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Samuel Reshevsky
Number of games in database: 1,490
Years covered: 1917 to 1991
Overall record: +555 -213 =660 (62.0%)*
   * Overall winning percentage = (wins+draws/2) / total games
      Based on games in the database; may be incomplete.
      62 exhibition games, odds games, etc. are excluded from this statistic.

With the White pieces:
 Nimzo Indian (118) 
    E46 E43 E54 E56 E47
 King's Indian (94) 
    E92 E97 E94 E60 E62
 Grunfeld (51) 
    D97 D81 D92 D83 D82
 Orthodox Defense (41) 
    D51 D50 D55 D62 D52
 English (37) 
    A15 A10 A16 A17 A14
 Modern Benoni (34) 
    A56 A57 A79 A70 A65
With the Black pieces:
 Ruy Lopez (138) 
    C96 C95 C86 C93 C88
 Sicilian (115) 
    B32 B40 B71 B42 B83
 Ruy Lopez, Closed (95) 
    C96 C95 C86 C93 C88
 Nimzo Indian (76) 
    E33 E54 E46 E56 E21
 King's Indian (65) 
    E94 E69 E60 E79 E81
 Queen's Indian (49) 
    E12 E19 E17 E16 E15
Repertoire Explorer

NOTABLE GAMES: [what is this?]
   Larry Evans vs Reshevsky, 1963 1/2-1/2
   Reshevsky vs A Vasconcellos, 1944 1-0
   Botvinnik vs Reshevsky, 1948 0-1
   Reshevsky vs Petrosian, 1953 1/2-1/2
   Reshevsky vs G Treysman, 1938 1-0
   Reshevsky vs Capablanca, 1935 1-0
   Szabo vs Reshevsky, 1953 1/2-1/2
   Keres vs Reshevsky, 1953 1/2-1/2
   Reshevsky vs Najdorf, 1952 1-0
   Reshevsky vs Mecking, 1967 1-0

WORLD CHAMPIONSHIPS: [what is this?]
   FIDE World Championship Tournament (1948)

NOTABLE TOURNAMENTS: [what is this?]
   Syracuse (1934)
   US Championship (1936)
   Kemeri (1937)
   56th US Open (1955)
   Reshevsky - Najdorf (1953)
   Reshevsky - Najdorf (1952)
   Third Rosenwald Trophy (1956)
   Buenos Aires (1960)
   US Championship (1972)
   Amsterdam (1950)
   Zurich Candidates (1953)
   US Championship 1957/58 (1957)
   Nottingham (1936)
   Sousse Interzonal (1967)
   Amsterdam Interzonal (1964)

GAME COLLECTIONS: [what is this?]
   Match Reshevsky! by amadeus
   Challenger of 48 Reshevsky by Gottschalk
   Reshevsky's Best Games of Chess, Vol. I by suenteus po 147
   Guess-the-Move Chess: 1940-1959 (Part 2) by Anatoly21
   The Art of Positional Play by SamAtoms1980
   WCC Index [Zurich 1953] by suenteus po 147
   Garry Kasparov's On My Great Predecessors (4) by AdrianP
   1948 World Chess Championship by Penguincw
   WCC Index [World Championship Tournament 1948] by Resignation Trap
   Art of War's favorite games 8 by Art of War
   Match for the Championship of the Free World by Resignation Trap
   Second Piatigorsky Cup 1966 by Benzol

Search Sacrifice Explorer for Samuel Reshevsky
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(born Nov-26-1911, died Apr-04-1992, 80 years old) Poland (citizen of United States of America)

[what is this?]
Samuel Herman Reshevsky (Schmul Rzeszewski) was born in Ozorkow, Poland. He learned to play chess at the age of four. At eight years old he was giving simultaneous exhibitions and defeating some of the country's most prominent players.

Following the events of World War 1, Reshevsky immigrated to the United States (1920). As a 9-year old, his first American simultaneous exhibition was with 20 officers and cadets at the Military Academy at West Point. He won 19 games and drew one. He toured the country and played over 1,500 games as a 9-year old in simultaneous exhibitions and only lost 8 games. In his early years he did not go to school and his parents ended up in Manhattan Children's Court on charges of improper guardianship. His benefactor was Julius Rosenwald, founder of Sears & Roebuck, who agreed to provide for Reshevsky's future if he devoted himself to completing his education. Reshevsky then largely abandoned chess for 10 years to pursue a vocation as an accountant, receiving an accounting degree from the University of Chicago in 1933 which was put to use in New York city.

