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  WCC Overview
 Alekhine-Euwe 1935
 Alekhine (standing) vs Euwe 1935
Alekhine vs Euwe 1935
The Netherlands

Needing a new opponent for his next title defense (and still unwilling to play Capablanca again), and with Bogolubov no longer a credible challenger in anyone's eyes, Alexander Alekhine picked a man who had lost two matches to Bogolubov, Max Euwe of The Netherlands. If Alekhine picked Euwe as another safe opponent, his plans went awry, owing to a combination of Alekhine's overconfidence, and the fact that by 1935, Max Euwe was a good deal stronger a player than anyone realized.[1]

The conditions for the contest was the best of 30 games, and 6 wins. After 30 well fought games from October 3 to December 16, 1935, Euwe won the match to become the 5th World Chess Champion.

Looking back, Euwe had the following to say in a 1978 interview:

Just before our match we played in a strong tournament in Zurich, which Alekhine won, but I beat him. I finished second, with 12 out of 15, after losing to Lasker in the first round. In analyzing the games, we came to the conclusion that Alekhine's superiority over other masters was his opening knowledge. If he could not get the initiative or some advantage in the opening, he was willing to enter complications to try to muddy the water. So I went to Vienna for a few months to study Becker's files on the openings, which were the most complete and up to date at that time. Besides Kmoch, who was an expert in the openings, I also had Maroczy's help, mostly in the endgame.

The match was a close fight. Even after the 24th game the standing was 12-12 (the match was for thirty games). But then I won two games in succession, while Alekhine could only win one more. Of course it was stupid for me to give him a draw in the last game, since I had a won game. But the draw was enough for me to win the World Title.

After 30 games, Euwe achieved victory of 15½-14½ and became the 5th World Chess Champion.

click on a game number to replay game 123456789101112131415

click on a game number to replay game 161718192021222324252627282930

FINAL SCORE:  Euwe 15½;  Alekhine 14½
Reference: game collection WCC Index [Alekhine-Euwe 1935]

NOTABLE GAMES   [what is this?]
    · Game #26     Euwe vs Alekhine, 1935     1-0
    · Game #4     Euwe vs Alekhine, 1935     0-1
    · Game #1     Alekhine vs Euwe, 1935     1-0


  1. World Chess Championships by Graeme Cree

 page 1 of 2; games 1-25 of 30  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves Year Event/LocaleOpening
1. Alekhine vs Euwe 1-030 1935 Alekhine - Euwe World Championship MatchD17 Queen's Gambit Declined Slav
2. Euwe vs Alekhine 1-045 1935 Alekhine - Euwe World Championship MatchD81 Grunfeld, Russian Variation
3. Alekhine vs Euwe 1-041 1935 Alekhine - Euwe World Championship MatchC15 French, Winawer
4. Euwe vs Alekhine 0-144 1935 Alekhine - Euwe World Championship MatchD81 Grunfeld, Russian Variation
5. Alekhine vs Euwe ½-½34 1935 Alekhine - Euwe World Championship MatchC15 French, Winawer
6. Euwe vs Alekhine ½-½73 1935 Alekhine - Euwe World Championship MatchD12 Queen's Gambit Declined Slav
7. Alekhine vs Euwe 1-041 1935 Alekhine - Euwe World Championship MatchC15 French, Winawer
8. Euwe vs Alekhine 1-069 1935 Alekhine - Euwe World Championship MatchD45 Queen's Gambit Declined Semi-Slav
9. Alekhine vs Euwe 1-041 1935 Alekhine - Euwe World Championship MatchC15 French, Winawer
10. Euwe vs Alekhine 1-041 1935 Alekhine - Euwe World Championship MatchD45 Queen's Gambit Declined Semi-Slav
11. Alekhine vs Euwe ½-½30 1935 Alekhine - Euwe World Championship MatchD12 Queen's Gambit Declined Slav
12. Euwe vs Alekhine 1-036 1935 Alekhine - Euwe World Championship MatchD97 Grunfeld, Russian
13. Alekhine vs Euwe ½-½59 1935 Alekhine - Euwe World Championship MatchC83 Ruy Lopez, Open
14. Euwe vs Alekhine 1-041 1935 Alekhine - Euwe World Championship MatchD82 Grunfeld, 4.Bf4
15. Alekhine vs Euwe ½-½61 1935 Alekhine - Euwe World Championship MatchD17 Queen's Gambit Declined Slav
16. Euwe vs Alekhine 0-165 1935 Alekhine - Euwe World Championship MatchD12 Queen's Gambit Declined Slav
17. Alekhine vs Euwe ½-½23 1935 Alekhine - Euwe World Championship MatchD04 Queen's Pawn Game
18. Euwe vs Alekhine ½-½16 1935 Alekhine - Euwe World Championship MatchA20 English
19. Alekhine vs Euwe 1-057 1935 Alekhine - Euwe World Championship MatchD16 Queen's Gambit Declined Slav
20. Euwe vs Alekhine 1-041 1935 Alekhine - Euwe World Championship MatchD17 Queen's Gambit Declined Slav
21. Alekhine vs Euwe 0-140 1935 Alekhine - Euwe World Championship MatchD17 Queen's Gambit Declined Slav
22. Euwe vs Alekhine ½-½18 1935 Alekhine - Euwe World Championship MatchE33 Nimzo-Indian, Classical
23. Alekhine vs Euwe ½-½58 1935 Alekhine - Euwe World Championship MatchD15 Queen's Gambit Declined Slav
24. Euwe vs Alekhine ½-½33 1935 Alekhine - Euwe World Championship MatchA90 Dutch
25. Alekhine vs Euwe 0-145 1935 Alekhine - Euwe World Championship MatchD52 Queen's Gambit Declined
 page 1 of 2; games 1-25 of 30  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2)  

