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 Alekhine-Euwe 1935
 Alekhine (standing) vs Euwe 1935
Alekhine vs Euwe 1935
The Netherlands

Needing a new opponent for his next title defense (and still unwilling to play Capablanca again), and with Bogolubov no longer a credible challenger in anyone's eyes, Alexander Alekhine picked a man who had lost two matches to Bogolubov, Max Euwe of The Netherlands. If Alekhine picked Euwe as another safe opponent, his plans went awry, owing to a combination of Alekhine's overconfidence, and the fact that by 1935, Max Euwe was a good deal stronger a player than anyone realized.[1]

The conditions for the contest was the best of 30 games, and 6 wins. After 30 well fought games from October 3 to December 16, 1935, Euwe won the match to become the 5th World Chess Champion.

Looking back, Euwe had the following to say in a 1978 interview:

Just before our match we played in a strong tournament in Zurich, which Alekhine won, but I beat him. I finished second, with 12 out of 15, after losing to Lasker in the first round. In analyzing the games, we came to the conclusion that Alekhine's superiority over other masters was his opening knowledge. If he could not get the initiative or some advantage in the opening, he was willing to enter complications to try to muddy the water. So I went to Vienna for a few months to study Becker's files on the openings, which were the most complete and up to date at that time. Besides Kmoch, who was an expert in the openings, I also had Maroczy's help, mostly in the endgame.

The match was a close fight. Even after the 24th game the standing was 12-12 (the match was for thirty games). But then I won two games in succession, while Alekhine could only win one more. Of course it was stupid for me to give him a draw in the last game, since I had a won game. But the draw was enough for me to win the World Title.

After 30 games, Euwe achieved victory of 15½-14½ and became the 5th World Chess Champion.

click on a game number to replay game 123456789101112131415
Euwe0100½½0101½1½1½
Alekhine1011½½1010½0½0½

click on a game number to replay game 161718192021222324252627282930
Euwe0½½011½½½110½½½
Alekhine1½½100½½½001½½½

FINAL SCORE:  Euwe 15½;  Alekhine 14½
Reference: game collection WCC Index [Alekhine-Euwe 1935]

NOTABLE GAMES   [what is this?]
    · Game #26     Euwe vs Alekhine, 1935     1-0
    · Game #4     Euwe vs Alekhine, 1935     0-1
    · Game #1     Alekhine vs Euwe, 1935     1-0

FOOTNOTES

  1. World Chess Championships by Graeme Cree

 page 1 of 2; games 1-25 of 30  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves Year Event/LocaleOpening
1. Alekhine vs Euwe 1-030 1935 Alekhine - Euwe World Championship MatchD17 Queen's Gambit Declined Slav
2. Euwe vs Alekhine 1-045 1935 Alekhine - Euwe World Championship MatchD81 Grunfeld, Russian Variation
3. Alekhine vs Euwe 1-041 1935 Alekhine - Euwe World Championship MatchC15 French, Winawer
4. Euwe vs Alekhine 0-144 1935 Alekhine - Euwe World Championship MatchD81 Grunfeld, Russian Variation
5. Alekhine vs Euwe ½-½34 1935 Alekhine - Euwe World Championship MatchC15 French, Winawer
6. Euwe vs Alekhine ½-½73 1935 Alekhine - Euwe World Championship MatchD12 Queen's Gambit Declined Slav
7. Alekhine vs Euwe 1-041 1935 Alekhine - Euwe World Championship MatchC15 French, Winawer
8. Euwe vs Alekhine 1-069 1935 Alekhine - Euwe World Championship MatchD45 Queen's Gambit Declined Semi-Slav
9. Alekhine vs Euwe 1-041 1935 Alekhine - Euwe World Championship MatchC15 French, Winawer
10. Euwe vs Alekhine 1-041 1935 Alekhine - Euwe World Championship MatchD45 Queen's Gambit Declined Semi-Slav
11. Alekhine vs Euwe ½-½30 1935 Alekhine - Euwe World Championship MatchD12 Queen's Gambit Declined Slav
12. Euwe vs Alekhine 1-036 1935 Alekhine - Euwe World Championship MatchD97 Grunfeld, Russian
13. Alekhine vs Euwe ½-½59 1935 Alekhine - Euwe World Championship MatchC83 Ruy Lopez, Open
14. Euwe vs Alekhine 1-041 1935 Alekhine - Euwe World Championship MatchD82 Grunfeld, 4.Bf4
15. Alekhine vs Euwe ½-½61 1935 Alekhine - Euwe World Championship MatchD17 Queen's Gambit Declined Slav
16. Euwe vs Alekhine 0-165 1935 Alekhine - Euwe World Championship MatchD12 Queen's Gambit Declined Slav
17. Alekhine vs Euwe ½-½23 1935 Alekhine - Euwe World Championship MatchD04 Queen's Pawn Game
18. Euwe vs Alekhine ½-½16 1935 Alekhine - Euwe World Championship MatchA20 English
19. Alekhine vs Euwe 1-057 1935 Alekhine - Euwe World Championship MatchD16 Queen's Gambit Declined Slav
20. Euwe vs Alekhine 1-041 1935 Alekhine - Euwe World Championship MatchD17 Queen's Gambit Declined Slav
21. Alekhine vs Euwe 0-140 1935 Alekhine - Euwe World Championship MatchD17 Queen's Gambit Declined Slav
22. Euwe vs Alekhine ½-½18 1935 Alekhine - Euwe World Championship MatchE33 Nimzo-Indian, Classical
23. Alekhine vs Euwe ½-½58 1935 Alekhine - Euwe World Championship MatchD15 Queen's Gambit Declined Slav
24. Euwe vs Alekhine ½-½33 1935 Alekhine - Euwe World Championship MatchA90 Dutch
25. Alekhine vs Euwe 0-145 1935 Alekhine - Euwe World Championship MatchD52 Queen's Gambit Declined
 page 1 of 2; games 1-25 of 30  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2)  
 

