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Kermur Sire De Legal vs Saint Brie
"Legal's Mate" (game of the day Jun-05-16)
Paris (1750)  ·  Philidor Defense: General (C41)  ·  1-0
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Kibitzer's Corner
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Oct-27-11  JoergWalter: <Nightsurfer>

see this post from 2005. The findings of Herr Maaß are a little late for a new discovery. another fake?

alexmagnus: By the way, the game here is wrong. In the real in Legal-Brie game Legal blundered an Brie didnt see it, so the game was re-moved so like shown here. The real game was very bad:1.e4 e5 2.Bc4 d6 3.Nf3 Nc6 (this move is not listed in the later editions of the game, because it destroys the biggest masterpiece of the 18th century) 4.Nc3 Bg4 5.Nxe5?? Bxd1? (after 5...Nxe5 Legal´s name would be forgotten) 6.Bxf7+ Ke7 7. Nd5#.>

5. Nxe5!! where did you get this from? Has to be 5. Nxe5??

Dec-10-11  dumbgai: A common line I face in blitz is 1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 d6 3. Bc4 Bg4 4. Nc3 Nc6, setting the trap 5. Nxe5 Nxe5. Of course, the correct way to play is 5. h3 Bxf3 (5...Bh5 6. Nxe5 works now) 6. Qxf3. Of course White, with the superior piece development, is doing well here, but I'm always a tad disappointed to not get 5...Bh5.
Feb-28-12  Llawdogg: Wow! I've seen this a bunch of time in tactics books. It's good to see the original.
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click for larger view

Position after Black's 6th move. How did the game go?

Mark Thornton, British Chess Magazine, April 2012.

Aug-03-12  The Last Straw:

click for larger view

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  MarkThornton: Here's the solution to my puzzle:

1.d3 Nf6 2.Bg5 Ne4 3.Bxe7 Nc6 4.Bxd8 Bc5 5.e3 Bxe3 6.g3 Bxf2+

Sep-07-13  Amarande: I wonder if part of the reason the game score was changed in so many publications is instructional value?

Someone at some point probably realised that the game as is being claimed to actually be, is simply a blunder responded to by a greater blunder, but by making the move 4 ... g6, it becomes a very good textbook example about the tactical consequences of failure to develop efficiently: almost any non-developing 4th move falls into the trap, while virtually any productive move (Nc6, Nf6, Be7, even something as blah as Qc8 will do) nips it in the bud. Even if 4 ... Nc6 should be the correct historical move, it tends to weaken the instructional value of the game as the novice will be confused as to why Black didn't just play 5 ... Nxe5 and wins :)

Also by having the move order Bg4 then g6, the novice is taught directly that it's the wasted tempo that leads to the grief, since the Bishop move is not itself unsound (with a suitable followup, such as 4 ... Nc6 perhaps!, it fights for control of d4, a point important enough to cause White to even sometimes give up a tempo to forestall the pin, such as in the main-line Closed Spanish).

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  offramp: <LIFE Master AJ: My pun for this game is a line from one of the Star Wars movies.>

"I will make it, Legal"?

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  john barleycorn: I think it was Blackburne who said he caught a hundred of players in simuls with it. Here is an example

Blackburne vs NN, 1885

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  Nightsurfer: It is a never ending story, that story of that funny mate that Kermur Sire De Legal has first put on the board way back in the 18th century, just have a look at one more recent example round about 240 years later: F Knauer vs H Boehm, 1995 ;-) !
Mar-25-15  Raisin Death Ray: This game is so short, it should be ILLEGAL!!
Apr-30-15  A.T PhoneHome: Legal's mate - now is that even legal?
Aug-16-15  morfishine: Legal Brief

Cheesy play by Brie


Oct-04-15  The Kings Domain: One for the record.
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  Nightsurfer: On more case of <LEGAL's MATE> - well, it is a variation of the basic constellation - has stunned the spectators during the Turkish Championship of 2004, please see the game as follows: S M Topuz vs U Hopcin, 2004 ... ... since 254 years after the premiere of <LEGAL's MATE> the cool move <8.Ne5!! ...>, please see the diagram as follows ...

click for larger view

... , wins an important pawn and ruins Black's eventual plans of castling. For even the most foolish player of all the goofy players on this planet would not even consider the foolish grab <8. ... Bxd1???> - since it is virtually impossible to overlook the obvious consequence <9.Bxf7#>, for sure!

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  tpstar: My student was excited to pull off Legal's Mate in a junior tournament:

1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bc4 d6 4. d3 Bg4 5. Nc3 Nd4

click for larger view

6. Nxe5 Bxd1 7. Bxf7+ Ke7 8. Nd5# 1-0.

Except 6 ... dxe5 7. Qxg4 Nxc2+ wins the exchange for Black. Live and learn. =)


<Amarande> Your example is a Blackburne Mate.

Premium Chessgames Member
  tpstar: The same student (age 8) did it again in an online game:

1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 d6 3. Bc4 h6 4. Nc3 a6 5. d3 Bg4 6. Nxe5! Bxd1 7. Bxf7+ Ke7 8. Nd5# 1-0.

click for larger view

Can't argue with success. =)

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  offramp: One of my puns got accepted!
Jun-05-16  AlicesKnight: <STST> <Raisin Death Ray> I think (apart from daft off-hand games) the 'official' record is Zoran Djordjevic vs Milorad Kovacevic 1984 (CG database), supplanting the Gibaud-Lazard game which is now thought inauthentic.
Jun-05-16  morfishine: <offramp> Congratulations, but cheesy play by Brie
Jun-05-16  castleguy12: After 3... Nc6 and white plays 4.Nc3, black can play Bg4.
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  maxi: Home preparation pays off for Legal.
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  kevin86: Seven moves; can this be qualified as sudden death?
Jun-06-16  thegoodanarchist: < offramp: One of my puns got accepted!>

Congrats! This is a very short yet historically relevant game.

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