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US Open 1936, Philadelphia = 37th ACF Congress
Compiled by Phony Benoni
--*--

<37th ACF Congress
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
August 15-30, 1936>

The American Chess Federation staked its claim in the East this year, and drew a record turnout of fifty players who braved a Philadelphia heat wave to beat their brains out twice a day for two weeks. They were seeded into four preliminary sections, from which the first three qualified for the Championship, the next three for the Consolation Masters, the next three for a Class A tournament.

Even without four-time champion Reuben Fine, who was goofing around at Nottingham with fellow contender Samuel Reshevsky and some other random players, the field was quite possibly the strongest to date.

In the preliminary section only the final scores are avaialable, not full crosstables. A number of players retired from the tournament rather than play in the final sections. In particular, George Treysman qualified for the Championship from Section 3, but retired due to illness and was replaced by Milton Hanauer. And, yes, this is the tournament where Hanauer won that five move game.

Here is the original planned schedule, as printed in <Chess Review>, August 1936, p.177)>. It was not adhered to exactly for various reasons, such as the preliminary sections being of different size and thus requiring different schedules. However, the exact dates could not be determined, so this is presented as a guide to the researcher. The dates of the Championship Final are available, and are indicated where different.

Saturday, August 15th
3:00 PN Registration closes
6:00 PM Dinner
8:00 PM 1st Round, Qualifications

Sunday, August 16th
3:00 PM 2nd Round, Qualifications
8:00 PM 3rd Round, Qualifications

Monday, August 17th
8:00 PM 4th Round, Qualifications

Tuesday, August 18th
3:00 PM 5th Round, Qualifications
8:00 PM 6th Round, Qualifications

Wednesday, August 19th
8:00 PM 7th Round, Qualifications

Thursday, August 20th
3:00 PM 8th Round, Qualifications
8:00 PM 9th Round, Qualifications

Friday, August 21st
8:00 PM 10th Round, Qualifications

Saturday, August 22nd
3:00 PM Final Round, Qualifications
8:00 PM Rapid Transit Tourney

Sunday, August 23rd
10:00 AM Annual Meeting
3:00 PM 1st round Finals
8:00 PM 2nd round Finals (Championship: 8/24)

Monday, August 24th
3:00 PM 3rd round Finals
8:00 PM 4th round Finals (Championship: 8/25)

Tuesday, August 25th
8:00 PM 5th round Finals

Wednesday, August 26th
3:00 PM 6th round Finals
8:00 PM 7th round Finals (Championship: 8/27)

Thursday, August 27th
8:00 PM 8th round Finals

Friday, August 28th
8:00 PM 9th round Finals (Championship: 8/29)

Saturday, August 29th
3:00 PM 10th round Finals
8:00 PM 11th round Finals (Championship, 8/30)

Sunday, August 30th
3:00 PM Problem solving contest
8:00 PM Closing banquet--distribution of prizes

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QUALIFYING SECTIONS

Due to incomplete and sometime contradictory information, I have been able to reconstruct crosstables only for the first two sections, and even these are uncertain. Any corrections are welcomed.

Preliminary 1

I 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 1 Isaac Kashdan X 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 9.5 2 Arnold Denker 0 X 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 9.0 3 Abraham Kupchik X 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 9.0 4 Fred Reinfeld 0 0 X 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 8.5 5 Harry R Morris 0 0 0 X 1 1 1 1 1 6.5 6 Nathan Grossman 0 0 0 X 0 1 1 1 1 1 6.0 7 Arpad Elo 0 0 0 0 1 X 1 1 5.0 8 Ira C Isenberg 0 0 0 0 0 X 1 1 1 4.5 9 Kirk DHolland 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 X 1 1 3.0 10 E Raymond Glover 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 X 1 2.5 11 Edward Schuyler Jackson 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 X 1 2.0 12 Irving Rivise 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 X 0.5

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Preliminary Section 2

1 Arthur William Dake 10.0 2 Maurice Fox 9.0 3 Sidney Norman Bernstein 8.0 4 Leon Stolzenberg 7.5 5 S S Cohen 7.0 6 Adolph Regen 6.0 7 Harry Kline 5.5 8 Walter Bradford Suesman 5.5 9 Redpath Drummond 3.5 10 Lyman B Cook 2.0 11 Edmund Nash 2.0 12 Theodore Barron 0.0

