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Karel Traxler
Wiener Schachzeitung, Sep-Oct 1915, p 198.
ANNO / Österreichische Nationalbibliothek
Number of games in database: 11
Years covered: 1890 to 1902
Overall record: +9 -1 =1 (86.4%)*
   * Overall winning percentage = (wins+draws/2) / total games.

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C57 Two Knights (2 games)
C49 Four Knights (2 games)

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(born Jan-17-1866, died May-15-1936, 70 years old) Czech Republic

[what is this?]

Czech chessplayer, composer and Catholic priest.

He's famous for the Traxler Counterattack (also known as the Wilkes-Barre Variation) in the Two Knights (C57) : 1.e4 e5 2.♘f3 ♘c6 3.♗c4 ♘f6 4.♘g5 ♗c5. This line was introduced in the famous game J Reinisch vs Traxler, 1890. According to Nick DeFirmian: "4...Bc5!? looks crazy--Black ignores White's threat to f7--yet there is no known refutation of it." (Modern Chess Openings, volume 13)

Wikipedia article: Karel Traxler

Last updated: 2016-08-10 13:04:20

 page 1 of 1; 11 games  PGN Download 
Game  ResultMoves YearEvent/LocaleOpening
1. J Reinisch vs Traxler 0-1171890HostounC57 Two Knights
2. E Mazel vs Traxler 0-1501891PragueC01 French, Exchange
3. J Paclt vs Traxler ½-½471891PragueD35 Queen's Gambit Declined
4. Traxler vs J Hamr 1-0191893CorrespondenceC49 Four Knights
5. Traxler vs R Behal 1-0361894Bohemian Correspondence TtC33 King's Gambit Accepted
6. B Mikyska vs Traxler 0-1181896corrC57 Two Knights
7. Traxler vs A Beck 1-0251900OsykyC43 Petrov, Modern Attack
8. Traxler vs B Prikryl 0-1581900OsykyC50 Giuoco Piano
9. Traxler vs J Samanek 1-0161900OsykyC49 Four Knights
10. J Kotrc vs Traxler 0-1411901Veseli nad LuzniciC29 Vienna Gambit
11. Traxler vs Duras 1-0191902Veseli-MezimostiC54 Giuoco Piano
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2) | Traxler wins | Traxler loses  

Kibitzer's Corner
Premium Chessgames Member
  Honza Cervenka: Karel Traxler (1866 - 1936) was very strong Czech player, but as he was a catholic priest, he rarely played practical chess. In 1896 he invented and used in several games famous "Wilkes-Barre variation" or Traxler Counterattack in Two Knights (C57). He was also an excellent composer of chess problems.
Oct-05-04  fgh: Pretty good winning percentage, I say.
Oct-05-04  juanposong: nice play of traxler. in fact i am collecting this traxler counterattack variation of 2 knights defense.
Premium Chessgames Member
  Willem Wallekers: <Pretty good winning percentage> Where all the games where White played the Traxler Counter Attack with 5. Bxf7+?
Jan-17-09  WhiteRook48: Happy birthday Karel Traxler!
Jan-17-12  brankat: Traxler counterattack is quite something else. Apparently there is still no clear refutation. After a 120 years!

R.I.P. master Karel Traxler.

Apr-15-12  Squash1: I used it once as black,successfully. What fun.
Jan-03-14  Karpova: More on Karel (Karl) Traxler:

At the beginning, Traxler was a chess autodidact. In the light of the <Maturitätsprüfung>, Traxler found the time and courage to write down and study the games of the Vienna 1882 tournament from Falkbeer's 'Wiener Illustrierter Zeitung'. He was studying chess and did his schoolwork, until Lange's book on Morphy outcompeted everything else.

First, he couldn't find chess colleagues in Budweis, and those who were, weren't chess enthusiasts. This changed during his Bohemian <Gymnasialzeit> with chess enthusiasts like Cimburek, Svejda, Vancura and others. They read every chess column, analysed every game and tried to solve every problem they found.

Traxler (p. 298 of the 1891 'Deutsches Wochenschach'): <Es heißt, wer den Musen sich weiht, muß sie lieben lebenslang... auch das Schach hat seine Muse, und wer der Schachgöttin einmal verfällt, ist so umstrickt von ihren Reizen, daß er sie nie und nimmer lassen kann...> (It is said that he, who consecrates to the muses, has to love them for a lifetime... also Chess has its muse, and he who becomes addicted to the chess goddess once, is so ensnared by her charms, that he never ever can let her go...).

His chess life spans now 30 years and he is one of the foremost problemists. Yet,he started out as a practical chess player. But his profession did only allow for corespondence chess and sporadic visits in chess centres like Plzen and Prague.

Once, after a chess expeditions, he was sitting in the cabin and revised his chess combinations on his pocket chess set. A foreign man came along, called Traxler by name and introduced himself. Traxler was surprised, but the man, with a side glance to the chess utensils, said that you couldn't err - He had to be <P. Traxler>. Both started to play and Traxler completely forgot that he had to exit the train.

In between 1886, where he won 1st prize in his group at the II. National Congress in Prague (I. in 1872), and 1902, where he won every game in the <Wessely a. L.> Main tournament ahead of Duras, he proved his playing strength in several tournaments against the best players of Bohemia. A coincidence only prevented him from participating in the Dresden Main tournament 1892 he had registered for.

Many of his games can be found in the 'Ceske Listy Sachove' from 1896 onwards. Among them are two beautiful games he won against Adolf Schwarz during his visit of the Vienna Chess Society on August 17, 1900.

In 1866, Traxler established a chess column in 'Tabor', and was later actively engaged in the compilation of 'Ceske Listy Sachove'and contributed many a good article. Currently, he is editing the chess column of the Vienna 'Delnicke Listy', which he took over from his friend Kotrc.

Traxler was born on January 17, 1866, in Wällischbirken, and has been a priest for many years now in Dub near Wodnian.

Source: Pages 197-199 of the September-October 1915 'Wiener Schachzeitung'

Jan-17-16  TheFocus: Happy birthday, Karelia Traxler.
Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: I've seen several references to games or problems by a <P K Traxler> in contemporary British newspapers. I assume it denotes <Pater (Father) Karel Traxler>.
Apr-07-20  ndg2: Hostouň, we have a problem!

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