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Budapest Gambit (A51)
1 d4 Nf6 2 c4 e5

Number of games in database: 265
Years covered: 1920 to 2014
Overall record:
   White wins 38.1%
   Black wins 38.9%
   Draws 23.0%

Popularity graph, by decade

Explore this opening  |  Search for sacrifices in this opening.
PRACTITIONERS
With the White Pieces With the Black Pieces
Samuel Reshevsky  3 games
Alexander Alekhine  3 games
Tiger Hillarp Persson  3 games
K Richter  12 games
Arthur Bisguier  9 games
Erald Mihasi  5 games
NOTABLE GAMES [what is this?]
White Wins Black Wins
Alekhine vs Tartakower, 1932
Smyslov vs H Steiner, 1946
Kasparov vs D Steinwender, 1985
Biegler vs Peperle, 1952
W C Arnold vs M L Hanauer, 1936
M Warren vs Jan Selman, 1930
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 page 1 of 11; games 1-25 of 265  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves Year Event/LocaleOpening
1. Marshall vs S T Sharp 1-042 1920 hexA51 Budapest Gambit
2. P Soler vs A Vajda 0-135 1927 1st olm finalA51 Budapest Gambit
3. Saemisch vs Ahues ½-½31 1928 It BSGA51 Budapest Gambit
4. H A Cadman vs Tartakower 0-126 1929 ScarboroughA51 Budapest Gambit
5. Menchik vs Tartakower 0-130 1929 ParisA51 Budapest Gambit
6. Gilg vs S Fajarowicz ½-½47 1929 BautzenA51 Budapest Gambit
7. M Warren vs Jan Selman 0-16 1930 cr NLA51 Budapest Gambit
8. H Herrmann vs S Fajarowicz  1-047 1930 Frankfurt-BA51 Budapest Gambit
9. Alekhine vs W Heidenfeld ½-½20 1930 Simul /30bA51 Budapest Gambit
10. Alekhine vs Russian Chess Circle 1-038 1931 ParisA51 Budapest Gambit
11. J Rejfir vs K Richter  ½-½20 1931 Prague ol (Men)A51 Budapest Gambit
12. B Koch vs K Richter  ½-½31 1931 27. DSB KongressA51 Budapest Gambit
13. Bogoljubov vs K Richter  1-026 1931 27. DSB KongressA51 Budapest Gambit
14. I Vistaneckis vs A Vajda  0-120 1931 Prague ol (Men)A51 Budapest Gambit
15. Alekhine vs Tartakower 1-032 1932 LondonA51 Budapest Gambit
16. P M List vs K Richter  0-130 1932 Swinemuende GERA51 Budapest Gambit
17. S Rubinstein vs A Becker  0-137 1932 Trebitsch Memorial 15thA51 Budapest Gambit
18. Very vs Chanteux 0-110 1933 ParisA51 Budapest Gambit
19. Roessner vs Kipke  0-111 1933 Berlin opA51 Budapest Gambit
20. K Kurrik vs Keres 0-111 1935 Tartu TTA51 Budapest Gambit
21. L Mues vs E Reinhardt  0-116 1935 Deutsche Schachzeitung, correspondenceA51 Budapest Gambit
22. Opocensky vs K Richter  ½-½49 1935 Bad NauheimA51 Budapest Gambit
23. Stahlberg vs K Richter  1-041 1935 GER-SWE mA51 Budapest Gambit
24. W C Arnold vs M L Hanauer 0-15 1936 PhiladelphiaA51 Budapest Gambit
25. G van Doesburgh vs K Richter 0-123 1936 Munich ol (Men)A51 Budapest Gambit
 page 1 of 11; games 1-25 of 265  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2)  
 

Kibitzer's Corner
< Earlier Kibitzing  · PAGE 8 OF 8 ·  Later Kibitzing>
Oct-06-10
Premium Chessgames Member
  Sastre: 10.Bg3 Nc6 11.Bxd6 Qxd6 12.Ne4 Qxd1+ 13.Rxd1 b6 14.Nc3 d6 15.Nd5 Kd8 16.Be2 Re8 (+0.29/d=18).
Oct-06-10  ozziecobblepot: Interesting - thanks!

