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Vladimir Borisovich Tukmakov vs Garry Kasparov
URS-ch49 (1981), Frunze KGZ, rd 17, Dec-??
King's Indian Defense: Averbakh. Benoni Defense Advance Variation (E75)  ·  0-1



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Kibitzer's Corner
Mar-01-03  Giuoco Piano Man: In an interview I just read- Kasparov says that this game is a perfect example of the old saying "attack a player's pieces 10 times and he will make a mistake on the 11th move." What a pretty ending- Queen sac as it were-that's the old Kasparov that I loved to watch. And thats the kind of chess I hope he can play at Linares and at the World qualification matches too!
Jun-16-05  notyetagm: White weakens his backrank with 29 ♕e3??. Kasparov then wins the game instantly with 29 ... ♕xc5!, <removing the guard>. After 29 ♕e3?? White needs <two pieces> to cover the c1-square to meet the threat of ... ♖a1+, one to block on c1 and the other to support it. But after the capture 29 ... ♕xc5!, the b6-bishop which recaptures cannot defend c1-square from c5 like the rook could. Dr. Tarrasch called this <"illusory protection">: the White bishop which guards the c5-rook prevents material loss but cannot perform the defensive duty of the rook.
Premium Chessgames Member
  offramp: After 28...Be5

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Black is two pawns down; would he have won without white's error.

Nov-26-05  abcpokerboy: <Offramp>, To my patzer's eye it looks as though Kasparov is winning even (temporarily) 2 pawns down. I don't see how white defends the knight while avoiding numerous back rank issues pinning the queen.
Premium Chessgames Member
  Honza Cervenka: After 29.Qe1 I don't see anything decisive. Of course, 29...Bxd4 would have been a mistake for 30.Rc8+ and 31.Bxd4
Premium Chessgames Member
  Honza Cervenka: Well, black bishop pair is really monstrous. After 29.Qe1 Kh7 white is still in serious troubles, for example 30.Nf3 Bf4! (threatens 31...Bxf3!) 31.Qf1 Qf6 (xb6; 32...Ra1) 32.Ba5 Bxf3 33.Bc3 (33.gxf3 Qh4 34.h3 Be3!! ) 33...Qh4 with decisive advantage of black.

29.Rxe5 Qxe5 30.h3 Qf6 31.Qe1 Qxb6! 32.Qxe4 Rd2! 33.Nc6 Qxf2 34.Kh2 Re2 35.Qg4 Re1 36.Qd4 Re3 37.Qg4 h5 38.Qg5 h4 is also not a solution for white.

Premium Chessgames Member
  Honza Cervenka: Also 29.Rxe5 Qxe5 30.f3 Bd3 31.f4 (or 31.a5 Rb2! ) 31...Qd5 32.Nf3 Qxb3 33.a5 Be4 34.Ne1 Qd5 looks pretty hopeless for white.
Jun-17-07  percyblakeney: Before Tukmakov's last move blunder Rybka sees the position as -0.67, some compensation for the two pawns there...

This was played in the last round of the Soviet Championships 1981 and Kasparov had to win to reach first. After losing this game Tukmakov ended up sharing fourth. Kasparov won 10 of his 17 games, and talks about the game here, he says it was a gamble, he considers black's opening line incorrect, but it worked:

Premium Chessgames Member
  jessicafischerqueen: <as it were> is right.

Brilliant game by <Kasparov>, but the <Queen sac> is in no way a sacrifice.

It wins on the spot.

My <Shredder> just found the move at 1 second time control at 1 ply, if you can believe it.

No doubt I would have missed it OTB, however.

Stupid computers.

Mar-09-08  hedgeh0g: It's still a sacrifice. The whole point of sacrifices is to gain a better/winning position.
Oct-30-11  indoknight: how can Kasparov see if he sac 2 pawn he have attacking position? he have tremendous eye!!
Nov-04-11  DrMAL: Game was in Kasparov "My Story video" 5-DVD with GM Jim Plaskett very much recommended. Made in year 2000 it updates book The Test of Time (1986) written in tradition of The Life and Games of Mikhail Tal and My 60 Memorable Games except Garry pays much more attention to complete and accurate analysis. First 3 DVDs are on YouTube in 10 minute clips, game starts after discussion near minute 4 here.

As Garry stated in video, yes, it is old Russian saying, attack someone 10 times in a row and they will blunder. Game was last round of Soviet Championship and Garry was 1/2 point behind Psakhis who won prior year. Kasparov needed win, played beloved KID and took risky chances. One of most interesting parts of video was when Jim pointed out 22...Rxa4 this move had never been considered by Garry (or anyone else) during the 19 years between game and video.

Houdini_20_x64: 29/68 55:22 37,498,314,849
0.00 22. ... Rxa4 23.b4 Ra1 24.Rc1 Rxc1 25.Qxc1
0.00 22. ... Re8 23.Qc1 Re4 24.b3 Bh3 25.gxh3
0.36 22. ... Bxb2 23.Rxd5 Qxc6 24.Rd6 Qc4 25.Bc3

Interestingly enough, at end of video for game (it has two parts, second part is deeper analysis based on discussion in first part). Garry realized that 22...Re8 had great psychological value and gave it exclam, much to Plaskett's distaste. Neither of them realized that, objectively, both moves scored dead even and, based on this alone, 22.Re8 was indeed by far the better choice, deserving exclam regardless of game outcome. Houdini engine was big help here! 23...Nb6 was riskier.

Houdini_20_x64: 30/64 14:40 10,554,302,106
+0.44 24.b3 Re2 25.Bc3 Bxc3 26.Nxc3 Re6 27.a5

As line suggests 25.Ba5 was small error. After 26.Qe7 position was equal, but 27.Nd4? gave nearly decisive edge to black.

Houdini_20_x64: 28/71 1:02:16 42,303,707,976
+2.05 27. ... Ra2 28.Bxb6 Bxe5 29.Qe1 Kh7 30.Rxe5

Kasparov's long series of attacking moves was well justified even best move most of time. 29.Qe3? lost much faster (mate in 9), either way old saying was proven right!

Jul-30-17  bla bla: V Tukmakov vs Kasparov, 1981
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