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Absolute Pin Tactic-- OTB Examples
Compiled by ChessCoachClark
--*--

There are several kinds of Pins in chess, but the Absolute Pin (AP) and the Relative Pin (RP) deserve the immediate attention of chess students. Pins must be taken as one of the most essential tactics in your chess "toolbox." The more tools a mechanic or carpenter has and knows how to utilize them well, the more jobs s/he can do. The more tactics you know and can bring into action during a chess game, the more games you will win.

Any pin is a LINE TACTIC and can only be done by a LINE PIECE (Queen, Bishop or Rook). You expect the attacker to be protected, but in some cases, other threats are involved to make it fruitful as a sacrifice, anyway.

Three chessmen are involved, an attacker and two defenders all on the same line, whether a file, rank or diagonal. The chessman in the middle is the first and direct target, but it is not very valuable when compared to the piece at the end. The piece at the end is the indirect target; it would not be in danger unless the middle chessman steps off the line. If the middle chessman moves along the line, the last piece is still safe. So, it is pinned to the line, not to just one square (in most cases).

This game collection concerns itself with the Absolute Pin, which occurs when the last piece is the King. When the middle chessman steps off the line, it would bring their King into check. Therefore, that chessman must not be moved off the line. In other words, there is an in-line relationship between the attacker, an intermediate chessman and the defending King which must be maintained because the 'First Law of Chess' says that you cannot put your King in check!

An Absolute Pin is a choke-hold on that chessman in the middle. That unit is stuck, glued, frozen or nailed to the line, like a train car on a smooth track with no switching point. It can't get off from the track and the middle unit cannot get off from the line.

Use tactics to take advantage of your new Absolute Pin. It is a strong opportunity to set a winning strategy!

Note the power being effected by an Absolute Pin when the Queen is in the middle. I like to call it a Royal Absolute Pin (RAP).

ChessCoachClark (CCC) originated this game collection and he updates it on occasion. This project is a work in progress, culling games from various sources, including several chess training books and personal research. The games are ordered by date (oldest first), not by importance.

Be well.
Be safe.

The Black Rook made a Royal Absolute Pin to win this game.
E Schallopp vs Anderssen, 1872 
(C23) Bishop's Opening, 23 moves, 0-1

Two Royal Absolute Pins-- 23. Bc3 and 24. ... Rg8
J F Malta vs Bird, 1880 
(A80) Dutch, 28 moves, 0-1

Game ends with an Royal Absolute Pin-- White Queen is lost!
D van Foreest vs C Messemaker, 1884 
(B46) Sicilian, Taimanov Variation, 42 moves, 0-1

Checkmate by Knight is due to an Absolute Pin
Muehlock vs Kostic, 1911 
(C50) Giuoco Piano, 7 moves, 0-1

22. Ne7+ is a Double Attack-- Check and Discovered RAP
Euwe vs H Weenink, 1920 
(C66) Ruy Lopez, 28 moves, 1-0

Absolute Pins as Self-Pins at 21. ... Rg5 and 22. ... Bf8
Bogoljubov vs Alekhine, 1937 
(C17) French, Winawer, Advance, 24 moves, 1-0

Rook made Royal Absolute Pin at end. 36. Kf2 Rxh1+ wins Queen!
S Schweber vs Spassky, 1955 
(E59) Nimzo-Indian, 4.e3, Main line, 35 moves, 0-1

Game ends with Cross Pin-- one arm is a Royal Absolute Pin.
V Mikenas vs Aronin, 1957 
(B99) Sicilian, Najdorf, 7...Be7 Main line, 33 moves, 0-1

Multiple APs, including two at the conclusion!
Bronstein vs R Fuchs, 1957 
(D26) Queen's Gambit Accepted, 24 moves, 1-0

Rook was kicked but 20. Rh4+ is safe by AP, mates next move!
Kupreichik vs A Planinc, 1970 
(C60) Ruy Lopez, 19 moves, 1-0

Rook takes En Prise Pawn to Discover Royal Pin at end of game
V Ciocaltea vs L Masic, 1971 
(B57) Sicilian, 26 moves, 1-0

Royal Pin with 18. Re1 that wins the Black Queen for the Rook.
Ljubojevic vs A Planinc, 1971 
(C78) Ruy Lopez, 35 moves, 0-1

TWO Absolute Pins-- 25. Bd4 and 32. Bc5
V Ciocaltea vs A Lombard, 1972 
(B43) Sicilian, Kan, 5.Nc3, 43 moves, 1-0

Absolute Pin due to Discovery tactic allows Suffocation Mate!
Sachariev vs Dobrev, 1973 
(B29) Sicilian, Nimzovich-Rubinstein, 12 moves, 1-0

