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Max Euwe
Euwe 
 
Number of games in database: 1,609
Years covered: 1911 to 1981

Overall record: +803 -247 =518 (67.7%)*
   * Overall winning percentage = (wins+draws/2) / total games in the database. 41 exhibition games, blitz/rapid, odds games, etc. are excluded from this statistic.

MOST PLAYED OPENINGS
With the White pieces:
 Orthodox Defense (103) 
    D63 D52 D50 D66 D55
 Nimzo Indian (93) 
    E38 E32 E33 E22 E39
 French Defense (56) 
    C13 C12 C11 C07 C02
 Ruy Lopez (49) 
    C86 C83 C85 C91 C78
 King's Indian (43) 
    E60 E67 E62 E64 E68
 Queen's Gambit Declined (37) 
    D30 D31 D35 D37 D06
With the Black pieces:
 Ruy Lopez (120) 
    C83 C77 C80 C68 C82
 Slav (75) 
    D12 D15 D19 D17 D10
 Sicilian (69) 
    B83 B56 B88 B57 B28
 Ruy Lopez, Open (60) 
    C83 C80 C82 C81
 Nimzo Indian (48) 
    E59 E34 E26 E53 E41
 King's Indian (47) 
    E60 E94 E61 E92 E67
Repertoire Explorer

NOTABLE GAMES: [what is this?]
   Tartakower vs Euwe, 1948 0-1
   Geller vs Euwe, 1953 0-1
   Euwe vs Alekhine, 1935 1-0
   Euwe vs Najdorf, 1953 1-0
   Euwe vs Loman, 1923 1-0
   Euwe vs Reti, 1920 1-0
   Euwe vs S Van Mindeno, 1927 1-0
   Euwe vs Alekhine, 1935 1-0
   Euwe vs Fischer, 1957 1-0
   Szabo vs Euwe, 1946 0-1

WORLD CHAMPIONSHIPS: [what is this?]
   Alekhine - Euwe World Championship Match (1935)
   Euwe - Alekhine World Championship Rematch (1937)
   FIDE World Championship Tournament (1948)

NOTABLE TOURNAMENTS: [what is this?]
   Weston (1924)
   Hastings 1923/24 (1923)
   Hastings 1930/31 (1930)
   Bournemouth (1939)
   Zaanstreek (1946)
   London B (1946)
   Maastricht (1946)
   Gothenburg B (1920)
   Berne (1932)
   Zurich (1934)
   Euwe - Keres 1939/40 (1939)
   Groningen (1946)
   Nottingham (1936)
   Wertheim Memorial (1951)
   Karlsbad (1929)

GAME COLLECTIONS: [what is this?]
   Match Euwe (International)! by amadeus
   Max Euwe - The Biography (Munninghoff) by Qindarka
   MAXimum Teacher by Garre
   Law and Order by Garre
   Law and Order Compiled by Garre / Euwe by fredthebear
   E F G Players by fredthebear
   World Champion - Euwe (I.Linder/V.Linder) by Qindarka
   From My Games 1920 - 1937 by Benzol
   My Great Predecessors by Garry Kasparov by JoseTigranTalFischer
   My Great Predecessors by Garry Kasparov by LionHeart40
   number 2 by Frodo7
   Max Euwe - From Steinitz to Fischer, Part 2 by Chessdreamer
   Max Euwe by blues66
   On My Great Predecessors 2 (Kasparov) by Qindarka

GAMES ANNOTATED BY EUWE: [what is this?]
   Euwe vs Alekhine, 1937


Search Sacrifice Explorer for Max Euwe
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MAX EUWE
(born May-20-1901, died Nov-26-1981, 80 years old) Netherlands
PRONUNCIATION:
[what is this?]

Machgielis (Max) Euwe was the fifth World Champion.

Early years

Euwe was born in Watergraafsmeer in Amsterdam. His mother, Elizabeth van der Meer, taught him the moves when he was four. He was a student of mathematics at Amsterdam University where he graduated with honours in 1923, gaining his doctorate in 1926, after which he taught mathematics in Rotterdam and later in Amsterdam. Younger brother of Willem Euwe.

