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Bogoljubov 
 
Efim Bogoljubov
Number of games in database: 1,032
Years covered: 1909 to 1952
Overall record: +482 -245 =297 (61.6%)*
   * Overall winning percentage = (wins+draws/2) / total games
      Based on games in the database; may be incomplete.
      8 exhibition games, odds games, etc. are excluded from this statistic.

MOST PLAYED OPENINGS
With the White pieces:
 Ruy Lopez (53) 
    C77 C68 C65 C83 C98
 Orthodox Defense (51) 
    D63 D64 D52 D56 D55
 Queen's Gambit Declined (46) 
    D37 D30 D35 D06
 French Defense (43) 
    C11 C13 C12 C17 C18
 Queen's Pawn Game (36) 
    D02 A46 A45 A40 E10
 Nimzo Indian (32) 
    E21 E42 E38 E23 E37
With the Black pieces:
 Ruy Lopez (60) 
    C91 C77 C68 C87 C64
 Queen's Pawn Game (49) 
    A46 D05 A40 A45 D04
 Sicilian (48) 
    B40 B83 B80 B23 B20
 Orthodox Defense (45) 
    D52 D51 D63 D64 D58
 Nimzo Indian (32) 
    E38 E36 E21 E24 E34
 Semi-Slav (30) 
    D43 D48 D45 D46 D49
Repertoire Explorer

NOTABLE GAMES: [what is this?]
   Bogoljubov vs Mieses, 1925 1-0
   Bogoljubov vs Alekhine, 1929 1-0
   Bogoljubov vs Muller, 1934 1-0
   Bogoljubov vs Spielmann, 1919 1-0
   Bogoljubov vs NN, 1952 1-0
   Bogoljubov vs Alekhine, 1929 1-0
   Bogoljubov vs Ed. Lasker, 1924 1-0
   Bogoljubov vs Grekov, 1914 1-0
   Bogoljubov vs G A Thomas, 1922 1/2-1/2
   E Eliskases vs Bogoljubov, 1939 1/2-1/2

WORLD CHAMPIONSHIPS: [what is this?]
   Alekhine - Bogoljubov World Championship Match (1929)
   Alekhine - Bogoljubov World Championship Rematch (1934)

NOTABLE TOURNAMENTS: [what is this?]
   Bad Pistyan (1922)
   Karlsbad (1923)
   USSR Championship (1924)
   New York (1924)
   Breslau (1925)
   Moscow (1925)
   Baden-Baden (1925)
   San Remo (1930)
   Bled (1931)
   Berne (1932)
   Zurich (1934)
   Oldenburg (1949)

GAME COLLECTIONS: [what is this?]
   Super Bogo 2 by policrates
   Super Bogo 1 by policrates
   Super Bogo 3 by policrates
   Bogo's Best Games by backrank
   Forgoten Gems by Yopo
   the rivals 1 by ughaibu
   Rubinstein vs World Champions Decisive Games by visayanbraindoctor
   Bled 1931 by Benzol
   Bled 1931 international tournament by cuendillar

GAMES ANNOTATED BY BOGOLJUBOV: [what is this?]
   Rubinstein vs Maroczy, 1920
   Ilyin-Zhenevsky vs Lasker, 1925
   Lasker vs Spielmann, 1925
   Reti vs Rubinstein, 1919
   Lasker vs F Bohatirchuk, 1925
   >> 6 GAMES ANNOTATED BY BOGOLJUBOV

Search Sacrifice Explorer for Efim Bogoljubov
Search Google for Efim Bogoljubov


EFIM BOGOLJUBOV
(born Apr-14-1889, died Jun-18-1952, 63 years old) Ukraine (citizen of Germany)
PRONUNCIATION:
[what is this?]
Efim Dimitrievich Bogoljubov was born in Stanislavitsk, Kiev. After being a prisoner in Germany during the First World War he was 1st at Berlin 1919 http://www.thechesslibrary.com/file.... His first great international success was Bad Pistyan 1922 Game Collection: Bad Pistyan 1922 After winning the Karlsbad 1923, http://www.worldchesslinks.net/eziq... (sharing the 1st place with Alexander Alekhine), he won the U.S.S.R. championship twice, in 1924 [rusbase-1] and 1925 [rusbase-2] [rusbase-3], before relocating to Germany. His greatest international victory came at the Moscow tournament of 1925 [rusbase-4], where he finished 1.5 points ahead of a field that included Emanuel Lasker as well as Jose Raul Capablanca, the former and current World champions. At Kissingen 1928 http://www.worldchesslinks.net/eziq..., he again won first prize ahead of Capablanca, and in 1929 Alekhine-Bogoljubov World Championship Match (1929) and 1934 Alekhine-Bogoljubov World Championship Rematch (1934) he played two World Championship matches with Alekhine, losing both times.

