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Salomon Flohr
Number of games in database: 958
Years covered: 1927 to 1980
Overall record: +366 -127 =462 (62.5%)*
   * Overall winning percentage = (wins+draws/2) / total games
      Based on games in the database; may be incomplete.
      3 exhibition games, odds games, etc. are excluded from this statistic.

With the White pieces:
 Orthodox Defense (76) 
    D51 D62 D55 D50 D59
 Nimzo Indian (55) 
    E34 E33 E38 E32 E39
 English (46) 
    A15 A13 A14 A18 A16
 Queen's Pawn Game (43) 
    D02 A46 D05 A40 E00
 King's Indian (31) 
    E94 E67 E60 E91 E92
 Slav (26) 
    D19 D15 D14 D16 D13
With the Black pieces:
 Caro-Kann (125) 
    B10 B13 B17 B15 B18
 Queen's Gambit Accepted (50) 
    D26 D22 D25 D29 D28
 Slav (36) 
    D15 D19 D11 D13 D18
 Grunfeld (31) 
    D96 D94 D81 D90 D85
 English, 1 c4 e5 (23) 
    A22 A28 A20 A27
 Ruy Lopez (21) 
    C92 C71 C77 C76 C84
Repertoire Explorer

NOTABLE GAMES: [what is this?]
   Flohr vs Vidmar, 1936 1-0
   Flohr vs Botvinnik, 1933 1-0
   Flohr vs Capablanca, 1935 1/2-1/2
   N Evseev vs Flohr, 1949 0-1
   E Eliskases vs Flohr, 1937 0-1
   Feigin vs Flohr, 1937 0-1
   R Domenech vs Flohr, 1935 0-1
   Flohr vs S Landau, 1930 1-0
   Botvinnik vs Flohr, 1933 0-1
   Flohr vs Euwe, 1932 1-0

NOTABLE TOURNAMENTS: [what is this?]
   Hastings 1933/34 (1933)
   Leningrad/Moscow training (1939)
   Podebrady (1936)
   London (1932)
   Moscow (1935)
   Margate (1936)
   Bournemouth (1939)
   Berne (1932)
   Kemeri (1937)
   Zurich (1934)
   USSR Championship (1944)
   Bled (1931)
   Nottingham (1936)
   USSR Championship (1947)
   USSR Championship (1950)

GAME COLLECTIONS: [what is this?]
   On the shoulders of giants by ughaibu
   Bled 1931 by Benzol
   Bled 1931 international tournament part 2 by cuendillar
   Moscow 1936 by suenteus po 147

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(born Nov-21-1908, died Jul-18-1983, 74 years old) Czech Republic (federation/nationality Russia)

[what is this?]
Salomon Flohr was born in 1908 in Gorodenka, present day Ukraine.1 He was orphaned as a child and relocated to Czechloslovakia, where he learned chess. He won several Czechoslovakian tournaments in the early 1930s, earning him something of a celebrity status in his country. Starting with the 1931/32 edition, he won or shared 1st at four consecutive Hastings Christmas Congresses.2 In 1932, he beat Mir Sultan Khan (+2 -1 =3 ) and drew Dr. Max Euwe (+3 -3 =10 ) in matches. One year later, he drew the Botvinnik - Flohr Match (1933) (+2 -2 =8). In 1939, he won the Leningrad/Moscow training (1939) tournament with 12/17, ahead of Samuel Reshevsky.

Following the Nazi invasion of Czechoslovakia in 1939, Flohr - of Ukrainian Jewish origins - fled to the USSR and became a Soviet citizen. Flohr finished 4th in his debut in the 13th USSR Championship (1944). In 1950 he won the Tartu Semifinal of the 18th USSR Championship.3 Flohr resumed his chess career after the war, qualifying from the Saltsj÷baden Interzonal (1948) to play in the Budapest Candidates (1950), where he shared last place. FIDE awarded him the grandmaster title in 1950 and the international arbiter title in 1963.1 Eventually he retired from serious tournaments, but remained active as a chess journalist until his death in 1983.


