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Preston Ware
Number of games in database: 83
Years covered: 1857 to 1882

Overall record: +19 -50 =13 (31.1%)*
   * Overall winning percentage = (wins+draws/2) / total games in the database. 1 exhibition game, blitz/rapid, odds game, etc. is excluded from this statistic.

With the White pieces:
 Queen's Pawn Game (20) 
    D00 A40 A45
With the Black pieces:
 Uncommon Opening (12) 
    B00 A00
 Scandinavian (12) 
 French Defense (5) 
    C14 C01 C11
Repertoire Explorer

NOTABLE GAMES: [what is this?]
   P Ware vs M Weiss, 1882 1-0
   P Ware vs Steinitz, 1882 1-0
   P Ware vs J Congdon, 1880 1/2-1/2
   P Ware vs Meitner, 1882 1-0
   J Grundy vs P Ware, 1880 0-1
   J Congdon vs P Ware, 1880 0-1
   A Cohnfeld vs P Ware, 1880 0-1
   A Sellman vs P Ware, 1880 0-1
   P Ware vs V Hruby, 1882 1-0
   A Johnston vs P Ware, 1871 0-1

NOTABLE TOURNAMENTS: [what is this?]
   2nd American Chess Congress (1871)
   4th American Chess Congress (1876)
   5th American Chess Congress (1880)
   Vienna (1882)

GAME COLLECTIONS: [what is this?]
   Cleveland 1871 by crawfb5
   Ware Wins Stonewalls by Stonewaller2

Search Sacrifice Explorer for Preston Ware
Search Google for Preston Ware

(born Aug-12-1821, died Jan-29-1890, 68 years old) United States of America

[what is this?]

Preston Ware Jr. was a leading Boston player of the late nineteenth century. He was the President of the Boston Chess Club from 1868 to 1873. Ware was elected President of the American Chess Foundation in 1872. His few tournament appearances were not successful, due in part to an offbeat opening repertoire; for example, at New York 1880 he played 1...a5 in all nine games with Black and 1.a4 in two of his games with White. The highlight of Ware's career was the victory against Wilhelm Steinitz in his lone international tournament appearance, at Vienna (1882).

The Stone-Ware Defense to the Evans Gambit was named for Preston Ware and Henry Nathan Stone, also of Boston. Despite its eccentric appearance, it is still played today.

Wikipedia article: Preston Ware. See also

Last updated: 2022-08-19 02:49:06

Try our new games table.

 page 1 of 4; games 1-25 of 83  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves YearEvent/LocaleOpening
1. P Ware vs Paulsen  0-1251857Casual gameD00 Queen's Pawn Game
2. Morphy vs P Ware 1-0281859Knight Odds game000 Chess variants
3. H P Montgomery vs P Ware 1-0291860PhiladelphiaC41 Philidor Defense
4. P Ware vs A Johnston  1-05218712nd American Chess Congress, ClevelandA80 Dutch
5. F H Elder vs P Ware  1-05918712nd American Chess Congress, ClevelandC41 Philidor Defense
6. P Ware vs M Judd 0-16618712nd American Chess Congress, ClevelandD30 Queen's Gambit Declined
7. P Ware vs F H Elder  ½-½3418712nd American Chess Congress, ClevelandA80 Dutch
8. F H Elder vs P Ware  ½-½4418712nd American Chess Congress, ClevelandC62 Ruy Lopez, Old Steinitz Defense
9. P Ware vs F H Elder 1-03818712nd American Chess Congress, ClevelandD32 Queen's Gambit Declined, Tarrasch
10. P Ware vs H D Smith 1-03318712nd American Chess Congress, ClevelandA02 Bird's Opening
11. Mackenzie vs P Ware 1-02018712nd American Chess Congress, ClevelandC01 French, Exchange
12. H Hosmer vs P Ware  0-14418712nd American Chess Congress, ClevelandC51 Evans Gambit
13. H Harding vs P Ware  1-04418712nd American Chess Congress, ClevelandD00 Queen's Pawn Game
14. P Ware vs H Hosmer  1-04318712nd American Chess Congress, ClevelandA80 Dutch
15. P Ware vs H Harding 1-04418712nd American Chess Congress, ClevelandA80 Dutch
16. H D Smith vs P Ware 1-04318712nd American Chess Congress, ClevelandB32 Sicilian
17. M Judd vs P Ware  1-04718712nd American Chess Congress, ClevelandC01 French, Exchange
18. A Johnston vs P Ware 0-12118712nd American Chess Congress, ClevelandC41 Philidor Defense
19. P Ware vs Mackenzie 0-14418712nd American Chess Congress, ClevelandA80 Dutch
20. B M Neill vs P Ware 1-0271874BostonC38 King's Gambit Accepted
21. J Elson vs P Ware 1-03918764th American Chess Congress, PhiladelphiaB01 Scandinavian
22. P Ware vs J Elson 1-06918764th American Chess Congress, PhiladelphiaA80 Dutch
23. Bird vs P Ware ½-½8718764th American Chess Congress, PhiladelphiaB01 Scandinavian
24. P Ware vs Bird 0-16218764th American Chess Congress, PhiladelphiaA80 Dutch
25. M Judd vs P Ware  1-04318764th American Chess Congress, PhiladelphiaB01 Scandinavian
 page 1 of 4; games 1-25 of 83  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2) | Ware wins | Ware loses  

Kibitzer's Corner
Nov-19-04  Leviathan: This man had an extremely unorthodox style - he often played the d4-f4-e3 stonewall and weird first moves like 1.a4?! or 1. .. a5?!