Tournaments:

Euwe won 102 tournaments during his career, squeezing them - and his other tournaments - into the little spare time he had during a busy professional career as a teacher, mathematician and lecturer, and while raising a family. His first international foray was in the Hastings Victory tournament after WW1 in the summer of 1919 where he placed 4th. He won the Dutch National Championship on five consecutive occasions in 1921, 1924, 1926, 1929 and 1933, and then on six more consecutive occasions in 1938, 1939, 1942, 1947, 1948 and 1952. His 12th win was in 1955; these 12 wins of the Dutch Championship are still a record, three wins ahead of the next most prolific winner, Jan Timman. Euwe was a regular competitor in the Hastings tournament, winning it three times in 1923-24, 1930-31, 1934-35. In 1928 he became the Second World Amateur Champion after Hermanis Karlovich Mattison (Paris 1924). Other important results occurred when he won Wiesbaden 1925, placed 2nd behind Alexander Alekhine at Berne 1932, 2nd behind Alekhine (whom he beat) at Zurich 1934, 2nd at Zandvoort 1936 behind Reuben Fine, 3rd at Nottingham 1936 half a point behind Mikhail Botvinnik and Jose Raul Capablanca but ahead of Alekhine, =1st at Amsterdam 1936 with Fine, 1st at Bad Nauheim-Stuttgart-Garmisch 1937, ahead of Alekhine, =4th with Alekhine and Samuel Reshevsky at AVRO 1938, 1st at Amsterdam-Hilversum-The Hague in 1939, and 1st at Budapest in 1940. After the Second World War, he came 1st in London in 1946 and had his best tournament result, second behind Botvinnik at Groningen in 1946, a result which contributed to his receiving an invitation to play in the FIDE World Championship Tournament (1948).

Matches

Soon after Euwe won the Dutch Championship for the first time in 1921, he played and drew a short match with Geza Maroczy with 2 wins, 8 draws, and 2 losses. He played and lost what amounted to a short training match with Alekhine in 1926-7, a few months before the Capablanca - Alekhine World Championship Match (1927), by +2 =5 -3. In 1928 Euwe defeated Edgar Colle in a match with 5 wins and 1 draw. A few days later he played Efim Bogoljubov in a match and lost, scoring 2 wins, 5 draws, and 3 losses. After winning Hastings 1930-1 ahead of Capablanca, he played Capablanca in a match, but lost with 8 draws and 2 losses. Soon after his good result in Berne 1932, he drew a match with Salomon Flohr with 3 wins, 10 draws, and 3 losses. Later in 1932, he won a training match with Rudolf Spielmann in 1932, with 2 wins and 2 draws, but lost another training match with Spielmann in 1935. He played a match with Paul Keres in The Netherlands in 1939-40, losing 6½-7½ (+5 =3 -6). In 1941 Euwe traveled to Carlsbad and defeated Bogoljubov in a match with 5 wins, 3 draws, and 2 losses. He drew a match in 1949 with Vasja Pirc (+2, =6, -2) Euwe - Pirc (1949).

In 1957, Euwe played a short informal match against 14-year-old future world champion Robert James Fischer, winning one game and drawing the other. His lifetime score against Fischer was one win, one loss, and one draw.

World Championship

In 1935 Alexander Alekhine selected him as his opponent for the World title, the last time in which a challenger was selected until Garry Kasparov selected Vladimir Kramnik to challenge him for the Kasparov - Kramnik World Championship Match (2000). The match was held in Amsterdam, The Hague, Delft, Rotterdam, Utrecht, Gouda, Groningen, Baarn, 's-Hertogenbosch, Eindhoven, Zeist, Ermelo, and Zandvoort, and played in 23 different venues. Euwe won the match (+9 =13 -8) on 15 December 1935 to become the fifth World Champion. This was also the first world championship match in which the players had seconds to help them with analysis during adjournments. In 1937 he lost the Euwe - Alekhine World Championship Rematch (1937) (+4 =11 -10). Their lifetime tally was +28 -20 =38 in favour of Alekhine. After Alekhine's death in 1946, Euwe was invited to contest the 1948 World Championship Match Tournament, and although he came last in that event, he continued to play in the world championship cycle until the Zurich Candidates of 1953.