After obtaining his college degree, he devoted himself to tournament chess. Several subsequent successes in international events led to his invitations to both AVRO 1938 and the World Championship Tournament ten years later. Between 1936 and 1942, he had a streak of 75 games without a loss in U.S. Championship competition. He won the US Open in 1944. Pan-American Champion at Hollywood 1945. He played in 21 U.S. Championships, from 1936 to 1981. Over the course of a long international career that continued until he was well over sixty years old, he qualified for the Candidates five times, won the U.S. Championship on six occasions (first time in 1936, last time in 1971) and played a record eleven World Champions ranging from Emanuel Lasker to Anatoly Karpov.

He won matches against several notable Western players, including Svetozar Gligoric, Miguel Najdorf and Robert James Fischer (after Fischer was forfeited while the match was tied). However, he was never able to secure the right to a World Championship match. In 1981, at the age of 70, he tied for 3rd place in the U.S. Championship. In 1984, at the age of 72, he took first place in the powerful Reykjavik Open, which featured many grandmasters. (1)

Wikipedia article: Samuel Reshevsky; (1)

 page 1 of 60; games 1-25 of 1,490  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves Year Event/LocaleOpening
1. Reshevsky vs Factor 0-126 1917 Lodz, PolandC22 Center Game
2. Reshevsky vs Rubinstein 0-124 1917 Warsaw C50 Giuoco Piano
3. Reshevsky vs L T Haller 1-039 1920 Paterson simD02 Queen's Pawn Game
4. Reshevsky vs G W Beaumont  1-030 1920 Simultaneous exhibitionC34 King's Gambit Accepted
5. Reshevsky vs Gency  1-037 1920 Paris simulC30 King's Gambit Declined
6. Reshevsky vs M J Clurman ½-½23 1920 New York simB15 Caro-Kann
7. M A Schapiro vs Reshevsky  0-140 1920 New YorkC14 French, Classical
8. Reshevsky vs L Von Dory 1-016 1920 Berlin simulC35 King's Gambit Accepted, Cunningham
9. Reshevsky vs Stillman 1-020 1920 New York simB21 Sicilian, 2.f4 and 2.d4
10. P Krueger vs Reshevsky ½-½39 1920 Blindfold gameC48 Four Knights
11. Reshevsky vs R C Griffith 1-030 1920 LondonC67 Ruy Lopez
12. Reshevsky vs S Katz ½-½29 1920 New York simB21 Sicilian, 2.f4 and 2.d4
13. Reshevsky vs Traube 1-017 1920 HanoverA02 Bird's Opening
14. Reshevsky vs Knoller 1-040 1920 New York simC79 Ruy Lopez, Steinitz Defense Deferred
15. Reshevsky vs L Schwarz 1-065 1920 20 board simultaneous exhibitionC00 French Defense
16. Reshevsky vs Zabludovsky 1-029 1920 Berlin simulC62 Ruy Lopez, Old Steinitz Defense
17. Reshevsky vs E B Hilliard  1-027 1920 Blindfold gameC30 King's Gambit Declined
18. Reshevsky vs M Herzfeld  1-052 1920 Paris simulC66 Ruy Lopez
19. Reshevsky vs Simchow  0-134 1920 New York simD05 Queen's Pawn Game
20. C Jaffe vs Reshevsky 0-117 1920 New York blindfoldC30 King's Gambit Declined
21. Reshevsky vs Simonds  1-030 1921 Milwaukee simC50 Giuoco Piano
22. Reshevsky vs Ed. Lasker 0-129 1921 ChicagoC80 Ruy Lopez, Open
23. Reshevsky vs I Spero 1-033 1921 Cleveland simA22 English
24. Reshevsky vs E D Duncan 0-117 1921 San Francisco simC40 King's Knight Opening
25. Reshevsky vs J Grommer  1-037 1921 Simultaneous exhibitionD02 Queen's Pawn Game
 page 1 of 60; games 1-25 of 1,490  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2) | Reshevsky wins | Reshevsky loses  

Kibitzer's Corner
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Premium Chessgames Member
  Jim Bartle: A single head-to-head record can't determine who's the better player over an era. Otherwise Gulko would be considered greater than Kasparov.
Jan-11-13  jussu: <the number of guys who played both Lasker and Karpov is small.>

Is there any other? It seems that Botvinnik only played Karpov in a simul, which sort of counts, too (he certainly played Lasker in Nottingham and Moscow 1935). Keres never played Lasker (although they met face to face). Can't think of any other candidates.

Jan-11-13  jussu: One exceedingly stupid person just wrote <Nottingham and Moscow 1935>. Now that I'm thinking about it, Nottingham took place in 1936, while there were tournaments in Moscow both 1935 and 1936, and I think all three featured both Lasker and Botvinnik.
Premium Chessgames Member
  keypusher: <jussu: One exceedingly stupid person just wrote <Nottingham and Moscow 1935>. Now that I'm thinking about it, Nottingham took place in 1936, while there were tournaments in Moscow both 1935 and 1936, and I think all three featured both Lasker and Botvinnik.>

Yes, you're right, except for the exceedingly stupid part of course.

