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Max Euwe
Number of games in database: 1,560
Years covered: 1911 to 1981
Overall record: +779 -242 =510 (67.5%)*
   * Overall winning percentage = (wins+draws/2) / total games
      Based on games in the database; may be incomplete.
      29 exhibition games, odds games, etc. are excluded from this statistic.

With the White pieces:
 Orthodox Defense (101) 
    D63 D52 D50 D66 D55
 Nimzo Indian (90) 
    E38 E33 E32 E22 E39
 French Defense (54) 
    C13 C12 C11 C07 C02
 Ruy Lopez (46) 
    C83 C86 C85 C91 C78
 King's Indian (40) 
    E60 E67 E62 E66 E68
 Queen's Gambit Declined (35) 
    D30 D31 D35 D37 D06
With the Black pieces:
 Ruy Lopez (117) 
    C83 C77 C68 C80 C82
 Slav (75) 
    D12 D15 D19 D17 D10
 Sicilian (67) 
    B83 B88 B56 B57 B28
 Ruy Lopez, Open (58) 
    C83 C80 C82 C81
 Nimzo Indian (47) 
    E59 E34 E26 E41 E53
 King's Indian (47) 
    E60 E94 E61 E92 E85
Repertoire Explorer

NOTABLE GAMES: [what is this?]
   Tartakower vs Euwe, 1948 0-1
   Euwe vs Alekhine, 1935 1-0
   Geller vs Euwe, 1953 0-1
   Euwe vs Najdorf, 1953 1-0
   Euwe vs Loman, 1923 1-0
   Euwe vs Reti, 1920 1-0
   Euwe vs Alekhine, 1935 1-0
   Euwe vs Fischer, 1957 1-0
   Euwe vs S Van Mindeno, 1927 1-0
   Szabo vs Euwe, 1946 0-1

WORLD CHAMPIONSHIPS: [what is this?]
   Alekhine - Euwe World Championship Match (1935)
   Euwe - Alekhine World Championship Rematch (1937)
   FIDE World Championship Tournament (1948)

NOTABLE TOURNAMENTS: [what is this?]
   Weston (1924)
   Hastings 1923/24 (1923)
   Hastings 1930/31 (1930)
   Bournemouth (1939)
   London B (1946)
   Maastricht (1946)
   Zaanstreek (1946)
   Gothenburg B (1920)
   Zurich (1934)
   Berne (1932)
   Euwe - Keres 1939/40 (1939)
   Groningen (1946)
   Nottingham (1936)
   Wertheim Memorial (1951)
   Karlsbad (1929)

GAME COLLECTIONS: [what is this?]
   Match Euwe (International)! by amadeus
   Law and Order by Garre
   MAXimum Teacher by Garre
   From My Games 1920 - 1937 by Benzol
   World Champion Nr. 05: Euwe by Olanovich
   My Great Predecessors by Garry Kasparov by LionHeart40
   Max Euwe by blues66
   Kasparov - Great Predecessors 2 by Qindarka
   Garry Kasparov's On My Great Predecessors (2) by AdrianP
   1935 World Chess Championship by Penguincw
   fav Kramnik & Euwe games by guoduke
   Euwe by obrit

GAMES ANNOTATED BY EUWE: [what is this?]
   Euwe vs Alekhine, 1937

Search Sacrifice Explorer for Max Euwe
Search Google for Max Euwe

(born May-20-1901, died Nov-26-1981, 80 years old) Netherlands
[what is this?]
Machgielis (Max) Euwe was the fifth World Champion.

Early years

Euwe was born in Watergraafsmeer in Amsterdam. His mother, Elizabeth van der Meer, taught him the moves when he was four. He was a student of mathematics at Amsterdam University where he graduated with honours in 1923, gaining his doctorate in 1926, after which he taught mathematics in Rotterdam and later in Amsterdam.


