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Daniel Harrwitz vs Adolf Anderssen
Anderssen - Harrwitz (1848), Breslau GER, rd 8
Ponziani Opening: Spanish Variation. Harrwitz Attack Nikitin Gambit (C44)  ·  1-0



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Kibitzer's Corner
Nov-15-04  Knight13: Very skillful game by Harrwitz. I liked his pawn attacks. And the way he attacked the king.

27. g4! 20. Nxc7!

Feb-14-20  Mini Morphy: Yes, Harrwitz, almost a Morphy!
Premium Chessgames Member
  Honza Cervenka: The first serious mistake of black was 14...Nce7. Instead of that black should have played 14...Bxf3! 15.Rxf3 Nd4 with decisive advantage. Now white cannot play 16.Rf1 for 16...Ne2 with a deadly threat Ng3+, and 16.Rh3 Qg4 is apparently hopeless too.

In the game after 15.b4! black was suddenly facing very unpleasant situation but there was still a sufficient defence in 15...Be3! 16.Bxe3 a6! 17.Bf4 [or 17.Bxa6 Nxe3 18.Bxb7+ Kxb7 19.Qb5+ Kc8 20.Qa6+ Kd7 21.Qa4+, and black must agree with repetition after 21...Kc8, as 21...Kd6? 22.c5+ Kxd5 23.Nc3+ leads to winning attack, for example 23...Kc4 24.Qb3 Kd3 25.Nd5+ Ke4 26.Nd2+ Ke5 27.Qxe3+ Kxd5 28.Qe4# or 23...Ke6 24.Rae1 Nf5 25.Qc6+ Ke7 26.Qxc7+ Ke8 (26...Rd7 27.Nd5+ Ke8 28.Qe5+ +-) 27.Nb5 Rd7 28.Nd6+ Nxd6 29.Rxe3+ Be6 30.Qc6 Nc4 31.Rxe6+ fxe6 32.Qc8+ Rd8 33.Qxe6+ +-; also 17.Bxa6 Nxe3 18.Re1 Bxf3 leads to mutually forced perpetual] 17...Ng6! (diagram)

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18.Bxa6 (White cannot retreat with his DS Bishop due to Ng3+) 18...Nxf4! (of course, 18...bxa6?? loses) 19.Qc6 (19.Bxb7+ forces perpetual check too, as black King cannot escape from checks via e7 due to heavy material losses) 19...Ng3+ 20.Kg1 Nge2+ 21.Kh1 [21.Kf2? Rde8! 22.Qxb7+ Kd8 23.Qb8+ Ke7 24.Qxc7+ Kf8 25.c5 (covering threat of mate on d3; 25.Ke1 Bxf3 26.gxf3 Nc3+ 27.Kd2 Qxh2+ 28.Kxc3 Ne2 and 29...Qxc7 -+) 25...Bxf3 26.Qd6+ Kg8 27.Qc6 Qh4+ 28.g3 Qxh2+ 29.Ke1 Qxg3+ 30.Kd2 Rd8! 31.Nc3 (31.Bc4 Bxd5 32.Bvd5 Qd3+ 33.Ke1 Nxd5 -+) 31...Bxd5 32.Nxd5 Qc3+ 33.Kd1 Nxd5 34.Kxe2 Nf4+ 35.Rxf4 Rd2+ 36.Ke1 Rc2+ with mate in next move.] 21...Ng3+ =.

Instead of that black played 15...Bd4? and got an objectively lost position but then Harrwitz played imprecise 22.Bf4+? instead of quiet but decisive 22.Rae1 with a threat of Bf4+ giving black a chance to come back into the game after 22...Ke6 23.Rae1+ Kf6! 24.Bc7+ Nf5 (diagram)

click for larger view

Now after 25.Qa5 with a threat Qb6+ black has simple 25...Kg6, which unpins the Knight and creates some counter-threats like Ng3+, for example 26.Qb6+ f6 27.Bxd8 Ng3+ 28.Kg1 Nxf1 29.Rxf1 Qg5 30.Bc7 Re8 and black is alright. 25.Bxd8 Rxd8 just leaves black with two minors for the Rook, though white has probably enough compensation here to keep balance thanks to active Rooks and a bit shaky position of black King. Of course, after 23...Be2?? 24.Rf2 black is lost.

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