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Arthur Reynolds
  
Number of games in database: 17
Years covered: 1936 to 1939
Overall record: +6 -8 =3 (44.1%)*
   * Overall winning percentage = (wins+draws/2) / total games.

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ARTHUR REYNOLDS
(born Apr-30-1910, died Nov-29-1943, 33 years old) United Kingdom

[what is this?]
Arthur Reynolds was born in Solihull, England and died in a massacre while a prisoner of war in the Pacific Theatre during World War II.

 page 1 of 1; 17 games  PGN Download 
Game  ResultMoves YearEvent/LocaleOpening
1. A Reynolds vs Opocensky  1-0341936BCF-ch 29th Major Open BE61 King's Indian
2. G Abrahams vs A Reynolds  0-1481936BCF-ch 29th Major Open BD55 Queen's Gambit Declined
3. J Cukierman vs A Reynolds  0-1371936BCF-ch 29th Major Open BD37 Queen's Gambit Declined
4. J M Craddock vs A Reynolds  ½-½511936BCF-ch 29th Major Open BB02 Alekhine's Defense
5. W Winter vs A Reynolds  1-0241937BirminghamE37 Nimzo-Indian, Classical
6. P List vs A Reynolds  1-0271937OstendD26 Queen's Gambit Accepted
7. A Reynolds vs Grob  0-1671937OstendA30 English, Symmetrical
8. A Reynolds vs A Dunkelblum  ½-½361937OstendA34 English, Symmetrical
9. Boruch Israel Dyner vs A Reynolds  ½-½341937OstendD20 Queen's Gambit Accepted
10. Tartakower vs A Reynolds 1-0441937OstendD23 Queen's Gambit Accepted
11. A Reynolds vs Koltanowski 0-1211937OstendA15 English
12. S Landau vs A Reynolds  1-0441937OstendD28 Queen's Gambit Accepted, Classical
13. Fine vs A Reynolds 0-1511937OstendE33 Nimzo-Indian, Classical
14. A Reynolds vs Keres 0-1241937OstendA22 English
15. T Tylor vs A Reynolds  0-1501938Brighton ch-BCFB29 Sicilian, Nimzovich-Rubinstein
16. A Reynolds vs Menchik  1-0301938BCF-chE60 King's Indian Defense
17. A Reynolds vs P List  0-1231939BirminghamD90 Grunfeld
 page 1 of 1; 17 games  PGN Download 
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2) | Reynolds wins | Reynolds loses  

Kibitzer's Corner
Jul-13-05
Premium Chessgames Member
  Benzol: Is this English player Arthur Reynolds?
Apr-19-09  JaneEyre: Died in Asian waters makes it sound like an accidental drowning. He was torpedoed by the Americans.

<‘The War Graves Photographic Project gives details regarding Arthur Reynolds, who died on the Suez Maru, a Japanese cargo ship sunk on 29 November 1943. His name appears on a website providing an account of the event.>

http://www.chesshistory.com/winter/...

Apr-19-09  WhiteRook48: Bad Americans! (well, they were at war besides)
Sep-06-09
Premium Chessgames Member
  technical draw: < Died in Asian waters makes it sound like an accidental drowning. He was torpedoed by the Americans.>

"He" was not torpedoed by the Americans. He was a POW on the Japanese cargo ship Suez Maru (an enemy ship) when it was torpedoed by the US submarine "Bonefish". After the Suez Maru sank there were 200 to 250 POW's in the water. A Japanese minesweeper that was with the Suez Maru then was ordered to execute the POW's in the water. Some historians believe Reynolds perished in the massacre.

The Suez Maru was a legitimate target. The POW's in the water were not.

Jul-28-10
Premium Chessgames Member
  GrahamClayton: Here is an interesting article on Reynolds, after who a sharp variation in the Slav Defence is named:

http://kindredspiritks.wordpress.co...

http://kindredspiritks.wordpress.co...

Sep-12-10
Premium Chessgames Member
  whiteshark: Here is a photo of the participants at <Ostend 1937> Reynolds among them: http://www.rogerpaige.me.uk/histori...
Sep-12-10
Premium Chessgames Member
  Phony Benoni: I've never been good at identifying faces, but the person labelled as "Koltanowski: (third from the left) doesn't look like Koltanowski to me. My impression is that he's the person standing to the left of Tartakower, and labelled "Landau".
May-17-11
Premium Chessgames Member
  GrahamClayton: Details of Reynolds' military details can be seen here:

http://www.roll-of-honour.org.uk/He...

Aug-27-16
Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: <Some historians believe Reynolds perished in the massacre.>

Which historians? If, as I suspect, it's unclear whether he died due to the torpedo attack, went down with the ship or was shot in the water, the bio should read something like 'died whilst a POW as a consequence of an American submarine attack on a Japanese ship.' There could also be something in there about his chess career.

Aug-27-16
Premium Chessgames Member
  HeMateMe: That's a horrible way to die, to survive being a POW and a torpedoing, only to be shot in the water. Animals.
Aug-27-16  zanzibar: Here's more of the story...

<In 1943, the Japanese decided to ship the sick back to Java. A total of 640 men, including a number of Japanese sick patients, were taken on board the 4,645-ton passenger-cargo ship Suez Maru. In two holds, 422 sick British (including 221 RAF servicemen) and 127 sick Dutch prisoners, including up to twenty stretcher cases, were accommodated. The Japanese patients filled the other two holds.

Escorted by a minesweeper W-12, the Suez Maru set sail from Port Amboina but while entering the Java Sea and about 327 kilometers east of Surabaya, Java, Netherlands East Indies, the vessel was torpedoed by the American submarine USS Bonefish commanded by Cdr. Tom Hogan. The ship started to list as water poured into the holds drowning hundreds, many managed to escape the holds and swam away from the sinking ship. The Japanese mine sweeper W-12 picked up the Japanese survivors, leaving between 200 and 250 men in the sea. At 14.50, the minesweeper, W-12, under orders from Captain Kawano, opened fire, using a machine gun and rifles. Rafts and lifeboats were then rammed and sunk by the W-12. The firing did not cease till all the prisoners were killed, the minesweeper then picked up speed and sped off towards Batavia (Jakarta) at 16.30 hours.

Sixty-nine Japanese had died during the attack, 93 Japanese soldiers and 205 Japanese sick patients were rescued by the Japanese. Of the 547 British and Dutch prisoners, there is reported to be one survivor, a British soldier, Kenneth Thomas, who was picked up twenty-four hours later by the Australian minesweeper HMAS Ballarat, this has not been confirmed.>

http://www.roll-of-honour.org.uk/He...

The site then lists all the British casualties, but not the Dutch.

Nov-01-16  diagonal: http://www.chesshistory.com/winter/... (scroll down, No. 6069, <Arthur Reynolds>, Chess Notes by Edward Winter), offers two group photographs of the participants at Ostende International Tournament 1937.

<1937 Ostende> (10 players): Henry Grob took first on tie-break (1st-3rd shared with Fine and Keres, both already absolute elite players and joint winners of the legendary AVRO tournament in 1938, and both, Fine and Keres, were beaten by Grob at Ostende in 1937): http://www.belgianchesshistory.be/t...

<Ostende> (english: Ostend, french: Ostende) is a Belgian North Sea resort which hosted three all-time legendary chess tournaments in a row in <1905, 1906, 1907>, plus further strong international invitation tournaments in <1936, 1937>, and finally in <1956>, as well as a series of Open Festivals in the 1980/90s.

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