Euwe won 102 tournaments during his career, squeezing them - and his other tournaments - into the little spare time he had during a busy professional career as a teacher, mathematician and lecturer, and while raising a family. His first international foray was in the Hastings Victory tournament after WW1 in the summer of 1919 where he placed 4th. He won the Dutch National Championship on five consecutive occasions in 1921, 1924, 1926, 1929 and 1933, and then on six more consecutive occasions in 1938, 1939, 1942, 1947, 1948 and 1952. His 12th win was in 1955; these 12 wins of the Dutch Championship are still a record, three wins ahead of the next most prolific winner, Jan Timman. Euwe was a regular competitor in the Hastings tournament, winning it three times in 1923-24, 1930-31, 1934-35. In 1928 he became the Second World Amateur Champion after Hermanis Karlovich Mattison (Paris 1924). Other important results occurred when he won Wiesbaden 1925, placed 2nd behind Alexander Alekhine at Berne 1932, 2nd behind Alekhine (whom he beat) at Zurich 1934, 2nd at Zandvoort 1936 behind Reuben Fine, 3rd at Nottingham 1936 half a point behind Mikhail Botvinnik and Jose Raul Capablanca but ahead of Alekhine, =1st at Amsterdam 1936 with Fine, 1st at Bad Nauheim-Stuttgart-Garmisch 1937, ahead of Alekhine, =4th with Alekhine and Samuel Reshevsky at AVRO 1938, 1st at Amsterdam-Hilversum-The Hague in 1939, and 1st at Budapest in 1940. After the Second World War, he came 1st in London in 1946 and had his best tournament result, second behind Botvinnik at Groningen in 1946, a result which contributed to his receiving an invitation to play in the FIDE World Championship Tournament (1948).


Soon after Euwe won the Dutch Championship for the first time in 1921, he played and drew a short match with Geza Maroczy with 2 wins, 8 draws, and 2 losses. He played and lost what amounted to a short training match with Alekhine in 1926-7, a few months before the Capablanca - Alekhine World Championship Match (1927), by +2 =5 -3. In 1928 Euwe defeated Edgar Colle in a match with 5 wins and 1 draw. A few days later he played Efim Bogoljubov in a match and lost, scoring 2 wins, 5 draws, and 3 losses. After winning Hastings 1930-1 ahead of Capablanca, he played Capablanca in a match, but lost with 8 draws and 2 losses. Soon after his good result in Berne 1932, he drew a match with Salomon Flohr with 3 wins, 10 draws, and 3 losses. Later in 1932, he won a training match with Rudolf Spielmann in 1932, with 2 wins and 2 draws, but lost another training match with Spielmann in 1935. He played a match with Paul Keres in The Netherlands in 1939-40, losing 6½-7½ (+5 =3 -6). In 1941 Euwe traveled to Carlsbad and defeated Bogoljubov in a match with 5 wins, 3 draws, and 2 losses. He drew a match in 1949 with Vasja Pirc (+2, =6, -2) Euwe - Pirc (1949).

In 1957, Euwe played a short informal match against 14-year-old future world champion Robert James Fischer, winning one game and drawing the other. His lifetime score against Fischer was one win, one loss, and one draw.

World Championship

In 1935 Alexander Alekhine selected him as his opponent for the World title, the last time in which a challenger was selected until Garry Kasparov selected Vladimir Kramnik to challenge him for the Kasparov - Kramnik World Championship Match (2000). The match was held in Amsterdam, The Hague, Delft, Rotterdam, Utrecht, Gouda, Groningen, Baarn, 's-Hertogenbosch, Eindhoven, Zeist, Ermelo, and Zandvoort, and played in 23 different venues. Euwe won the match (+9 =13 -8) on 15 December 1935 to become the fifth World Champion. This was also the first world championship match in which the players had seconds to help them with analysis during adjournments. In 1937 he lost the Euwe - Alekhine World Championship Rematch (1937) (+4 =11 -10). Their lifetime tally was +28 -20 =38 in favour of Alekhine. After Alekhine's death in 1946, Euwe was invited to contest the 1948 World Championship Match Tournament, and although he came last in that event, he continued to play in the world championship cycle until the Zurich Candidates of 1953.


He played top board for The Netherlands in seven Olympiads between 1927 to 1962, scoring 10½/15 at London 1927, 9½/13 at Stockholm 1937 to win bronze, 8/12 at Dubrovnik 1950, 7½/13 at Amsterdam 1954, 8½/11 at Munich 1958 to win silver medal (aged 57), 6½/16 at Leipzig 1960, and 4/7 in his last Olympiad at Varna in 1962. His Olympiad aggregate was 54½/87 for 62.6 per cent.

Legacy and testimonials

While he was World Champion, Euwe handed FIDE the power to organise the World Championship, apart from the return match with Alekhine that had already been agreed upon.

