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Aleksander Macht
A Macht 
Number of games in database: 30
Years covered: 1927 to 1935
Overall record: +11 -16 =3 (41.7%)*
   * Overall winning percentage = (wins+draws/2) / total games.

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C77 Ruy Lopez (2 games)
C40 King's Knight Opening (2 games)
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D63 Queen's Gambit Declined, Orthodox Defense (2 games)
A47 Queen's Indian (2 games)

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(born Oct-18-1892, died Jan-14-1973, 80 years old) Lithuania (federation/nationality Israel)

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Aleksander Zisel (Sasha) Macht was born on 18 October 1892 in Kaunas, Lithuania. He was the third of four children of Leya (maiden name Hirshzon) and Feivel (Shraga) Macht.

Aleksander Macht was champion of the first independent republic of Lithuania in 1923–24, 1926–28, and again in 1931–32. This is more than any other Lithuanian chess player in the history of independent Lithuania. Macht twice played for Lithuania in chess olympiads: in 1930, on board 1 in the 3rd Chess Olympiad in Hamburg, and in 1935, on board 2 in the 6th Chess Olympiad in Warsaw.

As a child, Macht was in a Jewish religious school (Heder), and later he continued his studies at Yeshiva - a Jewish religious educational institution. Studying at Yeshiva he learned to play chess. When he was 15 years old, Aleksander became excited by the ideas of the Haskalah movement, and sought to acquire secular education. He began to learn mathematics and foreign languages on his own. Within a short time, he learned Russian, English, German and French, and was able to perfectly communicate in these languages. In addition, to acquire the Russian secondary school certificate, he was forced to learn the Latin language. At the age of 17, he was able to independently prepare for the exam for the certificate of secondary education, and to pass it successfully. To continue his education, Aleksander moved to Belgium, where he studied economics at the University of Liege. During a vacation in Kaunas, he met and married Emma (Ester-Annet Katz). After the wedding, he and Esther lived in Liege, where she studied at a Montessori school of education. After graduation, both returned to Kaunas. With the start of World War I, the tsarist regime forced Lithuanian Jews to retreat to the depths of Russia. The young Macht family ended up in Jekaterinslav City, Ukraine, where their four children were born. After the restoration of an independent Lithuanian state, the Jewish community was granted broad autonomy rights, and various Jewish organizations were created. In 1921, the Macht family returned to Lithuania, and Aleksander was employed as a clerk in the Jewish Central Bank, which had just opened. In 1932, he was Director of this bank, which already had 85 Lithuanian branches. (1)

Chess players in Kaunas used to gather in coffee-houses, usually in Perkauskas café. There were plenty of chess lovers, but all of them were Naturspielers – not knowing theory, and not having wide chess knowledge. In 1919, when Aleksander still was a gymnasium student, he began to learn from the one theory book in Russian - Jean Dufresne 's Guide to learning chess. The tiny book at that time seemed a miracle. After he learned it by heart, his knowledge of chess (which today would be familiar to every beginner) was considered prodigious. (2) In August 1921, the Kaunas City chess union was founded, and the tournaments were held in the rented room of the Officers Club. In February 1922, the Kaunas City championship ("1st category" tournament) started in the new location of the club, on 14 Maironis Street. The winner was Lieutenant Gustaitis (24/26), and 2nd was Captain Rimša (the 1921 champion). Macht withdrew from the tournament without finishing all the games, and was 6th with 14 points. (3) At the end of 1922, the Kaunas chess union found another place for the club. Macht was among the 11 players invited to participate in its "1st category" tournament. This was considered as the city championship, and started on 20 January 1923. He then became Kaunas city champion, and unofficial Lithuanian champion. (3, 4)

