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A History of the King's Indian and the Pirc
Compiled by kenilworthian
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Tracing the historical co-origins and co-lineages of the King's Indian and Pirc Defenses.

The "Indian" Origins of the KID
Cochrane vs Mohishunder, 1851 
(E76) King's Indian, Four Pawns Attack, 26 moves, 0-1

Cochrane played numerous games against the Brahmin's defense.
Cochrane vs Mohishunder, 1853
(E76) King's Indian, Four Pawns Attack, 26 moves, 0-1

Fianchettos had a long tradition in pre-modern Indian chess
Cochrane vs Mohishunder, 1853
(E76) King's Indian, Four Pawns Attack, 28 moves, 0-1

Cochrane vs Mohishunder, 1853
(E76) King's Indian, Four Pawns Attack, 24 moves, 0-1

Cochrane vs Mohishunder, 1853
(E76) King's Indian, Four Pawns Attack, 46 moves, 0-1

Cochrane vs Mohishunder, 1854 
(E76) King's Indian, Four Pawns Attack, 32 moves, 0-1

Cochrane vs Mohishunder, 1855
(E77) King's Indian, 24 moves, 0-1

Cochrane vs Mohishunder, 1855
(E76) King's Indian, Four Pawns Attack, 36 moves, 0-1

Monishunder played the Pirc as well
Cochrane vs Mohishunder, 1853
(B07) Pirc, 47 moves, 0-1

Cochrane vs Mohishunder, 1854
(B07) Pirc, 26 moves, 0-1

Cochrane vs Mohishunder, 1854
(B07) Pirc, 36 moves, 0-1

Some of these games have good ideas but tons of errors.
Cochrane vs Mohishunder, 1854
(B09) Pirc, Austrian Attack, 48 moves, 0-1

Cochrane vs Mohishunder, 1854
(B07) Pirc, 34 moves, 0-1

Cochrane vs Mohishunder, 1855 
(B07) Pirc, 27 moves, 0-1

Cochrane vs Mohishunder, 1855
(B07) Pirc, 36 moves, 0-1

Cochrane actually won most of these games....
Cochrane vs Mohishunder, 1850 
(B07) Pirc, 19 moves, 1-0

Cochrane vs Mohishunder, 1852
(B07) Pirc, 31 moves, 1-0

`"Father of the Fianchetto"? Or inspired by Mohishunder?
A Schwarz vs Paulsen, 1879 
(E76) King's Indian, Four Pawns Attack, 36 moves, 0-1

A Schwarz vs Paulsen, 1880
(E67) King's Indian, Fianchetto, 44 moves, 1/2-1/2

Pirc
Max Weiss vs Paulsen, 1883 
(B09) Pirc, Austrian Attack, 39 moves, 0-1

Paulsen had much to learn about the Pirc
E Schallopp vs Paulsen, 1883 
(B08) Pirc, Classical, 35 moves, 1-0

Burn vs Paulsen, 1889 
(B09) Pirc, Austrian Attack, 29 moves, 1-0

Several players experimented with the Pirc after Paulsen
Gunsberg vs J Bauer, 1889
(B08) Pirc, Classical, 71 moves, 1/2-1/2

G Reichhelm vs Lasker, 1892 
(B08) Pirc, Classical, 48 moves, 0-1

Marshall vs Pillsbury, 1904 
(B09) Pirc, Austrian Attack, 23 moves, 1-0

There were even simple tactics in the Pirc to be learned
Prokes vs Albin, 1907 
(B07) Pirc, 31 moves, 1-0

Chigorin's Pirc idea may have inspired the Yates System
Leonhardt vs Chigorin, 1907
(B08) Pirc, Classical, 57 moves, 1/2-1/2

Schlechter vs Chigorin, 1907 
(B08) Pirc, Classical, 31 moves, 1/2-1/2

Blackburne also fianchettoed his bishop in the Ruy Lopez (C61)
Marshall vs Blackburne, 1910 
(E76) King's Indian, Four Pawns Attack, 61 moves, 1-0

P F Johner vs Reti, 1922 
(A49) King's Indian, Fianchetto without c4, 43 moves, 1-0

Following the lead of Reti with a ...c5 break
Ed. Lasker vs Maroczy, 1924 
(B08) Pirc, Classical, 41 moves, 1/2-1/2

Saemisch vs Euwe, 1925 
(E76) King's Indian, Four Pawns Attack, 30 moves, 0-1

The c5 break is now practically essential against the 4-Pawns
Colle vs Euwe, 1926 
(E76) King's Indian, Four Pawns Attack, 19 moves, 0-1

