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Paris 1900
Compiled by suenteus po 147
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As early as 1851, master chess tournaments had been organized to be played during World's Fairs and Exhibitions. The cities that hosted many of these tournaments that later become famous for their strength and importance included London in 1851 and 1862, Vienna in 1873, and Philadelphia in 1876, but it was Paris that hosted the most, with three tournaments during three Exhibitions, in 1867, 1878, and finally in 1900. This last Exhibition proved to be the final time that an international chess tournament would be organized, after two World Fairs had already been held without chess tournaments, in Paris in 1889 and in Chicago in 1893. The tournament of Paris in 1900 was held from May 17th until June 20th in the Grand Cercle. A significant portion of Paris was used for the World's Fair as the first Metro line was connected to the exhibition area. Among the participants to the tournament were the World Champion Emanuel Lasker, winner of Hastings 1895 Harry Nelson Pillsbury, and James Mason who won the World's Fair tournament in Philadelphia twenty-four years earlier. This tournament also marked the international debut of the American chess master Frank James Marshall. The time control for the tournament was 30 moves in two hours, followed by 15 moves in one hour. Every draw had to be replayed once with the chess masters switching colors and the result of the replayed game standing as the final score of the encounter, win, lose, or draw. Two consultation games were also played as a special event of the tournament. One game decided by forfeit, Miklos Brody's first round loss to Amos Burn, is not included in this collection. Lasker triumphed in one of his greatest tournament victories, drawing quickly against Mikhail Chigorin in the final round to secure first place and losing only one game to the twenty-four year old Marshall. Marshall enjoyed great success at Paris with a shared third with Geza Maróczy behind second place Pillsbury, and he would go on to challenge Lasker for the world title seven years later. Lasker collected 5000 Francs for his win, and the following seven places earned cash prizes as well, though Carl Schlechter was denied one since he scored less wins than either Georg Marco and Jacques Mieses. The top four places also received Sčvres vases, which was a tradition from prize ceremonies during Paris 1867 and 1878, a tradition which sadly ended with this, the last of the World's Fair tournaments.

The final standings and crosstable:

1st Lasker 14˝/16 * 1 0 1 1 ˝ 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

2nd Pillsbury 12˝/16 0 * 0 1 0 1 1 1 1 ˝ 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

=3rd Marshall 12/16 1 1 * 0 1 ˝ ˝ 1 1 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1

=3rd Maróczy 12/16 0 0 1 * 0 ˝ ˝ 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

5th Burn 11/16 0 1 0 1 * 0 1 0 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

6th Chigorin 10˝/16 ˝ 0 ˝ ˝ 1 * 0 1 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

=7th Schlechter 10/16 0 0 ˝ ˝ 0 1 * 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

=7th Marco 10/16 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 * 1 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 1

=7th Mieses 10/16 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 * 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

=10th Showalter 9/16 0 ˝ 1 0 1 1 0 0 0 * 0 ˝ 1 1 1 1 1

=10th Janowski 9/16 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 * 1 1 1 1 1 1

12th Mason 4˝/16 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 ˝ 0 * 1 0 1 1 1

13th Brody 4/16 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 * 1 1 1 1

14th Rosen 3/16 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 * 0 1 1

15th Mortimer 2/16 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 * 0 1

=16th Sterling 1/16 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 * 0

=16th Didier 1/16 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 *


Round One
L Rosen vs Didier, 1900 
(C51) Evans Gambit, 25 moves, 1/2-1/2

G Marco vs Janowski, 1900 
(C67) Ruy Lopez, 46 moves, 0-1

Maroczy vs J Mason, 1900 
(D53) Queen's Gambit Declined, 76 moves, 1-0

J Mieses vs M M Sterling, 1900 
(C26) Vienna, 35 moves, 1-0

J Mortimer vs Marshall, 1900 
(C42) Petrov Defense, 39 moves, 0-1

Schlechter vs Lasker, 1900 
(C50) Giuoco Piano, 49 moves, 0-1

Pillsbury vs Showalter, 1900 
(D60) Queen's Gambit Declined, Orthodox Defense, 52 moves, 1/2-1/2

Round One, Replayed Games
Showalter vs Pillsbury, 1900 
(C67) Ruy Lopez, 45 moves, 1/2-1/2