After a long time of inactivity, the chess club again found a new location in the "Šachovo" motel on Ukmerge highway, and on 23 November 1924, the Kaunas city championship started. Macht won for the second time, and kept his title of unofficial Lithuanian champion. (3, 5) The next Kaunas city championship was held in January-February 1926, and Macht won again. On 10 April 1926, Klaipeda held the first Kaunas vs Klaipeda match (9.5 : 8.5). On board 1: Macht - Simon Gordon +0 =2 -0. (3) From 1927 on, Macht started participating in friendly matches and in the correspondence chess tournaments organized by the Wiener Schach-Zeitung. He scored wins against experienced and strong correspondence players such as Sandor Takacs, Arthur Hermann Privonitz, Matthaeus Seibold and Victor Ivanovich Soultanbeieff. (6) Macht did not play in the 1927 Kaunas championship, but as the 1926 champion he was entitled to play a match with its winner. It was won by Marcos Luckis, who became the challenger for the Lithuanian Champion title. But Luckis did not get his chance to play the match with Macht. Macht chose instead to play against the Klaipeda champion, Simon Gordon. The Kaunas and Klaipeda chess clubs organized a match between those two in Kaunas in 1928. Macht won and thus defended the title of Lithuanian champion. (7) In the first friendly match between Lithuanian and Latvian teams, in Riga on 28-29 December 1929, Latvia won 10 : 4. On board 1: Hermanis Mattison - Macht +1 =1 -0. (8) In 1930, the championship of Lithuania was held in Kaunas (Kowno). Macht and Isakas Vistaneckis shared 1st place. (9)

The Lithuanian Chess Federation was established in 1929 and joined the World Chess Federation (FIDE) in 1930. In July 1930, the German Chess Federation organized the 3rd Tourney of Nations - the Chess Olympiad in Hamburg, and the Lithuanian Chess Federation decided to take part only a few days before it began. (10) Three young players went to Hamburg on Saturday 12 July: Vistaneckis, Matafia Scheinberg and Leonardas Abramavicius. The Congress was supposed to start at 9 am on Sunday 13 July, but because the Lithuanian team could arrive only in the afternoon, the start of the Congress was postponed until 3 pm. Macht had to postpone his trip because of illness. (11) Lithuania first played five matches with three players, until Macht joined them in Round 6 (Lithuania vs Romania 3 : 1). One more young player, Zelik Kolodnas, joined the team in Round 11. Macht played 12 games on board 1, and scored +4 –4 =4. (12)

In 1931 the Lithuanian championship was held in the Kaunas Chess Union hall (20 January - 8 February). In the 8-player double round robin, Macht won with 11.5/14, ahead of Vistaneckis (9/14) and Abramavicius (8.5/14). (13) On 22-27 May, the first Baltic Chess Championship was held in Klaipėda, Lithuania. The 8-player single round robin was won by Vistaneckis (4.5/7). Macht was 7th with 2.5/7. (14) On 31 December 1931 - 1 January 1932, the 2nd friendly match between Latvia and Lithuania (Riga - Kaunas) (7 : 5) was held in Kaunas. On board 1: Fricis Apsenieks - Macht +1 =1 -0. (15) Until 1931, Macht was the strongest player in Lithuania and did not have opponents that could endanger his supremacy. In June 1931, Vladas Mikenas moved from Estonia, were he was born, to Lithuania. Mikenas took part in the 3rd championship of Lithuania that started in 1931 and ended in 1932 (in Kaunas). It consisted of two parts: a double round robin tournament (25 October 1931 - November 29, 1931), and a match between its winner and the reigning champion. Macht won the tournament with 9.5/11, ahead of Mikenas (9/11) and Vistaneckis (6/11). The match Macht - Mikenas (+6 -4 =3) was held in Kaunas 14 February - 6 May 1932. (16) In 1932, Macht was head of the Lithuanian Chess Federation, and represented Lithuania in FIDE. (17) On 31 December 1932 and 1 January 1933, the third Latvia - Lithuania (Riga - Kaunas) New Year match was held in Riga. For the first time the match ended with a Kaunas victory (6.5 : 5.5). On board 1: Macht - Apšenieks +1 =0 -1. (18) From 27 November to 20 December 1932, the contenders tournament for the Lithuanian championship was held in Kaunas. The double round robin (8 participants, all from Kaunas) began in late fall, so the match for the championship title had to be postponed until the next year. The contenders tournament was won by Mikenas, collecting 12.5 points out of 14. From 10 March - 18 April 1933, Mikėnas played the match in Kaunas with Macht. Mikenas won the champion title (+6 =1 -3). (19) The 1934 Lithuanians championship contenders tournament was held in Kaunas from 3 January to 13 February. The winner was Paul Vaitonis with 6.5/10. Macht was 2nd with 6/10, and Vistaneckis with the same score was 3rd. (20) During his Baltic trip in March-April 1934, Rudolf Spielmann visited Kaunas, and on the 2nd and on 6th April, he played a mini match with Macht (+1 -0 -1). (21) The 4th match Lithuania - Latvia took place in Kaunas on 3-4 March 1934. This time Lithuania won with 10.5 : 7.5. On board 3: Macht - Movsa Feigin +0 =2 -0. (22)

