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US Open 1921, Cleveland = 22nd Western Champ.
Compiled by Phony Benoni
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<22nd Western Championship Cleveland, Ohio
October 5-13, 1921>

A move even further east had no effect on the final result, as Edward Lasker won his third title in a row and fifth in six years.

The event was held at the Hotel Hollenden, and organized by the City Club of Cleveland. Hermann Helms served as referee and tournament director.

Rounds were scheduled as follows:

Round 1: Wednesday, October 5
Rounds 2-3: Thursday, October 6
Round 4: Friday, October 7
Rounds 5-6: Saturday, October 8
Rest Day: Sunday, October 9
Rounds 7-8: Monday, October 10
Round 9: Tuesday, October 11
Rounds 10-11: Wednesday, October 12

Hours of play were 9:00 AM - 1:00 PM and, on the days requiring two rounds, 2:30 PM - 6:30 PM. The time limit was 20 moves in one hour.

Remaining adjournments were finished on Thursday, October 13. These included the crucial finish of H H Hahlbohm vs Ed. Lasker, 1921, in which a win for Hahlbohm would have produced a three-way tie for first. Instead, Lasker squeaked in ahead of the onrushing Factor, who won his last seven games in a row.

A couple of recent immigrants and future champions showed up for the first time: Samuel D. Factor, in his second U.S. tournament and Leon Stolzenberg in his first. Norman T. Whitaker enhanced his reputation by the following incident, quoted from the ACB:

<"The time limit, which was that in vogue at most of the leading clubs, namely 20 moves an hour straight, was found, every now and then, to be a bit too fast for some of the competitors and, on a number of occasions, the referee was busy watching the final seconds of the hour being ticked off by the clock. There was a number of very narrow escapes and notably that of Hahlbohm in his game with Whitaker in the second round. This was one of the most interesting incidents of the tournament. Very much like a runner making for the plate in a baseball game, Hahlbohm was declared "safe" at the end of the first hour. Whitaker, under the impression that the hour had been exceeded, demurred, but his claim was diallowed.

"Undismayed by the adverse decision, however, he induced his opponent the following day to consent to a replay of the game from the 21st move--somewhat unusual, to say the least, but agreed to by the officials only after the unanimous consent of all the players had been obtained in the interests of harmony. The ending was played a second time at the first opportunity with the result that Hahlbohm, extricating himself cleverly from what appeared to be dangerous complications, won even more quickly.

After this, Whitaker had no reason to dispute that he had been doubly and fairly beaten, and this he acknowledged manfully. In view of the fact that he thus scored losses in the first two rounds, his feat of finishing in fourth place must be regarded as one of the best performances of the congress.">

Which proves, I guess, that Whitaker was a tougher player to beat than Alekhine. You had to beat him not just in the opening, the middlegame, and the endgame, but in the replay as well.

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 1 Edward Lasker X = = 1 1 = 1 1 1 1 1 1 9.5 2 Samuel D Factor = X 1 0 = 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 9.0 3 Herman H Hahlbohm = 0 X 1 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 8.5 4 Norman Tweed Whitaker 0 1 0 X 1 1 1 1 1 = = 1 8.0 5 Leon Stolzenberg 0 = 0 0 X 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 7.5 6 John Taliaferro Beckner = 0 1 0 0 X = 1 1 1 0 1 6.0 7 Wilbur Lyttleton Moorman 0 0 0 0 0 = X 1 0 = 1 1 4.0 8 Hugo Hoffman 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 X 1 1 1 = 3.5 9 Samuel Heyman Shapiro 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 X = 1 1 3.5 10 Bruno A Czaikowski 0 0 0 = 0 0 = 0 = X = = 2.5 11 Elliott E Stearns 0 0 0 = 0 1 0 0 0 = X = 2.5 12 John H Norris 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 = 0 = = X 1.5

Daily reports are quite confusing since they mix results from scheduled and adjourned games. Often, a game is not mentioned until its adjournment is played off several days later. I believe the following is accurate, but any corrections or additions are welcome:

Round 1 (Wednesday, October 5): Lasker 1 Whitaker; Factor 1 Beckner; Stolzenberg 1 Norris; Hoffman 1 Shapiro; Czaikowski 1/2 Moorman; Stearns 0 Hahlbohm