1 Jeremy Gaige, "Chess Personalia- a Biobibliography" (McFarland 1987), p.122

2 Wikipedia article: Hastings International Chess Congress

3 [rusbase-1]

Wikipedia article: Salo Flohr

 page 1 of 39; games 1-25 of 958  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves Year Event/LocaleOpening
1. Opocensky vs Flohr 0-139 1927 Kautsky mem 4thB32 Sicilian
2. Hromadka vs Flohr  0-126 1927 Kautsky mem 4thC07 French, Tarrasch
3. Flohr vs B Thelen 0-147 1927 Kautsky mem 4thE12 Queen's Indian
4. Flohr vs A Poisl  1-035 1927 Kautsky mem 4thE12 Queen's Indian
5. Flohr vs G Machate 1-020 1928 SumperkB23 Sicilian, Closed
6. Prokes vs Flohr  1-046 1928 Prague EvonyB24 Sicilian, Closed
7. Flohr vs J Dobias  0-153 1928 Kautsky mem 5thD51 Queen's Gambit Declined
8. B Thelen vs Flohr  0-137 1928 Kautsky mem 5thA30 English, Symmetrical
9. Opocensky vs Flohr 0-152 1928 Kautsky mem 5thD02 Queen's Pawn Game
10. Flohr vs E Richter  1-041 1928 Kautsky mem 5thE34 Nimzo-Indian, Classical, Noa Variation
11. Flohr vs Tartakower  1-021 1928 BerlinB29 Sicilian, Nimzovich-Rubinstein
12. Flohr vs B Thelen 1-031 1928 Prague EvonyC79 Ruy Lopez, Steinitz Defense Deferred
13. Flohr vs F Lustig 1-045 1928 Kautsky mem 5thD52 Queen's Gambit Declined
14. Flohr vs Saemisch 1-025 1929 Rogaska Slatina SLOE00 Queen's Pawn Game
15. Flohr vs H Geiger 1-029 1929 Rogaska Slatina SLOD51 Queen's Gambit Declined
16. Flohr vs E Canal  1-066 1929 Rogaska Slatina SLOC77 Ruy Lopez
17. Flohr vs F Treybal 1-041 1929 Kautsky mem 6thD51 Queen's Gambit Declined
18. Flohr vs A Brinckmann  0-136 1929 Rogaska Slatina SLOA41 Queen's Pawn Game (with ...d6)
19. J Dobias vs Flohr  0-131 1929 Kautsky mem 6thE22 Nimzo-Indian, Spielmann Variation
20. Rubinstein vs Flohr 1-038 1929 SauerbrunnA80 Dutch
21. Pirc vs Flohr  0-152 1929 Rogaska Slatina SLOE22 Nimzo-Indian, Spielmann Variation
22. Flohr vs I Koenig 1-041 1929 Rogaska Slatina SLOA50 Queen's Pawn Game
23. Flohr vs Stahlberg  ½-½30 1930 Swinemuende GERD05 Queen's Pawn Game
24. Flohr vs J Dobias 1-026 1930 Kautsky mem7D51 Queen's Gambit Declined
25. Flohr vs Noteboom 0-145 1930 HamburgD02 Queen's Pawn Game
 page 1 of 39; games 1-25 of 958  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2) | Flohr wins | Flohr loses  

Kibitzer's Corner
< Earlier Kibitzing  · PAGE 6 OF 6 ·  Later Kibitzing>
Nov-21-12  talisman: happy birthday to one of the all-time greats.
Feb-25-13  Conrad93: It's hard to believe how few Jews there are no in Ukraine after World War II. Kiev is famous as the Yiddish writer's capital of the world.
Apr-21-13  Everett: Hello all Flohr admirers.