One comment on black's choice in playing ...g5 instead of ...Qe7 in this line - if I were to adopt this as black, I would not have any problem with drawish lines. I would compare it to the Traxler or to the Berlin Ruy. In the theoretical debate, draws in the Traxler count in the success column. Drawish middle/endgames in the Berlin are similar. So if black can learn how to play that ending well, and can draw it against much stronger players, then it is a success.

Oct-06-10  FrogC: I'm a fan of the Budapest but have never had to play this line, so it's useful to see it discussed here. I find that at my level (1600-ish) most of my opponents have never seen the Budapest before, and think they have to play 4.Nf3. I guess Bf4, defending the pawn with a bishop, just looks wrong to them. That means I hardly ever get to play the main line.
Oct-06-10  morphy2010: If suppose 4.Nf3 than 4...Bc5 equalizes for black at the least! Whit must respond 5.e3
Oct-08-10  ozziecobblepot: Just played out the 10...Nxc4 with DR4 first choice, interesting to see how tenacious defense gets dismantled.
Oct-09-10  morphy2010: Budapest is sound but does anyone know if any World Champs took it up?
Apr-05-11
Premium Chessgames Member
  Wild Bill: Instructions: copy the text below and in the following posts into a single text file, globally change all square brackets to angle brackets, save the file to disk with an extension of <.html>, then open it in a browser.

Enjoy.

[html]
[title]Vladimir Potkin - Boris Savchenko, European Championship, Aix-les-Bains, 26 March 2011[/title] [body topmargin=50 bottommargin=50 leftmargin=50 rightmargin=50 marginheight=50 marginwidth=50] [center]
[img src="http://i.imgur.com/leMx6.jpg"/]

[br][b]Vladimir Potkin[/b]
[/center][font size="1"][br][b]Photo by [a href="http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/U..."/]Stefan64[/a] from [a href="http://nl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vladim..."/]Wikipedia[/a] ([a href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses..."/]Creative Commons License[/a], Attribution/Share Alike) [/b][/font][i][b][br][br]
[a href="Potkin vs B Savchenko, 2011"/]Vladimir Potkin - Boris Savchenko[/a][br] 12th European Championship, Round 5[br]
Aix-les-Bains, 26 March 2011[br][br]

East India Game: Indian Gambit[/b] (Budapest Defense)[/i][br]

[br][b]1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 e5[/b][br][br]

[ul][li]This opening, traditionally called the Budapest Defense (or Gambit or Countergambit) was hot stuff in the 1920s when it was actually feared and given the kind of respect the King's Indian is nowadays. Black gives up a center pawn and seeks quick development. The shortest tournament game in history was a the Indian Gambit in which White withheld an early [i]c2c4[/i] that ran: [font color="red"][i]1.d4 Nf6 2.Nd2 e5 3.dxe5 Ng4 4.h3??? Ne3!![/i][/font] White resigns as he must either lose his Queen or play [i]5.fxe3 Qh4#[/i] and have a nice rest of the day [i](Gibaud-Lazard, Paris, 1924).[/i][/li][/ul] [br][b]3.dxe5 Ng4[/b][br][br]

