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Geza Maroczy vs Mikhail Chigorin
"Maroczy Music" (game of the day Feb-08-2005)
Vienna (1903), Vienna AUH, rd 3, May-05
King's Gambit: Accepted. MacDonnell Gambit (C37)  ·  1-0


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sac: 5.Nc3 PGN: download | view | print Help: general | java-troubleshooting

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Kibitzer's Corner
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Premium Chessgames Member
  patzer2: According to BCO the MacDonnell Gambit proper, within the King's Gambit Accepted, is arrived at after 1. e4 e5 2. f4 ef 3. Nf3 g5 4. Nc3 g4 5. Bc4, which transposes into this game after 5. Nc3. Kasparov and Keene in BCO give the best line as continuing 6. Qxf3 d6! 7. 0-0 Be6 8. Nd5 c6 9. Qc3 cd 10. Qxh8 dc 11. Qxg8 Qb6+ 12. Kh1 Nc6 13. b3 Qd4 , (Malkin, 1911), with advantage to black.

Today, I ran the line through Fritz 8 and (@ 15 depth) it gives both 5...gxf3!? and 5...Nc6! as strong replies, slightly preferring my first choice 5...Nc6! as the winning reply (didn't have access to a strong Chess program when I first picked this move). In addition, according to the Opening Explorer, 5...Nc6! has given Black better results than the immediate 5...gxf3!? However, if one finds the tactical possibilities too complex or unclear for Black in these lines, Fritz 8 assesses that Black can obtain a clear advantage with the relatively quieter and more positional 5...d6 .

Premium Chessgames Member
  patzer2: Black's first significant blunder appears to be 14...Kf8?, giving up a winning advantage and letting White back in the game.

Instead, Chigorin should have played 14...Qb6!, when play could have continued 15.Qa3 (15.Rxe7+ Nxe7 16.Qf6 0𢠢+) 15...Qxd4+ 16.Kh1 Be4 17.Bd3 Bxd6 18.Qxd6 Ngf6 19.Bxe4 Nxe4 20.Qf4 Ndc5 21.Qxf7+ Kd8 22.d6 Qxd6 23.Rd1 Nd2 24.Qg7 Re8 25.Qg5+ Kc7 26.Rxd2 Qe5+, when Black has a decisive advantage (Fritz 8 gives it -1.56 @ 15 depth).

Premium Chessgames Member
  patzer2: While 18...Nf8? loses immediately, the relatively stronger 18...Rhd1!? still appears to allow White a decisive advantage after 19. c4!

One amusing possibility is 18...Rhd8!? 19.c4!(19.Bxd7?! Qxd5 20.Bxd8 Rxd8=) 19...Qc7 20.d6 Qb8 21.h4 h5 22.g4 hxg4 23.h5 Bxh5 24.Qh2 Bg6 25.Bxd7 Rxd7 26.Bf6+ Kxf6 27.Qe5#

Feb-09-05  aw1988: <pater2> Whilst I am at the moment not going to check your excellent variations, I must be curious for a moment: where on earth do you see 5...Nc3?
Premium Chessgames Member
  patzer2: <aw1988> Oops! Thanks for the catch. I meant 5...Nc6! and not 5...Nc3.
Feb-09-05  aw1988: Ah, that clears it up. I was thinking "BLACK now sacrifices a knight in the Muzio?".
Feb-10-05  schnarre: <aw1988> Wouldn't that be something, eh?
Feb-11-05  ikava: Thanks GreenDayGuy
Feb-16-05  schnarre: <panigma> Which Guiness commercials would those be?
Premium Chessgames Member
  tpstar: I love those Guinness commercials:

Feb-16-05  schnarre: Thanks tpstar!
Dec-07-06  Chicago Chess Man: If black hadn't played 16 ... Kb7, would he still have been lost after BxN+? QxB, RxQ, KxR and black is ahead in material, right?
Mar-03-07  benba57: gambles (gambits) have given way to more precise computer-type chess. Things go in cycles-maybe they will return.

I am a bit puzzled by this comment. As I understand it, and I'm not very good with the Italian language, but, I believe the origin of the English term "gambit" is an Italian word for a tricky wrestling move, so I take issue with the popular association of gambits on the chess board with gambling. Any further thoughts???

Sep-12-10  sevenseaman: Maroczy's game has a river like charge to it, overflowing all obstacles. Chigorin's ..9. cxd5 is a poor move that marks the onset of all his later troubles. I am sure Maroczy left his tempting N on d5 hoping for the bait to be taken. It helped open the 'e' column and easier for white to keep e1 covered during his attack using this column.
May-28-11  metamorphysis: Was Maroczy's knight sacrifice on d5 sound ? I don't know, but I do know that it was this move which inspired me to think about positional sacrifices when I first chanced upon this game at 17 (he dares to play it against Chigorin, no less !).
Premium Chessgames Member
  Penguincw: The KGA also provides some exciting chess!
May-03-12  chessmaster102: why was 18.Qe2 played ?
May-04-12  Shams: <chessmaster102> Either 18.Qe2 or 18.Qf1 is forced to guard both of White's loose pieces.
Jun-07-12  vinidivici: After sacrificed 2 knights, would have been black still could hold a draw (at least) if both sides had played maximum (e.g all moves following the strong engine)?
Jun-08-12  vinidivici: anyone, please?
Jun-08-12  vinidivici: nobody answer?
Jun-08-12  vinidivici: walah walah
Nov-26-12  chrisfalter: kingscrusher gives a nice analysis on Youtube here:

Mar-03-13  Eduardo Bermudez: Harmony and economy of motion for the Maroczy's pieces !
Dec-05-18  Whitehat1963: Perhaps the game is too well known and the position is not balanced enough, but I see a decent Wednesday puzzle after 21...f6.
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