After World War II his chess career was discontinued until 1949. FIDE first awarded the International Grandmaster title in 1950, but denied the title to Bogoljubov because he had been an ardent supporter of Hitler. It awarded him the title the following year.

Wikipedia article: Efim Bogoljubov


 page 1 of 42; games 1-25 of 1,032  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves Year Event/LocaleOpening
1. V Omeliansky vs Bogoljubov 0-134 1909 Championship Of KievC70 Ruy Lopez
2. Rotlewi vs Bogoljubov 1-025 1910 WTZGSz 10th anniversary tournamentA53 Old Indian
3. Bogoljubov vs S Rozental 1-039 1911 PetersburgD33 Queen's Gambit Declined, Tarrasch
4. Hromadka vs Bogoljubov 0-131 1912 All Russian Amateur TtC45 Scotch Game
5. Bogoljubov vs S Langleben  1-032 1912 All Russian Amateur TtA82 Dutch, Staunton Gambit
6. Bogoljubov vs Taubenhaus 1-048 1913 PetersburgC68 Ruy Lopez, Exchange
7. Bogoljubov vs Alapin  ½-½52 1914 PetersburgD11 Queen's Gambit Declined Slav
8. Breyer vs Bogoljubov 0-127 1914 MannheimD01 Richter-Veresov Attack
9. Flamberg vs Bogoljubov 0-124 1914 Triberg (Germany)C80 Ruy Lopez, Open
10. Bogoljubov vs Mieses 1-088 1914 MannheimA40 Queen's Pawn Game
11. Salwe vs Bogoljubov 0-140 1914 PetersburgA53 Old Indian
12. P Krueger vs Bogoljubov ½-½35 1914 MannheimC66 Ruy Lopez
13. Bogoljubov vs A E Post 1-032 1914 MannheimD37 Queen's Gambit Declined
14. Bogoljubov vs Duras 0-146 1914 MannheimB16 Caro-Kann, Bronstein-Larsen Variation
15. Tarrasch vs Bogoljubov ½-½65 1914 MannheimC64 Ruy Lopez, Classical
16. Bogoljubov vs Alekhine 0-143 1914 Rastatt blindfoldB20 Sicilian
17. Marshall vs Bogoljubov ½-½27 1914 MannheimD63 Queen's Gambit Declined, Orthodox Defense
18. Bogoljubov vs Nimzowitsch 0-129 1914 St. Petersburg (Russia)C11 French
19. Bogoljubov vs Grekov 1-011 1914 KievD02 Queen's Pawn Game
20. A Rabinovich vs Bogoljubov 0-132 1914 Baden Baden opC33 King's Gambit Accepted
21. Bogoljubov vs Flamberg  0-128 1914 MannheimD34 Queen's Gambit Declined, Tarrasch
22. Alekhine vs Bogoljubov 1-021 1914 Rastatt blindfoldC26 Vienna
23. Alekhine vs Bogoljubov 0-127 1914 St. Petersburg (Russia)C64 Ruy Lopez, Classical
24. Bogoljubov vs I Rabinovich 1-037 1914 BadenC66 Ruy Lopez
25. M Lowcki vs Bogoljubov 1-054 1914 St Petersburg2D55 Queen's Gambit Declined
 page 1 of 42; games 1-25 of 1,032  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2) | Bogoljubov wins | Bogoljubov loses  
 

Kibitzer's Corner
< Earlier Kibitzing  · PAGE 12 OF 12 ·  Later Kibitzing>
Dec-05-12
Premium Chessgames Member
  jessicafischerqueen: In his memoir <"My Life Path to Vlasov and Manifesto of Prague" (San Francisco, 1978)>, Fedor Parfenovich Bohatirchuk claims that <Bogo> actually joined the Nazi Party.
Dec-05-12  thomastonk: <jessicafischerqueen: joined the Nazi Party.> Here are a few more details: http://tartajubow.blogspot.de/2012/....