[ul][li]If [font color="red"][i]3...Ne4[/i][/font][i](Less usual, but not better than 3...Ng5.[/i] -- Dr. Alekhine) then:[/li][ul][li][font color="red"][i]4.a3 Nc6 5.Nf3 d6 6.Qc2[/i][/font] then:[/li][ul][li]If [font color="red"][i]6...Bf5[/i][/font] then:[/li][ul][li][font color="red"][i]7.Nc3 8.Qxf5 Nxh1 9.e6 fxe6 10.Qxe6+ Qe7 11.Qd5 h6 12.g3[/i][/font] gives White a comfortable advantage in space [i](Reshevsky-Bisguer, New York, 1955).[/i][/li][li][font color="purple"][i]7...Nxc3 8.Qxf5 Na4 9.g3 Be7 10.Qc2 Nc5 11.b4 Ne6 12.exd6 cxd6 13.Bg2 0-0 14.0-0 Rc8 15.Bb2 Qb6 16.Rfd1 Rfd8 17.Qe4 a5 18.Bh3[/i][/font] draw [i](Smejkal-P. Popovich, Novi Sad, 1976).[/i][/li][/ul][li][font color="darkorange"][i]6...Nc5 7.b4 Ne6 8.Bb2 dxe5 9.e3 f6 10.Bd3 g6 11.h4 Bg7 12.Nc3 f5 13.0-0-0 Qe7 14.Nd5[/i][/font] gives White a powerful advantage in space [i](García-Rogers, IT, Las Palmas, 1995).[/i][/li][/ul][li]If [font color="darkred"][i]4.Nd2 Nc5 5.Ngf3 Nc6 6.g3[/i][/font] then:[/li][ul][li][font color="darkred"][i]6...Qe7 7.Bg2 g6 8.Nb1 Nxe5 9.0-0 Nxf3+ 10.exf3 Bg7 11.Re1 Ne6 12.Nc3 0-0 13.Nd5 Qd8 14.f4 c6 15.Nc3 d6[/i][/font] is equal [i](Dr. Alekhine-Dr. Tartakover, IT, London, 1932).[/i][/li][li][font color="magenta"][i]6...d6 7.exd6 Qxd6 8.Bg2 Bf5 9.0-0 0-0-0 10.a3 Qf6 11.Qe1 Re8 12.e4 Nxe4 13.Nxe4 Rxe4 14.Be3 Re8[/i][/font] is equal [i](Gupta-Thejkumar, Indian Ch, Mumbai, 2009).[/i][/li][/ul][/ul][/ul] [br][b]4.Bf4[/b][br][br]

Apr-05-11
Premium Chessgames Member
  Wild Bill: [br][b]4...Nc6 5.Nf3 Bb4+ 6.Nbd2[/b][br][br]

[ul][li]White already has a slight advantage in space.[/li][li]If [font color="red"][i]6.Nc3 Bxc3+ 7.bxc3 Qe7 8.Qd5[/i][/font] then:[/li][ul][li]If [font color="red"][i]8...f6 9.exf6 Nxf6 10.Qd3 d6[/i][/font] then:[/li][ul][li]If [font color="red"][i]11.g3 0-0 12.Bg2[/i][/font] then:[/li][ul][li]If [font color="red"][i]12...Bg4 13.0-0 Rae8 14.Rfe1[/i][/font] then:[/li][ul][li][font color="red"][i]14...Nd7 15.Nd4 Nce5 16.Qe3 Qf6 17.Qc1 c6 18.f3 Bh5 19.Rb1[/i][/font] draw [i](Reinderman-L'Ami, IT B, Wijk aan Zee, 2010).[/i][/li][li]If [font color="burgundy"][i]14...Kh8 15.Rab1 Ne4 16.Nd4[/i][/font] givesm White a small advantage in space [i](Rosenburg-Fister, Corres, 2002).[/i][/li][/ul][li]If [font color="darkred"][i]12...Ne4 13.0-0 Nc5 14.Qe3[/i][/font] then:[/li][ul][li][font color="darkred"][i]14...Be6 15.Nd4 Bxc4 16.Nxc6 Qxe3 17.Bxe3 bxc6 18.Bxc6[/i][/font] gives White an extra pawn and the initiative [i](Seirawan-C. Schulien, Op, Columbus, 1987).[/i][/li][li][font color="magenta"][i]14...Bg4 15.Qxe7 Nxe7 16.Nd4 Rae8 17.Rfb1 Ng6 18.Be3[/i][/font] gives White an extra pawn [i](Korchnoi-Faure, Op, Zürich, 1988).[/i][/li][/ul][/ul][li][font color="burgundy"][i]11.e3 0-0 12.Be2 Ne4 13.0-0 Bf5 14.Qd5+ Kh8 15.Rac1 Nc5 16.Nd4 Be4 17.Nxc6 bxc6 18.Qd2[/i][/font] gives White an extra pawn [i](Pogorlov-A. González, Op, Mondariz, 2000).[/i][/li][/ul][li][font color="darkred"][i]8...Qa3 9.Rc1 f6 10.exf6 Nxf6 11.Qd2 d6 12.Nd4 0-0 13.f3 Ne5 14.e4[/i][/font] gives White a small advantage in space [i](O'Kelly-Heidenfeld, IT, Dublin, 1956).[/i][/li][/ul][/ul] [br][b]6...Qe7 7.e3[/b][br][br]

