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Reshevsky 
 
Samuel Reshevsky
Number of games in database: 1,523
Years covered: 1917 to 1991
Overall record: +562 -212 =661 (62.2%)*
   * Overall winning percentage = (wins+draws/2) / total games
      Based on games in the database; may be incomplete.
      88 exhibition games, odds games, etc. are excluded from this statistic.

MOST PLAYED OPENINGS
With the White pieces:
 Nimzo Indian (118) 
    E46 E43 E57 E47 E34
 King's Indian (92) 
    E92 E97 E60 E95 E62
 Grunfeld (51) 
    D97 D81 D92 D83 D82
 Orthodox Defense (43) 
    D51 D50 D55 D60 D62
 English (37) 
    A15 A10 A16 A17 A14
 Queen's Gambit Declined (36) 
    D37 D35 D31 D30 D36
With the Black pieces:
 Ruy Lopez (138) 
    C96 C95 C86 C93 C88
 Sicilian (117) 
    B32 B72 B40 B71 B42
 Ruy Lopez, Closed (95) 
    C96 C95 C86 C93 C88
 Nimzo Indian (76) 
    E33 E57 E54 E46 E21
 King's Indian (65) 
    E60 E95 E69 E94 E79
 Queen's Indian (48) 
    E12 E19 E17 E16 E15
Repertoire Explorer

NOTABLE GAMES: [what is this?]
   Larry Evans vs Reshevsky, 1963 1/2-1/2
   Reshevsky vs A Vasconcellos, 1944 1-0
   Botvinnik vs Reshevsky, 1948 0-1
   Reshevsky vs Petrosian, 1953 1/2-1/2
   Reshevsky vs G N Treysman, 1938 1-0
   Reshevsky vs Capablanca, 1935 1-0
   Reshevsky vs Najdorf, 1952 1-0
   Lasker vs Reshevsky, 1936 0-1
   Reshevsky vs Fischer, 1961 1-0
   J Mieses vs Reshevsky, 1935 0-1

WORLD CHAMPIONSHIPS: [what is this?]
   FIDE World Championship Tournament (1948)

NOTABLE TOURNAMENTS: [what is this?]
   Kemeri (1937)
   Syracuse (1934)
   US Championship (1936)
   Wertheim Memorial (1951)
   Reshevsky - Najdorf (1952)
   56th US Open (1955)
   Third Rosenwald Trophy (1956)
   Amsterdam (1950)
   US Championship 1957/58 (1957)
   Buenos Aires (1960)
   Zurich Candidates (1953)
   US Championship (1972)
   Nottingham (1936)
   Sousse Interzonal (1967)
   Amsterdam Interzonal (1964)

GAME COLLECTIONS: [what is this?]
   Match Reshevsky! by amadeus
   Challenger of 48 Reshevsky_125 by Gottschalk
   Reshevsky's Best Games of Chess, Vol. I by suenteus po 147
   The Art of Positional Play by SamAtoms1980
   WCC Index [Zurich 1953] by suenteus po 147
   Garry Kasparov's On My Great Predecessors (4) by AdrianP
   On My Great Predecessors 4 (Kasparov) by Qindarka
   1948 World Chess Championship by Penguincw
   WCC Index [World Championship Tournament 1948] by Resignation Trap
   Art of War's favorite games 8 by Art of War
   Rematch for Championship of the West 1953 by Resignation Trap
   1953 Reshevsky - Najdorf by TheFocus

Search Sacrifice Explorer for Samuel Reshevsky
Search Google for Samuel Reshevsky


SAMUEL RESHEVSKY
(born Nov-26-1911, died Apr-04-1992, 80 years old) Poland (federation/nationality United States of America)

[what is this?]
Samuel Herman Reshevsky (Szmul Rzeszewski) was born in Ozorkow, Poland. He learned to play chess at the age of four. At eight years old he was giving simultaneous exhibitions and defeating some of the country's most prominent players.

Following the events of World War 1, Reshevsky immigrated to the United States (1920). As a 9-year old, his first American simultaneous exhibition was with 20 officers and cadets at the Military Academy at West Point. He won 19 games and drew one. He toured the country and played over 1,500 games as a 9-year old in simultaneous exhibitions and only lost 8 games. In his early years he did not go to school and his parents ended up in Manhattan Children's Court on charges of improper guardianship. His benefactor was Julius Rosenwald, founder of Sears & Roebuck, who agreed to provide for Reshevsky's future if he devoted himself to completing his education. Reshevsky then largely abandoned chess for 10 years to pursue a vocation as an accountant, receiving an accounting degree from the University of Chicago in 1933 which he put to use in New York City.