Didier vs L Rosen, 1900 
(C11) French, 44 moves, 0-1

Round Two
Maroczy vs M Brody, 1900 
(C77) Ruy Lopez, 33 moves, 1/2-1/2

Burn vs M M Sterling, 1900 
(D37) Queen's Gambit Declined, 27 moves, 1-0

Chigorin vs Pillsbury, 1900 
(C43) Petrov, Modern Attack, 37 moves, 0-1

Janowski vs J Mortimer, 1900 
(D35) Queen's Gambit Declined, 53 moves, 1-0

Lasker vs Didier, 1900 
(D37) Queen's Gambit Declined, 30 moves, 1-0

J Mason vs G Marco, 1900 
(C29) Vienna Gambit, 76 moves, 0-1

J Mieses vs L Rosen, 1900 
(C01) French, Exchange, 51 moves, 1-0

Showalter vs Schlechter, 1900 
(C77) Ruy Lopez, 48 moves, 1/2-1/2

Round Two, Replayed Games
M Brody vs Maroczy, 1900 
(C65) Ruy Lopez, Berlin Defense, 32 moves, 0-1

Schlechter vs Showalter, 1900 
(C67) Ruy Lopez, 32 moves, 1-0

Round Three
Didier vs Showalter, 1900 
(C49) Four Knights, 39 moves, 0-1

Lasker vs J Mieses, 1900 
(D40) Queen's Gambit Declined, Semi-Tarrasch, 29 moves, 1-0

G Marco vs M Brody, 1900 
(C84) Ruy Lopez, Closed, 41 moves, 1-0

Marshall vs Janowski, 1900 
(C45) Scotch Game, 54 moves, 0-1

J Mortimer vs J Mason, 1900 
(C43) Petrov, Modern Attack, 39 moves, 1/2-1/2

L Rosen vs Burn, 1900 
(B57) Sicilian, 60 moves, 0-1

Schlechter vs Chigorin, 1900 
(C78) Ruy Lopez, 48 moves, 1-0

M M Sterling vs Maroczy, 1900 
(B40) Sicilian, 54 moves, 0-1

Round Three, Replayed Game
J Mason vs J Mortimer, 1900 
(D32) Queen's Gambit Declined, Tarrasch, 51 moves, 1-0

Round Four
M Brody vs J Mortimer, 1900 
(C42) Petrov Defense, 30 moves, 1-0

Burn vs Lasker, 1900 
(D40) Queen's Gambit Declined, Semi-Tarrasch, 44 moves, 0-1

Chigorin vs Didier, 1900 
(C51) Evans Gambit, 40 moves, 1-0

G Marco vs M M Sterling, 1900 
(B45) Sicilian, Taimanov, 34 moves, 1-0

J Mason vs Marshall, 1900 
(C42) Petrov Defense, 38 moves, 0-1

Pillsbury vs Schlechter, 1900 
(C78) Ruy Lopez, 44 moves, 1-0

Maroczy vs L Rosen, 1900 
(C14) French, Classical, 39 moves, 1/2-1/2

Showalter vs J Mieses, 1900 
(B45) Sicilian, Taimanov, 26 moves, 0-1

Round Four, Replayed Game
L Rosen vs Maroczy, 1900 
(B40) Sicilian, 60 moves, 0-1

Round Five
Marshall vs M Brody, 1900 
(C84) Ruy Lopez, Closed, 75 moves, 1/2-1/2

Didier vs Pillsbury, 1900 
(C67) Ruy Lopez, 29 moves, 0-1

Lasker vs Maroczy, 1900 
(D37) Queen's Gambit Declined, 30 moves, 1-0

Janowski vs J Mason, 1900 
(A84) Dutch, 46 moves, 1/2-1/2

J Mieses vs Chigorin, 1900 
(C28) Vienna Game, 23 moves, 1-0

J Mortimer vs M M Sterling, 1900 
(C44) King's Pawn Game, 58 moves, 0-1

L Rosen vs G Marco, 1900 
(C41) Philidor Defense, 47 moves, 0-1

Showalter vs Burn, 1900 
(C43) Petrov, Modern Attack, 67 moves, 1-0

Round Five, Replayed Games
M Brody vs Marshall, 1900 
(C43) Petrov, Modern Attack, 41 moves, 0-1

