chessgames.com
Members · Prefs · Collections · Openings · Endgames · Sacrifices · History · Search Kibitzing · Kibitzer's Café · Chessforums · Tournament Index · Players · Kibitzing

Nimzowitsch 
 
Aron Nimzowitsch
Number of games in database: 576
Years covered: 1896 to 1934
Overall record: +263 -109 =197 (63.5%)*
   * Overall winning percentage = (wins+draws/2) / total games
      Based on games in the database; may be incomplete.
      7 exhibition games, odds games, etc. are excluded from this statistic.

MOST PLAYED OPENINGS
With the White pieces:
 Four Knights (37) 
    C49 C47 C48
 Reti System (36) 
    A04 A06
 French Defense (29) 
    C02 C11 C00 C01 C12
 English (17) 
    A18 A16 A15 A13 A12
 English, 1 c4 e5 (14) 
    A28 A20 A27 A21 A25
 Queen's Pawn Game (13) 
    D02 D05 A50 E10 D00
With the Black pieces:
 French Defense (43) 
    C01 C17 C15 C11 C13
 Queen's Pawn Game (40) 
    A46 D02 D05 A45 D04
 Caro-Kann (32) 
    B16 B13 B10 B15 B12
 Nimzo Indian (30) 
    E32 E22 E23 E21 E20
 Uncommon Opening (19) 
    B00 A00
 Queen's Indian (18) 
    E15 E12 E16 E18
Repertoire Explorer

NOTABLE GAMES: [what is this?]
   Saemisch vs Nimzowitsch, 1923 0-1
   Nimzowitsch vs Hakansson, 1922 1-0
   Nimzowitsch vs Alapin, 1914 1-0
   Nimzowitsch vs Systemsson, 1927 1-0
   Nimzowitsch vs Rubinstein, 1926 1-0
   P F Johner vs Nimzowitsch, 1926 0-1
   A E Post vs Nimzowitsch, 1905 1/2-1/2
   Nimzowitsch vs Salwe, 1911 1-0
   H K Mattison vs Nimzowitsch, 1929 0-1
   Nimzowitsch vs Alekhine, 1926 1-0

NOTABLE TOURNAMENTS: [what is this?]
   London (1927)
   Dresden (1926)
   Marienbad (1925)
   Frankfurt (1930)
   Karlsbad (1929)
   San Sebastian (1912)
   Kecskemet (1927)
   San Remo (1930)
   Hamburg (1910)
   Bled (1931)
   Karlsbad (1907)
   Semmering (1926)
   Karlsbad (1911)
   Karlsbad (1923)
   Baden-Baden (1925)

GAME COLLECTIONS: [what is this?]
   Legend Nimzowitt by Gottschalk
   Nimzovich: Chess Praxis by setuhanu01
   Hypermodern chess: Aron Nimzovich by Reinfeld by nikolaas
   N O P Players by fredthebear
   mi sistema de nimzovich by LESTRADAR
   Annotated games by Nimzovitsch by macaoui
   Move by Move - Nimzowitsch (Giddins) by Qindarka
   Bled 1931 by Benzol
   Bled 1931 international tournament by cuendillar
   Favorite Games from (1917-1943) by wanabe2000
   New York 1927 by Benzol
   Nimzowitsch best games by mark jc. Garado
   San Sebastian 1912 by Archives
   Aron Nimzowitsch's Finest Hour! by AgentRgent

GAMES ANNOTATED BY NIMZOWITSCH: [what is this?]
   Saemisch vs Nimzowitsch, 1923
   Nimzowitsch vs Hakansson, 1922
   Nimzowitsch vs Alapin, 1914
   Nimzowitsch vs Salwe, 1911
   Maroczy vs H Suechting, 1905
   >> 49 GAMES ANNOTATED BY NIMZOWITSCH

Search Sacrifice Explorer for Aron Nimzowitsch
Search Google for Aron Nimzowitsch


ARON NIMZOWITSCH
(born Nov-07-1886, died Mar-16-1935, 48 years old) Latvia (federation/nationality Denmark)

[what is this?]
Aron Nimzowitsch, born in Riga, Latvia in 1886, came to prominence in the chess world just before the First World War. He was Russian Champion in 1913 (jointly with Alexander Alekhine) at St.Petersburg. He won a string of international events in the mid-1920s which led him to challenge Jose Raul Capablanca to a World Championship match in 1925, but negotiations dissolved after monetary backing could not be found. He took first place at Copenhagen (1923), Dresden (1926), Karlsbad (1929) and Frankfurt (1930).