Round 2 (Thursday, October 6): Whitaker 0 Hahlbohm (replayed on 1 0/10); Moorman 1 Stearns; Shapiro 1/2 Czaikowski; Norris 1/2 Hoffman; Beckner 0 Stolzenberg; Lasker 1/2 Factor

Round 3 (Thursday, October 6): Factor 0 Whitaker; Stolzenberg 0 Lasker; Hoffman 0 Beckner; Czaikowski 1/2 Norris; Stearns 0 Shapiro; Hahlbohm 1 Moorman

Round 4 (Friday, October 7): Whitaker 1 Moorman; Shapiro 0 Hahlbohm; Norris 1/2 Stearns; Beckner 1 Czaikowski; Lasker 1 Hoffman; Factor 1/2 Stolzenberg

Round 5 (Saturday, October 8): Stolzenberg 0 Whitaker; Hoffman 0 Factor; Czaikowski 0 Lasker; Stearns 1 Beckner; Hahlbohm 1 Norris; Moorman 0 Shapiro

Round 6 (Saturday, October 8): Whitaker 1 Shapiro; Norris 0 Moorman; Beckner 1 Hahlbohm; Lasker 1 Stearns; Factor 1 Czaikowski;;Stolzenberg 1 Hoffman

Round 7 (Monday, October 10): Hoffman 0 Whitaker; Czaikowski 0 Stolzenberg; Stearns 0 Factor; Hahlbohm 1/2 Lasker; Moorman 1/2 Beckner; Shapiro 1 Norris

Round 8 (Monday, October 10): Whitaker 1 Norris; Beckner 1 Shapiro; Lasker 1 Moorman; Factor 1 Hahlbohm; Stolzenberg 1 Stearns; Hoffman 1 Czaikowski. Also, replay of Whitaker 0 Hahlbohm (round 2) completed today

Round 9 (Tuesday, October 11): Czaikowski 1/2 Whitaker; Stearns 0 Hoffman; Hahlbohm 1 Stolzenberg; Moorman 0 Factor; Shapiro 0 Lasker; Norris 0 Beckner

Round 10 (Wednesday, October 12): Whitaker 1 Beckner; Lasker 1 Norris; Factor 1 Shapiro; Stolzenberg 1 Moorman; Hoffman 0 Hahlbohm; Czaikowski 1/2 Stearns

Round 11 (Wednesday, October 12): Stearns 1/2 Whitaker; Hahlbohm 1 Czaikowski; Moorman 1 Hoffman; Shapiro 0 Stolzenberg; Norris 0 Factor; Beckner 1/2 Lasker

A minor tournament was won by Dr. Joseph G. Furton of Akron, Ohio, with a score of 7-0.

The players indulge in their second-favorite pastime in Cleveland: http://books.google.com/books?id=Da... (key on the next page)

Elliott E Stearns, just because I happened to find it while trying to figure out how many "T"'s he had in his first name: http://books.google.com/books?id=b0...

-----

Sources

American Chess Bulletin, November 1921, p.177-185; March-April 1922, p. 82.

Chess Results 1921-1930 / Gino di Felice, p.11.

New York Times, daily reports

Shady side : the life and crimes of Norman Tweed Whitaker, chessmaster, by John Hilbert. Yorklyn, DE : Caissa Editions, 2000. SS

Washington Post, daily reports

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PREVIOUS: Game Collection: US Open 1920, Memphis = 21st Western Champ.

NEXT: Game Collection: US Open 1922, Louisville = 23rd Western Champ.

SEE ALSO: Game Collection: US Open Tournament Index

Round 1 (Wednesday, October 5): ACB 1921:184
Factor vs J T Beckner, 1921
(C84) Ruy Lopez, Closed, 59 moves, 1-0

Round 1 (Wednesday, October 5): ACB 1921:185
Ed. Lasker vs N Whitaker, 1921 
(C01) French, Exchange, 42 moves, 1-0

Round 1 (Wednesday, October 5): Plain Dealer, 1921.10.09
E E Stearns vs H H Hahlbohm, 1921
(D02) Queen's Pawn Game, 23 moves, 0-1

Round 2 (Thursday, October 6): Plain Dealer, 1921.12.11
Ed. Lasker vs Factor, 1921
(C42) Petrov Defense, 68 moves, 1/2-1/2