After obtaining his college degree, he devoted himself to tournament chess. Several subsequent successes in international events led to his invitations to both AVRO 1938 and the World Championship Tournament ten years later. Between 1936 and 1942, he had a streak of 75 games without a loss in U.S. Championship competition. He won the US Open in 1944. Pan-American Champion at Hollywood 1945. He played in 21 U.S. Championships, from 1936 to 1981. Over the course of a long international career that continued until he was almost 80, he qualified for the Candidates five times, won the U.S. Championship on six occasions (first time in 1936, last time in 1971) and played 11 World Champions, ranging from Emanuel Lasker to Anatoly Karpov.

He won matches against several notable Western players, including Svetozar Gligoric, Miguel Najdorf and Robert James Fischer (after Fischer was forfeited while the match was tied). However, he was never able to secure the right to a World Championship match. In 1981, at the age of 70, he tied for 3rd place in the U.S. Championship. In 1984, at the age of 72, he took first place in the powerful Reykjavik Open, which featured many grandmasters. (1)

Wikipedia article: Samuel Reshevsky; (1) http://www.365chess.com/tournaments...


 page 1 of 61; games 1-25 of 1,523  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves Year Event/LocaleOpening
1. Reshevsky vs Rubinstein 0-124 1917 WarsawC50 Giuoco Piano
2. Reshevsky vs Factor 0-126 1917 Lodz, PolandC22 Center Game
3. Reshevsky vs R C Griffith 1-030 1920 LondonC67 Ruy Lopez
4. Reshevsky vs Traube 1-017 1920 HanoverA02 Bird's Opening
5. C Jaffe vs Reshevsky 0-117 1920 New York blindfoldC30 King's Gambit Declined
6. Reshevsky vs Zabludovsky 1-029 1920 Berlin simulC62 Ruy Lopez, Old Steinitz Defense
7. Reshevsky vs L Von Dory 1-016 1920 Berlin simulC35 King's Gambit Accepted, Cunningham
8. P Krueger vs Reshevsky ½-½39 1920 Blindfold gameC48 Four Knights
9. Reshevsky vs Gency  1-037 1920 Paris simulC30 King's Gambit Declined
10. Reshevsky vs M Herzfeld  1-052 1920 Paris simulC66 Ruy Lopez
11. Reshevsky vs L Schwarz 1-065 1920 20 board simultaneous exhibitionC00 French Defense
12. Reshevsky vs G W Beaumont  1-030 1920 Simultaneous exhibitionC34 King's Gambit Accepted
13. Reshevsky vs M J Clurman ½-½23 1920 Simul, 20bB15 Caro-Kann
14. Reshevsky vs S Katz ½-½29 1920 Simul, 20bB21 Sicilian, 2.f4 and 2.d4
15. Reshevsky vs F Knoller 1-040 1920 Simul, 20bC79 Ruy Lopez, Steinitz Defense Deferred
16. Reshevsky vs A Simchow  0-134 1920 Simul, 20bD05 Queen's Pawn Game
17. Reshevsky vs L S Stillman 1-020 1920 New York simB21 Sicilian, 2.f4 and 2.d4
18. M A Schapiro vs Reshevsky 0-140 1920 Exhibition gameC14 French, Classical
19. Reshevsky vs E B Hilliard 1-027 1920 Blindfold gameC30 King's Gambit Declined
20. Reshevsky vs J H Longacre  ½-½25 1921 Simul, 20bC68 Ruy Lopez, Exchange
21. Reshevsky vs A H Beckman  1-020 1921 Simul, 20bD46 Queen's Gambit Declined Semi-Slav
22. Reshevsky vs S T Sharp ½-½27 1921 Simul, 20bC31 King's Gambit Declined, Falkbeer Counter Gambit
23. Reshevsky vs E Michelsen  1-034 1921 Simul, 5bB21 Sicilian, 2.f4 and 2.d4
24. Reshevsky vs A Simchow 0-130 1921 Simul, 12bD32 Queen's Gambit Declined, Tarrasch
25. Reshevsky vs E N Moore 0-126 1921 Simul, 20bC67 Ruy Lopez
 page 1 of 61; games 1-25 of 1,523  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2) | Reshevsky wins | Reshevsky loses  
 

