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Kermur Sire De Legal vs Saint Brie
"Legal's Mate" (game of the day Jun-05-2016)
Paris (1750), Paris FRA
Philidor Defense: General (C41)  ·  1-0
ANALYSIS [x]

FEN COPIED

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Kibitzer's Corner
< Earlier Kibitzing  · PAGE 5 OF 5 ·  Later Kibitzing>
Apr-04-12
Premium Chessgames Member
  MarkThornton:


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Position after Black's 6th move. How did the game go?

Mark Thornton, British Chess Magazine, April 2012.

Aug-03-12  The Last Straw:


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Jul-13-13
Premium Chessgames Member
  MarkThornton: Here's the solution to my puzzle:

1.d3 Nf6 2.Bg5 Ne4 3.Bxe7 Nc6 4.Bxd8 Bc5 5.e3 Bxe3 6.g3 Bxf2+

Sep-07-13  Amarande: I wonder if part of the reason the game score was changed in so many publications is instructional value?

Someone at some point probably realised that the game as is being claimed to actually be, is simply a blunder responded to by a greater blunder, but by making the move 4 ... g6, it becomes a very good textbook example about the tactical consequences of failure to develop efficiently: almost any non-developing 4th move falls into the trap, while virtually any productive move (Nc6, Nf6, Be7, even something as blah as Qc8 will do) nips it in the bud. Even if 4 ... Nc6 should be the correct historical move, it tends to weaken the instructional value of the game as the novice will be confused as to why Black didn't just play 5 ... Nxe5 and wins :)

Also by having the move order Bg4 then g6, the novice is taught directly that it's the wasted tempo that leads to the grief, since the Bishop move is not itself unsound (with a suitable followup, such as 4 ... Nc6 perhaps!, it fights for control of d4, a point important enough to cause White to even sometimes give up a tempo to forestall the pin, such as in the main-line Closed Spanish).

Dec-27-13
Premium Chessgames Member
  FSR: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/L%C3%...
Dec-27-13
Premium Chessgames Member
  offramp: <LIFE Master AJ: My pun for this game is a line from one of the Star Wars movies.>

"I will make it, Legal"?

Dec-27-13
Premium Chessgames Member
  john barleycorn: I think it was Blackburne who said he caught a hundred of players in simuls with it. Here is an example

Blackburne vs NN, 1885

May-12-14
Premium Chessgames Member
  Nightsurfer: It is a never ending story, that story of that funny mate that Kermur Sire De Legal has first put on the board way back in the 18th century, just have a look at one more recent example round about 240 years later: F Knauer vs H Boehm, 1995 ;-) !
Mar-25-15  Raisin Death Ray: This game is so short, it should be ILLEGAL!!
Apr-30-15  A.T PhoneHome: Legal's mate - now is that even legal?
Aug-16-15
Premium Chessgames Member
  morfishine: Legal Brief

Cheesy play by Brie

*****

Oct-04-15  The Kings Domain: One for the record.
Jan-05-16
Premium Chessgames Member
  Nightsurfer: On more case of <LEGAL's MATE> - well, it is a variation of the basic constellation - has stunned the spectators during the Turkish Championship of 2004, please see the game as follows: S M Topuz vs U Hopcin, 2004 ... ... since 254 years after the premiere of <LEGAL's MATE> the cool move <8.Ne5!! ...>, please see the diagram as follows ...


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... , wins an important pawn and ruins Black's eventual plans of castling. For even the most foolish player of all the goofy players on this planet would not even consider the foolish grab <8. ... Bxd1???> - since it is virtually impossible to overlook the obvious consequence <9.Bxf7#>, for sure!

Apr-11-16
Premium Chessgames Member
  tpstar: My student was excited to pull off Legal's Mate in a junior tournament:

1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bc4 d6 4. d3 Bg4 5. Nc3 Nd4


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6. Nxe5 Bxd1 7. Bxf7+ Ke7 8. Nd5# 1-0.

Except 6 ... dxe5 7. Qxg4 Nxc2+ wins the exchange for Black. Live and learn. =)

*****

<Amarande> Your example is a Blackburne Mate.

Apr-25-16
Premium Chessgames Member
  tpstar: The same student (age 8) did it again in an online game:

1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 d6 3. Bc4 h6 4. Nc3 a6 5. d3 Bg4 6. Nxe5! Bxd1 7. Bxf7+ Ke7 8. Nd5# 1-0.


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Can't argue with success. =)

Jun-05-16
Premium Chessgames Member
  offramp: One of my puns got accepted!
Jun-05-16  AlicesKnight: <STST> <Raisin Death Ray> I think (apart from daft off-hand games) the 'official' record is Zoran Djordjevic vs Milorad Kovacevic 1984 (CG database), supplanting the Gibaud-Lazard game which is now thought inauthentic.
Jun-05-16
Premium Chessgames Member
  morfishine: <offramp> Congratulations, but cheesy play by Brie
Jun-05-16
Premium Chessgames Member
  castleguy12: After 3... Nc6 and white plays 4.Nc3, black can play Bg4.
Jun-05-16
Premium Chessgames Member
  maxi: Home preparation pays off for Legal.
Jun-06-16
Premium Chessgames Member
  kevin86: Seven moves; can this be qualified as sudden death?
Jun-06-16
Premium Chessgames Member
  thegoodanarchist: < offramp: One of my puns got accepted!>

Congrats! This is a very short yet historically relevant game.

Nov-21-16  The Kings Domain: A pretty little gem. Fun to use on newbies.
Feb-08-17
Premium Chessgames Member
  tpstar: I had a Legal's Mate situation in an online game:

NN-tpstar (FICS 2/7/17): 1. e4 e5 2. Nc3 Nf6 3. g3 Nc6 4. b3 Bc5 5. d3 d5 6. Bg5 dxe4 7. Nxe4?! Nxe4!


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The game continued 8. dxe4 Qxg5 and Black won quickly, but on 8. Bxd8 Bxf2+ 9. Ke2 Nd4# 0-1.

Juniors and students should look for this pattern when both Knights are out, your Bishop points to f7/f2, and your opponent is guilty of pokey opening play. :P

Oct-28-17  jlconn: Regarding the authenticity of this game, In the book Chess Sparks, J.H. Ellis, ed., 1895, the first game is M. de Kermur, Sire de Legal playing White at odds of a rook against an unnamed opponent: 1.e4 e5 2.Bc4 d6 3.Nf3 Nc6 4.Nc3 Bg4 5.Nxe5 Bxd1 6.Bxf7+ Ke7 7.Nd5#. I believe that this also answers the question of how the supposed greatest player in the world before (and after) Philidor could play such a blunder.... 5.Nxe5 can hardly be considered a blunder when you consider that White was already down a whole rook; after all, risks must be taken to win at such odds.
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