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Preliminary Section 3

1 David S Polland 10.0 2 Donald Henry Mugridge 9.5 3 George Nelson Treysman 9.5 4 Milton Loeb Hanauer 9.0 5 Robert Willman 8.0 6 Martin Charles Stark 6.0 7 Barnie Frank Winkelman 6.0 8 Attilo Di Camillo 4.5 9 Stasch Mlotkowski 4.5 10 M M Leysens 3.5 11 H D Bolden 3.0 12 George John Weimar 3.0 13 Frederick Baldwin Arnold 1.5

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Preliminary Section 4

1 Israel Albert Horowitz 10.0 2 Harold Morton 9.5 3 Anthony Santasiere 9.5 4 Charles Jaffe 9.0 5 Jack Levin 8.5 6 David G Weiner 6.5 7 Walter Patrick McHale 5.0 8 Mark Surgies 5.0 9 J Wilkinson 5.0 10 Henry M Woods 4.0 11 N S Janke 3.0 12 Byron B Price 1.5 13 Ervin Teplinsky 1.5

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Championship Final

This turned into an exciting three-way race. Horowitz and Denker took the lead early, with Dake at their heels the whole way. Horowitz finally took sole possession of first place after round 7. However, Dake defeated Horowitz in round 8 and tied Denker for first. Denker then promptly lost to Horowitz in round 9, and the latter remained tied with Dake going into the last round.

The last round dawned with Horowitz and Dake a half-point ahead of Denker. The leaders were paired with two outsiders in Hanauer and Mugridge, while Denker had a much harder task against Kupchik. Not surprisingly, Denker - Kupchik was drawn. More surprisingly, so was Horowitz - Hanauer. Most surprisingly, Dake suffered his first defeat at the hands of Mugridge, and Horowitz walked away with the title.

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 1 Israel Albert Horowitz * 0 1 = 1 1 1 1 = = = 1 8.0 2 Arthur William Dake 1 * = = = 1 0 1 = 1 1 = 7.5 3 Arnold Denker 0 = * = = = 1 1 1 = 1 1 7.5 4 Abraham Kupchik = = = * 0 = 1 = 1 1 = 1 7.0 5 Isaac Kashdan 0 = = 1 * 0 = 1 = 1 1 1 7.0 6 David S Polland 0 0 = = 1 * 1 0 1 = 1 1 6.5 7 Donald Henry Mugridge 0 1 0 0 = 0 * 1 = 1 = 0 4.5 8 Anthony Santasiere 0 0 0 = 0 1 0 * = 1 = 1 4.5 9 Harold Morton = = 0 0 = 0 = = * = = 0 3.5 10 Maurice Fox = 0 = 0 0 = 0 0 = * = 1 3.5 11 Milton Loeb Hanauer = 0 0 = 0 0 = = = = * = 3.5 12 Sidney Norman Bernstein 0 = 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 = * 3.0

Daily reports in the <New York Times> lack enough information to provide exact pairings, but do allow construction of a round-by-round scoring table:

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 1 Horowitz 1.0 2.0 2.5 3.5 4.0 5.0 6.0 6.0 7.0 7.5 8.0 2 Dake 0.5 1.5 2.0 3.0 3.5 4.5 5.5 6.5 7.0 7.5 7.5 3 Denker 1.0 2.0 2.5 3.5 4.0 5.0 5.5 6.5 6.5 7.0 7.5 4 Kashdan 1.0 1.0 2.0 3.0 3.5 4.0 4.0 5.0 5.5 6.0 7.0 5 Kupchik 1.0 1.5 2.0 2.0 2.5 3.5 4.5 5.0 6.0 6.5 7.0 6 Polland 1.0 1.0 1.5 2.0 3.0 3.0 4.0 4.5 5.5 6.5 6.5 7 Mugridge 0.0 1.0 1.5 1.5 2.0 2.0 3.0 3.5 3.5 3.5 4.5 8 Santasiere 0.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.5 1.5 1.5 2.5 3.0 3.5 4.5 9 Morton 0.5 0.5 1.0 1.5 2.0 2.5 2.5 3.0 3.5 3.5 3.5 10 Fox 0.0 0.0 0.5 1.0 2.0 2.0 2.5 2.5 3.0 3.5 3.5 12 Hanauer 0.0 0.5 1.0 1.5 1.5 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.5 3.0 3.5 12 Bernstein 0.0 0.0 0.5 0.5 0.5 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 2.0 3.0