From Botvinnik's notes on this game Fischer vs Petrosian, 1971

... he writes after Petrosian's 17th:

White has mobilized all his pieces, but Black's position is invulnerable as the one of a curly. During the years 1930-40 it was Flohr who created similar positions>

I am guessing "curly" means "coil." Anyways, can anyone point me in the direction of games like this? Thank you very much in advance! If I see some "coiled" games myself, I will post them.

Jul-11-13  markwell: One of the original group of Grandmasters, and his bio should say so.
Premium Chessgames Member
  RookFile: He had a pretty good rating floor.
Aug-24-13  dehanne: Surely this legendary player deserves a picture?
Sep-29-13  Karpova: His brother also played chess, see my post Karjakin (11th Kautsky Memorial 1934).

On p. 349 of the November 1935 'Neue Wiener Schachzeitung', <M. Flohr> is among the participants of the XIIth Kautsky Memorial. This would mean, that J Dobias vs Flohr, 1935 for example was not played by Salomon.

Oct-01-13  Karpova: In order to raise money for the Czechoslovakian team to travel to Folkestone*, Flohr gave Simuls in Czechoslovakia in 1933 with the result +504 -18 =78

Source: P. 188 of the June 1933 'Neue Wiener Schachzeitung'


Oct-09-13  Everett: His match with Botvinnik Botvinnik-Flohr Match (1933) is a strange omission from his bio.
Premium Chessgames Member
  perfidious: <Everett>: At a glance, that is by no means the only pertinent item found wanting.
Premium Chessgames Member
  TheFocus: <In 1938 he was invited to the AVRO tournament in Holland, which was intended to <select a challenger> for World Champion Alexander Alekhine, but finished last.>

This old chestnut needs to be deleted as it has been disproven.

No mention is made of his winning the Czechoslovakian championships of 1933 and 1936, or his excellent results in the Olympiads.

Premium Chessgames Member
  offramp: Flohr was the Staunton of the inter-war period.
Premium Chessgames Member
  keypusher: <offramp: Flohr was the Staunton of the inter-war period.>

I don't see it. Though short, he was not nasty or brutish.

Premium Chessgames Member
  offramp: Just in his technical playing style.
Premium Chessgames Member
  Penguincw: R.I.P. GM Salomon Flohr.
Nov-21-13  talisman: talk about a hard childhood and overcoming!!! ...R.I.P. forever.
Premium Chessgames Member
  offramp: In my mind Reuben Fine and Salomon Flohr go hand-in-glove as forgotten men in world chess.

They were both potential world champions in the 1930s and 1940s, but now thier games lie forgotten and disregarded, rotting away in a corner of chess history we all want to forget. The Pewter Age of chess where technique was sole dictator; technique used to take the game to the safe haven of for white and = for black as soon as possible; a time when 1.e4 was considered scandalously old-fashioned and bishops could have been welded on to KN2 and QN2.

Thankfully a generation of modern thinkers such as Geller, Tal, Fischer and Larsen came along to shake up the old chess world.

Premium Chessgames Member
  Gypsy: <Everett: ... Botvinnik-Flohr Match (1933) is a strange omission from his bio. >


Aug-05-14  Conrad93: Can someone put a picture up?

Wikipedia already has a good photo of him:

Nov-21-14  grasser: Well with the WC going on, good luck getting any Birthday wishes Salomon Flohr. Oh how soon we forget. One day Carlsen and Anand will be a distant memory too.
Premium Chessgames Member
  OhioChessFan: I have it on good authority he doesn't much care about the missing birthday wishes, and likewise doesn't need any more RIP wishes.
Nov-21-14  ketchuplover: May he RIP forever
Nov-21-14  Petrosianic: How will you know whether he does or not?
Nov-26-14  Yopo: For practical players,
art is just a
exception to the canon rules.

But you can not get away from the art .
just as one can not escape the second teeth.

Until Flohr could not to escape.
Flohr vs Rellstab, 1931

Premium Chessgames Member
  TheFocus: <Chess, like love, is infectious at any age> - Salo Flohr.
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