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Geza Maroczy
Maroczy 
 
Number of games in database: 843
Years covered: 1893 to 1947

Overall record: +358 -139 =337 (63.1%)*
   * Overall winning percentage = (wins+draws/2) / total games in the database. 9 exhibition games, blitz/rapid, odds games, etc. are excluded from this statistic.

MOST PLAYED OPENINGS
With the White pieces:
 Ruy Lopez (83) 
    C87 C66 C77 C67 C68
 Four Knights (57) 
    C49 C48 C47
 French Defense (49) 
    C01 C11 C02 C14 C10
 Queen's Pawn Game (28) 
    D02 D05 D00 D04 A46
 Ruy Lopez, Closed (22) 
    C87 C84 C88 C91 C97
 Alekhine's Defense (20) 
    B02 B03 B05
With the Black pieces:
 French Defense (97) 
    C01 C14 C11 C13 C00
 Orthodox Defense (60) 
    D63 D55 D64 D67 D60
 French (45) 
    C11 C13 C00 C12 C10
 Queen's Pawn Game (39) 
    D02 D00 D05 D04 A40
 Sicilian (38) 
    B40 B43 B22 B23 B45
 Ruy Lopez (26) 
    C77 C84 C82 C62 C65
Repertoire Explorer

NOTABLE GAMES: [what is this?]
   Maroczy vs Chigorin, 1903 1-0
   L Forgacs vs Maroczy, 1902 0-1
   Maroczy vs H Suechting, 1905 1-0
   Maroczy vs Vidmar, 1922 1-0
   Maroczy vs Marshall, 1907 1-0
   Vidmar vs Maroczy, 1932 1/2-1/2
   K Zambelly vs Maroczy, 1897 0-1
   G Marco vs Maroczy, 1899 0-1
   W Schelfhout vs Maroczy, 1920 0-1
   Charousek vs Maroczy, 1897 0-1

NOTABLE TOURNAMENTS: [what is this?]
   Monte Carlo (1902)
   Ostend (1905)
   Vienna (1908)
   Vienna (1904)
   Nuremberg (1896)
   Monte Carlo (1903)
   Karlsbad (1907)
   Barmen Meisterturnier A (1905)
   Munich (1900)
   Karlsbad (1923)
   Paris (1900)
   London (1899)
   1st Trebitsch Memorial (1907)
   New York (1924)
   Vienna (1898)

GAME COLLECTIONS: [what is this?]
   The Two Chess Careers of Geza Maroczy by Resignation Trap
   Vienna 1898 by suenteus po 147
   London 1899 by suenteus po 147
   Monte Carlo 1903 by suenteus po 147
   Ostend 1905 by suenteus po 147
   New York 1924 by Benzol
   Paris 1900 by suenteus po 147
   Vienna 1903 by LaBourdonnaisdeux
   Charousek: Match Play by jessicafischerqueen
   Geza Maroczy plays Queen endings by capanegra

GAMES ANNOTATED BY MAROCZY: [what is this?]
   Alekhine vs Yates, 1922
   H E Atkins vs Capablanca, 1922
   V L Wahltuch vs Capablanca, 1922
   J S Morrison vs Capablanca, 1922
   Capablanca vs D Marotti, 1922
   >> 68 GAMES ANNOTATED BY MAROCZY

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GEZA MAROCZY
(born Mar-03-1870, died May-29-1951, 81 years old) Hungary
PRONUNCIATION:
[what is this?]

Géza Maróczy was born in Szeged.

Tournaments between 1894 and 1911

He won the Final Section of the 7th British Amateur Championship at Hastings, 1895. He reached 2nd place behind World Champion Dr. Emanuel Lasker at Nuremberg (1896) and again (shared) at London (1899). Maroczy won Vienna (1909) ahead of Carl Schlechter (1). He came in shared 3rd at Paris (1900) behind Dr. Lasker and Harry Nelson Pillsbury and tied for 1st at Munich (1900) but withdrew from the tie-breaks. He reached 1st place at Monte Carlo (1902) following up with a 2nd place behind Siegbert Tarrasch at Monte Carlo (1903) and again a win at Monte Carlo (1904). Maroczy also won Ostend (1905) and tied for 1st at Barmen Meisterturnier A (1905). Maroczy came in 2nd behind Akiba Rubinstein at Karlsbad (1907) and tied for 1st at Vienna (1908).