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Consolation Tournament

1 Robert Willman X 1 1 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 9.0 2 Jack Levin X 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 8.5 3 Adolph Regen 0 X 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 8.5 4 Harry R Morris 0 X 1 1 1 1 7.0 5 David G Weiner 0 1 0 X 1 1 1 6.5 6 Barnie Frank Winkelman 1 0 0 X 0 0 1 1 1 5.5 7 Mark Surgies 0 0 1 X 5.0 8 Martin Charles Stark 0 0 0 0 0 1 X 1 1 4.5 9 Arpad Elo 0 0 0 0 0 X 1 3.5 10 Walter Patrick McHale 0 0 0 0 X 3.5 11 Walter B Suesman 0 0 0 0 0 0 X 2.5 12 Ira C Isenberg 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 X 2.0

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Class A Tournament

1 Stasch Mlotkowski 10.5 2 George John Weimar 10.5 3 Attilo Di Camillo 9.5 4 Redpath Drummond 9.5 5 Edmund Nash 9.5 6 H D Bolden 7.5 7 Henry M Woods 7.0 8 E Schuyler Jackson 6.5 9 E Raymond Glover 4.5 10 Irving Rivise 4.5 11 N S Janke 4.0 12 Byron B Price 4.0 13 Lyman B Cook 2.0 14 Ervin Teplinsky 1.5

"To see a player with Mlotkowski's reputation relegated to Class A (even though he wins the event) is to be reminded quite forcibly that Father Time is no respected of persons--even among chess players." -- Barnie Frank Winkelman in <Chess Review>, remembering the youthful victor of the Western Championship in 1904 and 1923.

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Al Horowitz, with prop: http://4.bp.blogspot.com/_JswhPQyNq...

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Sources:

Brooklyn Daily Eagle, August 20, 1936.

Chess Results 1936-1940 / Gino di Felice, p.50-52.

Chess Review, September 1936, p.206-210; October 1936, p.240-241;

New York times, daily reports, August 16-31.

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Thanks for <Zanzibar. for information helpful in the assembling of this collection.

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PREVIOUS: Game Collection: US Open 1935, Milwaukee = 36th ACF Congress

NEXT: Game Collection: US Open 1937, Chicago = 38th ACF Congress

SEE ALSO: Game Collection: US Open Tournament Index

-----

Prellim 3 or Class A: CR, 1936.11:258
A Di Camillo vs George John Weimar, 1936
(C78) Ruy Lopez, 43 moves, 1-0

Prelim 1, round and date uncertain: CR: 1936.09:207
Denker vs N Grossman, 1936
(D60) Queen's Gambit Declined, Orthodox Defense, 38 moves, 1-0

Prelim 1, round and date uncertain: Lahde 347
Kashdan vs H R Morris, 1936
(C10) French, 24 moves, 1-0

Prelin 1: CR, 1936:258
F Reinfeld vs N Grossman, 1936 
(D92) Grunfeld, 5.Bf4, 36 moves, 1-0

Prelim 1, Round 2 (Sunday, August 16): BDE, 08/20; CR, 1937:18
Denker vs Kashdan, 1936 
(A90) Dutch, 37 moves, 0-1

Prelim 1, Round 3 (Sunday, August 16): : BDE, 1936.08.20
Kupchik vs N Grossman, 1936 
(D61) Queen's Gambit Declined, Orthodox, Rubinstein Attack, 37 moves, 1-0

Prelim 2, round and date unknown
S Bernstein vs M Fox, 1936
(A49) King's Indian, Fianchetto without c4, 41 moves, 1-0

Prelim 2: CR: 1936.09:207
S S Cohen vs S Bernstein, 1936
(B29) Sicilian, Nimzovich-Rubinstein, 35 moves, 1-0

Prelim 2
M Fox vs Adolph Regen, 1936
(C12) French, McCutcheon, 20 moves, 1-0

Prelim 2, Round 2 (Sunday, August 16): ACF Yearbook
Dake vs S Bernstein, 1936
(D31) Queen's Gambit Declined, 35 moves, 1-0

Prelim 2, Round 9 (Thursday, August 20)
S S Cohen vs M Fox, 1936
(B03) Alekhine's Defense, 27 moves, 0-1

Prelim 3: CR, 1937:19
S Mlotkowski vs R Willman, 1936
(B20) Sicilian, 43 moves, 0-1