After Poland occupied Vilnius in 1920, Lithuania was officially in a state of war with Poland. The sides had broken diplomatic relations. The 6th Olympiad was scheduled to be held in Warsaw, the capital of the Republic of Poland, on 16-31 August 1935. On 14 August at 4 pm, the Lithuanian team learned that it would have to leave Kaunas and go to Warsaw the same day at 7 pm. The team went by car to the demarcation line that separated Lituanian Kaunas from the Wilno (Vilnius) region. From there they had to march about 5 km on foot with suitcases in the hands toward Zaviai (today Lazdėnai) train station. The next morning the team continued by train to Wilno and then to Warsaw. It was a difficult adventure for 43 years old Macht, but beside playing chess he had another task to conclude in Warsaw - to collect information about emigration to Palestine. (23) On the Lithuanian team, Mikenas played on board 1, and Macht on board 2 (+2 =5 -7). (24)

In the summer of 1932, the eldest son Israel (Izia) drowned in the Nemunas river. Esther suffered from depression, and the family was in crisis. The youngest children, the twins Yaacov and Rivka, decided to leave for Palestine and help set up a kibbutz. In 1934, they joined the Zionist youth movement Hashomer Hatzair. Aleksander exercised the invitation to participate in the second Makabiada, and went to Palestine in 1935, also to examine the living conditions in the promised land. On his visit to the offices of the Palestinian Eretz Israel Industrialists Association in Tel Aviv, he was offered to set up a new bank - the Industrial Bank, which would be a new public finances entity. Macht was impressed by what he saw during his visit, and was tempted by the offer proposed to him. After his return to Kaunas, he began to prepare for relocation, and started an intensive self-study of the Hebrew language. On 11 January 1936, he and his wife Esther and the youngest daughter Riva arrived in Palestine. Perhaps there was also another reason to move to Eretz Israel: that as a good chess player, he predicted what might happen in Europe and what the fate of the Jews in Lithuania would be. (1)

The Macht family settled in Tel Aviv, and he quickly became one of the city's most famous persons. He founded the Bank of Industry on Montefiori street, and directed it until 1963. He was also active in social and cultural activities, with participation in the development of the Tel Aviv Museum of Art, the National Opera, and the Habima theater. He was the organizer of chamber music evenings in the Tel Aviv Museum of Art, and an organizer for the Association of Lithuanian immigrants. After immigration to Palestine, he did not play in international chess tournaments, but he was an active member of the Israel Chess Federation. (25)

The 1st Palestine (Eretz Israel) championship was held from 30 September - 10 October 1936 in the Lasker chess club, Tel Aviv. Macht was one of the favorites, but finished only 7th with 4.5/10 (+2 = 5 -3). The title went to Moshe Czerniak (8.5/10). (26) In 1938, Macht was the winner of the Lasker chess club championship. (27) In April 1938, the Inter city championship of Eretz Israel (Palestine) was held in Tel Aviv. Four teams, each with eight players, participated. Tel Aviv and Haifa shared 1st place with 16 points. Jerusalem was 3rd with 13.5 points, and the Sharon settlements team, that included players from Hedera, Hertzlia, Nathania and Petah Tikva, was 4th with 2.5 points. Macht played on board 1 for Tel Aviv. (28) The 1938 Tel Aviv championship finished in the middle of June. Macht and Avraham Labounsky got 6.5/10 points, and shared 3rd place. The Tel Aviv champion was Victor Winz (8.5/10), and 2nd was Heinz Yosef Foerder (= Yosef Porat) (7.5/11 ). (29) In December 1939, Macht gave a simultaneous exhibition against 25 players in the famous Lasker chess club of Tel Aviv, and achieved a great result (+23 =1 -1). (30) In 1945, at the Eretz Israel (Palestine) championship, Macht was the chairman of the Judges committee. (31) In 1955, at the Israel chess championship, Macht was the Chief Arbiter. (32) In 1959, he became Prezident of Israel Chess Federation. At this time, he was still a director of the Industrial Bank. (33)