J Mason vs Janowski, 1900 
(C50) Giuoco Piano, 52 moves, 0-1

Round Six
Didier vs J Mieses, 1900 
(B01) Scandinavian, 21 moves, 0-1

G Marco vs Chigorin, 1900 
(C84) Ruy Lopez, Closed, 55 moves, 0-1

Marshall vs Lasker, 1900 
(D50) Queen's Gambit Declined, 58 moves, 1-0

J Mortimer vs Showalter, 1900 
(C51) Evans Gambit, 30 moves, 0-1

Pillsbury vs Maroczy, 1900 
(C05) French, Tarrasch, 46 moves, 1-0

L Rosen vs Janowski, 1900 
(C55) Two Knights Defense, 23 moves, 0-1

Schlechter vs Burn, 1900 
(C11) French, 42 moves, 0-1

M M Sterling vs J Mason, 1900 
(C43) Petrov, Modern Attack, 53 moves, 0-1

Round Seven
M Brody vs Chigorin, 1900 
(C66) Ruy Lopez, 24 moves, 0-1

Didier vs Marshall, 1900 
(C42) Petrov Defense, 26 moves, 0-1

G Marco vs Burn, 1900 
(C42) Petrov Defense, 43 moves, 1/2-1/2

J Mortimer vs J Mieses, 1900 
(B40) Sicilian, 58 moves, 1/2-1/2

Pillsbury vs J Mason, 1900 
(C13) French, 60 moves, 1-0

L Rosen vs Lasker, 1900 
(C80) Ruy Lopez, Open, 56 moves, 0-1

Schlechter vs Janowski, 1900 
(C67) Ruy Lopez, 45 moves, 1-0

M M Sterling vs Showalter, 1900 
(C65) Ruy Lopez, Berlin Defense, 33 moves, 0-1

Round Seven, Replayed Games
Burn vs G Marco, 1900 
(D31) Queen's Gambit Declined, 32 moves, 0-1

J Mieses vs J Mortimer, 1900 
(C25) Vienna, 51 moves, 1-0

Round Eight
M Brody vs Janowski, 1900 
(C67) Ruy Lopez, 32 moves, 0-1

Chigorin vs Burn, 1900 
(C00) French Defense, 44 moves, 1/2-1/2

G Marco vs Lasker, 1900 
(C82) Ruy Lopez, Open, 49 moves, 1/2-1/2

Maroczy vs Showalter, 1900 
(C43) Petrov, Modern Attack, 18 moves, 1-0

Pillsbury vs J Mieses, 1900 
(B40) Sicilian, 32 moves, 1/2-1/2

J Mortimer vs L Rosen, 1900 
(C55) Two Knights Defense, 44 moves, 1-0

Schlechter vs Didier, 1900 
(C65) Ruy Lopez, Berlin Defense, 24 moves, 1-0

M M Sterling vs Marshall, 1900 
(C43) Petrov, Modern Attack, 39 moves, 0-1

Round Eight, Replayed Games
Burn vs Chigorin, 1900 
(D07) Queen's Gambit Declined, Chigorin Defense, 29 moves, 0-1

Lasker vs G Marco, 1900 
(D37) Queen's Gambit Declined, 87 moves, 1-0

J Mieses vs Pillsbury, 1900 
(C26) Vienna, 44 moves, 0-1

Round Nine
L Rosen vs M Brody, 1900 
(C66) Ruy Lopez, 37 moves, 1/2-1/2

Marshall vs Chigorin, 1900 
(C66) Ruy Lopez, 48 moves, 1/2-1/2

Didier vs Maroczy, 1900 
(C80) Ruy Lopez, Open, 34 moves, 0-1

Janowski vs Showalter, 1900 
(C49) Four Knights, 43 moves, 1-0

Lasker vs J Mason, 1900 
(C43) Petrov, Modern Attack, 31 moves, 1-0

J Mieses vs Burn, 1900 
(C27) Vienna Game, 37 moves, 0-1

J Mortimer vs Pillsbury, 1900 
(B32) Sicilian, 30 moves, 0-1

Schlechter vs G Marco, 1900 
(C77) Ruy Lopez, 54 moves, 0-1

Round Nine, Replayed Games
Chigorin vs Marshall, 1900 
(C42) Petrov Defense, 31 moves, 1/2-1/2