Nimzowitsch's chess theories flew in the face of convention. He had a lengthy and somewhat bitter conflict with Siegbert Tarrasch over which ideas constituted proper chess play. While Tarrasch refined the classical approach of Wilhelm Steinitz, that the center had to be controlled and occupied by pawns, Nimzowitsch shattered these dogmatic assumptions, and proposed the controlling of the center with pieces from afar. In this way, the opponent is invited to occupy the center with pawns which thus become the targets of attack. This idea became known as the hypermodern school of chess thought.

Nimzowitsch, along with other hypermodern thinkers such as Richard Reti, revolutionized chess, proving to the chess world that controlling the center of the board mattered more than actually occupying it. Nimzowitsch is also a highly-regarded chess writer, most famously for the 1925 classic My System, to this day regarded as one of the most important chess books of all time. Other books include Chess Praxis which further expounds the hypermodern idea, and the seminal work The Blockade explores the strategy implied by his famous maxim, "First restrain, then blockade, finally destroy!"

As a profound opening theoretician, Nimzowitsch has left a legacy of variations, many of which are still popular today. The Nimzo-Indian Defense (1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 e6 3.Nc3 Bb4) is named after him, as are several variations of the French Defense. He also is credited in part for the Sicilian, Nimzovich-Rubinstein (B29) Variation (1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 Nf6), the Nimzovich-Larsen Attack (A01) (1.b3), the Nimzowitsch Defense (1.e4 Nc6), and many others.

Wikipedia article: Aron Nimzowitsch


 page 1 of 24; games 1-25 of 576  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves Year Event/LocaleOpening
1. Nimzowitsch vs NN 1-018 1896 Riga, LatviaB01 Scandinavian
2. B Blumenfeld vs Nimzowitsch 1-029 1903 BerlinC45 Scotch Game
3. P Kaegbein vs Nimzowitsch 1-042 1904 Coburg AD07 Queen's Gambit Declined, Chigorin Defense
4. B Gregory vs Nimzowitsch 1-036 1904 Coburg AA30 English, Symmetrical
5. Tarrasch vs Nimzowitsch ½-½71 1904 Nuremberg - Casual gameD07 Queen's Gambit Declined, Chigorin Defense
6. Nimzowitsch vs Hilse 1-065 1904 CoburgC25 Vienna
7. E Cohn vs Nimzowitsch 0-130 1904 Coburg AC41 Philidor Defense
8. Vidmar vs Nimzowitsch 1-048 1904 Coburg AD02 Queen's Pawn Game
9. Nimzowitsch vs Duras 1-055 1904 Coburg AB15 Caro-Kann
10. Nimzowitsch vs W Cohn 1-024 1905 Barmen Meisterturnier BC42 Petrov Defense
11. Nimzowitsch vs Spielmann ½-½36 1905 07, Munich mC45 Scotch Game
12. H Caro vs Nimzowitsch 1-036 1905 Barmen Meisterturnier BA34 English, Symmetrical
13. W Schwan vs Nimzowitsch  ½-½44 1905 Barmen Meisterturnier BA02 Bird's Opening
14. Nimzowitsch vs Albin 1-038 1905 ViennaB02 Alekhine's Defense
15. Nimzowitsch vs Przepiorka ½-½25 1905 Barmen Meisterturnier BB22 Sicilian, Alapin
16. B Leussen vs Nimzowitsch 1-022 1905 Barmen Meisterturnier BD07 Queen's Gambit Declined, Chigorin Defense
17. Spielmann vs Nimzowitsch 1-019 1905 MunichB15 Caro-Kann
18. Nimzowitsch vs I Kopa 0-154 1905 Barmen Meisterturnier BB22 Sicilian, Alapin
19. Nimzowitsch vs J W Baird 1-038 1905 Barmen Meisterturnier BC45 Scotch Game
20. Nimzowitsch vs J Perlis 0-136 1905 Barmen Meisterturnier BB40 Sicilian
21. H Wolf vs Nimzowitsch ½-½30 1905 Vienna Masters TournamentC63 Ruy Lopez, Schliemann Defense
22. Spielmann vs Nimzowitsch 1-042 1905 MunichC47 Four Knights
23. A H Pettersson vs Nimzowitsch 0-130 1905 Barmen Meisterturnier BC63 Ruy Lopez, Schliemann Defense
24. Nimzowitsch vs A Neumann ½-½50 1905 Barmen Meisterturnier BB22 Sicilian, Alapin
25. Nimzowitsch vs Schlechter 0-126 1905 ViennaB22 Sicilian, Alapin
 page 1 of 24; games 1-25 of 576  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2) | Nimzowitsch wins | Nimzowitsch loses  
 