Tournaments between 1920 and 1936

Maroczy tied for 2nd behind Richard Reti at Amsterdam (1920). At Karlsbad (1923) he tied for 1st with Alexander Alekhine and Efim Bogoljubov. He came in 2nd at Scarborough (1930) and tied for 3rd at Dresden (1936). He won the 1926-27 Manhattan Chess Club championship.

World Championship Match Negotiations

In 1906 he agreed to terms for a World Championship match with Dr. Lasker, but there were political problems in Cuba, where the match was to be played. Furthermore, Maroczy failed to make the $500 deposit by the deadline and the negotiations ended.

General

Maróczy's chess career spanned from 1895 to 1911 and 1920 to 1936 with the break in between to allow for more time to be devoted to his profession as a mathematics teacher.

He served as a teacher for Dr. Max Euwe and Vera Menchik. FIDE awarded Maroczy the grandmaster title in 1950, the year of FIDE's official inception of that title, making him one of twenty-seven grandmasters at the time.

Today the Maroczy Bind (pawns on c4 and e4 against the Sicilian) carries his name.

notes: Geza occasionally played consultation chess on the teams of Geza Maroczy / Jackson Showalter, Em. Lasker / Maroczy, Geza Maroczy / Robert Rollans, Geza Maroczy / Abonyi / Sterk and Hoffer / Maroczy.

(1) http://www.edochess.ca/tournaments/...

Wikipedia article: Géza Maróczy


 page 1 of 34; games 1-25 of 845  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves YearEvent/LocaleOpening
1. Maroczy vs G Kanyurszky 1-0281893corrC40 King's Knight Opening
2. Charousek vs Maroczy 1-0221893casual gameB01 Scandinavian
3. Charousek vs Maroczy  ½-½401894BudapestC13 French
4. Maroczy vs G V R Exner 1-0241894BudapestC39 King's Gambit Accepted
5. Maroczy vs Lehner 1-0411894Budapest, HUNA02 Bird's Opening
6. Charousek vs Maroczy 1-0211895BudapestC44 King's Pawn Game
7. Maroczy vs Charousek 0-1201895Budapest MatchC20 King's Pawn Game
8. Charousek vs Maroczy 0-1161895BudapestC31 King's Gambit Declined, Falkbeer Counter Gambit
9. Bird vs Maroczy 0-1301895HastingsC00 French Defense
10. Maroczy vs G Makovetz 1-0321895BudapestC66 Ruy Lopez
11. Maroczy vs Loman  1-0451895Hastings IIC11 French
12. G Makovetz vs Maroczy 0-1191895BudapestC22 Center Game
13. Taraba vs Maroczy 0-1361895BudapestA13 English
14. Owen vs Maroczy 0-1411895HastingsA04 Reti Opening
15. Maroczy vs Charousek 1-0191895MatchC44 King's Pawn Game
16. Maroczy vs Charousek 0-1231895MatchC60 Ruy Lopez
17. Charousek vs Maroczy 1-0411895Budapest MatchC44 King's Pawn Game
18. Maroczy vs Charousek 1-0271895BudapestC60 Ruy Lopez
19. Charousek vs Maroczy 1-0151895MatchC13 French
20. Maroczy vs Charousek 1-0341895Budapest MatchD66 Queen's Gambit Declined, Orthodox Defense, Bd3 line
21. Charousek vs Maroczy ½-½381895MatchB01 Scandinavian
22. Maroczy vs Charousek ½-½341895MatchC47 Four Knights
23. Charousek vs Maroczy ½-½421895MatchC13 French
24. Maroczy vs Charousek ½-½421895Budapest MatchA24 English, Bremen System with ...g6
25. Charousek vs Maroczy 0-1541895Budapest MatchC14 French, Classical
 page 1 of 34; games 1-25 of 845  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2) | Maroczy wins | Maroczy loses  
 