Kibitzer's Corner
< Earlier Kibitzing  · PAGE 61 OF 61 ·  Later Kibitzing>
Feb-05-16
Premium Chessgames Member
  TheFocus: From the <Mechanics Institute Newsletter #725>:

Philidor C41
Sammy Reshevsky–Walter Shipman
New York (Training Game) December 1947

1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 d6 3.d4 Nf6 4.dxe5

<This move is the reason why modern players try to enter the Philidor by the move-order 1.e4 d6 2.d4 Nf6 3.Nc3 e5, but of course this gives White the extra option of heading for a queenless middlegame with 4.dxe5.>

4...Nxe4 5.Bc4

<5.Qd5 Nc5 6.Bg5 Be7 (the less commonly played 6...Qd7 still leaves White in charge after 7.exd6 Bxd6 8.Nc3 0–0 9.0–0–0) 7.exd6 Qxd6 8.Nc3 is the “official” reason why this move-order favors White, who has a small but annoying pull.>

5...c6 6.exd6 Bxd6 7.0–0 0–0 8.Nbd2 Nxd2

<8...Nf6 was a reasonable alternative.>

9.Bxd2 Bg4 10.h3 Bh5

<10...Bxf3 11.Qxf3 Nd7 12.Bb3 Qf6 13.Qxf6 Nxf6 14.Rad1 gives White the two-bishop edge in the ending.>

11.Bc3 Bc5

<White’s threatened Qd4 forces the bishop to move again.>

12.b4 Bb6 13.g4 Bg6 14.Ne5 Qh4?!

<14...Qxd1 15.Rfxd1 Bxc2 16.Rd2 Bg6 (16...Be4 17.Nxf7) 17.Re1 offers White a strong initiative for the sacrificed pawn. The tricky 14...Qf6, intending ...Qf4, was best here. The text is skating on thin ice.>

15.Kh2

<15.Kg2 is more precise, meeting 15...a5 with 16.Nxg6 hxg6 17.Rb1, and Black is in serious trouble.>

15...Bxf2?

<This meets with a drastic refutation. 15...a5! was correct, with the point that on 16.Nxg6 hxg6 17.Rb1 Black has 17...Bc7+.>

16.Qf3 Bb6 17.Nxg6 hxg6 18.Qxf7+! Rxf7 19.Rxf7 Na6 20.Raf1 1–0

Source: <Christian Science Monitor>, February 15, 1965.

Feb-11-16
Premium Chessgames Member
  TheFocus: In his first chess tournament, New York City Chess Club 1922: "The two brilliancy prizes of the masters tournament at the Chess Club International - a cup, offered by W.M. Vance, and $25 by A.J. McClure - were awarded by F.J. Marshall to H.R. Bigelow and Samuel Rzeschewski, respectively for their games with Janowski. Tournament Director Jaffe ignored the decision and gave the cup to Rzeschewski. Thereupon the McClure prize was withdrawn. Boy-like, Sammy holds on to what he has. Just what may be the status of Bigelow in this queer mixup is not exactly apparent, but his state of mind is philosophic."

See <American Chess Bulletin>, February 1923, pg. 44.

Feb-23-16
Premium Chessgames Member
  amadeus: Holy Reshevsky!
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zQV...
Mar-27-16
Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: I doubt it was flying off the shelves, but does anybody have the Reshevsky book by Stephen Gordon?

I'd like to know how many simul games it has from Reshevsky's tour of the US in 1920-22, and whether it has a detailed list of those exhibition dates.

Jul-14-16
Premium Chessgames Member
  Eduardo Bermudez: The longest period in years since their first game to the last,for a GM, belongs to Reshevsky: (1917-1991
Aug-04-16
Premium Chessgames Member
  brankat: Mark Taimanov-73 years.

Svetozar Gligoric-72

Korchnoi-70.

Aug-04-16  morfishine: Reshevsky was truly great.

Naysayers can have their say, but their posts drift away in the wind like a random tumbleweed

I am no great fan of Reshevsky, but one should put aside bigotry and focus on the facts: he was a really great player

For him though, no pity, he left his mark

A mark that ignorant people cannot remove

*****

Aug-05-16
Premium Chessgames Member
  RookFile: Yes, quite right. The older I get, the more I remember the comment made in the beginning of "The Great Gatsby", that when you feel tempted to criticize somebody, remember that he may not have had as many advantages in life as you do.

