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Dutch, Leningrad, Main Variation (A87)
1 d4 f5 2 c4 Nf6 3 g3 g6 4 Bg2 Bg7 5 Nf3

Number of games in database: 754
Years covered: 1951 to 2023
Overall record:
   White wins 38.5%
   Black wins 29.2%
   Draws 32.4%

Popularity graph, by decade

Explore this opening  |  Search for sacrifices in this opening.
With the White Pieces With the Black Pieces
Sergei Ovsejevitsch  5 games
Evgeny Postny  5 games
Etienne Bacrot  5 games
Vladimir Malaniuk  21 games
Zhong Zhang  11 games
Evgeni Vasiukov  9 games
NOTABLE GAMES [what is this?]
White Wins Black Wins
Tal vs Botvinnik, 1960
Karpov vs V Malaniuk, 1988
Kholmov vs J Klavins, 1955
S Guliev vs Bacrot, 1992
Van der Sterren vs V Malaniuk, 1987
Razuvaev vs Topalov, 1992
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 page 1 of 31; games 1-25 of 754  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves YearEvent/LocaleOpening
1. A Tsvetkov vs G Stoltz  0-1491951Marianske Lazne / Prague ZonalA87 Dutch, Leningrad, Main Variation
2. A Pytlakowski vs K Plater  ½-½231952MiedzyzdrojeA87 Dutch, Leningrad, Main Variation
3. Kholmov vs J Klavins 1-0211955URS-ch qf VilniusA87 Dutch, Leningrad, Main Variation
4. V Barata da Cruz vs W Heidenfeld  0-1371955JohannesburgA87 Dutch, Leningrad, Main Variation
5. R Fuchs vs G Restrepo  ½-½201956Moscow Olympiad Final-BA87 Dutch, Leningrad, Main Variation
6. E Franco Raymundo vs M Farre ½-½261957ESP-chA87 Dutch, Leningrad, Main Variation
7. P Aguirre vs J Pelikan  0-1331957Buenos AiresA87 Dutch, Leningrad, Main Variation
8. Shamkovich vs Y Kotkov  0-1651958RSFSR ChampionshipA87 Dutch, Leningrad, Main Variation
9. K Honfi vs E Haag  ½-½62195814th Hungarian ChampionshipA87 Dutch, Leningrad, Main Variation
10. M Pugach vs J Pelikan  ½-½461959Buenos AiresA87 Dutch, Leningrad, Main Variation
11. J Zajic vs F Blatny 1-0321960Czechoslovak ChampionshipA87 Dutch, Leningrad, Main Variation
12. J L Alvarez del Monte vs Letelier  1-0531960Mar del PlataA87 Dutch, Leningrad, Main Variation
13. Tal vs Botvinnik 1-0411960Botvinnik - Tal World Championship MatchA87 Dutch, Leningrad, Main Variation
14. J Klein vs F Casas  1-0381960Santa FeA87 Dutch, Leningrad, Main Variation
15. Koblents vs M Ostrauskas  1-0411961Baltic Match TournamentA87 Dutch, Leningrad, Main Variation
16. Portisch vs Uhlmann 1-0371962Stockholm InterzonalA87 Dutch, Leningrad, Main Variation
17. E Etcheverry vs R Hoen  0-1531962Varna Olympiad Final-CA87 Dutch, Leningrad, Main Variation
18. T Stadler vs A Kushnir 0-1441966URS-YUGA87 Dutch, Leningrad, Main Variation
19. N Skalkotas vs V Jensen  1-0111967Wch U20 fin-BA87 Dutch, Leningrad, Main Variation
20. V Glatman vs M Yudovich Jr. 0-1301968USSRA87 Dutch, Leningrad, Main Variation
21. T Trincardi vs A Saidy  0-1701968Reggio Emilia 1967/68A87 Dutch, Leningrad, Main Variation
22. Filip vs J Fabian 1-0461968Czechoslovak ChampionshipA87 Dutch, Leningrad, Main Variation
23. A Kushnir vs N I Titorenko  0-13319686th Soviet Team CupA87 Dutch, Leningrad, Main Variation
24. E Formanek vs P Karmaz 0-1351969WhitbyA87 Dutch, Leningrad, Main Variation
25. Savon vs Lutikov  ½-½381969USSR ChampionshipA87 Dutch, Leningrad, Main Variation
 page 1 of 31; games 1-25 of 754  PGN Download
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Kibitzer's Corner
< Earlier Kibitzing  · PAGE 3 OF 3 ·  Later Kibitzing>
Apr-21-07  Poisonpawns: <grijs> In trying to avoid the anti-dutch systems ,one can create so much extra work for oneself!
Apr-21-07  grijs: True <Poisonpawns>, but you need a defense against 1. e4 anyway. So, you can play the The French or the Pirc against 1. e4 and the Dutch against 1.d4, 1.c4 etc...
Premium Chessgames Member
  WTHarvey: Here are some traps and zaps in A87 miniatures:
Jul-06-07  whiteshark: Is the Leningrad Dutch now the St.Petersburg Dutch?
Jul-06-07  ganstaman: <whiteshark: Is the Leningrad Dutch now the St.Petersburg Dutch?>

I've read that before -- where?