[ul][li]If [font color="red"][i]7.a3 Ngxe5 8.Nxe5 Nxe5[/i][/font] then:[/li][ul][li]If [font color="red"][i]9.e3 Bxd2+ 10.Qxd2 d6[/i][/font] then:[/li][ul][li]If [font color="red"][i]11.Be2 0-0 12.0-0 b6 13.b4[/i][/font] then:[/li][ul][li]If [font color="red"][i]13...Bb7[/i][/font] then:[/li][ul][li][font color="red"][i]14.Rac1 Rad8 15.Bg3 Rfe8 16.Rfe1 Ng6 17.e4[/i][/font] gives White a small advantage in space [i](Belozarov-Bjornsson, Euro Club Cup, Halidiki, 2002).[/i][/li][li][font color="purple"][i]14.Rfd1 Rae8 15.Bg3 f5 16.f3 Ng6[/i][/font] is equal [i](T. Schmidt-Koch, Corres, 1990).[/i][/li][/ul][li][font color="darkorange"][i]13...a5 14.f3[/i][/font] transposes into [i]Gonçalves-Johansson,[/i] below.[/li][/ul][li][font color="magenta"][i]11.Qc3 f6 12.Be2 0-0 13.0-0 Kh8 14.Rfd1 b6 15.b4 Bb7 16.c5[/i][/font] gives White the advantage in space [i](Szabo-Ban, Hungarian Ch, Budapest, 1947).[/i][/li][/ul][li][font color="darkred"][i]9.Bxe5 Bxd2+ 10.Qxd2 Qxe5 11.e3 d6 12.Be2 a5 13.0-0 a4 14.Rfd1 0-0[/i][/font] is equal [i](Meins-Gutman, German Ch, Hochendorf, 2004).[/i][/li][/ul][/ul] [br][b]7...Ngxe5 8.Nxe5 Nxe5 9.Be2 b6[/b][br][br]

Apr-05-11
Premium Chessgames Member
  Wild Bill: [ul][li]In the years between the World Wars, this defense was thought to be an aggressive gambit for Black. However, even in 2011, this gambit is played with the slower development of the pieces characteristic of the hypermoderns of that era. In the opinion of my staff and I, this is the wrong approach. Black has given up a pawn for quick development. Therefore, Black should not develop his Bishops on the flanks, but engage them in combat quickly by delpoying to the fourth or fifth ranks in classical style.[/li][li]If [font color="red"][i]9...0-0 10.0-0[/i][/font] then:[/li][ul][li]If [font color="red"][i]10...Bxd2 11.Qxd2 d6 12.b4[/i][/font] then:[/li][ul][li][font color="red"][i]12...Re8 13.Rfd1 Ng6 14.Bg3 a5 15.c5 dxc5 16.bxc5[/i][/font] gives White more space, the Bishop pair in an open game and command of the d-file [i](Stohl-Manolov, IT, Burgas, 1992).[/i][/li][li][font color="magenta"][i]12...Rd8 13.Qc3 f6 14.Rfd1 Bf5 15.Rd2 Bg6 16.Rad1[/i][/font] gives White the advantage in space and the Bishop pair [i](Bluvshtein-Miezis, Ol, Calvia, 2004).[/i][/li][/ul][li]If [font color="darkred"][i]10...a5 11.a3[/i][/font] then:[/li][ul][li]If [font color="darkred"][i]11...Bxd2 12.Qxd2 d6 13.b4[/i][/font] then:[/li][ul][li][font color="darkred"][i]13...b6 14.f3 Bb7 15.Rfb1 Ng6 16.Bg3 Rfe8 17.e4[/i][/font] gives White a slight advantage in space [i](Gonçalves-Johansson, Corres, 1999).[/i][/li][li][font color="darkorange"][i]13...Rd8 14.Qc3 f6 15.Rfd1 Bf5 16.f3 axb4 17.axb4[/i][/font] gives White a small advantage in space [i](Smyslov-Blackstock, IT, London, 1988).[/i][/li][/ul][li][font color="magenta"][i]11...Bc5 12.b4 axb4 13.axb4 Rxa1 14.Qxa1[/i][/font] gives White a small advantage in space [i](Bormida-Jensen, Corres, 1999).[/i][/li][/ul][/ul][/ul] [br][b]10.0-0 Bb7[/b][br][br]

