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Abbazia Tournament

Rudolf Spielmann15/21(+13 -4 =4)[games]
Oldrich Duras13.5/21(+12 -6 =3)[games]
Erich Cohn11.5/21(+10 -8 =3)[games]
Richard Reti11.5/21(+10 -8 =3)[games]
Moishe Leopoldowicz Lowcki11/21(+10 -9 =2)[games]
Alexander Flamberg10.5/21(+9 -9 =3)[games]
Sergey Nikolaevich von Freymann10.5/21(+9 -9 =3)[games]
Jeno Szekely9/21(+7 -10 =4)[games]
Paul Saladin Leonhardt8/21(+4 -9 =8)[games]
Gustaf Nyholm7.5/21(+7 -13 =1)[games]
Stefano Rosselli del Turco7.5/21(+4 -10 =7)[games]
Arnold Aurbach5.5/11(+5 -5 =1)[games]
* Chess Event Description
Abbazia (1912)

This King's Gambit Accepted (1.e4 e5 2.f4 exf4) theme tournament was organized by Georg Marco and took place in Abbazia on the Adriatic coast, then part of Austria-Hungary, known today as Opatija in Croatia. The venue was the Casino des Étrangers, a fitting location for the King's Gambit.

Of the 12 players, who met each other twice, only Spielmann, Duras, Cohn and Leonhardt were regarded as masters at the time. This may be one of the reasons why no tournament book appeared, and many of the games are apparently lost forever.

Aurbach forfeited his Round 7 game against Flamberg, upset after he lost his Round 6 game against Rosselli on time in a winning position, and withdrew from the second cycle for medical reasons. So only 120 games were played. 77 games are available here, including a few incomplete ones, 43 games are lost.

The tournament was a big success for Rudolf Spielmann, but a tragedy for the King's Gambit. White scored only +40 -59 =21, even worse than in Vienna (1903) (+32 -37 =20). It's not just the "modern" systems of defence (with an early ...d5) that caused white trouble. From the games available, white scored +4 -6 =2 against the Abbazia Defence (3.Nf3 d5 4.exd5 Nf6) and +4 -9 against 3.Bc4 d5, but the Hanstein, Philidor and Muzio did just as bad.

For Spielmann's funeral oration a decade later, see Game Collection: Vom Krankenlager des Königsgambits.

Abbazia, Austria-Hungary (Croatia), 15 January - 12 February 1912

01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 Pts 1 Spielmann ** ½0 1½ 11 11 11 10 10 1½ 10 1½ 1- 15 2 Duras ½1 ** 10 10 ½1 01 01 01 01 11 ½1 1- 13½ =3 Cohn 0½ 01 ** 00 01 01 11 ½½ 11 01 11 0- 11½ =3 Reti 00 01 11 ** 10 10 1½ 10 1½ 10 ½1 0- 11½ 5 Lowcki 00 ½0 10 01 ** 11 00 11 ½1 01 11 0- 11 =6 Flamberg 00 10 10 01 00 ** 00 1½ 1½ 11 1½ 1- 10½ =6 Freymann 01 10 00 0½ 11 11 ** 00 10 0½ ½1 1- 10½ 8 Szekely 01 10 ½½ 01 00 0½ 11 ** 0½ 01 01 0- 9 9 Leonhardt 0½ 10 00 0½ ½0 0½ 01 1½ ** 01 ½½ ½- 8 =10 Nyholm 01 00 10 01 10 00 1½ 10 10 ** 00 0- 7½ =10 Rosselli 0½ ½0 00 ½0 00 0½ d0 10 ½½ 11 ** 1- 7½ 12 Aurbach 0- 0- 1- 1- 1- 0- 0- 1- ½- 1- 0- ** 5½

The missing games:

