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Paul Schmidt
P Schmidt 
Number of games in database: 131
Years covered: 1933 to 1950

Overall record: +50 -35 =46 (55.7%)*
   * Overall winning percentage = (wins+draws/2) / total games in the database.

With the White pieces:
 Sicilian (10) 
    B92 B73 B94 B84 B71
 Nimzo Indian (8) 
    E23 E32 E47 E29 E20
 Orthodox Defense (7) 
    D55 D61 D52
 Queen's Indian (5) 
    E15 E16 E17 E19
 Ruy Lopez (5) 
    C84 C79 C91
 Slav (5) 
    D17 D11 D19
With the Black pieces:
 French Defense (7) 
    C02 C13 C11 C14 C07
 Slav (7) 
    D17 D11 D18 D19
 Semi-Slav (5) 
    D44 D49
 Sicilian (5) 
    B72 B70 B20 B74
 Sicilian Dragon (4) 
    B72 B70 B74
 Queen's Gambit Declined (4) 
    D39 D31 D37
Repertoire Explorer

NOTABLE GAMES: [what is this?]
   P F Schmidt vs H Nowarra, 1941 1-0
   P F Schmidt vs T Regedzinski, 1941 1-0
   Flohr vs P F Schmidt, 1937 0-1
   P F Schmidt vs Stoltz, 1942 1-0
   Keres vs P F Schmidt, 1936 0-1
   P F Schmidt vs L Endzelins, 1936 1-0
   P F Schmidt vs J Turn, 1936 1-0
   Bogoljubov vs P F Schmidt, 1943 0-1
   P F Schmidt vs B H Wood, 1949 1-0
   K Junge vs P F Schmidt, 1942 1/2-1/2

NOTABLE TOURNAMENTS: [what is this?]
   Parnu (1937)
   Salzburg (1942)
   Salzburg (1943)
   Hoogovens (1949)

GAME COLLECTIONS: [what is this?]
   Salzburg 1942 by suenteus po 147
   Salzburg 1942 by JoseTigranTalFischer
   Hastings 1948/49 by suenteus po 147
   Hastings 1948/1949 by WCC Editing Project
   99_2nd General Government (1941), Warsaw+Crakow by whiteshark
   Parnu 1937 by suenteus po 147
   Tallinn 1935 Mustpeade Club 75th Jubilee by jessicafischerqueen

Search Sacrifice Explorer for Paul Schmidt
Search Google for Paul Schmidt

(born Aug-20-1916, died Aug-11-1984, 67 years old) Estonia (federation/nationality United States of America)

[what is this?]
Paul Felix Schmidt was born in Narva, Estonia. He was Estonian champion in 1936 and 1937, and won the strong international Parnu (1937) tournament. He was German Champion in 1941, sharing 1st with Klaus Junge and later beating him in a playoff match for the title. FIDE awarded him the IM title in 1950. In 1951 he earned a PhD in Science and went to live in the USA. He passed away in Allentown in 1984.