Kibitzer's Corner
< Earlier Kibitzing  · PAGE 7 OF 7 ·  Later Kibitzing>
Mar-03-15  waustad: I suppose by ones 145th birthday a person isn't remembered as much. I hope they'll make a todo for his 150th. He's probably the most important chess player born today. Timur Gareev and Lei Tingjie may have something to say about that in time.
May-06-15  scheidt: I don't understand the idea that Maroczy lacked boldness or imagination. I've gone over many of his games. It may be true he lost a bit of spirit when his match with the WC Lasker fell through, a typical reaction. This may of affected his play some. Yet there is fire in his playing until the end.
May-25-15
Premium Chessgames Member
  TheFocus: <The World has gone downhill since I was young. When I look around me nowadays, I am glad that I myself am going downhill> - Geza Maroczy (1947).
Jul-13-15  attica: <Karpova: (Neue) Wiener Schachzeitung', 1907, page 95. Translation: Currently (i. e. 1907) there are 2 players who can lay claim to the honour of playing a match for the Worldchampionship: the German Dr. Tarrasch and the Hungarian Geza Maroczy.> The whole article is available online at http://anno.onb.ac.at/cgi-content/a... and the following pages. The article is in German, but according to a footnore, it appears to be a translation from English from Laskers [or Lasker's] Chess Magazine, 1906, but I cannot find the English original online.
Jul-13-15  attica: I meant "footnote" not "footnore"
Jul-13-15  attica: Incidentally, the whole article is very interesting. Lasker comments extensively on both Tarrasch and Maroczy.
Jul-23-15  attica: The game Géza Maróczy – Ödön Gesztesi,Budapest, 1 June 1905, King’s Gambit Accepted given at http://www.chesshistory.com/winter/... is not in the database. Perhaps someone knows how to upload it.
Mar-03-16  waustad: I've never seen a Sicilian with c4 and e4 to create a bind in his games. I've looked. Can somebody explain his eponymous bind?
Mar-03-16
Premium Chessgames Member
  TheFocus: Happy birthday, Geza Maroczy.

Someone really should do a book about this player.

Mar-03-16  pawnpro: He would have not beat Lasker for the world title but Lasker would have a hell of a time stopping the brilliance of Hus took development
Mar-03-16
Premium Chessgames Member
  TheFocus: <of Hus took development>

????

Mar-03-16
Premium Chessgames Member
  swordfish: Hmm.- Leko has the same hometown.
Nov-07-16  sudoplatov: I read somewhere that much of the success of the US and Hungarian chess Olympic teams during the 1920s and 1930s was due to having Marshall and Maroczy on the squads respectively. These two had the experience to help their younger teammates with decisions between playing to win or to draw, etc.
Jan-14-17
Premium Chessgames Member
  Chessical: "Is chess game science? Where did the inventor take his inspiration? These questions cannot easily answered. I shall make some brief remarks in regard to them. I do not accept the saying that chess is too deep for a game, and not deep enough for a science: it is neither.

It is intellectual battle, and as such it resembles battles fought nations, but without bloodshed and waste of treasure. As a battle we see an array forces with guerilla warfare, hand-to-hand fights, skirmishes, etc. It possible that, the inventor of chess took the battle as prototype. It is reasonable to think so, some names of the pieces remind us of it. In the Hungarian language, which is allied to Asiatic tongues, as the people are to those races, the names of the chessmen show plainly the conception of chess as battle array.

Thus the pawns are called foot-soldiers, the knights are cavalrist, the bishop an orderly, the rook rampart, the queen is vizier or field marshal, and the king king, or commander-in-chief. The different nations that took the game over translated the names literally, and thus it happened that the words queen and bishop got in, which have no meaning in warfare. GEZA MAROCZY"

"Hastings and St Leonards Observer", Saturday 2nd November 1907, p.2.