In 1957, while visiting the United States to study computer technology, he played two unofficial chess games in New York against Bobby Fischer, winning one and drawing the second. A couple of years later, he became director of The Netherlands Automatic Data Processing Research Centre in 1959 and from 1961 to 1963, chairman of a committee set up by Euratom to examine the feasibility of programming computers to play chess. In 1964, he was appointed to a chair in an automatic information processing in Rotterdam University and, following that, at Tilburg University. He retired as professor at Tilburg in 1971. A fuller description of his non-chess career can be found at Max Euwe (kibitz #517), courtesy of <achieve>.

From 1970-1978 he was a peripatetic President of FIDE, visiting more than 100 countries at his own expense, promoting chess world wide and helping add over 30 new member countries to FIDE. During his terms as FIDE President, he exercised immense diligence and effort to ensure the Match of the Century, the Fischer - Spassky World Championship Match (1972) occurred. While he was successful in that endeavour, similarly Herculean efforts to enable the Karpov - Fischer World Championship Match (1975) eventually foundered.

Euwe wrote over 70 chess books, including <The Road to Chess Mastery>, <Judgement and Planning in Chess>, <The Logical Approach to Chess>, and <Strategy and Tactics in Chess Play>. Many of his books are still in print, enabling several generations of good Dutch players to develop their games from reading his works. His bibliography can be gleaned from the following links at ((English); and (Dutch). He died in 1981, age 80. The Max Euwe Plein (square) (near the Leidseplein) in Amsterdam has a large chess set and statue, where the 'Max Euwe Stichting' is located in a former jailhouse. It has a Max Euwe museum and a large collection of chess books. Euwe’s granddaughter, Esmé Lammers, has written a children's book called Lang Leve de Koningin (Long live the Queen), which is a fairy tale about a young girl who learns to play chess and at the same time finds her father. Lammers filmed the story in 1995 (

• "Strategy requires thought; tactics requires observation." - Max Euwe

• "Does the general public, do even our friends the critics realize that Euwe virtually never made an unsound combination? He may, of course, occasionally fail to take account of an opponent's combination, but when he has the initiative in a tactical operation his calculation is impeccable." – Alexander Alekhine

• "He is logic personified, a genius of law and order. One would hardly call him an attacking player, yet he strides confidently into some extraordinarily complex variations." – Hans Kmoch

• "There's something wrong with that man. He's too normal." – Bobby Fischer


(1) Wikipedia article: 2nd Chess Olympiad; (2) Wikipedia article: Hastings International Chess Congress; (3) (4)

Wikipedia article: Max Euwe

 page 1 of 63; games 1-25 of 1,560  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves Year Event/LocaleOpening
1. Euwe vs NN 1-011 1911 Amsterdam, NEDC80 Ruy Lopez, Open
2. R Wielinga vs Euwe  0-146 1912 Amsterdam-North HollandC00 French Defense
3. J Davidson vs Euwe 0-150 1912 Amsterdam simulC01 French, Exchange
4. J W te Kolste vs Euwe  0-129 1913 VAS simulD00 Queen's Pawn Game
5. Euwe vs G Kroone 1-020 1919 Amsterdam m2C33 King's Gambit Accepted
6. Reti vs Euwe  1-029 1919 AmsterdamD34 Queen's Gambit Declined, Tarrasch
7. G Kroone vs Euwe  1-045 1919 Amsterdam m1C68 Ruy Lopez, Exchange
8. Euwe vs G Kroone 0-114 1919 Amsterdam m1B45 Sicilian, Taimanov
9. Euwe vs R A J Meijer 1-038 1919 NED-ch03C53 Giuoco Piano
10. J W te Kolste vs Euwe  0-130 1919 NED-ch03C46 Three Knights
11. Euwe vs G Kroone 1-014 1919 Amsterdam m2C56 Two Knights
12. G Kroone vs Euwe  1-026 1919 Amsterdam m1C63 Ruy Lopez, Schliemann Defense
13. Euwe vs G Kroone 1-054 1919 Amsterdam m1C53 Giuoco Piano
14. Euwe vs W Schelfhout ½-½56 1919 NED-ch03C12 French, McCutcheon
15. Euwe vs J O'Hanlon 1-029 1919 HastingsC54 Giuoco Piano
16. G Oskam vs Euwe 1-012 1919 NED-ch03D00 Queen's Pawn Game
17. Euwe vs G Kroone  0-128 1919 Amsterdam m2D34 Queen's Gambit Declined, Tarrasch
18. G Kroone vs Euwe  ½-½38 1919 Amsterdam m1C83 Ruy Lopez, Open
19. Euwe vs E Palmer  1-026 1919 Hastings-CC55 Two Knights Defense
20. H van Hartingsvelt vs Euwe 0-130 1919 HaarlemC44 King's Pawn Game
21. W Schelfhout vs Euwe  1-051 1919 AmsterdamC29 Vienna Gambit
22. G Kroone vs Euwe  ½-½37 1919 Amsterdam m2A84 Dutch
23. Euwe vs G Kroone  ½-½26 1919 Amsterdam m1D32 Queen's Gambit Declined, Tarrasch
24. G Kroone vs Euwe 1-016 1919 Amsterdam m1C83 Ruy Lopez, Open
25. Euwe vs W A C Craig 1-026 1919 Hastings-CC54 Giuoco Piano
 page 1 of 63; games 1-25 of 1,560  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2) | Euwe wins | Euwe loses  