After becoming a pensioner in 1963 at the age of 71, Macht was a habitué of Café Ditza near the old Cameri Theatre (Tel Aviv). This was a favorite place for elderly artists to play chess and read newspapers in Russian and German. (25)

1) "Pažadėtoji žemė - Lietuva, Lietuvos žydai valstybės kūrime 1918-1940 m." ("The Promised Land - Lithuania, Lithuanian Jews in state building 1918-1940"), by V. Kavaliauskas. Vilnius 2013, pp. 74, 78.
2) "Šachmatų vadovėlis" ("Chess notebook"), by V. Mikėnas. Kaunas 1933, p. 200.
3) Article by the Lithuanian sports historian Algimantas Bertasius: "Žinios apie šachmatus Lietuvos periodikoje" ("Chess information from Lithuanian periodicals"), at
4) The Lithuanian newspaper "Lietuvos žinios", 3 December 1922, p. 3, 5 January 1923, p. 2, and 1 May 1923, p. 4.
5) "Lietuvos žinios" , 29 November 1924, p. 3.
6) The Latvian newspaper in Russian language "Сегодня", 7 October 1927, Nr. 226, p. 6, Wiener Schach-Zeitung, December 1927, Nr. 23/24, pp. 357-358, Wiener Schach-Zeitung, January 1931, Nr. 2, pp. 26-27, and the Lithuanian newspaper "Lietuvos Aidas", 11 March 1933, Nr. 57 (1729), p. 14.
7) "Сегодня" ("Today"), 7 June 1928, p. 6, and the Lithuanian newspapers "Lietuvis", 21 March 1927, p. 3, "Lietuvos žinios", 30 March 1927, p. 3 and "Lietuvos žinios", 2 June 1927, p. 3.
8) The Latvian newspaper "Jaunakas zinas", 30 December 1929, p. 10, and the Latvian newspaper "Latvis", 31 December 1929, p. 2.
9) "Wiener Schach-Zeitung", 1930/08, April, p. 124.
10) "Lietuvos Aidas", 8 July 1930, p. 6.
11) "Lietuvos Aidas", 24 July 1930, p. 5, and "Žydai Lietuvos šachmatų istorijoje" ("Jews in Lithuania chess history"), by Eugenijus Paleckis, Boris Rositsan. Vilnius 2015, p. 88.
12) "Chess Olympiads 1927-1968", by Arpad Vajda. Dover Publications, New York, p. 51, and
13) "Lietuvos Aidas", 10 February 1931, p. 6, and the article "Kas atstovaus Lietuvą Prahos šachmatų turnyre" ("Who will represent Lithuania in the Prague Chess Olympiad") in the Lithuanian magazine "Mūsų Sportas", 2 March 1931, Nr. 2, p. 4.
14) The Estonian newspaper "Esmaspaew" ("Monday"), 8 June 1931, page 8 (article of Vladas Mikenas: "keeruline tulemus Balti meistriturniir" ("complicated result of the Baltic masters tournament")), and the Latvian newspaper "Jaunākās Ziņas", 27 May 1931, p. 6.
15) The Latvian magazine "Latvijas Šacha Vestnesis", 1932, Nr. 1, pp. 11-12, and "Lietuvos Aidas", 5 January 1932, p. 9.
16) Articles of Vladas Mikėnas: "Machtas turnyro nugalėtojas" in "Lietuvos Aidas", 1 December 1931, p. 7 and "Machtas lieka Lietuvos čempionu" in "Lietuvos Aidas", 7 May 1932, p. 9.
17) "Tidskrift för Schack", March 1932, Nr. 03, p. 39.
18) "Lietuvos Aidas", 7 January 1933, p. 10, and the Latvian newspaper „Latvijas kareivis", 5 January 1933, p. 3.
19) Article of Vladas Mikėnas: "Lietuvos šachmatų meisteris" ("Lithuanian chess championship") in "Lietuvos Aidas", 20 April 1933, p. 5, "35 metai prie šachmatų lentos" ("35 years at the chessboard"), by Mikenas. State political and scientific literature publishing house, Vilnius 1961, p. 50, and
20) Wikipedia article: 1934 m. Lietuvos šachmatų čempionatas
21) "Wiener Schach-Zeitung", May/June 1934, Nr. 10/11, pp. 163-165, and "Wiener Schach-Zeitung", November 1934, Nr. 21, p. 330.
22) The Latvian magazine "Krusta-mikla.Šahs.Bridžs", 17 March 1934, pp. 170-171, and "Wiener Schach-Zeitung", March 1934/06, p. 92.
23) "35 metai prie šachmatų lentos" (35 years at the chessboard), by Mikenas. State political and scientific literature publishing house, Vilnius 1961, pp. 86-87, and letter sent by Paul Vaitonis published in the Lithuanian newspaper "Rytas", 22 August 1935, p. 2.
24) "Chess Olympiads 1927-1968", by Arpad Vajda. Dover Publications, New York, p. 73, and
25) Memories of Mira Asculay, granddaugther of A. Z. Macht.
26) The Israeli newspaper "דָּבָר" ("Davar" - Word), 10 October 1936, evening edition, p. 1, and "Wiener Schach-Zeitung", October 1936, Nr. 19-20, p. 314.
27) The article "50 years in chess" in the Israeli newspaper "דָּבָר" ("Davar" - Word), 18 June 1959, p. 8.
28) „The Palestine Post", 29 April 1938, p. 11.
29) "דָּבָר" ("Davar" - Word), 17 June 1938, p. 3.
30) "דָּבָר"("Davar" - Word), 31 December 1939, p. 4.
31) „The Palestine Post", 7 March 1945, p. 2.
32) "דָּבָר" ("Davar" - Word), 25 November 1955, p. 9.
33) "דָּבָר" ("Davar" - Word), 19 June 1959, p. 8.