Moscow (1935)

Moscow (1936)

Nottingham (1936)

Premium Chessgames Member
  technical draw: Reshevsky played in the 1970 Buenos Aires tournament which Fischer won. Fischer had 4 draws Reshevsky had 13 draws. Now drawing can mean that you are too hard to beat (like Petrossian) or to meek to win. In any case even Reshevsky's wins are draw like. I once had a book of Reshevsky's games and I was very happy. But when I started playing the games I said, What the heck is this? Incomprehensible maneuvering and long drawn out strategies.

Even in his notable games above there are 4 draws. That said Reshevsky is still one of the great ones.

Premium Chessgames Member
  Phony Benoni: Well, two of those notable draws shouldn't really be considered draws. Larry Evans vs Reshevsky, 1963 is the famous "Swindle of the Century", and Szabo vs Reshevsky, 1953 is the game where Szabo didn't realize that you should look for mate in two against Reshevsky.
Feb-24-13  RookFile: Reshevsky's mentality when winning was to try to deny his opponent counterplay. Not at all like Tal who just went for the throat. There is a place for the way Reshevsky played. Capa thought his style was a little too restricted - at least that's what he said in "Last Lectures".
Premium Chessgames Member
  Gottschalk: "If Reshevsky sees a way to make
he does not feel uncomfortable to think 2h and 25 min to seize the opportunity and turn it into a win."

David Bronstein

Zurich Chess tournament Game 137 Reshevsky versus Euwe.

Premium Chessgames Member

Picture is from the site, sorry if posted before!

Premium Chessgames Member
  Phony Benoni: Wow! He's playing Albert M Swank!
Premium Chessgames Member
  TheFocus: Yep, that's Swank. I could tell from the beard.


<Sammy> See... I move my horsey here and I win your Queen. <Albert>: Nice game, Sammy. <Sammy> Swank you!

Aug-29-13  Dionysius1: From the bio <In 1984, at the age of 72, he took first place in a grandmaster tournament in Reykjavik, Iceland>. As this is the last line in his bio, could it be made more specific (the Rejkjavik Open)? It sounds sad to have a slightly vague fact ending a note of his illustrious career, IMO.
Premium Chessgames Member
  chancho: <As this is the last line in his bio, could it be made more specific (the Rejkjavik Open)>

It was an 11 round swiss, 60 players played the event, and Reshevsky scored 8-3 and tied for 1st-3rd.

(5 wins 0 losses 6 draws.)

Premium Chessgames Member
  offramp: So his last event was in Reykjavik. If he had died there he might have been buried in the cemetery of Laugardalur Church.
Premium Chessgames Member
  TheFocus: No, he played for another 5 years after Reykjavic.

Last event was a 4 game/30 drawn match against Smyslov in 1991.

Premium Chessgames Member
  Karpova: C.N. 8374 links to the article <Sammy Reshevky - America's New Champion> by Philip Slomovitz in the 'Jewish Criterion' of June 5, 1936, forwarded by Harrie Grondijs (Rijswijk, the Netherlands):
Mar-01-14  Yopo: Reshevsky at Paris in the year 1920 (in french)
Premium Chessgames Member
  offramp: I wonder when his best period was?

I'd say 1950 to 1955.

May-05-14  Petrosianic: Probably more like 1935-1955.
May-05-14  RedShield: 1917 to 1991.
May-05-14  RookFile: I think Petrosianic is right on this one. It matches a comment Robert Byrne made one time. He noticed that Reshevsky took his game to a whole new level when he was in his 40's - most people are declining then, not Reshevsky.
Jun-10-14  GumboGambit: Regardless of how Americans spell/pronounce it, his Polish surname (Rzeszewski) is very similar to Coach Ks. It is pronounced ' Zheshevski '.
Premium Chessgames Member
  zanzibar: Looking at his bio in <Pan-American Chess Congress (1945)>, I see that he was living in Roxbury, MA (USA) at the time.

Imagine that!

See also:

(in French) where he signed a book with the location as well.

Premium Chessgames Member
  zanzibar: I found refs to him being in Roxbury ~ 1942 (maybe earlier?) - 1950

<He played less as the years went by, increasingly devoting himself to his religion, classical music and his family in Spring Valley, where he had settled in 1950.>

From his NYT obit:

Premium Chessgames Member
  sfm: <RookFile: ...a whole new level when he was in his 40's - most people are declining then, not Reshevsky.> Right, that is probably because most people would already have already developed their talent and topped. In Reshevsky there was still lots of undeveloped resources due to his absence. I hope he enjoyed being accountant, but I doubt it was better than what he would have been: world champion material. Fischer had the luck that nobody tore him away.
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