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Aron Nimzowitsch
Number of games in database: 576
Years covered: 1896 to 1934
Overall record: +263 -109 =197 (63.5%)*
   * Overall winning percentage = (wins+draws/2) / total games
      Based on games in the database; may be incomplete.
      7 exhibition games, odds games, etc. are excluded from this statistic.

With the White pieces:
 Four Knights (37) 
    C49 C47 C48
 Reti System (36) 
    A04 A06
 French Defense (29) 
    C02 C11 C00 C01 C12
 English (17) 
    A18 A16 A15 A13 A12
 English, 1 c4 e5 (14) 
    A28 A20 A27 A21 A25
 Queen's Pawn Game (13) 
    D02 D05 A50 E10 D00
With the Black pieces:
 French Defense (43) 
    C01 C17 C15 C11 C13
 Queen's Pawn Game (40) 
    A46 D02 D05 A45 D04
 Caro-Kann (32) 
    B16 B13 B10 B15 B12
 Nimzo Indian (30) 
    E32 E22 E23 E21 E20
 Uncommon Opening (19) 
    B00 A00
 Queen's Indian (18) 
    E15 E12 E16 E18
Repertoire Explorer

NOTABLE GAMES: [what is this?]
   Saemisch vs Nimzowitsch, 1923 0-1
   Nimzowitsch vs Hakansson, 1922 1-0
   Nimzowitsch vs Systemsson, 1927 1-0
   Nimzowitsch vs Alapin, 1914 1-0
   Nimzowitsch vs Rubinstein, 1926 1-0
   A E Post vs Nimzowitsch, 1905 1/2-1/2
   P F Johner vs Nimzowitsch, 1926 0-1
   Nimzowitsch vs Salwe, 1911 1-0
   H K Mattison vs Nimzowitsch, 1929 0-1
   Nimzowitsch vs Alekhine, 1926 1-0

NOTABLE TOURNAMENTS: [what is this?]
   Dresden (1926)
   London (1927)
   Marienbad (1925)
   Karlsbad (1929)
   Frankfurt (1930)
   San Sebastian (1912)
   Kecskemet (1927)
   San Remo (1930)
   Hamburg (1910)
   Bled (1931)
   Karlsbad (1907)
   Semmering (1926)
   Karlsbad (1911)
   Karlsbad (1923)
   Baden-Baden (1925)

GAME COLLECTIONS: [what is this?]
   Nimzovich: Chess Praxis by setuhanu01
   Guess-the-Move Chess: 1920-1939 (Part 2) by Anatoly21
   Hypermodern chess: Aron Nimzovich by Reinfeld by nikolaas
   Legend Nimzowitt by Gottschalk
   Annotated games by Nimzovitsch by macaoui
   mi sistema de nimzovich by LESTRADAR
   Bled 1931 by Benzol
   Bled 1931 international tournament by cuendillar
   Favorite Games from (1917-1943) by wanabe2000
   New York 1927 by Benzol
   N O P Players by fredthebear
   Nimzowitsch best games by mark jc. Garado
   San Sebastian 1912 by Archives
   Aron Nimzowitsch's Finest Hour! by AgentRgent

   Saemisch vs Nimzowitsch, 1923
   Nimzowitsch vs Hakansson, 1922
   Nimzowitsch vs Alapin, 1914
   Nimzowitsch vs Salwe, 1911
   Maroczy vs H Suechting, 1905

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(born Nov-07-1886, died Mar-16-1935, 48 years old) Latvia (federation/nationality Denmark)

[what is this?]
Aron Nimzowitsch, born in Riga, Latvia in 1886, came to prominence in the chess world just before the First World War. He was Russian Champion in 1913 (jointly with Alexander Alekhine) at St.Petersburg. He won a string of international events in the mid-1920s which led him to challenge Jose Raul Capablanca to a World Championship match in 1925, but negotiations dissolved after monetary backing could not be found. He took first place at Copenhagen (1923), Dresden (1926), Karlsbad (1929) and Frankfurt (1930).

Nimzowitsch's chess theories flew in the face of convention. He had a lengthy and somewhat bitter conflict with Siegbert Tarrasch over which ideas constituted proper chess play. While Tarrasch refined the classical approach of Wilhelm Steinitz, that the center had to be controlled and occupied by pawns, Nimzowitsch shattered these dogmatic assumptions, and proposed the controlling of the center with pieces from afar. In this way, the opponent is invited to occupy the center with pawns which thus become the targets of attack. This idea became known as the hypermodern school of chess thought.

Nimzowitsch, along with other hypermodern thinkers such as Richard Reti, revolutionized chess, proving to the chess world that controlling the center of the board mattered more than actually occupying it. Nimzowitsch is also a highly-regarded chess writer, most famously for the 1925 classic My System, to this day regarded as one of the most important chess books of all time. Other books include Chess Praxis which further expounds the hypermodern idea, and the seminal work The Blockade explores the strategy implied by his famous maxim, "First restrain, then blockade, finally destroy!"