We thank Mira Asculay, granddaughter of Aleksander Macht, for private communications concerning her grandfather.

Last updated: 2021-12-10 04:43:02

 page 1 of 2; games 1-25 of 30  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves YearEvent/LocaleOpening
1. F Batik vs A Macht  0-1281927WSZ correspondenceD08 Queen's Gambit Declined, Albin Counter Gambit
2. A Macht vs M Seibold  1-0291928WSZ CorrespondenceC77 Ruy Lopez
3. A Macht vs A H Privonitz  ½-½281928WSZ corrspondenceB15 Caro-Kann
4. M Luckis vs A Macht 0-1161930Lithuanian team Control tournamentD06 Queen's Gambit Declined
5. A Macht vs H Weenink  ½-½341930Hamburg OlympiadA47 Queen's Indian
6. A Macht vs Yates  1-0341930Hamburg OlympiadD63 Queen's Gambit Declined, Orthodox Defense
7. A Macht vs L Prokes  1-0381930Hamburg OlympiadE11 Bogo-Indian Defense
8. P Soler vs A Macht  1-0431930Hamburg OlympiadD05 Queen's Pawn Game
9. A Macht vs Alekhine 0-1381930Hamburg OlympiadC77 Ruy Lopez
10. E Thorvaldsson vs A Macht  1-0591930Hamburg OlympiadD52 Queen's Gambit Declined
11. L Abramavicius vs A Macht 0-1201931Lithuanian championshipD11 Queen's Gambit Declined Slav
12. A Macht vs Petrov  0-1261931Match Petrov - MachtD63 Queen's Gambit Declined, Orthodox Defense
13. A Macht vs F Apsenieks  0-1621931Baltic congress Master tournamentD37 Queen's Gambit Declined
14. A Macht vs P Vaitonis 1-0261931The 3rd Lithuania championshipD80 Grunfeld
15. V Mikenas vs A Macht  0-1421932Lithuania championship matchA47 Queen's Indian
16. A Macht vs K Behting  0-1291933Corr Theme Match Behting - MachtC40 King's Knight Opening
17. A Macht vs K Behting  0-1241933Corr Theme Match Behting - MachtC40 King's Knight Opening
18. F Apsenieks vs A Macht  1-03119333rd Match Riga - KaunasC11 French
19. Spielmann vs A Macht  1-02519342 games matchC15 French, Winawer
20. A Macht vs Spielmann 1-03119342 games matchE10 Queen's Pawn Game
21. A Macht vs F Apsenieks  1-0511935Warsaw OlympiadA50 Queen's Pawn Game
22. A Macht vs Kostic  0-1571935Warsaw OlympiadD02 Queen's Pawn Game
23. P Frydman vs A Macht  1-0461935Warsaw OlympiadD90 Grunfeld
24. A Macht vs B Rasmusson  0-1401935Warsaw OlympiadB14 Caro-Kann, Panov-Botvinnik Attack
25. G Friedemann vs A Macht 0-1801935Warsaw OlympiadD70 Neo-Grunfeld Defense
 page 1 of 2; games 1-25 of 30  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2) | Macht wins | Macht loses  