Saemisch vs Reti, 1922 
(E60) King's Indian Defense, 33 moves, 0-1

Rubinstein vs Reti, 1922 
(E67) King's Indian, Fianchetto, 39 moves, 1/2-1/2

The Birth of the Yates System
Reti vs Yates, 1922
(E72) King's Indian, 53 moves, 1-0

Yates's masterpiece, which is widely annotated
Alekhine vs Yates, 1923 
(E62) King's Indian, Fianchetto, 50 moves, 0-1

J Bernstein vs Yates, 1923
(E62) King's Indian, Fianchetto, 89 moves, 1-0

Usually Yates invited the d5 push with Nc6
Gruenfeld vs Yates, 1923
(E60) King's Indian Defense, 32 moves, 1/2-1/2

Euwe vs Yates, 1923 
(E60) King's Indian Defense, 44 moves, 1-0

Tarrasch vs Yates, 1923 
(E90) King's Indian, 41 moves, 1-0

A very complex game, though Colle must have had a win....
Colle vs Yates, 1923 
(E76) King's Indian, Four Pawns Attack, 46 moves, 1/2-1/2

Among Yates's best games.
L Steiner vs Yates, 1924
(E90) King's Indian, 41 moves, 0-1

Alekhine's revenge
Alekhine vs Yates, 1924 
(E76) King's Indian, Four Pawns Attack, 32 moves, 1-0

Thomas would also adopt Yates's KID
G A Thomas vs Yates, 1925 
(E62) King's Indian, Fianchetto, 67 moves, 1/2-1/2

Saemisch vs Yates, 1925
(E83) King's Indian, Samisch, 58 moves, 1/2-1/2

Pirc
Janowski vs Yates, 1925 
(B08) Pirc, Classical, 61 moves, 1/2-1/2

Pirc
Carlos Torre vs Yates, 1925 
(B08) Pirc, Classical, 28 moves, 1-0

Another strong performance by Yates.
Bogoljubov vs Yates, 1925 
(E91) King's Indian, 55 moves, 0-1

Saemisch vs Yates, 1925 
(E61) King's Indian, 46 moves, 0-1

S B Gotthilf vs Yates, 1925
(E60) King's Indian Defense, 35 moves, 1/2-1/2

Gruenfeld vs Yates, 1925
(E60) King's Indian Defense, 84 moves, 1-0

J A Seitz vs Yates, 1925
(E90) King's Indian, 42 moves, 1-0

Jacques Davidson vs Yates, 1926 
(E90) King's Indian, 31 moves, 0-1

A Vajda vs Yates, 1926
(E90) King's Indian, 58 moves, 0-1

Gruenfeld vs Yates, 1926
(E62) King's Indian, Fianchetto, 74 moves, 1-0

M Monticelli vs Yates, 1926 
(E62) King's Indian, Fianchetto, 51 moves, 1-0

Reti vs Yates, 1927
(E62) King's Indian, Fianchetto, 39 moves, 0-1

Vidmar vs Yates, 1927 
(E83) King's Indian, Samisch, 53 moves, 1-0

Kmoch vs Yates, 1928
(E60) King's Indian Defense, 44 moves, 0-1

Menchik vs Yates, 1928 
(E60) King's Indian Defense, 46 moves, 1-0

An "epic battle" to the end
Euwe vs Yates, 1931
(E83) King's Indian, Samisch, 55 moves, 1/2-1/2

Several English players followed Yates's lead
Carlos Torre vs G A Thomas, 1925 
(B08) Pirc, Classical, 38 moves, 1-0

Thomas tried the KID on a number of occasions
Nimzowitsch vs G A Thomas, 1923 
(E77) King's Indian, 65 moves, 0-1

The reigning British Champion sets a cute trap at the end.
Sultan Khan vs C H Alexander, 1933 
(A49) King's Indian, Fianchetto without c4, 36 moves, 1-0

Yates's Nc6 ideas lived on
Capablanca vs Tylor, 1936 
(E62) King's Indian, Fianchetto, 35 moves, 1-0

W Winter vs Bogoljubov, 1936  
(E72) King's Indian, 28 moves, 0-1

Be2 was clearly better than the older Bd3 for White
Gruenfeld vs S Takacs, 1924
(E90) King's Indian, 23 moves, 1-0

Alekhine vs Marshall, 1924 
(E76) King's Indian, Four Pawns Attack, 62 moves, 1/2-1/2