Wikipedia article: Paul Felix Schmidt

 page 1 of 6; games 1-25 of 131  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves YearEvent/LocaleOpening
1. P Schmidt vs Keres  1-0601933EST-chE23 Nimzo-Indian, Spielmann
2. P Schmidt vs T Bergs  1-0341935Mustpeade Club 75th JubileeE20 Nimzo-Indian
3. Keres vs P Schmidt 0-1351935Mustpeade Club 75th JubileeC02 French, Advance
4. P Schmidt vs E E Book  ½-½201935Mustpeade Club 75th JubileeE23 Nimzo-Indian, Spielmann
5. G Friedemann vs P Schmidt  1-0381935Mustpeade Club 75th JubileeD44 Queen's Gambit Declined Semi-Slav
6. P Schmidt vs L Endzelins  1-0251936International Olympic trainingE43 Nimzo-Indian, Fischer Variation
7. H Kalnins vs P Schmidt  0-1331936International Olympic trainingD90 Grunfeld
8. P Schmidt vs J Turn 1-0201936EstoniaA12 English with b3
9. P Schmidt vs Keres  0-1471936Parnu mE00 Queen's Pawn Game
10. Keres vs P Schmidt 0-1301936Parnu mA25 English
11. P Schmidt vs Keres  ½-½261936Parnu mA14 English
12. Keres vs P Schmidt 0-1351936Parnu mA25 English
13. P Schmidt vs Keres  1-0331936EstoniaC01 French, Exchange
14. Keres vs P Schmidt 1-0381936Parnu mC02 French, Advance
15. P Schmidt vs Keres 0-1391936Parnu mE67 King's Indian, Fianchetto
16. P Schmidt vs P List  0-1301936International Olympic trainingA51 Budapest Gambit
17. Keres vs P Schmidt  1-0391936Tallinn ttD40 Queen's Gambit Declined, Semi-Tarrasch
18. P Schmidt vs Keres 1-0591937ParnuD06 Queen's Gambit Declined
19. Flohr vs P Schmidt 0-1401937ParnuA28 English
20. P Schmidt vs F Villard  1-0521937ParnuD11 Queen's Gambit Declined Slav
21. I Raud vs P Schmidt 0-1281937ParnuB17 Caro-Kann, Steinitz Variation
22. P Schmidt vs Stahlberg 0-1401937ParnuD17 Queen's Gambit Declined Slav
23. K Opocensky vs P Schmidt  0-1411937ParnuD11 Queen's Gambit Declined Slav
24. P Schmidt vs Tartakower ½-½371937ParnuE67 King's Indian, Fianchetto
25. P Schmidt vs E Sorensen  1-0311937Stockholm OlympiadE16 Queen's Indian
 page 1 of 6; games 1-25 of 131  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2) | Schmidt wins | Schmidt loses  

Kibitzer's Corner
< Earlier Kibitzing  · PAGE 2 OF 2 ·  Later Kibitzing>
Aug-24-06  Mibelz: <Runemaster> During WW II, Paul Felix Schmidt played in the strongest chess tournaments in Europe. In August 1940, he took 2nd, behind Georg Kieninger, in Bad Oeynhausen (7th GER-ch).

In August 1941, he tied for 1st with Klaus Junge in Bad Oeynhausen (8th GER-ch), and won a play-off match for the title against Junge (+3 –0 =1) in Bromberg. In October 1941, he tied for 1st with Alexander Alekhine at Krakow/Warsaw (2nd GG-ch).

In June 1942, he tied for 3rd-4th with Junge, behind Alekhine, and Keres, in Salzburg.

In June 1943, he took 3rd, behind Keres and Alekhine, in Salzburg. In August 1943, he took 2nd, behind Josef Lokvenc, in Vienna (10th GER-ch).

Feb-23-07  suenteus po 147: Here's a little treat: Game Collection: Parnu 1937

Schmidt won this event against some fairly recognizable names. I'm curious if anyone has any additional historical information about the tournament beyond what I've already been able to piece together from my cursory research. It's much appreciated :)

Feb-23-07  Ziggurat: Great stuff <suenteus>! Thanks!
Feb-23-07  Maatalkko: Thanks <suenteus>. A world-class competitor I never heard of! Every time I think I know them all, a new one is uncovered.
Oct-11-07  Whack8888: I met a guy who I think knew this guy after he moved to America. I am not sure which college he taught at, but I think it might have been Bryn Mawr. It might have been another Philadelphia school. I was talking to the guy about chess, and he said he was into chess a while back, and then mentioned that he knew a Paul Schmidt from Estonia who was really good. I vaguely remembered the name because a game between him and Keres is in the Keres book Grandmaster of Chess.

I had actually told the guy that he was a lot older than Keres, but I see that is inaccurate. They were the same age.

Maybe if I talk to the guy a bit more, I can get some stories etc. from him but so far he has just said how Schmidt would walk by all the students playing chess, and just would only glance over at the games and never comment, like he was trying not to watch them. Apparantly, he got the entire place into chess, which is awesome.