Kibitzer's Corner
Premium Chessgames Member
  whiteshark: His play wasn't a <Alexander power>.
Premium Chessgames Member
  whiteshark: <Alexander Sissel Macht>

Birthdate Oct-18-1892
Deceased 1973
Nationality ISR

Born as <Aleksandras Machtas; in Kaunas, Lithunia. Olympiad team Lithunia 1930-1935.

Kaunas ch-LTU 1931 1st - 9.5/11.

Premium Chessgames Member
  whiteshark: <In 1930, at first board in the 3rd Chess Olympiad in Hamburg (+4 –9 =4)>

According to the <Hamburger Nachrichten>, the second round game <Rubinstein-Macht>, from the match Poland-Lithuania (2.5-1.5), ended in a forfeit win for the Pole as Alexander Macht was late in arriving to Hamburg.

source: Donaldson/Minev

Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: <According to the <Hamburger Nachrichten>, the second round game <Rubinstein-Macht>, from the match Poland-Lithuania (2.5-1.5), ended in a forfeit win for the Pole as Alexander Macht was late in arriving to Hamburg.>

He must have missed the boat, because he didn't play in the first five rounds:

What's strange is that Lithuania didn't use their reserve player and forfeited all of these games. Either the reserve, <Zelikas Kolodnas>, was similarly indisposed, or perhaps he was so weak that they thought that promoting the rest of the team to the higher boards would risk scoring even fewer points.

May-30-15  hemy: The 3rd board of Lithuanian team Vistaneckis wrote in article in the magazine "Jaunimo gretos", 1956, Nr. 11 (144):

"We were invited to the third Chess Olympiad at 1930. The team had to include four main players and one back-up player. No one covered travel expenses, but huge desire to try to compete with the world's strongest chess players tempted three youngsters Abromavičius, Šeinbergas (doctor works in Vilnius) and the author of these lines."

Z.Kolodnas played his first game in round 11 only. Most likely he joined Lithuanian team in the middle of Olympiad.

May-30-15  hemy: In OlimpBase the last name of player on 2nd board of Lithuania is misspelled.

His name was Šeinbergas Matafija, not Šembergas, so Vistaneckis spelled his name properly.

I'm in touch with Matafija's Šeinbergas son Modesto, living in Toronto. Last week he sent me photos of his father from different time periods of his life.

Aleksander Zisel Macht's granddaughter Mira Asculai is living in Toronto as well. Since 2008 she is passing me documents, photos of A. Z. Macht and his family. Mira was living in grandfather's home until age 11 and having great memories of „dide Sacha“.

Premium Chessgames Member
  Annie K.: <hemy> Hi - if you have good player photos, that may be uploaded here (no copyright problems), please email them to the admin at! I'm sure people would love to see their pictures on their player pages. :)
May-31-15  hemy: <Annie K.> Hi, I will follow your advise and upload pictures.

The chapter about 7 times champion of "1st Lithuanian Republic" (before WW2) A.Z.Machtas (Macht), based on my research, published on pages 79-113 of the book "Žydai Lietuvos šachmatų istorijoje" ("Jews in Lithuania chess history"), E.Paleckis, B.Rositsan, Vilnius, 2015.

Regarding M.Scheinbergas see my post on
M Sembergas

The pictures of M.Scheinbergas will be added to the next edition of the book, this time in English language. In current version of the book, the only picture of Scheibergas is his 1928 passport picture taken from Lithuanian Ministry of Internal Affairs archive.