In particular, this Bohartirchuk quote is given: “It was not a secret that Bogo did not like the Bolsheviks, but I think only a few people knew that he was treating Hitler's wild ideas with at least equal revulsion and contempt.” Does he give a source for this?

BTW, I have seen also propaganda against Bogo in the early Nazi years in the the newspaper "Aachener Anzeiger - Politisches Tageblatt" (see also my kibitzing of MAR-27-12). To give an example: on March 16, 1934 the list of participants of Game Collection: Zurich 1934 was given, and it was noted that 4 jews were invited, but no German. This was definitely a side blow to Lasker, but also to Bogoljubov, who was naturalized citizen and who lived in Germany.

Dec-05-12
Premium Chessgames Member
  jessicafischerqueen: <thomastonk> No, Bohartirchuk does not give a source for his claim. I think the jury is still out on this issue until someone digs up <Bogo's> Party membership card. I doubt such a document will ever come to light.

I very much appreciate your additional information- I had in fact read your earlier posts on this controversial subject. <Bohartirchuk's> own past is controversial in this respect- <Botvinnik>, for one, was convinced that <Boha> had collaborated with the Nazis and should be "hanged." The story on that comes from <Andy Soltis'> fine McFarland publication on the history of Soviet chess. <Soltis> also indicates that there is some evidence that <Bogo> helped a few masters escape to safety during the war. I left that book at work, I'll look at at tomorrow and post the relevant passage for you and all.

Dec-05-12  ughaibu: On the principle that the accused is assumed innocent until proven guilty, the jury is not out. Unless it can be shown that Bogolubow was a member of the Nazi party, the claim that he was has no substance and should be condemned, outright and without reservation.
Dec-05-12
Premium Chessgames Member
  jessicafischerqueen: <ughaibu> yes, with respect to the specific claim that <Bogo> did in fact belong to the Nazi party, you are correct.

You will understand, however, that many people might think it likely that the claim is true.

That said, I'm not going to judge <Bogo> or <Klaus Junge> or <Alekhine> for their connections-such as they may have existed- to the Nazi Regime in such a way that I think "they were reprehensible men."

They were chessmasters first and foremost. Speaking only for myself, I'm a fan of their games, and I find much else in all three men to admire besides their chess ability. There are less admirable aspects to them as well, of course.

At the end of the day, given their lives and times, I think it's a mistake to be too judgmental, particularly with respect to speculative claims that have not been proven.

Dec-05-12  thomastonk: <jessicafischerqueen> Thank you very much for your response. I am not sure what you have in mind with <I had in fact read your earlier posts on this controversial subject.> To be honest, I know much too less to have an own opinion about Bogo's relation to the Nazis.

The German town Aachen, where I live since 30 years, has played a prominent role in chess during Nazi times (several tournaments, two national championships). So, I sometimes find something that could be interesting for others, and then I post it.

In 1934 there appeared in that newspaper an open letter from local chess officials directly against Bogoljubov. In later years, when Germany prepared with Bogo's help for the Chess Olympiad Munich 1936 (see http://www.chesshistory.com/winter/...), the propaganda against him was not repeated. Instead the newspaper published some of his games and comments.

Dec-05-12
Premium Chessgames Member
  jessicafischerqueen: <thomastonk> fascinating. Thanks for posting yet another relevant link on the topic as well.

Here is a visual aid in case anyone wonders what I think after I read a good chess history post:

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cFod...

Dec-06-12
Premium Chessgames Member
  jessicafischerqueen: <thomastonk> ok here's the story I mentioned yesterday.

When the Germans captured Kiev in 1941, <Bohatyrchuk> was a member of the city council, and he served for three years under a Nazi puppet government.

<"Was he a life-saver or a collaborator? Boris Spassky, in a 1997 lecture, recalled that he met Bohatrychuk in 1967 and said that during the occupation of Kiev 'he saved hundreds of people.' But Spassky added that when he showed Botvinnik a postcard he received in 1970 from Bohatrychuk, Botvinnik said: "I would personally <<<hang this man>>> in the center of the city.">

When the Red Army retook Kiev, <Boha> fled west and played in a Nazi-sponsored tournament in Poland, where he roomed with <Bogoljubow>.

