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Richard Reti
Reti 
 
Number of games in database: 668
Years covered: 1907 to 1929

Overall record: +284 -177 =173 (58.4%)*
   * Overall winning percentage = (wins+draws/2) / total games in the database. 34 exhibition games, blitz/rapid, odds games, etc. are excluded from this statistic.

MOST PLAYED OPENINGS
With the White pieces:
 Ruy Lopez (44) 
    C86 C68 C77 C66 C78
 English (40) 
    A13 A15 A12 A14 A10
 French Defense (30) 
    C12 C13 C10 C01 C00
 Orthodox Defense (27) 
    D63 D64 D60 D51 D68
 French (23) 
    C12 C13 C10 C00 C11
 Sicilian (19) 
    B40 B56 B29 B83 B22
With the Black pieces:
 Ruy Lopez (45) 
    C77 C66 C67 C63 C68
 Queen's Pawn Game (30) 
    A46 A50 D00 D02 D05
 French Defense (29) 
    C11 C12 C01 C10 C14
 French (21) 
    C11 C12 C10 C13 C00
 Alekhine's Defense (15) 
    B02 B05 B03
 Caro-Kann (14) 
    B10 B15 B13 B18 B12
Repertoire Explorer

NOTABLE GAMES: [what is this?]
   Reti vs Tartakower, 1910 1-0
   Reti vs Bogoljubov, 1924 1-0
   Euwe vs Reti, 1920 0-1
   Reti vs Capablanca, 1924 1-0
   Reti vs Euwe, 1920 1-0
   Reti vs Rubinstein, 1923 1-0
   Alekhine vs Reti, 1922 1/2-1/2
   Reti vs P Romanovsky, 1925 1-0
   Bogoljubov vs Reti, 1923 0-1
   Reti vs Znosko-Borovsky, 1922 1-0

NOTABLE TOURNAMENTS: [what is this?]
   Teplitz-Schönau (1922)
   Gothenburg (1920)
   Maehrisch-Ostrau (1923)
   Vienna (1923)
   Abbazia (1912)
   Karlsbad (1923)
   New York (1924)
   Bad Pistyan (1922)
   Mannheim (1914)
   London (1922)
   Marienbad (1925)
   Moscow (1925)
   Vienna (1922)
   Semmering (1926)
   Baden-Baden (1925)

GAME COLLECTIONS: [what is this?]
   Veliki majstori saha 16 RETI (Petrovic) by Chessdreamer
   Richard Réti's Best Games by Golombek by SirIvanhoe
   Richard Réti's Best Games by Golombek by suenteus po 147
   Move by Move - Reti (Engqvist) by Qindarka
   Reti's Best Games of Chess by matey
   Rgrrgrr at Fredthebear by fredthebear
   New York 1924 by Benzol
   New York 1924 by JoseTigranTalFischer
   Richard Reti @ the 1924 New York International by ruylopez900
   june.lorena's favorite games by june.lorena
   Hypermodern Game of Chess (Tartakower) by Qindarka
   Marienbad 1925 by suenteus po 147

GAMES ANNOTATED BY RETI: [what is this?]
   Breyer vs J Esser, 1917
   Alekhine vs Fahrni, 1914
   Breyer vs K Havasi, 1918


Search Sacrifice Explorer for Richard Reti
Search Google for Richard Reti


RICHARD RETI
(born May-28-1889, died Jun-06-1929, 40 years old)
PRONUNCIATION:
[what is this?]

Richard Réti was born in 1889 in Bösing (now Pezinok, Slovakia) which at the time was in the Hungarian part of Austria-Hungary.

Early career

At the age of 12, he had already submitted a chess problem to the chess column in Über Land und Meer run by Hermann von Gottschall. Von Gottschall advised him to continue working on his chess. In 1903, the then 13-year old Réti was introduced to Carl Schlechter who remarked "for his age, this is certainly exceptional".(RR) He went on to fare well at the 2nd Hungarian National tournament in Székesfehérvár, 1907.(Edo) Réti's interest in chess was dampened following some disappointing tournament results, although he won smaller events in Vienna 1909 and the 2nd Trebitsch Memorial in 1910.(Edo) His main interests then became mathematics and, to some extent, physics. He was about to finish his doctorate when World War I broke out. Réti was assigned to clerical work due to his "somewhat weak constitution".(RR)

A turn of life

In 1918, he won the strong Kaschau (Košice) tournament. But he still viewed chess mostly as a hobby. He had planned to finish his doctorate in mathematics at the University of Vienna. He carried his doctoral thesis around in a small booklet, which he lost and never recovered. This drove him near suicide as he later confided to his older brother Rudolph.(RR) At that time, Richard received an invitation to go to the Netherlands as a Chess Master in Residence. He accepted the invitation, and decided to pursue a chess career instead of becoming a scholar. Regarding this decision, Rudolph said, "It haunted him throughout his life, and he never found a definite answer to it."(RR)

Tournament successes

Réti won 1st prize in the strong Gothenburg (1920) tournament. He confirmed his status as one of the top players in the world during the early 20th century by winning Teplitz-Schönau 1922.(TS) He came in 2nd at Maehrisch-Ostrau (1923) and Vienna (1923). Réti also won the Dr. Körner tournament (Hakoah, Vienna) in 1928.(WSZ28).