Round 2 replay (Monday, October 10): ACB, 1921, p.185
N Whitaker vs H H Hahlbohm, 1921 
(A02) Bird's Opening, 31 moves, 0-1

Round 2 (Thursday, October 6): ACB, 1921, p.185
N Whitaker vs H H Hahlbohm, 1921
(A02) Bird's Opening, 44 moves, 0-1

Round 3 (Thursdqay, October 6): ACB 1921:184
Factor vs N Whitaker, 1921 
(C88) Ruy Lopez, 18 moves, 0-1

Round 3 (Thursday, October 6): Phil Inquirer10/30; ACB 1922:82
L Stolzenberg vs Ed. Lasker, 1921 
(B01) Scandinavian, 35 moves, 0-1

Round 4 (Friday, October 7): Plain Dealer 10.14; ACB 1921:184
J T Beckner vs B Czaikowski, 1921
(C41) Philidor Defense, 25 moves, 1-0

Round 5 (Saturday, October 8): Plain Dealer, 1921.10.12
B Czaikowski vs Ed. Lasker, 1921
(D39) Queen's Gambit Declined, Ragozin, Vienna Variation, 63 moves, 0-1

Round 5 (Saturday, October 8): Plain Dealter, 1921.10.14
E E Stearns vs J T Beckner, 1921
(D60) Queen's Gambit Declined, Orthodox Defense, 32 moves, 1-0

Round 6 (Saturday, October 8): ACB 1921:185
J T Beckner vs H H Hahlbohm, 1921
(C43) Petrov, Modern Attack, 33 moves, 1-0

Round 6 (Saturday, October 8): Plain Dealer, 1921.10.23
Ed. Lasker vs E E Stearns, 1921
(A46) Queen's Pawn Game, 50 moves, 1-0

Round 6 (Saturday, October 8): Plain Dealter 1921.11.06
L Stolzenberg vs Hugo Hoffman, 1921
(C54) Giuoco Piano, 31 moves, 1-0

Round 7 (Monday, October 10): ACB 1921:185
H H Hahlbohm vs Ed. Lasker, 1921
(D63) Queen's Gambit Declined, Orthodox Defense, 62 moves, 1/2-1/2

Round 7 (Monday, October 10): Plain Dealer, 1921.11.17
W Moorman vs J T Beckner, 1921
(C45) Scotch Game, 38 moves, 1/2-1/2

Round 8 (Monday, October 10): Plain Dealer, 1921.11.13
Ed. Lasker vs W Moorman, 1921 
(C41) Philidor Defense, 33 moves, 1-0

Round 8 (Monday, October 10): ACB 1921:185; Plain Dealer 10/16
L Stolzenberg vs E E Stearns, 1921
(C02) French, Advance, 39 moves, 1-0

Round 8 (Monday, October 10): Plain Dealter 1921:10.13
N Whitaker vs J Norris, 1921
(C42) Petrov Defense, 21 moves, 1-0

Round 9 (Tuesday, October 11): ACB 1921:185; Plain Dealer 10/16
B Czaikowski vs N Whitaker, 1921
(D51) Queen's Gambit Declined, 36 moves, 1/2-1/2

Round 10 (Wednesday, October 12)L Plain Dealer 1921.10.16
Factor vs S H Shapiro, 1921
(C66) Ruy Lopez, 31 moves, 1-0

Round 10 (Wednesday, October 12): Plain Dealer, 1921.10.13
Ed. Lasker vs J Norris, 1921 
(D05) Queen's Pawn Game, 27 moves, 1-0

Round 11 (Wednesday, October 12): ACB 1921:185
J T Beckner vs Ed. Lasker, 1921
(C66) Ruy Lopez, 41 moves, 1/2-1/2

Round 11 (Wednesday, October 12): ACB p.184, Plain Dealer 11/20
E E Stearns vs N Whitaker, 1921
(D63) Queen's Gambit Declined, Orthodox Defense, 90 moves, 1/2-1/2

Round 11 (Wednesday, October 12):L Plain Dealer 1921.11.06
E E Stearns vs S H Shapiro, 1921
(D60) Queen's Gambit Declined, Orthodox Defense, 49 moves, 0-1

25 games

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