M Brody vs L Rosen, 1900 
(D37) Queen's Gambit Declined, 32 moves, 1-0

Round Ten
Burn vs Maroczy, 1900 
(D37) Queen's Gambit Declined, 42 moves, 1-0

Didier vs J Mortimer, 1900 
(C52) Evans Gambit, 25 moves, 0-1

Janowski vs Pillsbury, 1900 
(C49) Four Knights, 45 moves, 0-1

Lasker vs M M Sterling, 1900
(C77) Ruy Lopez, 28 moves, 1-0

J Mason vs Chigorin, 1900 
(C22) Center Game, 28 moves, 0-1

J Mieses vs G Marco, 1900
(C27) Vienna Game, 73 moves, 0-1

Marshall vs Schlechter, 1900 
(D32) Queen's Gambit Declined, Tarrasch, 40 moves, 1/2-1/2

Showalter vs M Brody, 1900
(B40) Sicilian, 32 moves, 1-0

Round Ten, Replayed Game
Schlechter vs Marshall, 1900
(D09) Queen's Gambit Declined, Albin Counter Gambit, 5.g3, 36 moves, 1/2-1/2

Round Eleven
M Brody vs Lasker, 1900
(B73) Sicilian, Dragon, Classical, 54 moves, 0-1

Chigorin vs Janowski, 1900 
(C56) Two Knights, 27 moves, 1-0

G Marco vs Didier, 1900 
(C83) Ruy Lopez, Open, 21 moves, 1-0

Maroczy vs J Mieses, 1900 
(B01) Scandinavian, 33 moves, 1-0

Pillsbury vs Marshall, 1900 
(C43) Petrov, Modern Attack, 30 moves, 0-1

M M Sterling vs L Rosen, 1900
(D24) Queen's Gambit Accepted, 33 moves, 1/2-1/2

Schlechter vs J Mortimer, 1900
(C41) Philidor Defense, 42 moves, 1-0

J Mason vs Showalter, 1900
(C29) Vienna Gambit, 57 moves, 1/2-1/2

Round Eleven, Replayed Games
Showalter vs J Mason, 1900 
(C80) Ruy Lopez, Open, 65 moves, 1/2-1/2

L Rosen vs M M Sterling, 1900 
(C55) Two Knights Defense, 36 moves, 1-0

Round Twelve
M Brody vs M M Sterling, 1900
(A84) Dutch, 36 moves, 1-0

Burn vs Didier, 1900
(D37) Queen's Gambit Declined, 32 moves, 1-0

Chigorin vs J Mortimer, 1900 
(C25) Vienna, 27 moves, 1-0

Janowski vs Lasker, 1900 
(C79) Ruy Lopez, Steinitz Defense Deferred, 41 moves, 0-1

Pillsbury vs G Marco, 1900 
(D55) Queen's Gambit Declined, 26 moves, 1-0

J Mason vs L Rosen, 1900
(C25) Vienna, 36 moves, 1/2-1/2

Maroczy vs Schlechter, 1900
(C01) French, Exchange, 20 moves, 1/2-1/2

Showalter vs Marshall, 1900 
(C43) Petrov, Modern Attack, 111 moves, 1-0

Round Twelve, Replayed Games
Schlechter vs Maroczy, 1900
(C01) French, Exchange, 21 moves, 1/2-1/2

L Rosen vs J Mason, 1900
(C63) Ruy Lopez, Schliemann Defense, 56 moves, 1-0

Round Thirteen
Burn vs Pillsbury, 1900 
(D55) Queen's Gambit Declined, 56 moves, 1-0

Janowski vs M M Sterling, 1900 
(B45) Sicilian, Taimanov, 45 moves, 1-0

Lasker vs J Mortimer, 1900 
(C41) Philidor Defense, 29 moves, 1-0

Chigorin vs Maroczy, 1900
(C50) Giuoco Piano, 46 moves, 1/2-1/2

Marshall vs L Rosen, 1900 
(C14) French, Classical, 62 moves, 1-0

J Mason vs M Brody, 1900
(C45) Scotch Game, 55 moves, 1-0

J Mieses vs Schlechter, 1900
(C28) Vienna Game, 60 moves, 1/2-1/2

Showalter vs G Marco, 1900
(D40) Queen's Gambit Declined, Semi-Tarrasch, 46 moves, 0-1

Round Thirteen, Replayed Games
Maroczy vs Chigorin, 1900
(C78) Ruy Lopez, 29 moves, 1/2-1/2

Schlechter vs J Mieses, 1900 
(D09) Queen's Gambit Declined, Albin Counter Gambit, 5.g3, 31 moves, 0-1