Kibitzer's Corner
< Earlier Kibitzing  · PAGE 27 OF 27 ·  Later Kibitzing>
Premium Chessgames Member
  TheFocus: <Whoever sees no other aim in the game than that of giving checkmate to one's opponent will never become a good chess player> - Max Euwe.
Premium Chessgames Member
  northernfox: <Whoever sees no other aim in the game than that of giving checkmate to one's opponent will never become a good chess player> - Max Euwe. <Whoever follows Max Euwe's dictum will never win a chess game.> --Northernfox
Premium Chessgames Member
  RookFile: The guy was champ. He's obviously talking about the accumulation of small advantages.
Premium Chessgames Member
  Sally Simpson: I'm with you Northern Fox.

You can have all the small advantages you want. I'll take checkmate.

New Quote:

Checkmate beats all small advantages. If you cannot see a checkmate then stop messing about gathering small advantages and get on with the object of the game. To Checkmate your opponent's King.

End of new quote. Don't stick my name on it. Pass it off as a Russian proverb.

Premium Chessgames Member
  TheFocus: <Euwe's chess talent is in origin purely tactical - unlike that of such masters as Steinitz, Rubinstein, Capablanca, and Niemtsovitch. But he is a tactician who is determined at all costs to become a good strategist, and by dint of a great deal of hard work he has had some measure of success> - Alexander Alekhine.
Premium Chessgames Member
  TheFocus: <Euwe will go down to chess history as the apostle of method. He is a Doctor of Mathematics, a qualified actuary, licensed to teach book-keeping, an accomplished boxer, swimmer, aviator. He has written more books than any three other living masters put together> - Hans Kmoch.
Premium Chessgames Member
  TheFocus: <As a result of his perhaps too versatile life, Euwe has been able to build up no reserve of habit, no ability to judge a position by second nature> - Hans Kmoch.
Premium Chessgames Member
  TheFocus: <Has he some psychological antipathy to realism? I am no psychologist, and cannot say. The fact remains that Euwe commits the most inexplicable mistakes in thoroughly favorable positions, and that this weakness has consistently tarnished his record> - Hans Kmoch.
Premium Chessgames Member
  TheFocus: <Method rules his training, which blends the physical with the mental. How many chess masters put in, prior to an important match, an allotted time daily to bicycling and shadow-boxing, followed by a cold douche and a brisk rub down?> - Hans Kmoch.
Premium Chessgames Member
  TheFocus: Happy birthday, Huey, Dewey and Louis Euwe.
Premium Chessgames Member
  TheFocus: <Strategy requires thought, tactics require observation> - Max Euwe.
Aug-12-15  Paarhufer: Wins against Alexander Alekhine:

Euwe 20 (28)
Bogoljubov 16 (36)
Capablanca 9 (7)
Lasker 3 (1)
Fine 3 (2)
Rubinstein 3 (8)
Nimzowitsch 3 (9)
Spielmann 2 (3)
Vidmar 2 (4)
Tartakower 2 (10)
Botvinnik 1 (0)
Reshevsky 1 (2)
Reti 1 (3)
Keres 1 (5)
Tarrasch 1 (9)
Flohr 0 (5)
Marshall 0 (7)

In () the number of losses.