Kibitzer's Corner
< Earlier Kibitzing  · PAGE 8 OF 8 ·  Later Kibitzing>
Jan-23-15
Premium Chessgames Member
  zanzibar: Even more solid evidence comes from this contemporaneous source:

<De Indische courant 17-08-1935>

http://www.delpher.nl/nl/kranten/vi...

<Dr. Euwe trains are now very seriously Splelmann, Eliskases and Flohr, respectively. combihatoir, tactical and theoretical.>

Very solid confirmation of the collaboration between Eliskases and Euwe in 1935.

Jan-23-15
Premium Chessgames Member
  offramp: Spielmann was a noted combihatoir.
Jan-23-15
Premium Chessgames Member
  zanzibar: <offramp> Ha! Indeed he was.

PS - blame google translate, I'm just the copy-and-paste boy.

Jan-23-15
Premium Chessgames Member
  zanzibar: And more broken English, noting practice matches being played:

<De Sumatra post 04-10-1935>

< Dr. Euwe has trained extremely serious for the match. With several Dutch and foreign masters played HJJ practice matches. ao trained him combinatorial Spielman, Eliskases from Austria, the youngest of the international chess masters in Europe, positioning scenes from Flohr Tscecho Slovakia theoretical>

http://www.delpher.nl/nl/kranten/vi...

Jan-23-15
Premium Chessgames Member
  zanzibar: And this one is too amusing to pass up...

< Euwe in training.

This training will be Dr. Euwe extraordinarily taken seriously! He played with Verschelden Dutch and foreign masters practice matches, with the one to come theoretical "in", with another to respond to his combinatoir overall against the match starts Spielmann trained him include combinatorial, -. Eliskases positionally - Flohr trains him theoretically. And perhaps, Dr. Euwe's currently staying in Austria and his forthcoming stay in Dultechland or also be made to serve the preparation for the match. Unless the Doctor preferred would indicate overall vaca n taking 11th in this time. And therein he would ever completely be right! Overtralning harms as bad as insufficient training! Mom>

<Spielmann -- combinatoral>

<Eliskases -- positional>

<Flohr -- theoretical>

http://www.delpher.nl/nl/kranten/vi...

Don't forget how young Eliskases was at the time, only 22!

Jan-23-15
Premium Chessgames Member
  zanzibar: Oh, I forgot the newspaper ref in plainspeak:

<Soerabaijasch handelsblad 17-08-1935>

it was.

Jan-23-15
Premium Chessgames Member
  zanzibar: An approximate date and the place of the training matches reported here:

<Soerabaijasch handelsblad 19-07-1935>

<Eliskases to Amsterdam arrived cm dr. Euwe workout parties to play for the next big match for the world championship against dr. Alekhine.>

http://resolver.kb.nl/resolve?urn=d...

Jun-30-15  JimNorCal: I've been glancing through CJS Purdy's account of the two matches. They're different from other accounts I've seen.

They seem quite complete--lots of articles and interviews of the contestants and other authorities. Analysis from many sources.

His account stresses that the matches were of a high caliber. While praising Alekhine to the sky, Purdy also assesses Euwe to be a worthy Champion.