Round Fourteen
Schlechter vs M Brody, 1900
(C60) Ruy Lopez, 48 moves, 1/2-1/2

Lasker vs Showalter, 1900 
(D53) Queen's Gambit Declined, 44 moves, 1-0

Marshall vs Burn, 1900  
(D55) Queen's Gambit Declined, 18 moves, 1-0

Didier vs J Mason, 1900
(C83) Ruy Lopez, Open, 45 moves, 1/2-1/2

J Mieses vs Janowski, 1900 
(C26) Vienna, 36 moves, 1-0

J Mortimer vs Maroczy, 1900
(B40) Sicilian, 46 moves, 0-1

L Rosen vs Chigorin, 1900
(C91) Ruy Lopez, Closed, 40 moves, 0-1

M M Sterling vs Pillsbury, 1900 
(B56) Sicilian, 38 moves, 0-1

Round Fourteen, Replayed Games
J Mason vs Didier, 1900
(C45) Scotch Game, 35 moves, 1-0

M Brody vs Schlechter, 1900 
(C38) King's Gambit Accepted, 28 moves, 0-1

Round Fifteen
Didier vs M M Sterling, 1900 
(C79) Ruy Lopez, Steinitz Defense Deferred, 44 moves, 1-0

Janowski vs Maroczy, 1900
(C82) Ruy Lopez, Open, 33 moves, 0-1

Lasker vs Pillsbury, 1900 
(A83) Dutch, Staunton Gambit, 85 moves, 1-0

Marshall vs G Marco, 1900 
(D53) Queen's Gambit Declined, 23 moves, 1-0

J Mieses vs M Brody, 1900 
(C01) French, Exchange, 25 moves, 1-0

L Rosen vs Schlechter, 1900
(C33) King's Gambit Accepted, 29 moves, 0-1

Showalter vs Chigorin, 1900
(D07) Queen's Gambit Declined, Chigorin Defense, 35 moves, 1-0

Burn vs J Mason, 1900 
(D40) Queen's Gambit Declined, Semi-Tarrasch, 76 moves, 1/2-1/2

Round Fifteen, Replayed Game
J Mason vs Burn, 1900
(B56) Sicilian, 40 moves, 0-1

Round Sixteen
M Brody vs Pillsbury, 1900 
(B73) Sicilian, Dragon, Classical, 18 moves, 0-1

Burn vs J Mortimer, 1900
(D37) Queen's Gambit Declined, 44 moves, 1-0

Chigorin vs M M Sterling, 1900
(C50) Giuoco Piano, 26 moves, 1-0

Janowski vs Didier, 1900 
(C65) Ruy Lopez, Berlin Defense, 41 moves, 1-0

Maroczy vs G Marco, 1900
(C80) Ruy Lopez, Open, 47 moves, 1-0

J Mason vs Schlechter, 1900
(C22) Center Game, 27 moves, 0-1

J Mieses vs Marshall, 1900
(C25) Vienna, 37 moves, 0-1

Showalter vs L Rosen, 1900
(A40) Queen's Pawn Game, 36 moves, 1-0

Round Seventeen
M Brody vs Didier, 1900 
(C28) Vienna Game, 36 moves, 1-0

Burn vs Janowski, 1900
(C64) Ruy Lopez, Classical, 74 moves, 1-0

Chigorin vs Lasker, 1900
(C50) Giuoco Piano, 24 moves, 1/2-1/2

G Marco vs J Mortimer, 1900 
(C41) Philidor Defense, 22 moves, 1-0

Maroczy vs Marshall, 1900 
(C43) Petrov, Modern Attack, 61 moves, 1-0

J Mason vs J Mieses, 1900
(B45) Sicilian, Taimanov, 43 moves, 1/2-1/2

Pillsbury vs L Rosen, 1900 
(B44) Sicilian, 42 moves, 1-0

M M Sterling vs Schlechter, 1900 
(C28) Vienna Game, 18 moves, 0-1

Round Seventeen, Replayed Games
Lasker vs Chigorin, 1900
(C78) Ruy Lopez, 22 moves, 1/2-1/2

J Mieses vs J Mason, 1900
(C26) Vienna, 44 moves, 1-0

Consultation Games
Brody / Rosen vs Pillsbury / Fazy, 1900
(B73) Sicilian, Dragon, Classical, 33 moves, 1-0

Maroczy / Showalter vs Burn/Mieses, 1900
(B58) Sicilian, 38 moves, 1/2-1/2

164 games

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