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Lionel Sharples Penrose
Number of games in database: 1
Years covered: 1919

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(born Jun-11-1898, died May-12-1972, 73 years old) United Kingdom

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He was a British psychiatrist, medical geneticist, mathematician and chess problemist, who carried out pioneering work on the genetics of mental retardation. His wife was Margaret Penrose.

References: (1) , (2) Wikipedia article: Lionel Penrose

Last updated: 2017-09-04 18:50:25

 page 1 of 1; one game  PGN Download 
Game  ResultMoves YearEvent/LocaleOpening
1. R Scott vs L Penrose  0-1221919Cambridge simulA02 Bird's Opening

Kibitzer's Corner
Feb-08-13  IndigoViolet: His grandfather was <Alexander Peckover, 1st Baron Peckover FRGS, FSA, FLS (16 August 1830 21 October 1919), was a British quaker banker, philanthropist and collector of ancient manuscripts.>

<He had only daughters and is said to have declined the offer a special remainder that would have allowed the title to descend through his daughter to his grandson, stating that "if my grandson want the title he should earn it".>

Pity, because this would have made Lionel, as the eldest grandson, a Baron, so he would have been Lord Lionel. In turn, that would have rendered Dr. Jonathan Penrose as The Honorable (Dr.) Jonathan Penrose.

For non-Brits who don't get this @#$%:

Feb-08-13  JonathanJ: "if my grandson want the title he should earn it" --> good statement. aristocracy should be abolished, there are enough titles left that can be earned through achievements.
Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: How was he a 'chess theorist'?
Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: The <American Chess Bulletin>, July-August 1919, p.197, records a victory on 3rd board by <S. Penrose>, of St. John's college, for Cambridge as they thrashed Oxford 7-0 in their traditional annual match.

Top board saw William Winter vs Theodore Tylor.

Jul-17-16  YuvalKenoll: Which lines he investigated on chess theory?
Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: <How was he a 'chess theorist'?>

I think it should read 'chess problemist'. Seems he specialised in two-movers.

click for larger view

White to mate in 2.

Cheltenham Chronicle and Gloucestershire Graphic, October 20th, 1928, p,10:

<The one above is a "changed mate" problem, which won first prize in a "London Observer" tourney some years ago. This kind of problem is the most modern - not counting the "Fairy Problems," which do not comply with the rules of the game. If we remember rightly, changed mates were not known before about 1910. Many noted composers have not tried to make any, or have failed to produce any good enough for publication. To produce a "change mate" first make a "block" problem "a waiting move" problem with, as usual in "blocks," a mate set for every move that Black can make. (If Black moved first, then White would mate in one move. Many thousands of such were composed before 1900). And there so arrange things that the keymove will destroy the possibility of these set mates, or of some of them, and will cause the substitution of other mates sometimes with an additional mate. A clever idea very difficult to work out, except, perhaps, to a few with special aptitude for this kind of composition. The old stagers can't do it, and very few of the young ones.

In the above, if Black moved first, the mates would include (according to Black's play) B-B3, QxP, and Kt-Q2. But with White moving first, these three mates vanish, and three others take their places, There is also an added mate, and one other mate. B-B2, remains the same.>

Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: Longevity, as well as brains, seem to run in the family.

Jonathan Penrose is 83. Oliver Penrose is 88. Roger Penrose is 86. Shirley Hodgson is only 72.

Dec-29-17  patzerkiller: [Event "Offhand game"]
[Site "Reading"]
[Date "1915"]
[Round "?"]
[White "Penrose, Lionel Sharples"]
[Black "Anon"]
[Result "1-0"]
[ECO "C51"]
[Opening "Evans gambit: normal variation"]

1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bc4 Bc5 4. b4 Bxb4 5. c3 Ba5 6. O-O d6 7. d4 exd4 8. cxd4 Bb6 9. Qb3 Qf6 10. Re1 Na5 11. e5 Qg6 12. exd6+ Kf8 13. Ba3 Nxb3 14. d7+ c5 15. Re8# ♖eading Observer - Saturday 30 January 1915 p.7 1-0

Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: Putting the sharp in <Sharples>:

I learnt recently that Lionel was an inspiration for the work of <Maurits Escher>:

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