As a profound opening theoretician, Nimzowitsch has left a legacy of variations, many of which are still popular today. The Nimzo-Indian Defense (1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 e6 3.Nc3 Bb4) is named after him, as are several variations of the French Defense. He also is credited in part for the Sicilian, Nimzovich-Rubinstein (B29) Variation (1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 Nf6), the Nimzovich-Larsen Attack (A01) (1.b3), the Nimzowitsch Defense (1.e4 Nc6), and many others.

Wikipedia article: Aron Nimzowitsch

 page 1 of 24; games 1-25 of 576  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves Year Event/LocaleOpening
1. Nimzowitsch vs NN 1-018 1896 Riga, LatviaB01 Scandinavian
2. B Blumenfeld vs Nimzowitsch 1-029 1903 BerlinC45 Scotch Game
3. Nimzowitsch vs Duras 1-055 1904 Coburg AB15 Caro-Kann
4. P Kaegbein vs Nimzowitsch 1-042 1904 Coburg AD07 Queen's Gambit Declined, Chigorin Defense
5. B Gregory vs Nimzowitsch 1-036 1904 Coburg AA30 English, Symmetrical
6. Tarrasch vs Nimzowitsch ½-½71 1904 Nuremberg - Casual gameD07 Queen's Gambit Declined, Chigorin Defense
7. Nimzowitsch vs Hilse 1-065 1904 CoburgC25 Vienna
8. E Cohn vs Nimzowitsch 0-130 1904 Coburg AC41 Philidor Defense
9. Vidmar vs Nimzowitsch 1-048 1904 Coburg AD02 Queen's Pawn Game
10. Nimzowitsch vs L Forgacs 0-133 1905 Barmen Meisterturnier BC47 Four Knights
11. Swiderski vs Nimzowitsch 1-032 1905 Barmen Meisterturnier BD52 Queen's Gambit Declined
12. Nimzowitsch vs Reggio  ½-½42 1905 Barmen Meisterturnier BC47 Four Knights
13. F J Lee vs Nimzowitsch  ½-½61 1905 Barmen Meisterturnier BD02 Queen's Pawn Game
14. Spielmann vs Nimzowitsch 1-030 1905 Barmen Meisterturnier BC25 Vienna
15. Nimzowitsch vs W Cohn 1-024 1905 Barmen Meisterturnier BC42 Petrov Defense
16. H Caro vs Nimzowitsch 1-036 1905 Barmen Meisterturnier BA34 English, Symmetrical
17. Nimzowitsch vs Spielmann ½-½36 1905 07, Munich mC45 Scotch Game
18. W Schwan vs Nimzowitsch  ½-½44 1905 Barmen Meisterturnier BA02 Bird's Opening
19. Nimzowitsch vs Albin 1-038 1905 ViennaB02 Alekhine's Defense
20. Nimzowitsch vs Przepiorka ½-½25 1905 Barmen Meisterturnier BB22 Sicilian, Alapin
21. B Leussen vs Nimzowitsch 1-022 1905 Barmen Meisterturnier BD07 Queen's Gambit Declined, Chigorin Defense
22. Nimzowitsch vs I Kopa 0-154 1905 Barmen Meisterturnier BB22 Sicilian, Alapin
23. Spielmann vs Nimzowitsch 1-019 1905 MunichB15 Caro-Kann
24. Nimzowitsch vs J W Baird 1-038 1905 Barmen Meisterturnier BC45 Scotch Game
25. Nimzowitsch vs J Perlis 0-136 1905 Barmen Meisterturnier BB40 Sicilian
 page 1 of 24; games 1-25 of 576  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2) | Nimzowitsch wins | Nimzowitsch loses  

Kibitzer's Corner
< Earlier Kibitzing  · PAGE 73 OF 73 ·  Later Kibitzing>
Mar-25-15  cunctatorg: I just wanted to state that it's not a quite naive and shallow business for some nowadays Super-Grandmaster to defeat some nowadays International Master of a rating between 2,400 and 2,500 as many chess enthusiasts of this bright site tend to imagine; sure, Paul F. Johner, Lajos Asztalos, Hermann von Gottschall onjectively were C-class players and even -compared to our Aron- Friedrich Saemish ("this idiot"!...) was, therefore these "zeros" (!!) played passively and with cowardice the opening phase of these games, however (I insist about that) Aron Nimzowitsch had to conduct brilliantly and in some extremely didactic way the rest of the game in order to defeat them! Am I wrong about that?!?
Premium Chessgames Member
  TheFocus: <The beauty of a move lies not in its appearance but in the thought behind it> - Aron Nimzowitsch.
Premium Chessgames Member
  offramp: <cunctatorg: Bobby Fischer deliberately paid homage to the Hypermoderns...>

I think Fischer was <at one> with the hypermoderns, when playing black. He loved attacking a load of white pawns in the centre! And even as white he tried to put as few pawns in the centre as possible.