<Highest Rating: 2696 on the December 1943 rating list, #9 in world, age 27y4m>

Thanks Gypsy! I was trying to tell the guy how good this guy was, but I didnt really know for sure. I knew he was top notch, as one would have to be to win the Estonian Championship, but I didnt know how he compared internationally. I bet the guy will be shocked when he finds out he knew someone who was at one point approximately #9 in the world!

Aug-20-08  whiteshark: Bio:

In 1951, he earned a PhD in chemistry from Heidelberg, and moved to Canada, then to the USA.


'Keres vs Schmidt, Munich 1936':

Noordwijk 1938:

Jun-08-09  Marmot PFL: He wrote a nice book, How Chessmasters Think (Schachmeister denken) translated by Eric Tangborn, and dedicated to his friend Klaus Junge.
Premium Chessgames Member
  Breunor: Soltis' chess column today is about a famous game he played against his father - Soltis says that William Harstein recommended that game (to director Michael Bennett) for the basis of a play called 'Chess' that unfortunately never got produced.
Premium Chessgames Member
  GrahamClayton: <breunor>Soltis' chess column today is about a famous game he played against his father - Soltis says that William Harstein recommended that game (to director Michael Bennett) for the basis of a play called 'Chess' that unfortunately never got produced.

Here is the game in question (location and date unknown)

click for larger view

White mates with 1.♕h6+ ♔h6 2.hg6+ ♔g5 3.♖h5+ ♔h5 4.f4+ ♘e2 5.♘f6+ ♔h6 6.♖h1+ ♔g7 7.♘e8+ ♖e8 8.♖h7+ ♔f8 9.♖f7#

This position was used in the game Sergievsky-Viigand from "CHESS - The Musical"

The original Schmidt game was featured in the 2nd edition of "Secrets of Spectacular Chess" by Jonathan Levitt and David Friedgood. Their comment on the game is "A twentieth century answer to the Evergreen game, involving extreme paradox of material, with three sacrifices on empty squares."

Dec-07-09  Alan McGowan: The position shown under the Nov 13, 2009 entry appeared in the English chess magazine 'Chess', June 1947, p 288. There, it was stated, presumably by the editor B.H. Wood: 'K. Richter sends us a superb finish to a game played by P. Schmidt in Heidelberg last year. Schmidt is the Esthonian (sic] international and great rival of Keres, who opted for German citizenship early in the war.'

The wording is quite clear, and nowhere does it say that K. Richter was involved in the game. However, this position has often been shown, wrongly, as being played between P. Schmidt and Kurt Richter, one example being 'The Art of Attack in Chess' by Vuković, published by Pergamon Press in 1965.

Dr Paul Tröger in his book 'Aus meinen Tagebüchern' (Beyer-Verlag) gives the above position on p 33, with some text on p 35, stating that the game was played between Schmidt and Richter at the German Championship at Bad Oeynhausen 1940. It wasn't. Richter was White in that game, which was drawn.

Levitt and Friedgood, in 'Secrets of Spectacular Chess' (Batsford,1995) give the position on p 126, stating that it was played between P.F. Schmidt and P.R. Schmidt, but with no source for their information. Extra black pawns are shown at a2 and b7.

Paul Schmidt studied at Heidelberg after WWII. It is possible that the game was played between him and his father, but I do not know enough about his family situation at the time, and I have not yet been able to find any other confirmed references to the player of the black pieces. All I do know is that it wasn't Kurt Richter!

Dec-07-09  MaxxLange: "Keres, who opted for German citizenship early in the war"

Keres was a chess master, not Batman. In 1941, when the Germans rolled over the Baltic States, he survived, like people have to do do in war. That is not "opting for German citizenship".

