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Garry Kasparov vs Chess Genius (Computer)
Intel Chess Grand Prix (1994) (rapid), London ENG, rd 1
Slav Defense: Modern Line (D11)  ·  0-1


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Kibitzer's Corner
Premium Chessgames Member
  lostemperor: This was the first time the world chess champion is knocked out of a tournament by a computer. It was a sensation! In the first round Garry Kasparov lost 1/2 - 1 1/2 to Genius. And this wasn't a 5 minute game Kasparov already lost before to Fritz, but a 25 minutes game each. Genius went on to win 2-0 from strong GM Nikolic untill Anand stopped the machine in the semi-final.
Jun-28-05  Wilhelm: That's right, Anand - Genius2 was a clear 1-0, 1-0..
Jun-28-05  Wilhelm: Back in the far away 1994 'Genius2' was an engine running in Pentium 100Mhz, with 64 M RAM, -at least that's my educated guess ;)
Premium Chessgames Member
  lostemperor: <Wilhelm> I think you have the data correct but I'm not sure. Genius is from the well known English programmers Richard Lange and Ken Thomson (if I remember correctly). It was one of best (if not best) in those days. Genius was the follow up from the famous Fidelity 'one chip' chessboard computers of the late 80s. The andvanced version of Fidelity Mach IV was the official second of Anatoly Karpov in his 1990 match against Kasparov. It found moves in the analysis of games of that match, the players did not saw.

I have the comercial Fidelity Mach IV with an official USCF 2325 rating and official US National Master title certificate. It costed $ 500 new then!! I bought it second hand in the 90's for $50!

Now let me tell you how strong Fidelity is. I had a rating of about 1600. If I play a blitz game I got simply crushed. But if I play seriously I can draw that thing every other game or within three games. It needs to be said that I take about 30 minutes to make a move sometimes and that thing only took 20 seconds.

Now I have also the Genius 5(!) program of the mid-90's someone copied for me. There it took me every 5 games orso to make one draw:). And I was very proud doing so!

Jun-29-05  Wilhelm: Thanks for the elaborated answer!

However now I have the impression that a hardware of 64 M RAM was way too much then, probably it was 16 M, or 32 M RAM at best ..

Jun-29-05  Heavy Metal Thunder: Weinstein got pwned. He must've forgotten to pre-arrange the game or something.
Oct-06-12  seeminor:
Premium Chessgames Member
  TheTamale: Did anyone else click this game because they thought Garry would be playing The Genius, Lanny Poffo?
Feb-18-14  piroflip: The second best player ever owned.
Don't miss the YouTube video for his usual bad loser antics.
Jul-09-15  Albion 1959: You can watch the actual moves from this game (moves 27 to 45) on You Tube First computer to beat Kasparov. Intel Grand Prix 1994. There is an excellent commentary by GM Daniel King who goes into a bit more detail on the subtle moves that Intel Genius made with it's queen and it goes on to outplay the world champion in the endgame !! Well worth watching:
Jul-09-15  Tomlinsky: <Cyrus
Lang's first chess program, Cyrus, was written in Z80 Assembly. It had an astonishing debut at the 2nd European Microcomputer Chess Championship at the PCW Show in September 1981 in London, winning all five games and the tournament. Lang immediately was offered two contracts by David Levy and Kevin O’Connell, one for Cyrus, and one to work as programmer for Intelligent Software. Lang accepted, and turned his hobby into a job. Cyrus for Sinclair was his first commercial entry, followed by programs for various dedicated chess computers merchandised by Intelligent Software, as well a further improved version of Cyrus.

In about 1983 Richard Lang started to write his new program Psion for 68000 based processors. He was about to abandon the work for Intelligent Software, who continued their own work by owning the Cyrus brand by primary programmer Mark Taylor, yielding in Cyrus 68K. Psion Chess was marketed first by Sinclair Research for Sinclair QL computers and later under Psion's own label for Apple Macintosh, Atari ST and in late 1983 for the IBM PC with 8086/88 processors.

Mephisto and Genius
In 1985 Lang started to collaborate with Hegener & Glaser and Ossi Weiner, porting Psion to their dedicated Mephisto chess computers. Psion evolved to Chess Genius, also ported to PC's for the MS-DOS operating system, and later to Windows. Lang's Mephisto programs dominated the microcomputer chess scene from the mid 80s until the beginning of the 90s. He was multiple World Microcomputer Chess Champion, last title with Genius (shared with MChess) at the WMCCC 1995. In 1994 during the Intel Grand Prix Cycle in London, Genius won a speed chess game (25-minutes per side) against Garry Kasparov.>


Premium Chessgames Member
  whiteshark: The only game G.K. has lost after <1.c4 c6 2.d4 d5 3.Nf3 Nf6>
Dec-11-15  dannygjk: Cyrus, I used to have that program and I used to make mods to it. (Yes I used to program in assembly code);)
Oct-02-16  VGA: This was rapid chess, not classical time controls.
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