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William Crane vs Albert Edward Wallace
Wallace - Crane (1893), Sydney AUS, rd 14, Oct-04
Ponziani Opening: General (C44)  ·  1/2-1/2



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Kibitzer's Corner
Oct-05-15  optimal play: <<<<<<<<Chess>

Championship of Australia.>

The match between Messrs. Wallace and Crane was resumed at the Hotel Australia last night when Mr. Crane began the fourteenth game with the Ponziani opening.

Play was adjourned at white's 26th move.>

- The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW) issue Thursday 5 October 1893 page 3>

Owing to the ill health of Mr. Crane play was suspended on Saturday and Tuesday last, but was resumed on Wednesday.>

- The Sydney Mail and New South Wales Advertiser (NSW) issue Saturday 7 October 1893>

The adjourned fourteenth game was continued on Saturday night at the Hotel Australia.

At the 29th move Mr. Crane missed a chance of getting what looked like a winning attack, for had he played 29. R from K 5 to K 4, it is difficult to discover a defence to Black's position.>

- The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW) issue Monday 9 October 1893 page 3>

Oct-05-15  optimal play: <<<<<Chess Championship>

We publish below the fourteenth game, which is not uninteresting.

Mr. Crane got a good opening, and weakened and isolated his opponent's Queen's wing pawns. He failed, however, at the critical moment — move 29 — to utilise his advantage, and Mr. Wallace, who played well in a difficult position, managed to equalise the game and draw.>

Fourteenth Game. Ponziani Opening.>


The best defence according to the books.


Or 5... P to B 3, recommended by Steinitz.


7... Q to Q 3 is usually played.


Better than 9. B to Kt 5, which would be met with 9... P takes B ; 10. Q takes K P ch ; Kt to K 2 ; 11. Q takes R ; Kt to B 3, and White has gained a loss.

<(9.Bb4 cxb4 10.Qxe4+ Ne7 11.Qxa8 Nc6)>

click for larger view


If 14... Castles, which White is trying to prevent, Black clearly loses a piece.


Much stronger would have been 21. R to K sq, which limits the Black K to the Queen's side.


If 23... Kt takes Kt ; 24. R to K B 4 ; Kt to Q 6 ; 25. R takes Q ch ; P takes R ; 26. Q to R 5, &c.

<(23...Nxe5 24.Rf4 Nd3 25.Rxf5+ exf5 26.Qh5+)>

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A powerful move if rightly continued.


A precipitated capture; he should have continued with 29. R (K 5) to K 4 ; Q takes R P ; 30. P to B 5, and Black has no good defence.

<(29.R5e4 Qxa2 30.f5)>

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The right reply; if 29... R takes R ; 30. Q takes R ch ; Q takes Q ; 31. R takes Q ; R to Q 7 ; 32. P to Kt 3, and with a winning end position.

<(29...Rxe6 30.Qxe6+ Qxe6 31.Rxe6 Rd2 32.b3)>

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<30.R6e4> (2 hours)

<30...Qxa2> (1 hour 54 minutes)

<45.Qe5+> (2 hours 58 minutes)

The exchange of Queens leads to an interesting pawn fight, in which White has the better chance of winning.

<45...Kg6> (2 hours 51 minutes)


The best move to force the draw was Q takes Q ch, and in the race to Queen a pawn black gets in first.

<51.Qf5> (3 hours 37 minutes)

The repetition of checks is to get even with the clocks.

<51...Kg7> (2 hours 57 minutes)

After a few more moves the game was drawn.>

- The Sydney Mail and New South Wales Advertiser (NSW) issue Saturday 14 October 1893>

Wallace (8/14)

½ ½ ½ 0 1 1 ½ ½ ½ 0 1 ½ 1 ½

Crane (6/14)

½ ½ ½ 1 0 0 ½ ½ ½ 1 0 ½ 0 ½

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Game 14/16
from 1893 Wallace-Crane Australian Title Match by optimal play

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