Premium Chessgames Member
  GrahamClayton: A miniature from Schmidt that is not in the database:

[Event "?"]
[Site "Heidelberg"]
[Date "1948.??.??"]
[Round "?"]
[White "Schmidt, Paul Felix"]
[Black "Lanterbach"]
[Result "1-0"]

1. d4 ♘f6 2. c4 e6 3. ♘c3 ♗b4 4. e3 O-O 5. ♗d3 ♗xc3+ 6. bxc3 b6 7. e4 d6 8. e5 dxe5 9. dxe5 ♘g4 10. ♘f3 ♗b7 11. h3 ♗xf3

click for larger view

12. ♗xh7+ ♔xh7 13. hxg4+ ♔g8 14. ♕xf3 ♘d7 15. g5 ♖e8 16. ♕h5 ♔f8 17. g6 fxg6 18. ♕xg6 ♔g8 19. ♖h7 1-0

Source: Bill Wall, “500 Indian Miniatures”, Chess Enterprises, Coraopolis, Pennsylvania, 1990

Aug-20-11  whiteshark: <Player of the Day>, again!
Aug-20-11  Caissanist: I believe that the <Chess> excerpt from <Alan McGowan> is saying that it was Schmidt, not Keres, who opted for German citizenship.
Nov-28-11  wordfunph: <Marmot PFL: He wrote a nice book, How Chessmasters Think>

136-page book published by Chess Enterprises in 1988, as reviewed by David De Sousa..

<This book presents 15 Grandmaster's games commented and described play by play, elaborating on the logic development of thinking needed to discover a good move. Is like having the grandmaster thinking aloud as they evaluate every position and play along the game.>

seems a good book..

Aug-20-12  brankat: <(born Aug-20-1916, died Aug-11-1984)>

<Years covered: 1923 to 2005>

Not quite possible :-)

The first game and the last 2 games listed here must have been by another P.F.Schmidt.

Jul-28-13  jerseybob: MaxxLange: Your post of Dec.7,2009 is right on the money despite the mistake with the names.
Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: According to Wiki: <Schmidt emigrated from Estonia to Germany in the autumn of 1939.>

This must have been shortly, if not directly after the Olympiad. Whilst the entire German team was abandoning their nation (or, at least, awaiting wartime developments), Schmidt was climbing aboard. Presumably, he had Baltic German ancestry, but was the primary motive political or pecuniary? Could he have been 'tapped-up' by the German team management in Buenos Aires?

He played a fair amount during the war (his games with Keres must have been interesting affairs), but I guess he would also have been on active service, whether in the RAD (as Junge had been) or the armed forces.

Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: < Could he have been 'tapped-up' by the German team management in Buenos Aires?>

Strange I never thought to check Schmidt's performance in the Olympiad until I read this from Capablanca, in one of a series of articles he wrote for the Argentine paper, <Critica>, during the competition:

<In the match between Estonia and Lithuania [round 13 - MS], Keres played a pretty game and Schmidt scored his second win in the event. Schmidt is the player who, for reasons that are difficult to explain, has been the cause of Estonia's unexpectedly low position; if the team now comes into its own and wins its games, as had been anticipated from the outset, it may still at the last moment be the surprise of the tournament.> Quoted/translated by Winter in his Capablanca book.

Estonia finished in third, 2.5 points behind winners, Germany. Schmidt's performance on third board was easily the worst of the team:

Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: Picture:

Hmmm, dare I say he looks a trifle Jewish?

Sep-20-17  BYODKjiM: Schmidt had a frail constitution, and sometimes got sick when playing in tournament locations. See the 2017 biography "Paul Felix Schmidt / A Winning Formula" for information on his fascinating life and times. Schmidt's book "How Chessmasters Think" is available for Kindle, and just as useful today as when it was first published.
Sep-20-17  BYODKjiM: The aforementioned biography gives the entire story and motivations of Schmidt's move from Estonia to Germany following the Olympiad.
Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: Couldn't you just give us the potted version?
Jan-05-18  vermapulak: some pics from chessbase :-

Apr-26-22  Olavi: The famous position shown by Graham Clayton on Nov 13 09 is, according to personal correspondence between Schmidt and Eero Böök, indeed P.F. Schmidt - P.R. Schmidt (father), Heidelberg 1947, casual game, with wpa2 and bpb3. Black played 1...bxa2 2.Qh6+ etc. Source: Böök in Suomen Shakki 8/1972.
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