(Round 5) Flamberg vs Von Freymann (3.Nf3 g5 4.Bc4 g4 5.O-O) 0-1, 21 moves; Duras vs Lowcki (3.Bc4) draw
(Round 7) Rosselli vs Duras (3.Nf3) draw; Flamberg vs Aurbach (forfeit) 1-0; Leonhardt vs Von Freymann 0-1; Szekely vs Lowcki (3.Nf3) 0-1
(Round 8) Szekely vs Rosselli (3.Nf3) 0-1
(Round 9) Leonhardt vs Aurbach (3.Nf3) draw; Rosselli vs Lowcki (3.Nf3 g5 4.Bc4 g4 5.O-O) 0-1
(Round 10) Cohn vs Reti (3.Nf3) 0-1; Aurbach vs Nyholm (3.Nf3) 1-0
(Round 11) Flamberg vs Lowcki (3.Nf3 g5 4.h4 g4 5.Ne5) 0-1
(Round 12) Lowcki vs Cohn (3.Nf3 g5 4.Bc4 Bg7 5.h4) 0-1
(Round 13) Flamberg vs Leonhardt (3.Nf3 g5 4.Bc4 g4 5.O-O) draw; Rosselli vs Nyholm (3.Nf3 Nf6 4.Nc3 Nc6 5.d4 d5 6.exd5 Nxd5 7.Nxd5 Qxd5 8.Bxf4 Bd6 9.Bxd6 Qxd6 10.c3 Bg4 11.Bc4 O-O-O 12.O-O f6 13.Qa4) 1-0
(Round 14) Cohn vs Duras (3.Bc4) 1-0; Reti vs Rosselli (3.Nf3 g5 4.Bc4 Bg7 5.h4) 1-0; Nyholm vs Flamberg (3.Bc4) 0-1; Leonhardt vs Spielmann (3.Bc4) draw
(Round 15) Rosselli vs Von Freymann (3.Bc4) 0-1; Szekely vs Cohn (3.Pf3 g5 4.Bc4 Bg7 5.h4) draw
(Round 16) Nyholm vs Leonhardt (3.Bc4) 0-1; Reti vs Spielmann 0-1; Lowcki vs Duras (3.Nf3 g5 4.Bc4 Bg7 5.h4) 0-1
(Round 17) Leonhardt vs Reti (3.Nf3) draw; Spielmann vs Von Freymann (3.Bc4) 0-1; Flamberg vs Cohn (3.Bc4) 0-1; Szekely vs Duras (3.Nf3) 0-1
(Round 18) Cohn vs Spielmann (3.Bc4) draw
(Round 19) Nyholm vs Von Freymann (3.Bc4) draw; Leonhardt vs Cohn (3.Nf3 g5 4.h4 g4 5.Ne5) 0-1; Reti vs Lowcki (3.Nf3) 0-1
(Round 20) Szekely vs Flamberg (3.Nf3 g5 4.Bc4 g4 5.O-O) draw; Cohn vs Nyholm (3.Bc4) 1-0; Von Freymann vs Reti (3.Nf3) draw; Lowcki vs Rosselli (3.Nf3 g5 4.h4 g4 5.Ne5) 1-0
(Round 21) Reti vs Cohn (3.Nf3 g5 4.Bc4 Bg7 5.O-O d6 6.d4 h6 7.c3 Ne7 8.g3 g4 9.Nh4 f3 10.Na3 O-O 11.Bf4) 1-0; Flamberg vs Rosselli (3.Bc4) draw; Leonhardt vs Duras (3.Bc4) 0-1
(Round 22) Rosselli vs Spielmann (3.Bc4) draw; Szekely vs Leonhardt (3.Nf3 g5 4.Bc4 g4 5.O-O) draw; Duras vs Nyholm (3.Bc4) 1-0; Cohn vs Von Freymann (3.Bc4) 1-0; Lowcki vs Flamberg (3.Nf3 g5 4.Bc4 Bg7 5.h4) 1-0

Original collection: Game Collection: Abbazia 1912, by User: sneaky pete.