Prelim 3: CR: 1936.10.241
S Mlotkowski vs B Winkelman, 1936
(C29) Vienna Gambit, 35 moves, 0-1

Prelim 3: CR, 1936:258
D H Mugridge vs M L Hanauer, 1936
(D26) Queen's Gambit Accepted, 29 moves, 1-0

Prelim 3: WP 1936.10.25
D H Mugridge vs M Stark, 1936
(C00) French Defense, 29 moves, 1/2-1/2

Prelim 3: CR, 1937:19
D S Polland vs R Willman, 1936
(A27) English, Three Knights System, 45 moves, 1-0

Prelim 3, raound and date unknown: Philadelphia Inquirer, 1936]
M Stark vs B Winkelman, 1936
(A46) Queen's Pawn Game, 49 moves, 0-1

Prelim 3, Round and date unknonw: WP 1936.10.04
George John Weimar vs M Stark, 1936
(C12) French, McCutcheon, 40 moves, 0-1

Prelim 3: Washington Post, October 18, 1936
B Winkelman vs D H Mugridge, 1936
(A51) Budapest Gambit, 37 moves, 0-1

Prelim 3" CR 1936:257
B Winkelman vs G N Treysman, 1936 
(A52) Budapest Gambit, 22 moves, 0-1

Prelim 3, Round 1 (Saturday, August 15): WP 1936.09.27
M Stark vs F B Arnold, 1936 
(D67) Queen's Gambit Declined, Orthodox Defense, Bd3 line, 37 moves, 1-0

Prelim 3, Round 4 (Monday, August 17): CR, 1936:257
M L Hanauer vs D S Polland, 1936 
(A34) English, Symmetrical, 14 moves, 1-0

Prelim 3, Round 6 (Tuesday, August 18): Wash Post 1936.09.13
B D Bolden vs M Stark, 1936
(D18) Queen's Gambit Declined Slav, Dutch, 49 moves, 0-1

Prelim 3, Round 6 (Tuesday, August 18): Wash. Post, 1936.10.11
D H Mugridge vs George John Weimar, 1936
(C26) Vienna, 40 moves, 1-0

Prelim 3, Round 7 (Tuesday, August 18)
F B Arnold vs M L Hanauer, 1936 
(A51) Budapest Gambit, 5 moves, 0-1

Prelim 3, Round 7 (Tuesday,A ugust 18): Wash. Post 1936.10.11
M Stark vs M M Leysens, 1936
(D37) Queen's Gambit Declined, 43 moves, 1/2-1/2

Prelim 3, Round 10: CR 1937.03:71
M L Hanauer vs G N Treysman, 1936 
(D05) Queen's Pawn Game, 29 moves, 1-0

Prelim 3, Round 13 (Saturday, August 22): Wash. Post 1936.09.27
G N Treysman vs D H Mugridge, 1936
(D30) Queen's Gambit Declined, 43 moves, 1/2-1/2

Prelim 3, Round 13 (Saturday,August 22):Wash. Post, 1936.09.05
R Willman vs M Stark, 1936
(C12) French, McCutcheon, 51 moves, 0-1

Prelim 4, round and date uncertain: CR: 1936.10.241
I A Horowitz vs W P McHale, 1936
(B02) Alekhine's Defense, 26 moves, 1-0

Prelim 4, Round 4 (Monday, August 17)" CR: 1936.10.241
H Morton vs D G Weiner, 1936
(D61) Queen's Gambit Declined, Orthodox, Rubinstein Attack, 40 moves, 1-0

Prelim 4, Round 4 (Monday, August 17): CR, 1936.11:258
Santasiere vs H M Woods, 1936 
(A16) English, 26 moves, 1-0

Final, Round 1 (Sunday, August 23): : ACF Yearbook
Dake vs H Morton, 1936
(D83) Grunfeld, Grunfeld Gambit, 52 moves, 1/2-1/2

Championship, Round 1 (Sunday, August 23): CR 1936.09:210
I A Horowitz vs Santasiere, 1936 
(B84) Sicilian, Scheveningen, 38 moves, 1-0

Final, Round 2 (Monday, August 24): CR: 1936.09:210
Kashdan vs I A Horowitz, 1936 
(A09) Reti Opening, 40 moves, 0-1