As for <Bogo>, apparently he helped at least one master escape:

<"Bogolyubov... played a role in bringing another master through the lines. Alexey Selesniev... was living in Stalinio... when it was overrun by the Nazis. Bogolyubov, who had not seen Selesniev in 17 years, apparently managed to get him <<<transferred>>> to Triberg... Selesniev eventually reaached Bordeaux, France, where he died, virtually forgotten, at age 79 in 1967.">

Source- <Soviet Chess 1917-1991> Andrew Soltis. McFarland 2000, p145.

Dec-06-12
Premium Chessgames Member
  perfidious: <jess> Small wonder Bohatyrchuk fled west-the Soviets would surely have tried and executed him as a collaborator, had he not managed to escape their clutches.
Dec-06-12
Premium Chessgames Member
  Benzol: Botvinnik might have wanted to hang him for being one of the few leading players who had a plus score against him.
Dec-06-12
Premium Chessgames Member
  perfidious: <Paul> Maybe so; to do as Bohatyrchuk did against Mikhail Moiseevich would have got him burnt at the stake or tried as a witch in earlier days.
Dec-06-12
Premium Chessgames Member
  keypusher: <Benzol: Botvinnik might have wanted to hang him for being one of the few leading players who had a plus score against him.>

I read an article about Bohatyrchuk in Chess Life in the 80s. It recounts that sometime in the 1930s Botvinnik gave Bohatyrchuk a book (don't know which one) with the self-deprecating inscription that he hoped it would improve Bohatyrchuk's opinion of his play. If true, that would indicate that Botvinnik wanted to hang B. later for being (in Botvinnik's eyes) a traitor, not for beating him.

I'd love to read that article again.

Dec-07-12
Premium Chessgames Member
  jessicafischerqueen: <perfidious> Yes as you say, <Boha> had every reason to believe his life was in imminent danger as the Red Army approached Kiev.

One of the reasons the Soviets got even angrier with him, however, is that he subsequently joined a very strange "Pro-German army of liberation" on his circuitious, and highly dangerous, journey from Kiev to safe haven in Ottawa.

He loved Kiev, and he always thought of himself as a Ukrainian first, and whatever else they forced him to be after. He'd already risked his life earlier on numerous occasions. He states that he got away with begging off a Soviet chess event on the grounds that Kiev had already changed hands 12 times and he'd prefer to stay home and be with his family in case something even more heinous happened. He also recounts the story when he had to do some fast talking to avoid prison or worse when he inadvertently purchased a fur coat from an NKVD officer in a "sting" operation.

In his own memoirs, he makes it clear that he had little use for either Stalin or Hitler's governments.

Easy call for many of us to make, but perhaps significantly more difficult for someone who lived square in the path of both governments, as <Boha> did.

Dec-13-12
Premium Chessgames Member
  perfidious: <jess> Never read B's memoirs, but that sounds like a perilous business, from only the details I knew-which were less than what you have provided.

It was one thing to be in Paul Keres' shoes, and even Keres escaped danger by a mere hair's breadth after playing in events under German auspices. For a player of somewhat lesser stature to have engaged in what the Soviets would have considered outright collaboration would have meant a certain date with the executioner.

Did not Bohatyrchuk wind up in Bavaria (American zone of occupation) in the aftermath of the fall of the Nazis? That was a break, compared to what consequences would have ensued had he been caught in the Soviet Zone or one of the countries they occupied.

Jun-07-13
Premium Chessgames Member
  morfishine: Ahh, the fascinating world of spies, double-agents and traitors. Before one condemns and urges execution of such persons, its wise to thoroughly examine all the circumstances and factors related to such case(s).

For example, German spy Hans Schmidt entered Britain in 1941. While others who entered during this time were caught and executed, Schmidt's career flourished. How? Well, he married an English woman, had a child and thus became accepted in English society and was not suspected. However, in the security sweeps of 1944, he was caught and given the option of death or turning against Germany. He turned and fed false information to the Germans for the rest of the war. The British loved him, that is until the war ended. For his service, they game him the option of staying in England since he'd be executed if he returned to Germany. He accepted and spent his remaining years living in utter contempt and scorn by the English. He was no longer any use to them and could never really be trusted since he was a "turned spy".