Olympiads

He played top board for The Netherlands in seven Olympiads between 1927 to 1962, scoring 10½/15 at London 1927, 9½/13 at Stockholm 1937 to win bronze, 8/12 at Dubrovnik 1950, 7½/13 at Amsterdam 1954, 8½/11 at Munich 1958 to win silver medal (aged 57), 6½/16 at Leipzig 1960, and 4/7 in his last Olympiad at Varna in 1962. His Olympiad aggregate was 54½/87 for 62.6 per cent.

Legacy and testimonials

While he was World Champion, Euwe handed FIDE the power to organise the World Championship, apart from the return match with Alekhine that had already been agreed upon.

In 1957, while visiting the United States to study computer technology, he played two unofficial chess games in New York against Bobby Fischer, winning one and drawing the second. A couple of years later, he became director of The Netherlands Automatic Data Processing Research Centre in 1959 and from 1961 to 1963, chairman of a committee set up by Euratom to examine the feasibility of programming computers to play chess. In 1964, he was appointed to a chair in an automatic information processing in Rotterdam University and, following that, at Tilburg University. He retired as professor at Tilburg in 1971. A fuller description of his non-chess career can be found at Max Euwe (kibitz #517), courtesy of <achieve>.

From 1970-1978 he was a peripatetic President of FIDE, visiting more than 100 countries at his own expense, promoting chess world wide and helping add over 30 new member countries to FIDE. During his terms as FIDE President, he exercised immense diligence and effort to ensure the Match of the Century, the Fischer - Spassky World Championship Match (1972) occurred. While he was successful in that endeavour, similarly Herculean efforts to enable the Karpov - Fischer World Championship Match (1975) eventually foundered.

Euwe wrote over 70 chess books, including <The Road to Chess Mastery>, <Judgement and Planning in Chess>, <The Logical Approach to Chess>, and <Strategy and Tactics in Chess Play>. Many of his books are still in print, enabling several generations of good Dutch players to develop their games from reading his works. His bibliography can be gleaned from the following links at http://www.openisbn.com/author/Max_... ((English); and http://www.maxeuwe.nl/opauteur.html (Dutch). He died in 1981, age 80. The Max Euwe Plein (square) (near the Leidseplein) in Amsterdam has a large chess set and statue, where the 'Max Euwe Stichting' is located in a former jailhouse. It has a Max Euwe museum and a large collection of chess books. Euwe’s granddaughter, Esmé Lammers, has written a children's book called Lang Leve de Koningin (Long live the Queen), which is a fairy tale about a young girl who learns to play chess and at the same time finds her father. Lammers filmed the story in 1995 (http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0113598/.)

• "Strategy requires thought; tactics requires observation." - Max Euwe

• "Does the general public, do even our friends the critics realize that Euwe virtually never made an unsound combination? He may, of course, occasionally fail to take account of an opponent's combination, but when he has the initiative in a tactical operation his calculation is impeccable." – Alexander Alekhine

• "He is logic personified, a genius of law and order. One would hardly call him an attacking player, yet he strides confidently into some extraordinarily complex variations." – Hans Kmoch

• "There's something wrong with that man. He's too normal." – Bobby Fischer

Sources

(1) Wikipedia article: 2nd Chess Olympiad; (2) Wikipedia article: Hastings International Chess Congress; (3) http://members.tripod.com/HSK_Chess... (4) http://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.a...