Final, Round 2 (Monday, August 24): ACF Yearbook
Kupchik vs M L Hanauer, 1936
(A09) Reti Opening, 43 moves, 1/2-1/2

Final, Round 2 (Monday, August 24): Wash. Post, 1936.10.04
D H Mugridge vs M Fox, 1936 
(C15) French, Winawer, 43 moves, 1-0

Final Round 4 (Tuesday, August 25) : ACF Yearbook
S Bernstein vs Denker, 1936
(C79) Ruy Lopez, Steinitz Defense Deferred, 40 moves, 0-1

FInal, Round 4 (Tuesday, August 25)
Dake vs Santasiere, 1936
(D02) Queen's Pawn Game, 57 moves, 1-0

Final, Round 4 (Tuesday, August 25): ACF Yearbook; Lahde 350
Kupchik vs Kashdan, 1936
(D43) Queen's Gambit Declined Semi-Slav, 44 moves, 0-1

Final, Round 4 (Tuesday, August 25): Wash. Post, 1936.09.06
D H Mugridge vs I A Horowitz, 1936 
(C48) Four Knights, 19 moves, 0-1

Final, Round 5 (Tuesday, August 25): ACF Yearbook
Denker vs Dake, 1936
(D44) Queen's Gambit Declined Semi-Slav, 64 moves, 1/2-1/2

Final, Round 5 (Tuesday, August 25)
M Fox vs S Bernstein, 1936
(E10) Queen's Pawn Game, 30 moves, 1-0

Final, Round 5 (Tuesday, August 25): CR 1936.10.241
Kashdan vs D H Mugridge, 1936
(D15) Queen's Gambit Declined Slav, 34 moves, 1/2-1/2

Final, Round 6 (Wednesday, August 26); CR, 1936.11:258
D S Polland vs I A Horowitz, 1936
(C68) Ruy Lopez, Exchange, 24 moves, 0-1

Final, Round 7 (Thursday, August 27): ACF Yearbook
M L Hanauer vs Dake, 1936
(A07) King's Indian Attack, 51 moves, 0-1

Final, Round 7 (Thursday, August 27): CR: 1936.10.240
I A Horowitz vs S Bernstein, 1936 
(E10) Queen's Pawn Game, 38 moves, 1-0

Final, Round 7 (Thursday, August 27): Lahde 352
Kashdan vs D S Polland, 1936
(C86) Ruy Lopez, Worrall Attack, 46 moves, 0-1

Final, Round 7 (Thursday, August 27): Wash. Post 1936.11.10
Santasiere vs D H Mugridge, 1936
(A08) King's Indian Attack, 31 moves, 0-1

Final, Round 8 (Thursday, August 27): Lahde 355
S Bernstein vs Kashdan, 1936
(B13) Caro-Kann, Exchange, 32 moves, 0-1

Final, Round 8 (THursday, August 27): CSM1936.09.15
Dake vs I A Horowitz, 1936
(D13) Queen's Gambit Declined Slav, Exchange Variation, 67 moves, 1-0

Final, Round 8 (Thursday, August 27): ACF Yearbook
Denker vs M L Hanauer, 1936
(D10) Queen's Gambit Declined Slav, 34 moves, 1-0

Final, Round 9 (Friday, August 28): ACF Yearbook
I A Horowitz vs Denker, 1936
(E21) Nimzo-Indian, Three Knights, 49 moves, 1-0

Final, Round 10 (Saturday, August 29) ACF Yearbook
S Bernstein vs D H Mugridge, 1936
(D02) Queen's Pawn Game, 45 moves, 1-0

Final, Round 10 (Saturday, August 29): : Lahde 353
Denker vs Kashdan, 1936
(D52) Queen's Gambit Declined, 27 moves, 1/2-1/2

Final. Round 11 (Sunday, August 30): Lahde 354
Kashdan vs M Fox, 1936
(D16) Queen's Gambit Declined Slav, 18 moves, 1-0

Final, Round 11 (Sunday, August 30): ACF Yearbook
D H Mugridge vs Dake, 1936
(B40) Sicilian, 54 moves, 1-0

Final, Round 11 (Sunday, August 30): CR, 1937:17
Santasiere vs D S Polland, 1936
(A20) English, 27 moves, 1-0

Consolation, Round 3: Wash. Post, 1936.09.05
M Stark vs W P McHale, 1936
(D15) Queen's Gambit Declined Slav, 45 moves, 1-0

59 games

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