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Hook vs The Turk (Automaton)
Odds game (1820) (unorthodox), London, England
Chess variants (000)  ·  0-1


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Kibitzer's Corner
Oct-17-08  Karpova: From C.N. 5775

<A contribution from Robert John McCrary (Columbia, SC, USA):

"The earliest recorded, actually-played, game involving a woman that I have found is given on page 112 of Amusements in Chess by Charles Tomlinson (London, 1845). He presents the first 32 moves of a pawn-and-move game won by the Automaton against “Miss Hook” in London, evidently in 1819 or 1820.">


Napoleon's game against Mdme de Remusat - Napoleon Bonaparte vs Madame De Remusat, 1804 - from 1804.03.29 is of rather doubtful authenticity. See Edward Winter's article "Napoleon Bonaparte and Chess" from 1998:

Oct-17-08  sallom89: I just don't get how that automaton is operated!!
Jan-01-09  WhiteRook48: they should call it the "rench defense" because black has no f pawn
Jan-28-09  WhiteRook48: was the Turk Hooked on beating his opponent?
Feb-04-09  SBC: .

Of course this is MISS Hook. However, the earliest reference is by no means Tomlison's 1845 "Amusements in Chess."

I would have assumed, apparently quite incorrectly, that anyone interested in this part of history would have been familiar with Hunneman's 1820 book on the Turk's 1820 London exhibition with Mouret as the Director - "Fifty Games Played by the Automaton Chess Player."

Hunneman actually lists Miss H**k as the opponent (There is also a game vs. MR. H**k).

W. J. Hunneman, who was also acted occasionally as a director of the Turk, I believe, had Maelzel's express permission to copy and publish the games from this specific exhibition in 1820.

There's a difference in the scores given by Hunneman and Tomlison (and since T obviously got his info from H, I believe I'd go with H's score)

Tomlison's game score:

[Event "Odds game"]
[Site "London, England"]
[Date "1820.??.??"]
[EventDate "?"]
[Round "-"]
[Result "0-1"]
[White "Miss Hook"]
[Black "The Turk"]
[WhiteElo "?"]
[BlackElo "?"]
[FEN "

click for larger view


1.e4 e6 2.f4 c5 3.c3 Nh6 4.h4 Nc6 5.Nf3 d5 6.e5 Nf5 7.d4 cxd4 8.cxd4 Qb6 9.g4 Nfxd4 10.Bd3 Nxf3+ 11.Qxf3 Be7 12.b3 Bb4+ 13.Nd2 O-O 14.a3 Nxe5 15.Qe2 Bxd2+ 16.Bxd2 Nxd3+ 17.Qxd3 Bd7 18.a4 Bc6 19.Rf1 Qd8 20.Qh3 Qf6 21.Rd1 e5 22.f5 d4 23.g5 Qd6 24.h5 Bd7 25.Qf3 e4 26.Qg4 Qd5 27.g6 h6 28.Bb4 Rxf5 29.Rxf5 Bxf5 30.Qf4 a5 31.Bd6 d3 32.Rd2 e3 0-1

Hunneman's game score

[Event "Odds Game XXI"]
[Site "London, England"]
[Date "1820.??.??"]
[EventDate "?"]
[Round "-"]
[Result "0-1"]
[White "Miss H**k"]
[Black "Mouret - The Turk"]
[FEN "

click for larger view


1. e4 e6 2. f4 c5 3. c3 Nh6 4. h4 Nc6 5. Nf3 d5 6. e5 Nf5 7. d4 cxd4 8. cxd4 Qb6 9. g4 Nfxd4 10. Bd3 Nxf3+ 11. Qxf3 Be7 12. b3 Bb4+ 13. Nd2 O-O 14. a3 Nxe5 15. Qe2 Bxd2+ 16. Bxd2 Nxd3+ 17. Qxd3 Bd7 18. a4 Bc6 19. Rf1 Qd8 20. Qh3 Qf6 21. Rd1 e5 22. f5 d4 23. g5 Qd6 24. h5 Bd7 25. Qf3 e4 26. Qg4 Qd5 27. g6 h6 28. Bb4 Rxf5 29. Rxf5 Bxf5 30. Qf4 a5 31. Bd6 d3 32. Rd2 e3 33. Rb2 Qh1+ 34. Qf1 d2+ 35. Rxd2

(I don't know how to keep the silly game board from inserting itself in the PGN)

Premium Chessgames Member
  Domdaniel: <SBC> Just snip out the line with <FEN> - that should do it. Nice work, by the way.
Premium Chessgames Member
  whiteshark: <H**K> could be HECK or HACK, too. No?
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