zukertort should have claimed repetition.I am not sure if 41...h4 is the right way to go.
Dec-02-08
Premium Chessgames Member
  kevin86: I don't think repetition law was in effect at the time,but I could be wrong.
Apr-04-10
Premium Chessgames Member
  jessicafischerqueen: There was no formal claim a draw by repetition rule in effect for this Match.

Steinitz almost missed the first time control:

"Mr. Steinitz picked up the clock and examined it, and then cooly began a system of checks... which he kept up for four moves, lowering his average very sensibly"

--Landsberger, p.160

Apr-04-10
Premium Chessgames Member
  jessicafischerqueen: This game was played in St. Louis.
Apr-04-10
Premium Chessgames Member
  jessicafischerqueen: sneaky pete: Minor Rules and Regulations of the Match between Messrs. Steinitz and Zukertort: 13. The games of the match shall be governed by the code of laws published in the last edition of the <German Handbuch>, with this exception, that, if both players repeat the same series of moves six times in succession, then either party may claim a draw.

Zukertort could have claimed a draw only after 31... Kf8, but Steinitz deviated. The first time control was at move 30, Steinitz repeated the moves to gain time.

The exception agreed upon for this match also explains the threefold repetition of moves in game 6.

Jul-04-10
Premium Chessgames Member
  Check It Out: Comments here say this was the first of the St. Louis games, but the game score above gives the site as New York.
Jul-04-10
Premium Chessgames Member
  jessicafischerqueen: <Check It Out> the game score date is wrong, as it is also for the next game in this Match.

This was pointed out four years ago-

<Sep-11-06
Gypsy: The match was to 10 wins. In case of 9 wins each, the match would have been declared drawn. This was later lowered to 8 wins each. First third was to be played in New York -- up to 4 wins by one player. Second third was to be played in San Luis -- up to 3 wins on one player. New Orleans was to see the conclusion of the match.>

This is confirmed by Kurt Landsberger's biography of Steinitz.

You can see a ten minute video of this Match with the precise chronology of the games in each venues, with photos, here:

Wilhelm Steinitz: Chess Champion-Part four

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iIBK...

Jun-08-12  LoveThatJoker: Guess-the-Move Final Score:

Steinitz vs Zukertort, 1886.
YOU ARE PLAYING THE ROLE OF STEINITZ.
Your score: 113 (par = 83)

LTJ

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