Wikipedia article: Max Euwe


 page 1 of 65; games 1-25 of 1,609  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves YearEvent/LocaleOpening
1. Euwe vs NN 1-0111911Amsterdam, NEDC80 Ruy Lopez, Open
2. J Davidson vs Euwe 0-1501912Simul, 30bC01 French, Exchange
3. R Wielinga vs Euwe  0-1461912Amsterdam-North HollandC00 French Defense
4. J W te Kolste vs Euwe  0-1291913VAS simulD00 Queen's Pawn Game
5. Euwe vs A A de Graaff  1-0181915NSB 2nd classC30 King's Gambit Declined
6. Euwe vs Weenink  1-0211918VAS AmsterdamC53 Giuoco Piano
7. G Kroone vs Euwe 1-0161919Amsterdam m1C83 Ruy Lopez, Open
8. Euwe vs G Kroone 0-1141919Amsterdam m1B45 Sicilian, Taimanov
9. G Kroone vs Euwe  ½-½371919Amsterdam m2A84 Dutch
10. Euwe vs G Kroone 1-0201919Amsterdam m2C33 King's Gambit Accepted
11. G Kroone vs Euwe 0-1351919Amsterdam m1C83 Ruy Lopez, Open
12. Euwe vs G Kroone  1-0431919Amsterdam m1C54 Giuoco Piano
13. Euwe vs G Kroone 1-0541919Amsterdam m1C53 Giuoco Piano
14. G Kroone vs Euwe  ½-½161919Amsterdam m2C29 Vienna Gambit
15. Euwe vs G Kroone 1-0141919Amsterdam m2C56 Two Knights
16. Euwe vs R A J Meijer 1-0381919NED-ch03C53 Giuoco Piano
17. G Kroone vs Euwe  1-0451919Amsterdam m1C68 Ruy Lopez, Exchange
18. Euwe vs G Kroone  0-1281919Amsterdam m2D34 Queen's Gambit Declined, Tarrasch
19. G Kroone vs Euwe  1-0261919Amsterdam m1C63 Ruy Lopez, Schliemann Defense
20. Euwe vs G Kroone  ½-½261919Amsterdam m1D32 Queen's Gambit Declined, Tarrasch
21. J W te Kolste vs Euwe  0-1301919NED-ch03C46 Three Knights
22. G Kroone vs Euwe  ½-½381919Amsterdam m1C83 Ruy Lopez, Open
23. Euwe vs G Kroone 1-0451919Amsterdam m1D33 Queen's Gambit Declined, Tarrasch
24. Euwe vs W A C Craig 1-0261919Hastings-CC54 Giuoco Piano
25. Euwe vs B J van Trotsenburg 0-1191919HaarlemC29 Vienna Gambit
 page 1 of 65; games 1-25 of 1,609  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2) | Euwe wins | Euwe loses  
 

Kibitzer's Corner
< Earlier Kibitzing  · PAGE 27 OF 27 ·  Later Kibitzing>
Sep-12-15
Premium Chessgames Member
  thegoodanarchist: <tranquilsimplicity: <thegoodanarchist> You missed the point; I suggested 'in sport', not anywhere.>

I missed the point? Only in a world in which you mistake that post as being serious.

Sep-21-15
Premium Chessgames Member
  zanzibar: Paul van der Sterren writing about Max Euwe:

http://en.euwetoernooi.nl/max-euwe/...

Oct-07-15  cg999: euwe is a great player why? lasker got beaten by capablanca, capablanca got beaten by alekhine. Euwe managed to defeat alekhine. even if he loss the rematch.
Nov-17-15  RookFile: Capa won a match against Euwe.
Nov-17-15
Premium Chessgames Member
  parisattack: Euwe played some awesome endgames. His 'From My Games' is an excellent tome, something of a sleeper among chess books.

I also remember him for his Schach Archiv openings periodical and 'Spotlight on Openings' series in Chess Review.

May-20-16
Premium Chessgames Member
  TheFocus: Happy birthday, Champ!

A good book on Euwe's career is needed.

May-20-16
Premium Chessgames Member
  plang: What type of book are you looking for?

The book he wrote "From my Games" is an excellent book

May-20-16  kamagong24: Happy Birthday!
May-20-16  Monoceros: Is there a good text, preferably with an English translation, describing the 1935 championship match? Seems like that would be a heck of a story, judging from the abbreviated telling in "My Great Predecessors".
May-20-16  DWINS: <Monoceros: Is there a good text, preferably with an English translation, describing the 1935 championship match?>

"Extreme Chess" by C.J.S. Purdy covers this match along with their 1937 rematch and the 1972 Spassky-Fischer match.

May-21-16  Monoceros: Excellent! Thanks!
Jun-26-16
Premium Chessgames Member
  brankat: All the games from both, 1935 and '37 match are available right here, in this database. You don't really need a book :-)
Jun-26-16
Premium Chessgames Member
  plang: Some people prefer expert commentary along with the moves.
Nov-10-16
Premium Chessgames Member
  TheFocus: Quote of the Day:

<Does the general public, do even our friends the critics, realize that Euwe virtually never made an unsound combination? He may, of course, occasionally fail to take account of an opponent's combination, but when he has the initiative in a tactical operation his calculation is impeccable> Alexander Alekhine.