Kibitzer's Corner
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Premium Chessgames Member
  WannaBe: Amazing, they had youtube back then, too! Astounding technology.
Premium Chessgames Member
  offramp: Three players with a total rating of 5400.
Premium Chessgames Member
  whiteshark: chessbase coverage with <powerful images>:

Dec-14-13  aliejin: great documents!
We can see an alekhine very polite
Dec-14-13  RedShield: Contrast Alekhine's behaviour here with Capa's at the end of their match: he didn't bother - or couldn't face - turning up to resign the final game, or for the ceremonial proclamation.

For one supposedly employed by the Cuban diplomatic service, Capa had a lousy sense of protocol.

Dec-14-13  dehanne: Alekhine was a gentleman.
Dec-15-13  aliejin: Alekhine, moreover, was a brave man

In an article not long ago published , of "europe echecs" Alekhine conduct in the First World War is detailed,
conduct that borders on heroism.
(We know he was seriously injured and spent many months in a hospital, unable to move., by necessity, developed a taste for chess Blind)

Dec-15-13  RedShield: Details?
Premium Chessgames Member
  jessicafischerqueen: <Red Shield>

The material on Alekhine's 1916 World War I adventures was first published in <Shakhmaty Vestnik 1916, p. 254>.

He served in a Red Cross mobile ambulance unit on the Galician front, where he was twice wounded or "shell shocked." He was confined to a hospital bed in Tarnapol where he played some blindfold chess.

It reports that he was awarded two medals for bravery, the "Order of St. Stanislaus" and the "Order of St. George."

Dec-15-13  RedShield: Like most surviving casualties of war sounds like he was more lucky than brave.
Premium Chessgames Member
  jessicafischerqueen: <Red Shield>

Yes I think that in general that's an accurate observation.

Concerning <Johnny Alekhine>, I'm now two and a half years into some serious, sustained (and costly) research on him for some reason.

I can tell you that I worry about the provenance of "information" about his life, because the source of too much of it is from <Johnny> himself- and he is not the most reliable narrator, as you probably already know.

With respect to the "War Hero" medals, there is independent corroboration for at least one of them. Yuri Shaburov provides a government record detailing a "Red Cross" commendation Johnny received whilst on the Galician front. He couldn't find any existing documentation of a "St. George" or "St. Stanislaus" medal though.

It's in his biography "Alexander Alekhine- Unconquerable Champion," (Moscow, 1992)

This is a book well worth investigating even if (like me) you have to laboriously attempt to translate it with the "help" of GOOGLE and a few Russian friends.

Shaburov did a rather extensive search for documentation of Alekhine's life and came up with some amazing results- such as Johnny's grammar school transcript and his (successful) application to join the "Russian Masons" in Paris.

Dec-15-13  RedShield: < He couldn't find any existing documentation of a "St. George" or "St. Stanislaus" medal though.>

I take it you mean the award of the decorations to Alekhine, rather than the existence of the medals themselves.

Premium Chessgames Member
  jessicafischerqueen: <Red Shield>


Shaburov could find no documentation that Johnny had received either of these two medals, which are indeed "real medals," unless Russian Wikipedia is lying to us.

Shaburov does accept, and repeat, the information from <Shakhmaty Vestnik 1916, p. 254> about Johnny getting the medals. This information has been reprinted many times since 1916, often unsourced- and sometimes the details stray from the original primary account, which is more "sparse" than later versions. The <Shakhmaty Vestnik> article lists both of Johnny's "injuries" as "shell shock," but some later versions mention a "back injury" that immobilized him. Generally, I'm skeptical of embellishments on primary sources unless these embellishments can be corroborated by a further primary source.

Shaburov did find another relevant primary document that corroborates the basic claim about <Johnny's> war time service for the Red Cross. I'll provide the direct quote:

"The author examined a large number of documents on the activities of the All-Russian Union of Cities. In the 'Official Gazette" 128 of 15 (28) in June 1916, on the second page, there is a 'List of persons awarded into service of the Red Cross... on April 10, 1916'... Among other names it lists: 'Employee Assistance Committee of the care for sick and wounded soldiers... government clerk, Alexander Alekhine'..."