Kibitzer's Corner
< Earlier Kibitzing  · PAGE 74 OF 74 ·  Later Kibitzing>
May-17-15
Premium Chessgames Member
  TheFocus: <Even the laziest King flees wildly in the face of double check> - Aron Nimzowitsch.
Jun-02-15
Premium Chessgames Member
  TheFocus: <It is when working under limitations that the master reveals himself> - Aron Nimzowitsch.
Jun-02-15
Premium Chessgames Member
  TheFocus: <The center is the Balkans of the chessboard; fighting may at any time break out there> - Aron Nimzowitsch.
Nov-07-15
Premium Chessgames Member
  parisattack: Happy Birthday, Herr Nimzowitsch.

I am currently studying again your wonderful Chess Praxis. “Ich bin ein Hypermodern!” Only that I had been blessed with your talent, or at least a catchy prefix.

R.I.P. Grandmaster!

Nov-07-15
Premium Chessgames Member
  TheFocus: Happy Birthday, Aron Nimzowitsch!

Your games and theories will last forever!

Nov-07-15
Premium Chessgames Member
  RookFile: He died young. Lasker had some good chess left him in his 50's, Nimzo never made it that far.
Nov-07-15
Premium Chessgames Member
  Domdaniel: Ahh, here's to the Spirit of Saint Nimzo!
Nov-07-15
Premium Chessgames Member
  Domdaniel: <cunctatorg> -- <"Am I wrong?">

No.

Nov-08-15
Premium Chessgames Member
  keypusher: <Mar-24-15 cunctatorg: Bobby Fischer deliberately paid homage to the Hypermoderns and particularly to Nimzowitsch during his celebrated campaign/parade through the Chess World from 1970 to 1972; he picked up the Nimzowitsch-Larsen attack against a C-class player as Henrique Mecking>

Yes, Mecking played the opening as badly as Nimzo's opponents -- that is, as badly as the opponents who showed up in Nimzowitch's books: he played much worse than Capablanca or Alekhine did against Nimzo's openings.

For an example of contemporaneous competent play against the Nimzo-Larsen, see Larsen vs Najdorf, 1968; for considerably better than competent play, there is of course Larsen vs Spassky, 1970 (how Tarrasch would have loved that game!); for why you don't see 1.b3 much, there's always A Minasian vs Adams, 1992.

Black didn't defend too well in Fischer vs Ulf Andersson, 1970, but at least he didn't just let Fischer follow the more soporific chapters of <My System>.

Of course Nimzowitch was a very strong player, but I suspect his success against the likes of Johner, Saemisch, and Asztalos had very little to do with any <system>.

Dec-05-15  Rookiepawn: Nimzovich, Niemzovich, Niemzowich, Niemzowitsch, Niemzowietsch, Niemntzowiezstsch...
Dec-05-15  Nietzowitsch: <Nimzovich, Niemzovich, Niemzowich, Niemzowitsch, Niemzowietsch, Niemntzowiezstsch...> Nietzowitsch...
Dec-05-15
Premium Chessgames Member
  TheFocus: <Rookiepawn> Nimzovich, Niemzovich, Niemzowich, Niemzowitsch, Niemzowietsch, Niemntzowiezstsch & Smith, LLC.
Dec-05-15
Premium Chessgames Member
  perfidious: Imagine a case lost to that firm:

<Why must I lose to those idiots??>

Dec-05-15  zanzibar: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipe...
Dec-05-15
Premium Chessgames Member
  TheFocus: That is a good one.
Dec-06-15  zanzibar: Good eye <Focus>.

You apparently don't need to visit the eye exam place also pictured.

That picture is a shot right from the heart of Ha(r)vard Square, and shows the offices of Click & Clack, of Car Talk fame.

There's even a wiki page about it:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dewey...