I'm only a middling player. I find Purdy's analysis inspiring, though it is as likely as not that he's just glib and I'm not strong enough to see shortcomings.

A book worth browsing if you come across it. And one with quite a different viewpoint than the stereotypical "first match: Alekhine drunk, second match: Alekhine sober" evaluation that one often sees.

Nov-10-15  kamagong24: what is Euwe's style of play?
Nov-10-15
Premium Chessgames Member
  TheFocus: <kamagong24><what is Euwe's style of play?>

<The art of fighting without fighting> - Bruce Lee.

Nov-10-15  kamagong24: hahaha
Nov-10-15
Premium Chessgames Member
  sreeskamp: Euwe might very well be the first World Champion who introduced a thourough professional preparation. See his sparring with Flohr, Spielmann a.o.,really amazing. Als Kasparov praises Euwe in his 'My great predecessors'
Nov-24-15
Premium Chessgames Member
  offramp: One day someone is going to write a serious history of the ~85 Euwe v Alekhine games.

It'll be a fascinating book.

I believe Alekhine drank too much <for one game>, when a game was rescheduled. But, like Tal, Alekhine could play chess roughly as well when he had been drinking as when he was totally sober.

<Euwe's huge achievement has been underestimated.>

Alekhine had won San Remo (1930) by a distance, then Bled (1931) by a large margin. Then he had beaten Bogolubov, who was a very strong player and previous world number one, in Alekhine - Bogoljubov World Championship Rematch (1934).

I won't say Euwe was brave because there was no danger of physical injury, but there <was> a chance of a very embarrassing 6 or 7-nil shutout in front of his home crowd.

But he assessed his chances, thought they were reasonable and played the great Alekhine, and won!

How cool is that!?

Nov-24-15  Howard: Neither Alekhine nor Euwe were still alive by "85", though Euwe came within three years and two months of making it until that year.

You obviously mean 1935.

Nov-24-15  Petrosianic: <You obviously mean 1935.>

No, I think he's referring to the 85 Alekhine-Euwe <games>, not a specific year.

Although I actually see 86 games between them in the database.

Nov-24-15
Premium Chessgames Member
  offramp: <Petrosianic: <You obviously mean 1935.> No, I think he's referring to the 85 Alekhine-Euwe <games>, not a specific year.

Although I actually see 86 games between them in the database.>

I must have misread it. I thought it was 85.

Nov-24-15  Petrosianic: A book of those games would be great, if handled right.
Nov-24-15  Howard: Oops ! The egg is on my face !
Nov-24-15
Premium Chessgames Member
  Sally Simpson: Now there is a coincidence...

Alekhine met Euwe 86 times.

Two great players 100 years previously did the same. 86 games.

McDonnell- La Bourdonnais

http://www.chessgames.com/perl/ches...

Nov-24-15  Petrosianic: <Now there is a coincidence... >

Yeah, but I wouldn't put too much stock in it, mainly because they're the only KNOWN meetings, not necessarily all the meetings.

For example, this game is in the database, and actually counted against their lifetime record, even though it's only an "Offhand" game.

Alekhine vs Euwe, 1921

Is this the only offhand game these two ever played in their lives? Surely not, it's just the one that somebody found worth saving.

Nov-24-15
Premium Chessgames Member
  offramp: <Sally Simpson: Now there is a coincidence... Alekhine met Euwe 86 times. Two great players 100 years previously did the same. 86 games. McDonnell- La Bourdonnais>

It's odd that you should mention that, because there <is> a book about the earlier series of matches.

The snappily titled "<De La Bourdonnais Versus McDonnell, 1834: The Eighty-Five Games of Their Six Chess Matches, with Excerpts from Additional Games Against Other Opponents>" by Cary Utterberg has won an award as "The Best-Looking Book Containing The Worst Set Of Games In History".

ISBN 978-0786471744.

Nov-24-15  JimNorCal: Hmm, Alekhine met Euwe "about" 86 times. Are we sure the number is exactly 86?

re: LaB and McD, the games may be trash by current standards but they did achieve some amazing tactical positions which still bring pleasure.

Nov-24-15
Premium Chessgames Member
  offramp: Games 1-5 were 4-1 to Alekhine.

Games 8-14 were 4-1 to Euwe.

Games 20-27 were 4-1 to Euwe.

Nov-24-15
Premium Chessgames Member
  Sally Simpson: "McDonnell- La Bourdonnais....The Worst Set Of Games In History."

Morphy grew up playing over these games. They are brilliant.

Oct-26-16
Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: <Alekhine VS Euwe , World Chess Championship(1935) RARE FOOTAGE!!>

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_z2...

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