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Dutch (A81)
1 d4 f5 2 g3

Number of games in database: 3294
Years covered: 1856 to 2023
Overall record:
   White wins 42.6%
   Black wins 23.6%
   Draws 33.8%

Popularity graph, by decade

Explore this opening  |  Search for sacrifices in this opening.
With the White Pieces With the Black Pieces
Pia Cramling  29 games
Loek van Wely  20 games
Ivan Farago  15 games
Vladimir Malaniuk  135 games
Thanh Trang Hoang  32 games
Evgeni Vasiukov  29 games
NOTABLE GAMES [what is this?]
White Wins Black Wins
Sliwa vs Bronstein, 1957
Smyslov vs Oll, 1993
A Stefanova vs M Gurevich, 2008
Portisch vs Smyslov, 1971
Kasparov vs Speelman, 1989
D Baramidze vs Caruana, 2014
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 page 1 of 132; games 1-25 of 3,294  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves YearEvent/LocaleOpening
1. Somacarana vs Cochrane  1-0301856CalcuttaA81 Dutch
2. Steinitz vs Zukertort 1-0551872Steinitz - ZukertortA81 Dutch
3. Steinitz vs Zukertort 1-0351872Steinitz - ZukertortA81 Dutch
4. Blackburne vs O Gelbfuhs 1-0651873ViennaA81 Dutch
5. W Potter vs Coburn / Ballard  ½-½351874Consultation gameA81 Dutch
6. W Parratt vs J De Soyres  ½-½2618742nd Oxford - Cambridge Varsity mA81 Dutch
7. W Parratt vs J De Soyres  ½-½2618742nd Oxford - Cambridge Varsity mA81 Dutch
8. Steinitz vs G H Rippin  1-0281874Simul, 20bA81 Dutch
9. Mackenzie vs M Judd ½-½631881Judd - MackenzieA81 Dutch
10. Mackenzie vs M Judd 0-1511881Judd - MackenzieA81 Dutch
11. Von Bardeleben vs Bird 0-15418833rd DSB Congress, NurembergA81 Dutch
12. Blackburne vs Bird 1-07418854th DSB Congress, HamburgA81 Dutch
13. Blackburne vs Bird 1-05518896th American Chess Congress, New YorkA81 Dutch
14. Blackburne vs E Delmar 1-02218896th American Chess Congress, New YorkA81 Dutch
15. Lasker vs Bird 0-1561890Lasker - BirdA81 Dutch
16. Lasker vs Bird 1-0381890Lasker - BirdA81 Dutch
17. Blackburne vs Bird 0-1461890ManchesterA81 Dutch
18. L Van Vliet vs Bird  1-0381892B.C.A. NationalA81 Dutch
19. Steinitz vs Albin 0-13318942nd City Chess Club TournamentA81 Dutch
20. F J Lee vs Bird ½-½421899LondonA81 Dutch
21. Tinsley vs Bird 0-1581899LondonA81 Dutch
22. F J Lee vs J Mason  0-1601900LondonA81 Dutch
23. E Cohn vs Tartakower 1-0351909St. PetersburgA81 Dutch
24. Euwe vs M Marchand 0-1281920MatchA81 Dutch
25. Gruenfeld vs Tartakower 1-0481922Bad PistyanA81 Dutch
 page 1 of 132; games 1-25 of 3,294  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2)  

Kibitzer's Corner
Sep-05-04  Whole Sick Crew: the dutch looks like it's starting to make a comeback! guess theory on the KID is becoming a little too voluminous... tell you what, there is no better weapon against an amateur than the stonwall...
Sep-13-04  yoozum: it doesn't seem to be making a comeback with the elite, however.
Sep-13-04  Knight13: This Opening is created for controlling the center with fainchetto the bishop. If I am wrong, correct me.
Sep-13-04  yoozum: i don't know, i've never played the dutch. i'm guessing the main reason why it's not used is because it destroys any possibilities of kingside castling. it's not that often that you see queenside castling.
Sep-13-04  Giancarlo: The Dutch is perfectly fine for Black to KS. I have played many Dutch defenses as Black, and I ALWAYS play it against 1.d4.