Says someone who would know.

Nov-13-16
Premium Chessgames Member
  TheFocus: Quote of tha Day:

<Whoever sees no other aim in the game than that of giving checkmate to one's opponent will never become a good chessplayer> - Max Euwe.

Ah, so that's my problem.

Nov-13-16
Premium Chessgames Member
  perfidious: Dang it, <TheFocus>, yew musta missed the day Ah stood in for that there <AJ> at one of them Chocolate Milk opens in Do-than, or whatever lil town it was Ah visited. Yew know the score: Ah bin through so many of them places when Ah git on the road that Ah loses track!

Like Ah said to them folks in Do-than, yew gotta checkmate the other guy fore he gits yew. That guy Euwe, he was purty dang goot, but he dint know everthing.

Nov-13-16
Premium Chessgames Member
  perfessor: Poor Tal, think how good he could have been if only he had listened to Euwe's advice!
Mar-05-17
Premium Chessgames Member
  zanzibar: In Cyrillic - Euwe = Эйве

<Focus> writes <A good book on Euwe's career is needed.>

Max Euwe (kibitz #664)

Doesn't

<
Max Euwe: The Biography
By Alexandr Munninghoff
New In Chess, May 22, 2014
350pp
>

qualify?

https://books.google.com/books?id=c...

https://www.amazon.com/Max-Euwe-Bio...

Mar-05-17  Paarhufer: <z: Doesn't ... qualify?> I personally like this book a lot, and I think I am rather critical.

English editions exist at least since 2001, and I remember less positive reviews. The text is an unabbreviated translation of Münnighoff's 1976 Dutch edition, with a final chapter added. This doesn't hold for the games I think: the Dutch edition contains 270 games commented by Euwe, the English editon only 50, where some were *translated* to informator style.

In 2015, Peter de Jong published a few books on Euwe in Dutch, which I don't know: http://kwabc.org/images/new_literat...

The number of copies is rather small, and they seem to be already collector's items. From the excerpts given at http://kwabc.org/index.php/componen... one can get the impression that these books are rather extended game collections.

Mar-05-17  Retireborn: Euwe played a huge number of matches against historical figures; Reti, Maroczy, Colle (twice), Alekhine (three times), Bogoljubow (three), Spielmann, Flohr, Grob, Pirc, Donner (twice), Fischer (!)and Sosonko.

A massive book could be written about those alone.

Mar-05-17  Retireborn: Oh, and Capablanca, of course. Knew I'd forget one!
Mar-11-17
Premium Chessgames Member
  Marmot PFL: <He published a mathematical analysis of the game of chess from an intuitionistic point of view, in which he showed, using the Thue–Morse sequence, that the then-official rules did not exclude the possibility of infinite games> https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Max_E...

This looks puzzling, until looking at the rules of chess in Euwe's day.

<A chess game ends with a draw if a sequence of moves - with all pieces in exactly the same positions - is played three times successively.>

Euwe proved that under this rule chess could be infinite. Today the rules are different

<A chess game terminates with a draw when the same position with the same player to move occurs the third time.> does not have to be successive, and <A chess game terminates with a draw when in 50 successive move pairs (white-black or black-white) no pawn is moved and no piece is taken. > So an "infinite game" is no longer possible. It should be possible to calculate the maximum length a game could last if all rules are enforced. Read somewhere the number 5899 moves but don't have a source unfortunately

Mar-11-17
Premium Chessgames Member
  Marmot PFL: Article on the longest possible game and also the number of possible different games http://wismuth.com/chess/longest-ga...
Apr-26-17
Premium Chessgames Member
  thegoodanarchist: < TheFocus: Quote of tha Day:

<Whoever sees no other aim in the game than that of giving checkmate to one's opponent will never become a good chessplayer> - Max Euwe.

Ah, so that's my problem.>

How lucky you are, to have only 1 problem!

May-21-17
Premium Chessgames Member
  thegoodanarchist: Happy Birthday Champ!

I find it kind of sad that no one has yet posted on Euwe's page today, and the day is almost over and he is today's POTD.

Nice photo, too. I wonder where it is from...

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