Does anyone have any information about this (quite original) player?

Jan-03-05  AdrianP: "Preston Ware, (1821-1890). An American player who came to notice because of his original treatment of the opening. For example, a variation to which his name was given begins with the moves 1.a4 e5 2.a5 d5 3.e3 f5 4.a6." (from
Premium Chessgames Member
  Benzol: Together with Henry Nathan Stone he was responsible for the 'Stone-Ware' Defence.
Jul-23-05  DutchDunce: Not to mention his brothers Silver and Tupper.
Premium Chessgames Member
  tpstar: After cornering the market on KitchenWare, he created a room just for storage, and thus the first WareHouse was born.
Jun-23-06  Tariqov: lol
Premium Chessgames Member
  kevin86: This player was very bad on property values. Any place he lived became part of the "Ware-house district." lol

He did popularize the CORNSTALK defense-good for him!

Sep-22-08  whiteshark: I've heard one day he became Self A.Ware.
Mar-02-09  WhiteRook48: I have heard that he is wondering Ware he is going
Mar-12-11  Morphischer: Ware's his picture?
Oct-15-13  thomastonk: There has been a thematic match in 1889 between F.K. Young as White, and Stone and Ware consulting as Black to test "the validity of the new Stone-Ware defence to the Evans gambit". This match has been reported by the "Boston Herald", see for example In the same source, a correspondence match with this line between players of New York (Mintz, Ryan and Hanham) and Stone and Ware is mentioned.

Games of both matches can be found on October 13 and 20, November 3, 10, 17 in the "Boston Herald", see Later issues of these newspaper present games between Burille and Young, Young and Ware, further anaylsis, and games between the YMCA in Brooklyn and the duo Stone/Ware.

Jan-30-14  Karposian: <thomastonk> Interesting. I wasn't aWare of this.
Premium Chessgames Member
  offramp: Sounds like a set of heavy tea cups.

"Mother! The in-laws are coming to visit!"

"Right. Get the Preston-ware out."

Premium Chessgames Member
  Penguincw: R.I.P. Preston Ware.
Aug-12-15  Sho: And inventor of press 'n Ware temporary tattoos.
Mar-30-16  zanzibar: Preston Ware, though having been both born and died in Massachusetts, actually moved to Baltimore at the age of 17 to clerk, and it was there that he learned the moves of chess.

He returned to Boston in 1852, and meeting in the US Hotel, established the Boston CC together with Dr. W. Everett, Dr. J.W. Stone, and Mr. Hammond.

Apparently, he was a very successful businessman and capitalist, first in shoes and boots, later shipping, and rubber.

~<He participated in the 2nd, 3rd, and 5th American Chess Congresses and in the Intl Chess Congress at Vienna. Across the board he meet almost every celebrated player of the time, including Paul Morphy, and was recognized as one of the pillars of American chess.>

Biographical sketches of representative citizens of the commonwealth of Massachusetts ... Graves & Steinbarger, 1902, p850

I wonder if his portrait is available anywhere. I don't remember coming across it (yet).

Mar-30-16  zanzibar: And remember, Preston was one son of a Preston.

And not a junior, at least according to bio above.

Mar-30-16  zanzibar: BCM v10-11 p135 has this obit:

<We regret to announce the death of Mr. Preston Ware, of Boston, a veteran and most enthusiastic player, who trusted more to his own eccentric originality to puzzle his opponents than to any knowledge of book openings. He was the inventor of the "Stonewall" and "Meadow Hay" debuts, and in 1882 he took part in the Vienna Congress, where he succeeded in defeating Mr. Steinitz and Herr Max Weiss.>

Mar-31-16  Granny O Doul: Meadow Hay, btw, was the thing with White playing e3 and pushing the a-pawn all the way up.
Aug-12-16  TheFocus: Happy birthday, Preston Ware.
Jun-14-20  Delicate Neat: Pretty late to the party. However I found more on the Preston Ware, if anyone is interested. He was indeed, Preston Ware Jr. and he worked as a shopkeeper. The interesting fact is, that onto his name, there are several patents, including the improoved process of currying calf-skin shoes, enhanced shoe structure or improved vulcanized rubber soles for shoes (firstly developed by Charles Goodyear). Preston Ware was (logically) working in his own store, where he was selling shoes. In the other sources I have found, that he had founded the Hayward rubber company with Nathaniel Hayward (who shares a simmilar patent to the PrestonĀ“s one) and Charles Goodyear, an inventor and entrepreneur mentioned ealier.

Here are the sources: (Can be verified in the internet archives) (Can be verified in the internet archives)

Page 436:

Page 216 (at the bottom):

Page 84: (the agreement upon the distrubution of the material to Preston Ware and judicially verdict, which resolved the appeal of Preston Ware).

Patents: Page 938:

Page 436:

Page 885:

Hope you do enjoy the extensive knowledge I was able to collect.

I love to read the old and vast archive collections of any type... Well, that is all.

Jun-30-20  Jean Defuse: ...

Sarah's Morphy website gives his name as <G.> Preston Ware, also the JWD...


Premium Chessgames Member
  Tabanus: Just Preston (given name) it seems.

My theory of the origin of the G.: he was often referred to as "Preston Ware Jr", and someone read the handwritten Jr as G.

Jun-30-20  Jean Defuse: ...

That could be a possible explanation - thank you!


Aug-05-21  Z4all: Morphy vs P Ware, 1859 (kibitz #10)

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