Theory and Practice

He worked to found hypermodernism, along with Aron Nimzowitsch and Savielly Tartakower. The Réti Opening (1.♘f3 d5 2.c4) has become a staple of grandmaster play. With this opening system, Réti famously defeated then reigning world champion Capablanca in Reti vs Capablanca, 1924 in New York (1924), the Cuban's first loss in eight years and first as world champion. Réti authored two books, Modern Ideas In Chess (Die neuen Ideen im Schachspiel, 1922) in 1923 and Masters Of The Chess Board (Die Meister des Schachbretts, 1930), published posthumously in 1933.

Study composition

Réti also composed numerous endgame studies, the most famous of which was a 1921 study that illustrated a beautiful method of drawing what may seem to be a hopeless king and pawn ending. White to play and draw:


click for larger view

Réti died from scarlet fever a week after turning forty.

Sources

(RR) Rudolph Réti in Edward Winter's "The Réti Brothers", http://www.chesshistory.com/winter/...
(Edo) Rod Edwards, http://www.edochess.ca/players/p217...
(TS) Game Collection: Teplitz-Schönau 1922
(WSZ28) "Wiener Schachzeitung", March 1928, pages 81-82. Provided in "ANNO / Österreichische Nationalbibliothek"
Wikipedia article: Richard Réti

Last updated: 2018-01-26 23:03:26

 page 1 of 27; games 1-25 of 668  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves YearEvent/LocaleOpening
1. Reti vs Z Barasz 1-0611907SzekesfehervarD11 Queen's Gambit Declined Slav
2. L Forgacs vs Reti  1-0431907SzekesfehervarC84 Ruy Lopez, Closed
3. Alapin vs Reti 1-0631908ViennaC86 Ruy Lopez, Worrall Attack
4. Reti vs E Cohn  0-1491908ViennaC49 Four Knights
5. Marshall vs Reti 1-0311908ViennaC49 Four Knights
6. Reti vs Maroczy 0-1541908ViennaB22 Sicilian, Alapin
7. J N Berger vs Reti  1-0261908ViennaD05 Queen's Pawn Game
8. Reti vs Teichmann 0-1341908ViennaC49 Four Knights
9. Schlechter vs Reti 1-0471908ViennaC65 Ruy Lopez, Berlin Defense
10. Reti vs Duras ½-½311908ViennaB13 Caro-Kann, Exchange
11. J Mieses vs Reti 1-0251908ViennaC23 Bishop's Opening
12. Reti vs H Suechting  ½-½171908ViennaB01 Scandinavian
13. Tartakower vs Reti 1-0341908ViennaA30 English, Symmetrical
14. Reti vs Leonhardt ½-½531908ViennaC26 Vienna
15. Swiderski vs Reti 1-0321908ViennaA84 Dutch
16. Reti vs Spielmann 0-1361908ViennaC86 Ruy Lopez, Worrall Attack
17. Salwe vs Reti 1-0311908ViennaD00 Queen's Pawn Game
18. Von Bardeleben vs Reti 1-0301908ViennaC77 Ruy Lopez
19. Reti vs J Perlis  0-1361908ViennaD32 Queen's Gambit Declined, Tarrasch
20. Rubinstein vs Reti 1-0161908ViennaD00 Queen's Pawn Game
21. Reti vs P F Johner  0-1341908ViennaD30 Queen's Gambit Declined
22. Reti vs Lasker 0-1151908Clock simul, 3bC56 Two Knights
23. L Loewy Jr vs Reti ½-½501909Winter Tt 1908/09C45 Scotch Game
24. J Krejcik vs Reti 0-1311909ViennaC26 Vienna
25. Reti vs Meitner 1-0251909Trebitsch tournamentC67 Ruy Lopez
 page 1 of 27; games 1-25 of 668  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2) | Reti wins | Reti loses  
 

Kibitzer's Corner
< Earlier Kibitzing  · PAGE 14 OF 14 ·  Later Kibitzing>
Mar-05-18
Premium Chessgames Member
  zanzibar: I'm pretty sure that the bio above is wrong in stating that Réti was encouraged as a young boy to take up chess by H. Gottschall.