The Pirc returned after WWII in Eastern Europe
M Czerniak vs Pelikan, 1945
(B09) Pirc, Austrian Attack, 48 moves, 1-0

Stahlberg vs M Czerniak, 1945
(B08) Pirc, Classical, 28 moves, 1-0

Pirc's games changed the system
Radulescu vs Pirc, 1946 
(B07) Pirc, 24 moves, 0-1

Pirc tended to favor a ...c5 break, in Dragon Sicilian fashion
B Kostic vs Pirc, 1949
(B08) Pirc, Classical, 45 moves, 0-1

P Trifunovic vs Pirc, 1950
(B07) Pirc, 23 moves, 1/2-1/2

Rossolimo vs Pirc, 1950
(B08) Pirc, Classical, 32 moves, 1/2-1/2

Pilnik vs Pirc, 1950 
(B07) Pirc, 65 moves, 1/2-1/2

B Kostic vs Pirc, 1951
(B08) Pirc, Classical, 48 moves, 1/2-1/2

J de Souza Mendes vs Pirc, 1952
(B08) Pirc, Classical, 41 moves, 1/2-1/2

Boleslavsky vs Pirc, 1952 
(B09) Pirc, Austrian Attack, 62 moves, 1/2-1/2

S Vukovic vs Pirc, 1952
(B07) Pirc, 38 moves, 1-0

Pirc figured out how to handle Bg5
Szabo vs Pirc, 1962 
(B07) Pirc, 56 moves, 0-1

F Kuijpers vs Pirc, 1964
(B09) Pirc, Austrian Attack, 33 moves, 0-1

And the Soviets rediscovered the KID after WWII
E R Lundin vs Boleslavsky, 1946 
(E95) King's Indian, Orthodox, 7...Nbd7, 8.Re1, 22 moves, 0-1

H Steiner vs Boleslavsky, 1946 
(E69) King's Indian, Fianchetto, Classical Main line, 40 moves, 0-1

An amazing and memorable concluding combination
F Zita vs Bronstein, 1946 
(E64) King's Indian, Fianchetto, Yugoslav System, 30 moves, 0-1

Bronstein eventually became Boleslavsky's son-in-law
Bronstein vs Boleslavsky, 1947 
(E90) King's Indian, 28 moves, 0-1

Botvinnik vs Bronstein, 1945 
(E67) King's Indian, Fianchetto, 64 moves, 1/2-1/2

Najdorf vs Bronstein, 1950 
(E72) King's Indian, 81 moves, 0-1

Botvinnik vs Bronstein, 1951 
(E69) King's Indian, Fianchetto, Classical Main line, 64 moves, 0-1

Petrosian vs Geller, 1949 
(E94) King's Indian, Orthodox, 27 moves, 0-1

The Birth of the Mar del Plata Variation of the KID
Najdorf vs Gligoric, 1953 
(E98) King's Indian, Orthodox, Taimanov, 9.Ne1, 48 moves, 0-1

E Eliskases vs Gligoric, 1953 
(E99) King's Indian, Orthodox, Taimanov, 42 moves, 0-1

Gligoric persuaded his friend Trifunovic to try the same line.
Najdorf vs P Trifunovic, 1953 
(E99) King's Indian, Orthodox, Taimanov, 41 moves, 1/2-1/2

Najdorf's own game in Zurich that year became better known.
Taimanov vs Najdorf, 1953 
(E99) King's Indian, Orthodox, Taimanov, 43 moves, 0-1

Gligoric vs Fischer, 1961 
(E98) King's Indian, Orthodox, Taimanov, 9.Ne1, 33 moves, 1/2-1/2

L Schmid vs Gligoric, 1965 
(E98) King's Indian, Orthodox, Taimanov, 9.Ne1, 35 moves, 0-1

Larsen vs Tal, 1969 
(E98) King's Indian, Orthodox, Taimanov, 9.Ne1, 40 moves, 0-1

Piket vs Kasparov, 1989 
(E99) King's Indian, Orthodox, Taimanov, 28 moves, 0-1

Korchnoi vs Kasparov, 1991 
(E99) King's Indian, Orthodox, Taimanov, 31 moves, 0-1

Piket vs Kasparov, 1997 
(E99) King's Indian, Orthodox, Taimanov, 51 moves, 1/2-1/2

Pirc problems got solved later than KID problems
Fischer vs Korchnoi, 1962 
(B09) Pirc, Austrian Attack, 33 moves, 0-1

de Firmian vs A Chernin, 1994
(B09) Pirc, Austrian Attack, 22 moves, 1/2-1/2

102 games

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