 page 3 of 4; games 51-75 of 77  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves YearEvent/LocaleOpening
51. Leonhardt vs J Szekely  1-0321912AbbaziaC36 King's Gambit Accepted, Abbazia Defense
52. G Nyholm vs Duras 0-1331912AbbaziaC33 King's Gambit Accepted
53. Spielmann vs S Rosselli del Turco  1-0381912AbbaziaC38 King's Gambit Accepted
54. Reti vs A Aurbach 0-1241912AbbaziaC37 King's Gambit Accepted
55. Spielmann vs Flamberg  1-0391912AbbaziaC37 King's Gambit Accepted
56. G Nyholm vs J Szekely  0-1331912AbbaziaC33 King's Gambit Accepted
57. Reti vs Duras 1-0231912AbbaziaC36 King's Gambit Accepted, Abbazia Defense
58. Leonhardt vs S Rosselli del Turco  ½-½141912AbbaziaC37 King's Gambit Accepted
59. Spielmann vs M Lowcki  1-0371912AbbaziaC33 King's Gambit Accepted
60. J Szekely vs Reti  1-0321912AbbaziaC36 King's Gambit Accepted, Abbazia Defense
61. Duras vs S Von Freymann  1-0241912AbbaziaC33 King's Gambit Accepted
62. S Von Freymann vs J Szekely  0-1571912AbbaziaC37 King's Gambit Accepted
63. Flamberg vs Reti  1-0511912AbbaziaC33 King's Gambit Accepted
64. Spielmann vs G Nyholm  0-1371912AbbaziaC34 King's Gambit Accepted
65. Leonhardt vs M Lowcki 0-1311912AbbaziaC36 King's Gambit Accepted, Abbazia Defense
66. S Von Freymann vs Flamberg  1-0281912AbbaziaC33 King's Gambit Accepted
67. E Cohn vs S Rosselli del Turco  1-0231912AbbaziaC33 King's Gambit Accepted
68. G Nyholm vs M Lowcki 0-1331912AbbaziaC37 King's Gambit Accepted
69. S Von Freymann vs Leonhardt 0-1341912AbbaziaC33 King's Gambit Accepted
70. Reti vs G Nyholm  0-1481912AbbaziaC34 King's Gambit Accepted
71. M Lowcki vs J Szekely  1-0391912AbbaziaC37 King's Gambit Accepted
72. Duras vs S Rosselli del Turco  1-0601912AbbaziaC33 King's Gambit Accepted
73. S Rosselli del Turco vs J Szekely  0-1341912AbbaziaC37 King's Gambit Accepted
74. Flamberg vs Duras 0-1171912AbbaziaC33 King's Gambit Accepted
75. Duras vs Spielmann  1-0311912AbbaziaC33 King's Gambit Accepted
 page 3 of 4; games 51-75 of 77  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2)  

Kibitzer's Corner
Dec-21-12  TheFocus: <This may be one of the reasons that no tournament book appeared, and many of the games are apparently lost forever.>

Anthony Gillam has done a book on this tournament. He says he has nearly 80 of the 120 games. I do not believe he has any new games there.

Oct-06-13  LIFE Master AJ: What a shame that some of the games were lost ...
Oct-06-13  LIFE Master AJ: I'll bet Soltis could do a book on this and make it come to life, he is soooo good at that sort of thing!
Jan-19-14  Karpova: List of the special prizes

A) From the Louis Freiherr von Rothschild trust, the 1st and 2nd prize (150 + 100 K) for best result in the 2nd cycle shared <Erich Cohn> and <Oldrich Duras> - together 250 K. The 3rd prize for best result in the 2nd cycle was awarded to <Jeno Szekely> - 50 K.

B) The Chigorin Memorial prize of the St. Petersburg Chess Society was awarded to <Richard Reti> - 100 K.

C) The Albert von Rothschild Memorial prize of the Vienna Chess Club was awarded to <Richard Reti> for his game against Flamberg - 200 K.

D) The Muzio prize, donated by Albert N. Hallgarten, received <Richard Reti> for the same game as in C - 100 K.

E) The Kieseritzky prize, donated by the Cracow Chess Club, was awarded to <Erich Cohn> for his game against Leonhardt - 100 K.

F) The prize for the best Bishop Gambit, donated by the Stockholm Chess Society was awarded to <Oldrich Duras> for his game agaisnt Spielmann - 100 K.

G) The 5 Rice trophies, donated by I. L. Rice, were awarded to

1) <Richard Reti> for the game against von Freymann - 50 K.

2) <Rudolf Spielmann> for the game against Reti - 50 K.

3) <Alexander Flamberg> for the game against Duras - 50 K.

4) <Erich Cohn> for the game against von Freymann - 50 K.

5) <Gustav Nyholm> for the game against Spielmann - 50 K.

The special prizes in total were 1,150 K.

Source: Page 37 of the February-March 1912 'Wiener Schachzeitung'

Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: The collection has both Leonhardt-Lowcki games, but there's a third game claiming the title: M Lowcki vs Leonhardt, 1912
Jul-12-16  sneaky pete: Hmmm...

That 3rd Lowcki vs Leonhardt game is a version of
A Aurbach vs Spielmann, 1912

Jan-05-20  cameosis: could someone post the sources for the games? would like to have a look myself.

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