AP at 24 ...Bxd5 adds pressure and supports mate later
Larsen vs Ljubojevic, 1975 
(A77) Benoni, Classical, 9...Re8, 10.Nd2, 27 moves, 0-1

AP with 32. Bh6 and Piling On at 33. g5 wins the Bishop.
Westerinen vs Savon, 1975 
(B31) Sicilian, Rossolimo Variation, 33 moves, 1-0

Bishop has AP for Knight to be safe; 30. Bxg5 R1#
Reshevsky vs B Ivanovic, 1976 
(A40) Queen's Pawn Game, 29 moves, 0-1

AP-- as Royal Pin-- allows Complex Mate (CCC) to be successful
Fischer vs Mac Hack VI, 1977 
(C33) King's Gambit Accepted, 21 moves, 1-0

31. Qh6 blocks check-- AP; then Underpromotion leads to Mate!
Stanishevsky vs Nikonov, 1981 
(B30) Sicilian, 33 moves, 1-0

28. Ke1 is Self-Pin, 28 ...Bb5 is Piling On, Black gains Pawn
R Reynolds vs Nunn, 1987 
(D01) Richter-Veresov Attack, 32 moves, 0-1

Royal Pin at 10. Ba5 wins Queen, then AP at 29. Qf4
Nunn vs K Georgiev, 1988 
(B17) Caro-Kann, Steinitz Variation, 42 moves, 1-0

55. ... Qe8 is the (Self-Pin) Absolute Pin of Doom!
Bologan vs J Garcia Padron, 1993 
(B39) Sicilian, Accelerated Fianchetto, Breyer Variation, 56 moves, 1-0

25. ... B6 is Self-Pin/AP; 26. Qh7+ Ke8 27. Qd7#.
Martinez Martinez vs J Converset, 1994 
(E61) King's Indian, 26 moves, 1-0

Bishop makes a Royal Pin at end of this game.
Lalic vs J C Hannet, 1998 
(E81) King's Indian, Samisch, 31 moves, 1-0

Absolute Pin, then Piling On for tactic at end wins the Rook
Rublevsky vs Vaganian, 1998
(C07) French, Tarrasch, 37 moves, 0-1

APs at 31. ... Bxf4 and 34. ... Qxh4 win material and Promotion
J Steckner vs V Burmakin, 2004 
(B13) Caro-Kann, Exchange, 36 moves, 0-1

Game ends with Royal Pin, so it causes resignation immediately.
Z Rahman vs Yudasin, 2004 
(A15) English, 34 moves, 0-1

49. Qxf6 makes AP; last move is Piling On and Fork!
Hebden vs A Madan, 2007 
(A48) King's Indian, 53 moves, 1-0

Two APs set up the checkmate
D Perez vs J Jackova, 2008 
(E41) Nimzo-Indian, 34 moves, 0-1

39. Rxh5+ allowed due to Absolute Pin
G O'Toole vs R Haria, 2009 
(C02) French, Advance, 41 moves, 1-0

AP Allows Mate
A Hugaert vs B Gundavaa, 2009 
(B23) Sicilian, Closed, 50 moves, 0-1

25 Bg5 and 31 Qxh6+ work due to Absolute Pins (other tactics!)
D Yuffa vs Bologan, 2015 
(D10) Queen's Gambit Declined Slav, 38 moves, 1-0

Self-Pins/APs at 23. ... B6 and 30. ... Rf7 win material.
A Goganov vs Jobava, 2016 
(E11) Bogo-Indian Defense, 33 moves, 1-0

24. gxh5 makes an AP on g7-Pawn; R Sacr means mate soon.
J Krupenski vs Gelfand, 2016 
(E46) Nimzo-Indian, 29 moves, 1-0

AP makes the White Queen fearless and supports mating net
O Brendel vs T Chapman, 2017 
(A13) English, 26 moves, 1-0

AP wins the White Knight (at the end/resignation)
Naiditsch vs Caruana, 2017 
(C28) Vienna Game, 40 moves, 0-1

AP allows Back Rank Mate threat for the win
L McLaren vs A Ismail, 2017 
(B01) Scandinavian, 20 moves, 1-0

AP allows Back Rank Mate (or 39. Kh1 Qxf1# Back Rank Mate also)
S Maroroa vs A Diamant, 2018 
(B30) Sicilian, 39 moves, 0-1

Game Ends by Piling On vs Bishop in AP; Bishop lost
M Castrillon Gomez vs M Fierro, 2020
(E62) King's Indian, Fianchetto, 41 moves, 1-0

39 games

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