[ul][li]If [font color="red"][i]10...Bxd2 11.Qxd2 Bb7[/i][/font] then:[/li][ul][li]If [font color="red"][i]12.Qc3 d6 13.c5 bxc5 14.Bxe5 Qxe5 15.Qxe5+ dxe5[/i][/font] then:[/li][ul][li][font color="red"][i]16.Rfc1 0-0-0 17.Rxc5 Rhe8 18.Rac1 Re7[/i][/font] is equal [i](Malaniuk-Blatny, IT, Kecskemet, 1991).[/i][/li][li][font color="magenta"][i]16.Rfd1 Rd8 17.Rac1 Rxd1+ 18.Bxd1[/i][/font] is equal [i](L. B. Hansen-Blatny, IT. Amsterdam, 1989).[/i][/li][/ul][li][font color="darkred"][i]12.b4 d6 13.Rac1 Ng6 14.Bg3 h5 15.c5 dxc5 16.bxc5 h4[/i][/font] is equal [i](Kosyrev-Oleinikov, Moscow Ch, 1999).[/i][/li][/ul][/ul] [br][b]11.Nf3 Bxf3 12.Bxf3 Rd8 13.Be2 (N)[/b][br][br]

[ul][li]If [font color="red"][i]13.Qe2 a5 14.Be4 Bd6 15.Rad1 0-0[/i][/font] then:[/li][ul][li][font color="red"][i]16.Bb1?! f5 17.Rd2 Rde8 18.Re1[/i][/font] is equal [i](Babula-García Palermo, Euro Club Cup, Kallithea, 2008).[/i][/li][li][font color="darkred"][i]16.Qh5 g6 17.Qe2 f5 18.Bb7 g5 19.Bxe5 Bxe5 20.Bd5+[/i][/font] is equal.[/li][/ul][/ul]

Apr-05-11
Premium Chessgames Member
  Wild Bill: [br][b]13...Bd6 14.Qc2[/b][br][br]

[ul][li]White has a comfortable advantage in space.[/li][/ul] [br][b]14...h5[/b][br][br]

[ul][li][font color="red"][i]14...g5 15.Bg3 0-0 16.Qb3 Qe6 17.Rad1 f5 18.Rfe1[/i][/font] continues to give White more space. Whites Bishop pair may also be adventageous with few pawns in the center.[/li][/ul] [br][b]15.Rad1 c6?![/b][br][br]

[ul][li]Black is afraid of ghosts. He takes a prophylactic measure to retreat his Bishop rather than simply exchange it in order to save time.[/li][li]Better is [font color="red"][i]15...g5 16.Bxe5 Qxe5 17.g3 h4 18.Rd5 ,[/i][/font] but even that continues to give White a comfortable advantage.[/li][/ul] [br][b]16.Rd4![/b][br][br]

[ul][li]White brings his Rook to the center where it can quickly move to wherever it can do the most damage.[/li][/ul] [br][b]16...Bc7[/b][br][br]

[ul][li][font color="red"][i]16...Bb8 17.h3 g6 18.Rfd1 Kf8 19.Bh2 c5 20.Rd5[/i][/font] gives White more space and the Bishop pair.[/li][/ul] [br][b]17.h4 g6?[/b][br][br]

[ul][li]Black weakens his kingside dark squares.[/li][li]As grim as it is, Black can still put up a defense after [font color="red"][i]17...d6 18.Rfd1 0-0 19.Bg5 f6 20.Bf4.[/i][/font][/li][/ul] [br][b]18.Bg5 f6[/b][br][br]

[ul][li]Black further weakens his kingside. Nevertheless, the game is lost and even a less weakening move is of no avail.[/li][li][font color="red"][i]18...Qe6 19.Bxd8 Kxd8 20.Rfd1 Kc8 21.c5 Rd8 22.b4[/i][/font] allows White to bust through Black's defense like Superman breaking through plywood.[/li][/ul] [center][b][br]
BLACK: Boris Savchenko[br][br]
[img src="http://i.imgur.com/BDjKHl.jpg"/][br]