This is an easy mistake to make, assuming it was a mistake, because no less an authority than Edward Winter conveys this information:

<One day in the midst of this summer tranquillity a letter arrived addressed to Richard from Über Land und Meer, a then popular illustrated weekly in nineteenth-century style, to which we subscribed and in which a man named Gottschall ran a little chess column. Rather puzzled by the correspondence between the magazine and the 12-year-old boy, we learned that non-talkative Richard – of course in utmost secrecy – had submitted a chess problem to Mr Gottschall. Here was the answer:

“Your problem is gratefully accepted and will be published in one of our next columns. And I wish to add that if it is really true that you are only 12 years of age, as you wrote, and nobody helped you with the problem, let me congratulate you wholeheartedly. This is quite an exceptional achievement, which should encourage you to continue your work in chess with all seriousness. Personal greetings, Gottschall.”

Such praise from an acknowledged expert impressed Father and Mother very much, but their natural parental pride was somewhat overshadowed by a feeling that their two sons, each of whom spent most of his time at the keyboard or chessboard respectively, might perhaps be lured into careers of an uncertain future.>

http://www.chesshistory.com/winter/...

If I might level a criticism of the master - Winter entirely omits any refs for all the facts in his piece on the Réti brothers. He doesn't even list his sources at the end of the article, making his work less reliable for checking than Soltis.

That aside - he's the point. The writer for the <Über Land und Meer> is almost certainly E. Schallopp and *not* H. v. Gottschall.

Unfortunately, I wanted to find the original problem submitted by Réti, but was unable to find that volume online.

A ref to Réti's problem, as well as a viewable take on it, is available from here:

http://www.karlonline.org/209_2.htm

where, once again, Gottschall is credited as columnist (1903/04).

Not being able to find the right volume, I can't say definitely it wasn't Gottschall. But I want to see the original article. And until I do, I have examples of <Über Land und Meer> before/after - with E. Schallopp as credited author:

https://books.google.com/books?id=T... (1902)

https://books.google.com/books?id=B... (1908)

I can get v90 (1903), it's the same (so I think the Réti problem is from 1904(?)).

I believe the mistake (if indeed there was one) can be partially credited to the difficulty of reading Gothic font. And once made, being just copied from source to source.

More investigation is needed, and the original article scan should be made public.

Mar-05-18
Premium Chessgames Member
  zanzibar: <Réti – Murderous robber?! Ce n’est pas possible!>

https://zanchess.wordpress.com/2018...

Mar-05-18
Premium Chessgames Member
  zanzibar: The Gottschall/Schallopp dilemma is solved...

https://zanchess.wordpress.com/2018...

Am I too hard on Winter? Given his demand for rigor from others, I think not, at least, presently.

Mar-07-18  Retireborn: <z> Impressive research work on your part.

Re: the "quienes" link, I did see some interesting tidbits; that Reti spoke no Hungarian, and that Tarrasch tried to get him relegated to the B-tournament at Gothenburg 1920, for example.

Still, what interested me most was the pictures of his wife Rogneda. I have seen her described (by Golombek? Chernev? not sure) as "a great Russian beauty"; it's nice to see that this was not mere politesse.

Mar-07-18
Premium Chessgames Member
  zanzibar: Thanks <RB>, I thought it interesting to consult the original source and give the proper credit.

It's also interesting to think about how the story came to be propagated.

* * * * *

A little more about Rogneda can be found here (scroll down)

http://www.ap22.ru/paper/paper_6156... (ru)

Mar-07-18
Premium Chessgames Member
  zanzibar: And also here:

http://www.proza.ru/2002/01/22-91 (ru)

Mar-08-18  Retireborn: <z> Thanks for those links. So Rogneda returned to Russia, married again, had a daughter, and was still alive in the Kruschev era. This Biryukov chap sounds like a bit of a bar steward!
Mar-08-18
Premium Chessgames Member
  zanzibar: "Bar steward" is a bit of an unknown term round these parts, at least figuratively.

Does it mean about the same as "cad"?

Mar-08-18  ughaibu: Remove the "rew", what's left?
Mar-08-18
Premium Chessgames Member
  zanzibar: Ah, got it, thx.
Mar-08-18
Premium Chessgames Member
  zanzibar: http://canadianbartenders.com/how-t...
Mar-09-18  Retireborn: Child of unmarried parents, as the more elegant Wodehousian phrase has it!
Apr-18-18  ketchuplover: The world chess hall of fame is now Reti to rumble!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
Jun-12-18
Premium Chessgames Member
  zanzibar: RE: Reti's play in <Stockholm (1919) - Quad>

<Réti of whom the Dutch are better result would have expected, played in this quadcopter very nervous and made because of that numerous blunders. For example, he often put pieces in that a regular onlooker there the kindness made up "Réti gives his opponents Christmas gifts". Nevertheless, his was playing power still sufficient to him about keeping pace with Bogoljubow and Rubinstein. He played in the ninth round a very instructive party against Spielmann generally as the best position party of it tournaments is considered.>

27-12-1919 Het Vaderland : staat- en letterkundig nieuwsblad - p9

See also:

Akiba Rubinstein (kibitz #1275)

Jun-12-18  Retireborn: <z> Quadcopter is a marvellous word!