The Key for Black is to Develop quickly on the KS, and then mount an attack on the White KS using usually the open F-file if possible, and sometimes bringing the queen to h4. If White does not Finachetto the KS, he may as well welcome in a blood bath from black.

The Finnachetto isn't really as much for controlling the center as it is for portection against the Black KS attack.

Again, it is perfectly reasonable to KS castle as black in this opening, as it is also quite safe for black.

Sep-13-04  Giancarlo: As a 1400 class player I suggest you try using the Dutch and see how it works out. I think you'll do well with it.
Sep-13-04  Giancarlo: <knight13>of course.
Sep-13-04  Whole Sick Crew: <yoozum> Radjabov has busted it out probably close to half a dozen times. I'd consider him elite (and becoming more so). Like I said, people are getting tired of all the theory surrounding the KID, Benoni, Nimzo Indian, whatever. The Dutch will get more popular, no doubt.
Sep-14-04  Dudley: Both Morphy and Botvinnik played the Dutch and they were pretty elite. I agree with you <WSC> that the Stonewall is a good defense both against and for the typical amateur player. Also the Stonewall attack as white is pretty formidible and easy to play, but doesn't work too well against a King's Indian stucture by Black. Playing it from the Black side however, you don't have to worry about that, but do have to be ready for the Staunton Gambit with 1.d4 f5 2.e4. (I think that's it). Botvinnik's solution was to use the move order 1.d4 e6 2.c4 f5, but he was also ready to play a French Defense in case of 2.e4.
Sep-14-04  jmcd2002: I like that Botvinnik move order. I stopped playing the Dutch after getting crushed by the Staunton a couple of times, but I'd like to bring it back. Plus the French is my second-choice against 1. e4 (after Caro-Kann), so that wouldn't be a problem for me. Do you have any good example games off the top of your head?
Sep-14-04  Dudley: Rabinovich vs.Botvinnik 1927
Flohr " " 1933
Steiner " " 1946
Bronstein " " 1951
Keres " " 1947
These are all wins using the above move order and I'm sure there are others. Botvinnik played the Stonewall Dutch mostly. I think players like Alekhine and Tartakover also played the Dutch sometimes but they played about everything at one time or another. You can find more games with the search feature.
Sep-18-04  paultopia: Will someone please tell me how to deal with 2. Bg5 as black when playing the dutch? I prefer to play the leningrad, which 2. Bg5 seems to downright prevent. And then things get ugly... HELP?
Premium Chessgames Member
  Chessical: <paultopia> Perhaps it is best not to try to play the Leningrad at all costs after <2. Bg5>; the following lines may be of interest:

1. d4 f5 2. Bg5 Nf6 3. Nc3 d5 4. Bxf6 exf6 5. e3 Be6 6. Bd3 Nc6 seems a reasonably successful scheme , e.g.

M Gurevich vs Topalov, 1993

or if:

<4. f3> Nc6 5. Qd2 h6 6. Bxf6 exf6

Kempinski vs Malaniuk, 2001

Sep-23-04  paultopia: Thanks! Although it worries me terribly that the "anti-dutch" Bg5 is sufficiently credible that Gurevich, one of the most expert dutch players in the world, uses it.
Aug-13-07  melianis: Sorry, but i have to ask... Should this be the place to discuss the non-validity of the 'Homer Simpson' -variation (thus named by User: JustWoodshifting) 1.d4 f5 2.g3 Nf6 3.Kd2? ?
Nov-28-07  DukeAlba: I remember I caught my step-brother in a trap one time when he played the Dutch.

1. d4 f5
2. Bg5 h6
3. Bh4 g5
4. Bg3 f4
5. e3 fxBg3
6. Qh6#

Jan-27-08  Tomlinsky: <DukeAlba: I remember I caught my step-brother in a trap one time when he played the Dutch.>

I tried to catch my mother-in-law in a trap once. A bear beat her to it.

Mar-11-09  WhiteRook48: I always play 1...f5 against 1. d4
I have caught my dad in a similar trap when I was trying to steer the game to a Dutch. (I was White)
Jul-17-11  SillvioDanaillov: could anyone tell me how black initiate kside attack and white plan to stop it?
Apr-02-12  freeman8201: Okay now what's the difference between the Leningrad and the Semi-Leningrad Variation. I keep seeing the later more often than I do the main Leningrad.

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