[br][br]WHITE: Vladimir Potkin[br]
Position after [i]18...f7f6[/i][/b]
[/center][br]
[br][b]19.f4!![/b][br][br]

[ul][li]White sweeps away the pawns, opening the f-file for his Rook.[/li][/ul] [br][b]19...fxg5 20.fxe5 Qg7[/b][br][br]

[ul][li]Black's King is exposed and his center is gone. There is no longer an adequate defense.[/li][/ul] [br][b]21.Rf6![/b][br][br]

[ul][li]The Black Queen is shut out of the game.[/li][/ul] [br][b]21...Bxe5 22.Rxg6 Qe7[/b][br][br]
[center][b][br]
BLACK: Boris Savchenko[br][br]

[img src="http://i.imgur.com/fjIfcl.jpg"/][br]

[br][br]WHITE: Vladimir Potkin[br]
Position after [i]22...Qg7e7[/i][/b]
[/center][br]
[br][b]23.Bxh5!![/b][br][br]

[ul][li]White proffers the Bishop.[/li][/ul]
[br][b]23...Bh2+[/b][br][br]

[ul][li][font color="red"][i]23...Rxh5 24.Rg8+ Qf8 25.Rxf8+ Kxf8 26.Qf5+[/i][/font] wins the Bishop and gives White an overwhelming material advantage.[/li][/ul] [br][b]24.Kh1 1-0[/b][br][br]

[ul][li][font color="red"][i]24...Rxh5 25.Rg8+ Qf8 26.Qg6+ Ke7 27.Re4+ Be5 28.Rxe5#.[/i][/font][/li][li]Grandmaster Savchenko resigns.[/li][/ul] [/body]
[/html]

Apr-05-11  bartonlaos: Interesting presentation, and easy to convert.
Mar-26-13
Premium Chessgames Member
  perfidious: <morphy2010: Budapest is sound but does anyone know if any World Champs took it up?>

Never seen it played by a world champion in a serious game, though Tal played the Fajarowicz against me in one of our series of blitz games (at 5-2 time odds) at Somerville, Massachusetts in March 1988. My response was the theoretical recommendation 4.a3; about all I remember of that game is that he got no play and that I won fairly easily.

Mar-26-13
Premium Chessgames Member
  Phony Benoni: Glancing through the Budapest games (A51-A52), I was unable to find any games where a world champion played it. A couple each form Keres and Korchnoi, and four from Nigel Short of which the following was probably the closest to the opening appearing in World Championship play.

Karpov vs Short, 1992

Mar-27-13  ughaibu: Using the search function: http://www.chessgames.com/perl/ches... So far I only searched for Lasker and Alekhine.
Mar-27-13  ughaibu: Well, well, well: Alekhine vs Euwe, 1921
Mar-27-13  ughaibu: And what about this: I Odesskij vs Kramnik, 1987 !!
Mar-27-13  ughaibu: Including world senior champions: Karpov vs Suetin, 1971
Mar-27-13  ughaibu: Including world junior champions: Ivkov vs Gheorghiu, 1969
Mar-27-13
Premium Chessgames Member
  Phony Benoni: <ughaibu> Very good! May I make the excuse of severe illness (end-of-winter cold)?
Mar-27-13
Premium Chessgames Member
  perfidious: <Phony Benoni> Anything you like, so long as you don't claim it was that wretched sea air that did you in, a la Tarrasch!
Mar-27-13  ughaibu: Phony Benoni: The explanation may be that I searched under A52, whereas this page is A51.
Mar-27-13  ughaibu: Missed one! Including world correspondence champions: E Chernyaeva vs G Timmerman, 1988
Mar-27-13
Premium Chessgames Member
  Jim Bartle: Also, Aronian-Ivanchuk, Candidates Match, 2013. Check later for result.
Mar-27-13
Premium Chessgames Member
  perfidious: <Jim> Ivanchuk must be following this discussion.....
Nov-10-13  Kikoman: <Opening of the Day>

Budapest Gambit
1. d4 Nf6 2. c4 e5


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