With Reshevsky, he was always fighting an uphill battle because he did not know the openings like other world class players did. Ok, but suppose Reshevsky were playing today, in this age of computer databases, where with a few clicks, he turns an opening weakness into a strength. All of a sudden, Reshevsky's other qualities - his tactical abilty, his defensive tenacity, etc. suddenly set him head and shoulders above his competition. He was always a terrific match player - now you give him opening knowledge too. I don't see how he loses to anybody.

Aug-05-16
Premium Chessgames Member
  HeMateMe: Sammy worked full time while a chess player. I think he was an accountant his whole life. That had to dig into the time that one needs to research the openings.

He was USA champion in the '50s in spite of this. When Fischer came along, perhaps it was too late to teach an old dog new tricks?

Aug-05-16
Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: <Naysayers can have their say, but their posts drift away in the wind like a random tumbleweed.>

Very poetic. Now please provide details about who these naysayers are, and give examples of their scurrilous attacks against poor Sammy.

Aug-05-16
Premium Chessgames Member
  keypusher: <HeMateMe: Sammy worked full time while a chess player. I think he was an accountant his whole life. That had to dig into the time that one needs to research the openings.>

He was supported by a group of wealthy chess fans during the 1950s.

<The mind of Samuel Reshevsky has been conditioned to this creative process for almost literally a lifetime. He started playing chess at the age of 5, he was a veteran at the age of 7, it has been his principal source of livelihood for most of his life; and when economic circumstances once threatened to infringe upon his game a group of chess devotees and admirers raised enough money to make sure that he could go on playing as long as he lived. To Reshevsky this seemed perfectly reasonable; from his childhood on, his self-assurance as a chess player and therefore as a man more privileged than ordinary mortals has been supreme.

....

After a rather unhappy but necessary period during which he foreswore serious chess at the instigation of the late Julius Rosenwald, the head of Sears, Roebuck & Co., who financed his sadly neglected education, Reshevsky settled down to a scientific study of the game. He decided to devote himself completely to it in 1950 when he relinquished a budding career in accountancy, and since then the game has had no serious competition in his life, save from religion, to which Reshevsky, grandson of two rabbis, devotes almost as much time as chess. When the economic necessities of maintaining a family of four (he has a daughter, Sylvia, aged 11, and a son, Joel, of 6) threatened to overwhelm him, a fund was raised among chess lovers by the late Maurice Wertheim, a wealthy broker, which gave Reshevsky some $3,000 a year to supplement the $6,000 to $7,000 a year he makes in tournaments and exhibitions.>

That's from the SI vault. Link doesn't work anymore.

Aug-05-16
Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: <He was supported by a group of wealthy chess fans during the 1950s.>

If you mean Jews, just say so.

Aug-05-16
Premium Chessgames Member
  HeMateMe: but did he actually stop working as an accountant, or did he stay in it at least part time?

from wiki:

"Samuel "Sammy" Herman Reshevsky (born Szmul Rzeszewski; November 26, 1911 – April 4, 1992) was a Polish chess prodigy and later a leading American chess grandmaster.< He was never a full-time chess professional.> He was a strong contender for the World Chess Championship from the mid-1930s to the mid-1960s:"

Aug-05-16
Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: He was too busy cooking the books to study them.
Aug-05-16
Premium Chessgames Member
  offramp: There seem to be two different opinions.

There is the link from : <<keypusher:> <...Reshevsky settled down to a scientific study of the game. He decided to devote himself completely to it in 1950 when he relinquished a budding career in accountancy, and since then the game has had no serious competition in his life...>>

Then there is wikipedia's << He was never a full-time chess professional.>>

But they are not irreconcilable. I believe accountants in the USA have a very busy month when tax returns are due. I remember it on The Simpsons. Tax returns have to be in on a specific date. Reshevsky may have had two or three big-paying clients for which he only worked flat-out for a month or so.

Aug-05-16
Premium Chessgames Member
  saffuna: Here's a page listing the Sports Illustrated articles which mention Reshevsky:

http://www.si.com/vault/search?term...

Aug-05-16
Premium Chessgames Member
  keypusher: <saffuna>. The article I'm quoting, by a man named Kobler from 1955, no longer appears in the vault. Maybe it's like Disney movies, they make them available for a while and then they hide them away again.
Aug-05-16
Premium Chessgames Member
  chancho: <keypusher> I used the inflation calculator to see how much 9 grand a year in 1950's dollars is worth today.

That's the equivalent of $90,200.21 in 2016 dollars.

http://www.dollartimes.com/calculat...