Mar-03-17
Premium Chessgames Member
  TheFocus: Happy birthday, Geza Maroczy.

Hello, <diagonal>!!

Mar-03-17
Premium Chessgames Member
  TheFocus: I believe that the chess world deserves to see a good biography and game collection done on Geza Maroczy, exploring his games and career.

Are has someone already completed one that I am unaware of?

And no, I am not able to do one.

Mar-04-17
Premium Chessgames Member
  zanzibar: Seems that having no good Maroczy bio puts <Focus> in a bind.

(Somebody had to do it, and everybody else took a step backwards when they asked for volunteers.)

Mar-04-17
Premium Chessgames Member
  TheFocus: <zanzibar> I am already staggering a full load of books to do.

YOU do Maroczy.

Mar-04-17
Premium Chessgames Member
  zanzibar: Who, moi?

Maybe you do, voodo, but I don't do.

(Heck, I'm still trying to get Junge's photo on <CG>)

* * * * *

Seriously though, his <CG> bio doesn't look half bad.

And a real book on him should be done by the pros, like a Harding. Surely, there must be such a work in Hungarian already, just needing a translation?

Until then, there's Kmoch's article:

<[Writing about Euwe learning about Maroczy's death...] With his passing the chess world lost another of those world masters whose fame started in the previous century. In Maróczy, however, the chess world lost more than a grandmaster and a fine gentleman. It lost the unchallenged champion of chivalry in chess.>

https://web.archive.org/web/2011060...

Mar-04-17
Premium Chessgames Member
  zanzibar: It's already been mentioned, but let's do it again:

<This [code chivalry] allows us to understand the sixty-one-year-old Maróczy’s decision, during the tournament at Bled in 1931, to challenge Nimzovitch to a pistol duel. It turned out to be much ado about nothing, though, when Nimzovitch flatly refused to participate in what he termed his own assassination. Maróczy was satisfied. To his way of thinking, refusal to accept such a challenge was, as a matter of honor, worse than being shot to death.>

from same article.

Mar-04-17
Premium Chessgames Member
  zanzibar: And lest one thinks chess history is different in some other multiverse:

<Yet Maróczy was hardly a warrior. He was, in fact, an extremely peaceful personality. I suspect that, had that duel actually taken place, Maróczy would have been hard put to decide which end of the pistol to hold.>

next paragraph.

Mar-08-17  sudoplatov: In my perusing the database for closed polygons, I found another triangle.

Maroczy beat Marshall 11-5-8
Marshall beat Pillsbury 5-4-2
Pillsbury beat Maroczy 4-3-7

Apr-06-17
Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: Maybe the best hair in chess history. Offhand, I can think of only one competitor - Paul Keres.
Apr-06-17
Premium Chessgames Member
  john barleycorn: <MissScarlett: Maybe the best hair in chess history. ...>

what about Anand and Rapport?

Jun-04-17
Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: Brooklyn Daily Eagle, October 12th 1911, Sporting Sec., p.2:

<Deutsche Schachblatter, the organ of the German Chess Association, is authority for the report that Geza Maroczy of Budapest, who has not figured in international chess for two years, contemplates coming to America and settling here. It appears he is dissatisfied with his treatment by the Hungarian coalition government, to which, as a school teacher in the intermediary grade, he applied for a 'subvention' to enable him to follow his profession as chess master. His determination to abandon his country of birth was further stregthened, it is stated in the German publication, by the recent suicide of his beautiful sister, whom he idolized.>

Helms overlooked that Maroczy had played San Sebastian (1911) a few months earlier, but that and an event in Budapest in 1912 were his only serious tournaments between 1908 and 1920. This line in his biography, <Maróczy's chess career spanned from 1895 to 1911 and 1920 to 1936 with the break in between to allow for more time to be devoted to his profession as a mathematics teacher>, is brief to the point of obscurity. In 1908, he was Lasker's most serious challenger; in 1920, he was like a stately shadow from the pre-war world.

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