Premium Chessgames Member
  diagonal: The Max Euwe Center (MEC) in Amsterdam is in peril:

Euwe, <the only amateur chess player to become World Champion – the fifth in chess history. After his death in 1981 the city of Amsterdam established a Center with a museum and a modest library containing Euwe’s chess inheritance and books. Now, after 24 years, the city is threatening to withdraw it subsidy. World class players are protesting. Can the Max Euwe Center be saved?

In a letter to the Members of the Amsterdam City Council a number of players have protested this "very shortsighted decision".>

Magnus Carlsen, Norway, World Chess Champion
Viswanathan Anand, India, former World Champion
Garry Kasparov, Russia, former World Champion
Vladimir Kramnik, Russia, former World Champion
Veselin Topalov, Bulgaria, former World Champion
Levon Aronian, Armenia
Fabiano Caruana, Italy/USA
Anish Giri, Netherlands
Alexander Grischuk, Russia
Hikaru Nakamura, USA
Wesley So, Philippines/USA
Maxime Vachier-Lagrave, France
Hou Yifan, China,
and others have signed letter to the Amsterdam City Council

Note from the Report by Frederic Friedel:
<Companies can support the MEC financially. In return the MEC can provide business chess tournaments, lectures or simultaneous exhibitions by top players. Of course, the sponsor will be invited to the biannual Euweborrel, our annual Town Square Festival and other sponsor meetings, for example the Tata Steel tournament in Wijk aan Zee. Any company that may consider a sponsorship should contact Eddy Sibbing, manager of the MEC, or call at +31-20-625 7017.

In addition private chess friends can chip in by donating to IBAN: NL91 INGB 0005 4016 70 Stichting Max Euwe Center in Amsterdam (giving "New donor MEC" plus name and address). Donors can write off the sum in their tax returns since the MEC is recognized as a charity organisation.>

Sep-12-15  thegoodanarchist: <tranquilsimplicity: <thegoodanarchist> You missed the point; I suggested 'in sport', not anywhere.>

I missed the point? Only in a world in which you mistake that post as being serious.

Sep-21-15  zanzibar: Paul van der Sterren writing about Max Euwe:

Oct-07-15  cg999: euwe is a great player why? lasker got beaten by capablanca, capablanca got beaten by alekhine. Euwe managed to defeat alekhine. even if he loss the rematch.
Premium Chessgames Member
  RookFile: Capa won a match against Euwe.
Premium Chessgames Member
  parisattack: Euwe played some awesome endgames. His 'From My Games' is an excellent tome, something of a sleeper among chess books.

I also remember him for his Schach Archiv openings periodical and 'Spotlight on Openings' series in Chess Review.

Mar-21-16  blunderclap: Today's chess quote seems to imply that Alekhine himself would not side with those that consider Euwe's WC-victory somehow invalid due to Alekhine's purported drunken spells.

"The fact that a player is very short of time is to my mind, as little to be considered as an excuse as, for instance, the statement of the law-breaker that he was drunk at the time he committed the crime." --- Alekhine

Much is often made of a chessplayer's psychological traits. Kasparov's fierce temperament for instance is often cited as the main reason for his superiority, even more so than his general understanding of chess. It seems odd that in relation to Euwe many refuse to attach similar importance to Alekhine's traits, whatever they might have been. As the quote seems to imply, Alekhine himself would not have agreed with this.

Premium Chessgames Member
  TheFocus: Happy birthday, Champ!

A good book on Euwe's career is needed.

Premium Chessgames Member
  plang: What type of book are you looking for?

The book he wrote "From my Games" is an excellent book

May-20-16  kamagong24: Happy Birthday!
May-20-16  Monoceros: Is there a good text, preferably with an English translation, describing the 1935 championship match? Seems like that would be a heck of a story, judging from the abbreviated telling in "My Great Predecessors".
May-20-16  DWINS: <Monoceros: Is there a good text, preferably with an English translation, describing the 1935 championship match?>

"Extreme Chess" by C.J.S. Purdy covers this match along with their 1937 rematch and the 1972 Spassky-Fischer match.

May-21-16  Monoceros: Excellent! Thanks!
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