Jan-13-16  bunbun: where is the joke game annotated in the style of Nimzo.."all these moves are my intellectual property", "you cannot be faulted for not understanding" lol
Jan-13-16  disasterion: <bunbun> The immortal overprotection game:

Nimzowitsch vs Systemsson, 1927

Jan-13-16  bunbun: YES!!! thank you disasterion :)
Mar-16-16
Premium Chessgames Member
  TheFocus: Rest in peace, Aron Nimzowitsch!!!
Mar-16-16  Granny O Doul: Now you've gone and woken him up.
Jun-20-16  bamonson: keypusher: <WhiteRook48: Nimzowitsch once played a game of live chess against Capablanca. The pieces were humans, and Capablanca's queen was a comely film actress. He sensed that the Cuban wanted to retain her on the board at all costs, so he would have a chance to meet her later. Slyly, Nimzowitsch constantly tried to force an exchange of queens, to which the the champion spurned at great disadvantage. It may have been the only time "Nimzo" ever had "Capa" on the run.> Assiac tells a similar story, but with unnamed chess masters. Supposedly whoever is smitten with the chess queen notices that the "pieces" are leaving after they are removed from the board, so he decides to keep the queen on at all costs, moving her to and fro and getting a worse position all the time. He finally resigns and runs to the queen and asks her out for dinner. She says, no, she's "dead beat" from moving around so much and is going home to bed.

The only living pieces game of Capablanca's I know of is this one, which was apparently pre-arranged.

Capablanca vs H Steiner, 1933"

---

I'm curious where Whiterook48 found this anecdote. I found the same anecdote, worded a little differently, by George Koltinowski in one of his Chess Chat columns from September 1966. He also claims it was Nimzovich and Capablanca in the living chess match, but does not cite where this information came from, just that it was a "pre-war" game. Kolty was entertaining but not known for getting his facts straight.

Assiac, by contrast, is a much more reliable historian. He cites the story as from the "NEW STATESMAN AND NATION" but does not give a date, though clearly it was pre-1951. Presumably he would surely have mentioned Capa and Nimzovich had they been mentioned in the article.

Anyone have additional information?

Jun-20-16
Premium Chessgames Member
  TheFocus: It is a hoax. Aron and Jose did not play that live game.
Jun-21-16  bamonson: TheFocus: It is a hoax. Aron and Jose did not play that live game.

I'm not sure 'hoax' is the right word. I agree Nimzo and Capa didn't actually play *this* game. I think it's more apt to be two different stories meshed together. What I'm looking for are the original sources. I cited one, the "NEW STATESMAN AND NATION" but there must be something else.

Jul-09-16
Premium Chessgames Member
  Ron: <The great mobility of the King forms one of the chief characteristics of all endgame strategy. In the middle game the King is a mere 'super', in the endgame on the other hand - one of the 'principals'. We must therefore develop him, bring him nearer to the fighting line> - Aron Nimzowitsch.

Ron says: Steinitz was making that point decades before Nimzowitsch.

Jump to page #    (enter # from 1 to 74)
< Earlier Kibitzing  · PAGE 74 OF 74 ·  Later Kibitzing>
NOTE: You need to pick a username and password to post a reply. Getting your account takes less than a minute, totally anonymous, and 100% free--plus, it entitles you to features otherwise unavailable. Pick your username now and join the chessgames community!
If you already have an account, you should login now.
Please observe our posting guidelines:
  1. No obscene, racist, sexist, or profane language.
  2. No spamming, advertising, or duplicating posts.
  3. No personal attacks against other members.
  4. Nothing in violation of United States law.
  5. No posting personal information of members.
Blow the Whistle See something that violates our rules? Blow the whistle and inform an administrator.


NOTE: Keep all discussion on the topic of this page. This forum is for this specific player and nothing else. If you want to discuss chess in general, or this site, you might try the Kibitzer's Café.
Messages posted by Chessgames members do not necessarily represent the views of Chessgames.com, its employees, or sponsors.
Spot an error? Please suggest your correction and help us eliminate database mistakes!


home | about | login | logout | F.A.Q. | your profile | preferences | Premium Membership | Kibitzer's Café | Biographer's Bistro | new kibitzing | chessforums | Tournament Index | Player Directory | World Chess Championships | Opening Explorer | Guess the Move | Game Collections | ChessBookie Game | Chessgames Challenge | Store | privacy notice | advertising | contact us
Copyright 2001-2016, Chessgames Services LLC
Web design & database development by 20/20 Technologies