Aug-05-16  morfishine: <MissScarlett: <Naysayers can have their say, but their posts drift away in the wind like a random tumbleweed.>

Very poetic. Now please provide details about who these naysayers are, and give examples of their scurrilous attacks against poor Sammy>

Hey <MissScarlett> Go jump off a cliff

I don't provide anything to idiots like yourself, even if you did say please

Have a nice weekend

best always, morf

*****

Aug-06-16
Premium Chessgames Member
  greed and death: <MissScarlett: I doubt it was flying off the shelves, but does anybody have the Reshevsky book by Stephen Gordon? I'd like to know how many simul games it has from Reshevsky's tour of the US in 1920-22, and whether it has a detailed list of those exhibition dates.>

Gordon's bio has 55 games from the 1920-22 tour and dates for 52 simuls

Aug-06-16
Premium Chessgames Member
  keypusher: < offramp: There seem to be two different opinions. There is the link from : <<keypusher:> <...Reshevsky settled down to a scientific study of the game. He decided to devote himself completely to it in 1950 when he relinquished a budding career in accountancy, and since then the game has had no serious competition in his life...>>

Then there is wikipedia's << He was never a full-time chess professional.>>

But they are not irreconcilable. I believe accountants in the USA have a very busy month when tax returns are due. I remember it on The Simpsons. Tax returns have to be in on a specific date. Reshevsky may have had two or three big-paying clients for which he only worked flat-out for a month or so.>

Yeah, that or wikipedia is wrong. I understand it's happened once or twice before.

I would take a contemporaneous article in a quality magazine citing names, dates, and specific dollar figures over an anonymous article in a free online encyclopedia.

Aug-06-16
Premium Chessgames Member
  SteinitzLives: <keypusher> Yes, a contemporaneous article would naturally trump wikipedia. In this specific case, note that accountants come in all forms and fashions, public private, gov't, solo practitioners, tax or audit specialists, not to mention, do I dare: consultants and frauds, (sorry for the redundancy).

Having worked at one of the big 5-8 (depending on the year) accounting firms, some time ago, "busy season" for the tax side was Jan. 1 to April 15th.

My sense (looking at Reshevsky's chronological playing record) was that he had some job flexibility and could play not only when circumstances allowed, but also when the opportunity to make some extra cash (which he was notorious for diligently chasing) came his way.

If he had some big paying clients he was responsible for, he probably stayed away from chess, when he didn't, and got a good invite, hello chess.

Aug-06-16
Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: Hastings and St Leonards Observer, Saturday 27 July 1935, p.20:

<A curious happening occurred on Saturday of the first week. Reshevsky, who is a Polish Jew, told the committee his religion would allow him to play the game, but not to take a record of it, so in case of a win he could not hand in a record as required by the rules. This was met by a steward being deputed to sit by his side for nearly four hours, recording the moves he made and keeping the clock going.>

The event was the Major Open of the BCF Congress held in Great Yarmouth.

See: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shabb...

Aug-06-16
Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: <Gordon's bio has 55 games from the 1920-22 tour and dates for 52 simuls>

Thanks. We're not doing too bad here. Looks as if we have 45, give or take (are those 55 just simuls?). If I ever get around to doing a simul tour collection for Reshevsky, I might have to buy Gordon's book.

Aug-07-16
Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: Here's Reshevsky's playing record from 1931, when he re-emerged as a professional player, until 1949, that I've been able to establish with the help of the DB. I've stuck to major tournaments and matches, but, at least according to the DB, the number of extraneous games seems to be remarkably few.

<1931 Western Ch 9 games

1932 Western Ch 11 games; Pasadena 11 games

1933 Western Ch 13 games

1934 Western Ch 16 games; Syracuse 14 games

1935 Margate 9 games; Great Yarmouth 11 games

1936 US Ch 15 games; Nottingham 14 games

1937 Kemeri 17 games; Stockholm Ol 16 games; Semmering/Baden 14 games; Hastings (1937/38) 9 games

1938 US ch 16 games; AVRO 14 games

1939 Leningrad/Moscow 17 games; ACF Congress 17 games

1940 US Ch 16 games

1941 US ch match 16 games; NYSC Ch 10 games

1942 US Ch 15 rounds; US ch p/off 11 games

1943 NYC Rapid Transit ch 18 games

1944 US Open 17 games

1945 Pan-American Congress 11 games, USA-URS radio match 2 games

1946 US Ch 18 games; USA-URS match 2 games

1947 -

1948 FIDE WC t 20 games

1949 ->

I'll come onto his later career, uhhh, later.

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