Premium Chessgames Member
  Annie K.: <hemy> Great - thanks for contributing all this valuable information! :)
Premium Chessgames Member
  whiteshark: I'd guess there's some stuff to find...
Nov-17-16  hemy: <whiteshark>My research on the A.Z.Macht published as a 37 pages chapter in the book "Žydai Lietuvos šachmatų istorijoje". It includes his bio, games, pictures and documents. I received some of it in 2013 from the granddaughter of A.Z.Macht Mira Asculai living in Toronto. I'm working now on other bio for CG. Later I can make the bio of A.Z.Macht
Dec-17-16  hemy: <whiteshark> - finally I made it.
Dec-18-16  offramp: <Hemy> and it is brilliant. Thank you very much. It is a tremendous achievement.
Dec-21-16  hemy: <> - thanks for adding picture. <tabanus> - the picture that was chosen is the one you suggested and retouched by me.
Premium Chessgames Member
  Tabanus: <hemy> I like it. And perhaps CG did not like the Luckis pictures as much.
Dec-30-16  hemy: 8 games of Aleksander Macht added, include 2 games with Rudolf Spielmann from mini match in Kaunas, 1934 (+1 =0 -1).
May-09-18  hemy: In the final position of the game Leonardas Abramavicius - Macht, from Lithuanian chess championship, (Kaunas, January 20 - February 8, 1931), Macht announced checkmate in 9 moves.

click for larger view

Unexpectedly this game was found by me in French newspaper "L'ACTION FRANÇAISE", April 20, 1931.

[Event "Lithuanian championship 1931"]
[Site "Kaunas"]
[Date "1931.??.??"]
[Round "?"]
[White "Abramavicius, Leonardas"]
[Black "Macht, Aleksander"]
[Result "0-1"]
[ECO "D30"]
[PlyCount "39"]

1. d4 Nf6 2. Nf3 d5 3. c4 c6 4. e3 e6 5. Bd3 Nbd7 6. O-O Be7 7. Nbd2 c5 8. cxd5 Nxd5 9. Ne5 Nxe3 10. fxe3 Nxe5 11. Bb5+ Bd7 12. Bxd7+ Nxd7 13. Qf3 Nf6 14. dxc5 O-O 15. c6 bxc6 16. Qxc6 Qd3 17. Nc4 Ng4 18. Qc7 Rac8 19. Qxe7 Rxc4 20. b3 0-1

Premium Chessgames Member
  perfidious: In the diagram above, I would have played 20....Rxc1, which appears to win more quickly than the mate announced by Black.
May-10-18  hemy: <perfidios> The newspaper does not providing the details about the announced mate in 9 moves ("Les Noirs annoncent le mat en neuf coups").

Indeed the first move should be 20. ... Rxc1, but it may take maximum of 9 moves: 20. ... Rxc1 21. Qxf8+ Kxf8 22. Raxc1 Qxe3+ 23. Rf2 Qxc1+ 24. Rf1 Qe3+ 25. Kh1 Nf2+ 26. Kg1 Nh3+ 27. Kh1 Qg1+ 28. Rxg1 Nf2#

May-12-20  karik: I wonder what actually happened:

Black (in local language): "I have to announce mate in 9 moves!"

White (after pondering a while): "Now I see, you are right. I resign."

May-12-20  belgradegambit: Looks a little like a young Einstein.
Aug-27-21  login:

'..The Macht family settled in Tel Aviv, and he quickly became one of the city's most famous persons [fame based on what? odd for a 'foreign' immigrant banker/chessplayer in a city in flux with already enough successful local artists/celebrities, e.g. see attached movie 'beach scene' - care to share the background to this claim]. He founded the Bank of Industry on Montifiori [sure about the spelling] street, and directed it until 1963. He was also active in social and cultural activities, with participation in the development of the Tel Aviv Museum of Art, the National Opera, and the Habima theater [unable to verify any of this based on a quick look on the respective institutions' websites/wikis - could you add sources, other than 'family']. He was the organizer of chamber music evenings in the Tel Aviv Museum of Art, and an organizer for the Association of Lithuanian immigrants. .. '

Otherwise a personal bio showing lots of diligence in the chess part.

Biographies Macht(as)

Tel Aviv 1934

Documentary Jewish Central Bank (in Latvian)

by Init Ekstra TV, 2020


Dec-10-21  hemy: <login> I missed you post. Thanks for your comments.

I just fixed the wrong spelling of the Montefiori street. \

The details about Macht's social and cultural activities were written by his granddaughter Mira Asculai.

Thanks for the link to the Documentary about Jewish Central Bank. It is in Lithuanian language.

Dec-10-21  login:

'It is in Lithuanian' a big blunder on my behalf.

And hemy much success with your project together with Eugenijus Paleckis.


Dec-11-21  hemy: <login> thanks for your comments, links and friendly attitude.

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