The only Reti game from Stockholm that made it into Golombek's book was this one:-

Reti vs Spielmann, 1919

Although I think that's not the one from the quadcopter referred to, but rather from the Schultz memorial in November.

Jun-13-18
Premium Chessgames Member
  zanzibar: <RB> Here's looking at you kid!

http://www.droneomega.com/wp-conten...

Jun-13-18  Retireborn: <z> Eye in the sky!

BTW I have some round dates of the quadcopter from another Gillam booklet, if you still want them. Looks like he's guessing about the date of rd 7 though.

Jun-13-18
Premium Chessgames Member
  zanzibar: <BTW I have some round dates of the quadcopter from another Gillam booklet>

Oh, goodness <RB> you do?!

If you would please be so kind as to look over my version and note any differences, I would be most appreciative.

<

1919.12.01: 2 Mon R-1
1919.12.02: 2 Tue R-2
1919.12.03: 2 Wed R-3
1919.12.05: 2 Fri R-4
1919.12.06: 2 Sat R-5
1919.12.08: 2 Mon R-6
1919.12.10: 2 Wed R-7
1919.12.11: 2 Thu R-8
1919.12.12: 2 Fri R-9
1919.12.15: 2 Mon R-10
1919.12.16: 2 Tue R-11
1919.12.17: 2 Wed R-12

>

Note that I framed the match as no-play on Sundays, and one rest/adj game for each cycle.

Also, if Gillam provided any info about the tournament (eg. where it was held, who sponsored it, playing session times, time controls, etc.), I would love to know about it, as I've had no luck finding almost anything in the literature other than the games themselves.

Many thanks in advance.

Jun-13-18  Retireborn: <z> Gillam doesn't have any real info about the tournament - he calls it "little publicised", and it seems his sources (Tidskrift and an obscure Spanish booklet from 1973) don't have much apart from the games. I'm hoping to acquire a booklet fot the Schultz memorial - likely the organizers of that were also the organizers of this.

Anyway he gives:-

Round 1, Monday Dec 1st
Round 2, Wednes Dec 3rd
Round 3, Friday Dec 5th
Round 4, Saturd Dec 6th
Round 5, Sunday Dec 7th
Round 6, Monday Dec 8th
Round 7, Tuesd Dec 9th ("likely" Gillam who thinks that Dec 10th was a free day, because half way through)

Round 8, Thursd Dec 11th
Round 9, Friday Dec 12th
Round 10, Saturd Dec 13th
Round 11, Monday Dec 15th
Round 12, Wednes Dec 17th

So you can see it's a little different from yours - not a particularly consistent schedule.

Jun-14-18
Premium Chessgames Member
  zanzibar: <RB> thank you very much for that, though it seems Gillam is in the same shape as I am - the sources are rather thin.

I doubt the 1973 Spanish booklet is authoritative - so the main source is TDS. But afaik it didn't have any of the game dates in it, making me wonder how Gillam came up with his schedule, or how I missed it?

.

Jun-14-18  Retireborn: <z> I was wondering about that myself. It's possible that he got the dates from the Spanish booklet (which was part of a series about Rubinstein, he says) or perhaps from some other Rubinstein book such as the Donaldson/Minev one.

The TfS source he quotes is 1920 pp 4-32.

Jun-14-18
Premium Chessgames Member
  zanzibar: <RB> the specifics of the ref is helpful; I'll have a second look then.
Jun-15-18
Premium Chessgames Member
  sneaky pete: That Spanish booklet (Ricardo Alvarez Cela y Luis Eceizabarrena Gaba, Estocolmo 1919 y Rubinstein-Bogoljubow, 1920, published by Ricardo Aguilera, Madrid, 1973, as part of the Serie Rubinstein of the Torneos Retrospectivos) has no dates or anything else worth menrioning, only the games in that horrible Spanish descriptive notation.
Jun-15-18  Retireborn: <sneaky pete> Heh. I'd love to see just how big your library is!

If the dates aren't in TfS then I can only suppose Gillam has got hold of a local bulletin or schedule.

Jun-15-18
Premium Chessgames Member
  zanzibar: OK, I doublechecked <TfS_1920_0103 p4-32>, and there definitely is only the bracket dates + round numbers given.

That means we don't know how Gillam arrived at his schedule. I suspect he would have cited Swedish newspaper accounts if he had access to such. Or other newspaper accounts, for that matter.

My working theory is that my schedule is the most consistent, at least at the moment(*).

(*) Do we have any Nordic historians who might search their country's newspaper archives?

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