Premium Chessgames Member
  TheFocus: <The great mobility of the King forms one of the chief characteristics of all endgame strategy. In the middle game the King is a mere 'super', in the endgame on the other hand - one of the 'principals'. We must therefore develop him, bring him nearer to the fighting line> - Aron Nimzowitsch.
Premium Chessgames Member
  TheFocus: <It is a well known phenomenon that the same amateur who can conduct the middlegame quite creditably, is usually perfectly helpless in the endgame. One of the principal requisites of good chess is the ability to treat both the middlegame and endgame equally well> - Aron Nimzowitsch.
Premium Chessgames Member
  TheFocus: <The knight of QB3 is under obligation, the moment the enemy gives him the chance, of undertaking an invasion of the center by N-Q5> - Aron Nimzowitsch.
Premium Chessgames Member
  TheFocus: <The passed Pawn is a criminal, who should be kept under lock and key. Mild measures, such as police surveillance are not sufficient> - Aron Nimzowitsch.
Premium Chessgames Member
  TheFocus: <No pawn exchanges, no file-opening, no attack> - Aron Nimzowitsch.
Premium Chessgames Member
  TheFocus: <The isolated pawn casts gloom over the entire chessboard> - Aron Nimzowitsch.
Premium Chessgames Member
  TheFocus: <First restrain, next blockade, lastly destroy> - Aron Nimzowitsch.
Premium Chessgames Member
  TheFocus: <Strategically important points should be overprotected. If the pieces are so engaged, they get their regard in the fact that they will then find themselves well posted in every respect> - Aron Nimzowitsch.
Premium Chessgames Member
  TheFocus: <If in a battle, I seize a bit of debatable land with a handful of soldiers, without having done anything to prevent an enemy bombardment of the position, would it ever occur to me to speak of a conquest of the terrain in question? Obviously not. Then why should I do so in chess?> - Aron Nimzowitsch.
Premium Chessgames Member
  TheFocus: <When I today ask myself whence I got the moral courage, for it takes moral courage to make a move (or form a plan) running counter to all tradition, I think I may say in answer, that it was only my intense preoccupation with the problem of the blockade which helped me to do so> - Aron Nimzowitsch.
Premium Chessgames Member
  TheFocus: <Chess strategy as such today is still in its diapers, despite Tarrasch's statement 'We live today in a beautiful time of progress in all fields'. Not even the slightest attempt has been made to explore and formulate the laws of chess strategy> - Aron Nimzowitsch.
Premium Chessgames Member
  TheFocus: <Many men, many styles; what is chess but the intangible expression of the will to win> - Aron Nimzowitsch.
Premium Chessgames Member
  TheFocus: <The defensive power of a pinned piece is but imaginary> Aron Nimzowitsch.
Premium Chessgames Member
  TheFocus: <Even the laziest King flees wildly in the face of double check> - Aron Nimzowitsch.
Premium Chessgames Member
  TheFocus: <It is when working under limitations that the master reveals himself> - Aron Nimzowitsch.
Premium Chessgames Member
  TheFocus: <The center is the Balkans of the chessboard; fighting may at any time break out there> - Aron Nimzowitsch.
Premium Chessgames Member
  parisattack: Happy Birthday, Herr Nimzowitsch.

I am currently studying again your wonderful Chess Praxis. “Ich bin ein Hypermodern!” Only that I had been blessed with your talent, or at least a catchy prefix.

R.I.P. Grandmaster!

Premium Chessgames Member
  TheFocus: Happy Birthday, Aron Nimzowitsch!

Your games and theories will last forever!

Premium Chessgames Member
  RookFile: He died young. Lasker had some good chess left him in his 50's, Nimzo never made it that far.
Premium Chessgames Member
  Domdaniel: Ahh, here's to the Spirit of Saint Nimzo!
Premium Chessgames Member
  Domdaniel: <cunctatorg> -- <"Am I wrong?">


Premium Chessgames Member
  keypusher: <Mar-24-15 cunctatorg: Bobby Fischer deliberately paid homage to the Hypermoderns and particularly to Nimzowitsch during his celebrated campaign/parade through the Chess World from 1970 to 1972; he picked up the Nimzowitsch-Larsen attack against a C-class player as Henrique Mecking>

Yes, Mecking played the opening as badly as Nimzo's opponents -- that is, as badly as the opponents who showed up in Nimzowitch's books: he played much worse than Capablanca or Alekhine did against Nimzo's openings.

For an example of contemporaneous competent play against the Nimzo-Larsen, see Larsen vs Najdorf, 1968; for considerably better than competent play, there is of course Larsen vs Spassky, 1970 (how Tarrasch would have loved that game!); for why you don't see 1.b3 much, there's always A Minasian vs Adams, 1992.

Black didn't defend too well in Fischer vs Ulf Andersson, 1970, but at least he didn't just let Fischer follow the more soporific chapters of <My System>.

Of course Nimzowitch was a very strong player, but I suspect his success against the likes of Johner, Saemisch, and Asztalos had very little to do with any <system>.

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