Or the case of German Admiral Canaris. He hated Hitler and the Nazi regime and spent the war undermining their efforts at every chance. The Allies loved this guy. However, he was finally found out and executed 3 weeks before the war ended. Sadly, the Allies had to admit there was no recourse or course of action to seek justice against the Nazi's. He was after all, a spy.

Or the case of Aldridge Ames. Here we have an American who turned traitor of his own free will and became a Russian spy. Not only were has actions damaging to national interests, his eventual arrest exposed a spy network in Russia that led to the execution of at least 10 informers. A truly despicable and reprehensible character. Why he was given a life sentence and not the death penalty, I'll never know.

Or the case of Benedict Arnold. Here, we have a person who made great sacrifice both in body and personal fortune for a cause, America, before turning. His was a unique class of traitor. Feeling betrayed by a Congress that refused to honor their promises and his claims, he "went over".

I've studied Arnold for years and was a long time apologist before softening my stance here. Why? (1) Arnold was a vain man, first and foremost a business man interested in wealth & (2) he did not exhaust all his options before turning traitor. So, I don't have much sympathy for him anymore. Here too, Arnold lived out his life in England and was also not received very warmly since he was, after all, a traitor.

Finally, I haven't studied <Boha> in depth. However, he appears to fall into that class of "traitor" who is "caught between a rock and a hard place" so to speak. Its hard to formulate an opinion on this class of "traitor" without actually being in that situation. One needs to analyze all his actions to see where his true loyalty lay.

Not all spies or traitors are executed. A lot depends on if the individual acted on their own free will or from an outside influence. The amount of damage done also needs to be taken into account, as well as creditable actions.

Aug-15-13
Premium Chessgames Member
  playground player: It would be nice if chess could interfere with politics to the same extent that politics interferes with chess.
Aug-17-13  motiff: Hello everyone:

Can anyone starting facilitate Bogoljubov vs T Schuster 1952 in Stuttgart?.

Bogoljubov played one match against T Schuster of two games, the last two of his life before dying from liver cancer. The game G Schuster vs Bogoljubov is known and is in the database of games, but the other not.

If anyone can get would be great.

A greeting.

Nov-06-13
Premium Chessgames Member
  Karpova: New York 1924, Match against Kupchik ends with +3 -1 =2 in favor of Bogoljubov.

From page 272 of the September 1924 'Neue Wiener Schachzeitung'

Jan-16-14  RedShield: The only quote I've seen attributed to Bogo is <When I am white I win because I am white. When I am black I win because I am Bogoljubov.>

But now, courtesy of Lothar Schmid, we have:

<Chess is a foolish thing; sometimes it works, and sometimes it doesn't work.>

Jan-16-14
Premium Chessgames Member
  keypusher: <RedShield>

Supposedly he also said <I don't play well in England.>

Jan-16-14  RedShield: Our bier didn't agree with him.
Jan-25-14
Premium Chessgames Member
  PhilFeeley: Why is this game not here, when over a dozen other Rellstab-Bogoljubov games are?

Stockholm, 1930

Ludwig Rellstab-Bogoljubov


click for larger view

Position before black's 20th move. Found this on Spraggett's blog. His question: Do you play 21...g5?

Jan-25-14  thomastonk: <PhilFeeley: Why is this game not here, when over a dozen other Rellstab-Bogoljubov games are?> I don't understand the logic. We have a long dozen of games between both men here. Why does this mean we should have this particular one? BTW, I have 23 in my collection.

<Ludwig Rellstab-Bogoljubov> Really? I have it as Bogoljubov vs Rellstab. (And Spraggett, too.)

If you are missing a certain game and you have it, then you can submit it here: PGN Upload Utility. But please be careful: every mistake is costly.

If you don't have it, there are many helpful people here - including myself - that will try to help you, if you ask friendly.

Apr-14-14
Premium Chessgames Member
  waustad: <RedShield>I've seen the black-white quote attributed to Johannes Zukertort if I recall correctly.
Apr-14-14
Premium Chessgames Member
  john barleycorn: Bogoljubow suffered from idiosyncrasy against whole nations: "I cannot play in England" and his results showed it.
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