Dec-16-13  aliejin: This is published by "europe echecs"
Recall that the family was Alekhine
very rich, as usual, may well
avoid exposing one of its members

" En Russie, où le joueur est retourné par des chemins détournés, il n'était pas soumis à la conscription dans l'armée à cause d'une maladie cardiaque. Toutefois, en raison de son éducation et de son caractère, il ne put rester à l'écart de la vague de patriotisme qui parcourt la société russe au début de la Première Guerre Mondiale. Il commence à travailler au Comité d'aide aux soldats malades et blessés, et à l'été de 1916, en dépit de son état de santé, il part pour le front comme volontaire. Le « Bulletin des échecs » (№ 19-20, 1916) décrit ainsi les circonstances de l'obtention de distinctions militaires par Alekhine :

« Sur le champ de bataille A. Alekhine a avec abnégation aidé les blessés, souvent sous l'artillerie ennemie et le feu des mitrailleuses, et a reçu pour cela deux médailles de Saint-Georges. Un jour, il a évacué du champ de bataille un officier blessé, suite à quoi il s'est vu remettre l'Ordre de Saint-Stanislas aux épées. …En fournissant une assistance aux blessés dans les endroits les plus dangereux, Alekhine a été blessé à deux reprises, la deuxième fois si gravement (au dos) qu'il a dû être hospitalisé plusieurs semaines à l'hôpital de Ternopol ».

Jan-22-15  zanzibar: Supposedly (only internet confirmed), Eliskases served as an analyst for Euwe during the 1935 WCC.

Ironically, Eliskases went on to become Alekhine's second during the 1937 rematch.

Sources and refs are given in Eliskases page:

Erich Eliskases

And also in one of the training games between Euwe--Eliskases here:

Euwe vs E Eliskases, 1935

Jan-22-15  zanzibar: A very nice xtab, showing the actual location of each game of the match, is found here:

It's official, being from DutchBase!

Jan-22-15  zanzibar: OK, I believe the role of Eliskases is fairly solid. One of my sources was <Raúl Grosso>, who is actually an author on a book about Eliskases, and lived in Córdoba, Argentina at the same time as he did.

The book can be found here:


or in translation here:

<Grosso, Raúl y Guillermo Soppe (2008).

<Erich Eliskases, Caballero del Ajedrez.>

Córdoba (Argentina): EDUCC.>


Jan-23-15  zanzibar: Even more solid evidence comes from this contemporaneous source:

<De Indische courant 17-08-1935>

<Dr. Euwe trains are now very seriously Splelmann, Eliskases and Flohr, respectively. combihatoir, tactical and theoretical.>

Very solid confirmation of the collaboration between Eliskases and Euwe in 1935.

Premium Chessgames Member
  offramp: Spielmann was a noted combihatoir.
Jan-23-15  zanzibar: <offramp> Ha! Indeed he was.

PS - blame google translate, I'm just the copy-and-paste boy.

Jan-23-15  zanzibar: And more broken English, noting practice matches being played:

<De Sumatra post 04-10-1935>

< Dr. Euwe has trained extremely serious for the match. With several Dutch and foreign masters played HJJ practice matches. ao trained him combinatorial Spielman, Eliskases from Austria, the youngest of the international chess masters in Europe, positioning scenes from Flohr Tscecho Slovakia theoretical>

Jan-23-15  zanzibar: And this one is too amusing to pass up...

< Euwe in training.

This training will be Dr. Euwe extraordinarily taken seriously! He played with Verschelden Dutch and foreign masters practice matches, with the one to come theoretical "in", with another to respond to his combinatoir overall against the match starts Spielmann trained him include combinatorial, -. Eliskases positionally - Flohr trains him theoretically. And perhaps, Dr. Euwe's currently staying in Austria and his forthcoming stay in Dultechland or also be made to serve the preparation for the match. Unless the Doctor preferred would indicate overall vaca n taking 11th in this time. And therein he would ever completely be right! Overtralning harms as bad as insufficient training! Mom>

<Spielmann -- combinatoral>

<Eliskases -- positional>

<Flohr -- theoretical>

Don't forget how young Eliskases was at the time, only 22!

Jan-23-15  zanzibar: Oh, I forgot the newspaper ref in plainspeak:

<Soerabaijasch handelsblad 17-08-1935>

it was.

Jan-23-15  zanzibar: An approximate date and the place of the training matches reported here:

<Soerabaijasch handelsblad 19-07-1935>

<Eliskases to Amsterdam arrived cm dr. Euwe workout parties to play for the next big match for the world championship against dr. Alekhine.>

Jun-30-15  JimNorCal: I've been glancing through CJS Purdy's account of the two matches. They're different from other accounts I've seen.

They seem quite complete--lots of articles and interviews of the contestants and other authorities. Analysis from many sources.

His account stresses that the matches were of a high caliber. While praising Alekhine to the sky, Purdy also assesses Euwe to be a worthy Champion.

I'm only a middling player. I find Purdy's analysis inspiring, though it is as likely as not that he's just glib and I'm not strong enough to see shortcomings.

A book worth browsing if you come across it. And one with quite a different viewpoint than the stereotypical "first match: Alekhine drunk, second match: Alekhine sober" evaluation that one often sees.

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