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Geza Maroczy vs Jose Raul Capablanca
Lake Hopatcong (1926), Lake Hopatcong, NJ USA, rd 5, Jul-11
Caro-Kann Defense: Exchange. Rubinstein Variation (B13)  ·  0-1
ANALYSIS [x]

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Kibitzer's Corner
Feb-06-04  Lawrence: How many of us would have dared to play Capa's 20...gxf6 rather than the much safer-looking 20...Bxf6?
Feb-06-04  Benjamin Lau: It's a good move but not all that unexpected. The attack down the g file after doubling your castle pawns is pretty common. Of course, it still takes a lot of courage to do it against Maroczy of all people.
Feb-06-04
Premium Chessgames Member
  Calli: Is 34...Rxg3 good? Is 35.Kxg3 Rg8+ 36.Kh3 Rg4 37.Kh2 Qxh4+ 38.Qh3 Qf6 and a draw by repetition?
Feb-06-04  Benjamin Lau: I haven't checked your analysis yet but why would Capa want a draw? It looks like he was playing for a win earlier.
Feb-06-04
Premium Chessgames Member
  Calli: "Why would Capa want a draw?" Right, so why did he play 34...Rxg3? Apparently, both he and Maroczy thought 35.Kxg3 is lost. Or my variation is wrong.
Feb-06-04  Benjamin Lau: Ooops, sorry, I didn't notice 34...Rxg3 was the game continuation, I thought you were suggesting a new move.
Feb-06-04  Benjamin Lau: Your line looks pretty good to me, but couldn't Capablanca decline the draw and play for a win with 38...Qf6 39. Qd3 Rh4+ 40. Kg3 Rg4+ 41. Kf3 (avoiding mate on h file) Qh4 42. Ke3 Rg3+ 43. Kd2 (don't want the discovery, right?) Rxd3 44. Kxd3 Qxf4 with a difficult but possibly winning endgame? 40. Kg2 may allow Maroczy out though, haven't checked it. 41. Kf2 seems to lose to 41...Qh4+ 42. Ke3 Rg3+ and white is down a queen with a hard endgame similar to the first move order. In conclusion, I think 40. Kg2 is Maroczy's best shot if Capablanca decides to avoid the three fold repetition of Kxg3 as you suggest. This is a complicated game and I'm not too sure my analysis is completely correct though.
Feb-06-04  Benjamin Lau: After looking at the game some more, I wonder what would happen if Maroczy played 39. Qf3 in my line instead of 39. Qd3, he might have interesting chances after that.
Feb-06-04
Premium Chessgames Member
  Calli: I think Black has to take the draw with Qh4+ in this line. Because on Rxh4+, white can drop back with Kg1 and then he has Rg2 to stop the checks. At that point, Black is just a rook down.
Feb-06-04  Benjamin Lau: I agree that black should take the draw, but I was hoping that Capablanca had a way to play for the win and that it wouldn't fizzle away to a draw. I guess that means Capa was secretly playing for the draw, but made it so that Maroczy thought he made a winning combination?
Feb-06-04
Premium Chessgames Member
  Calli: It very well could have been a draw combo by Capa that became a win when Maroczy misplayed it.
Feb-07-04  Lawrence: Calli and Ben, Junior 8 follows your line until move 38 and suggests 38...Qd8 followed by 39.Qf3 Qh4+ with an eval of 0.00 i.e. presumably a draw. It says Black would have had a slight edge with 34...Rcg8.
May-04-06  sneaky pete: "It seems however, that 34... Rcg8! 35.Rg2 Rgd8 would have given black better chances." Maroczy in Kagan's Neuesten Schachnachrichten, 1927.

Maroczy gives the drawing line analysed by <Calli> ("39.Qf3 .. etc and black has no better than a draw by perpetual check") and blames 35.Qxg3? .. on time trouble. "In gröszter Zeitnot fand ich natürlich den Verlustzug."

Dec-21-06  blndrdrnk: Reinfeld also says time trouble was the reason geza took the rook wiht the queen. Does anyone have a Capablanca Caro-Kann collection? Again, according to Reinfeld it was one of his favorite openings. To those interested check out Capa vs Atkins... and the fight for the queen bishop file
Nov-14-14
Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: <Hopatcong Capa-Ge>
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