Jul-06-07  whiteshark: <ganstaman>: on a chessninja page ??
Jul-07-07  ganstaman: <whiteshark> Ah, yes, that could be it.
Jul-07-07  Tomlinsky: Korchnoi on playing the Leningrad Dutch when he was a junior: "I used to play the Leningrad System... then after one or two years I realised that NOBODY understands what happens in that system including myself. So I gave up this system and came to play only the modest d6 in the Dutch."
Jul-19-07  nummerzwei: Does anybody here have some experience with 5...d6 6.d5 in this variantionas white? It appears to me that this line leads to quite "dry" play, which reminds me mostly of the English opening. But it is called a good variation by Keene, who has also played it. I would like to learn more about this line, because I haven´t found a real system against the Dutch.

If someone plays it against me,I will answer it with c4 followed by g3 and son, but as I said before, I don´t know that much about the plans and theoretical variations of the main lines. Is there a good books about g3 against the Dutch that covers the all the normal setups by black (Leningrad, Stonewall,Classical)?

Thanks in advance, No2

Oct-21-07  Open Defence: Opening of the Day...
Mar-24-08  BirdBrain: I was reading the posts on the 2. h3 lines, and I am not a master or anything, but I have analyzed this line and found an interesting idea for Black. Of course the problem is so many players want to force their pet lines, and do not explore the intracacies of any opening. I believe to be good at the Dutch, you have to understand it. I play the Bird as well, and I used to lose consistently to my personal computer, but I came back and tried new ideas and got more solid each time with the pawn structures. A lot of lines evaluate d4 f5 h3 Nf6, but I do not believe that is near as good as playing d5! on move 2. For instance:

d4 f5 h3 d5 g4 fxg hxg Bxg Qd3 Nf6 Rxh7 does not work the same, as the king can flee via d7. If you don't like this, then don't play d5 - simply develop Nf6 g4 fxg hxg Nxg4 Qd3 g6, which is another line that prevents the Quick Queen checkmate...However, I believe the 2...d5 line offers Black more chances to dance toe to toe tactically with White, with ideas such as Qd6 and a possible 0-0-0.

Apr-12-10  xombie: The Dutch is a nuisance. Many of us QP and English players like to stifle and build quietly. But the Dutch is like a hyperactive child that you can't quieten. But it might be better to live with the activity because white seems to have decent chances of getting a good game later on. Trying to learn more about this system and broaden my knowledge of positions.
Apr-12-10  parisattack: <xombie: The Dutch is a nuisance. Many of us QP and English players like to stifle and build quietly. But the Dutch is like a hyperactive child that you can't quieten. But it might be better to live with the activity because white seems to have decent chances of getting a good game later on. Trying to learn more about this system and broaden my knowledge of positions.>

I think most of the top QP players literally drooled when their opponent played a Dutch - at that level of play its probably structurally unsound. But for us mortals it can indeed be a nuisance (and conversely, fun to play as Black). 2. Bg5 is a try if the main lines (especially the Leningrad) give you heartburn.

Premium Chessgames Member
  HeMateMe: this ugly critter gives me problems, excuse my technical language. After black gets a big pawn center, you have to be Houdini to activate the light Bishop on g2. Also, it is difficult to activate one's dark square bishop, if it is on b2, and blocked in.

While I'm advancing my queenside pawns to free up my game, black put a big Knight on e4. Sometimes, I have to play f3 to drive off the Knight, creating a permanent weakness. I look at the GM games here to see how they play against the Dutch, but it remains a headache.

Apr-13-10  parisattack: Try Petrosian-Korchnoi 1946. Petro also has to play f3 but uses it as a lever for e4, destroying Korchnoi's Stonewall. I've seen the same motif against the Leningrad.

Keene analyzes this game in Petrosian vs the Elite, Game #1.

Apr-13-10  Poisonpawns: <Parisattack Try Pertosian-Korchnoi 1946> Here is a nice video-analysis of the game.
Apr-13-10  parisattack: ,Poisonpawns: <Parisattack Try Pertosian-Korchnoi 1946> Here is a nice video-analysis of the game.;


Apr-13-10  xombie: Ah, thanks Paris. That seems interesting. I think at amateur levels, one doesn't get to encounter it often enough, which might explain it. But it still boils down to positional understanding.
Premium Chessgames Member
  HeMateMe: <Paris> Most instructive! (Petrosian v. Korchnoi 1946) The stonewall gets demolished, black's light square bishop never gets activated.
Apr-13-10  parisattack: <HeMateMe: <Paris> Most instructive! (Petrosian v. Korchnoi 1946) The stonewall gets demolished, black's light square bishop never gets activated.>

I found it amazing how quickly black's 'stone' wall collapsed. Petrosian definately had the 'touch' for such things...

Apr-14-10  FHBradley: In Petrosian vs Korchnoi, 1946 black allows his DSB to be traded for free, which is generally not a good idea. If white insists on the exchange, he should be made pay for it, as in H Olafsson vs S Agdestein, 1987. I think people say the real test case for the Stonewall is the knight manoeuvre g1-h3-f4-d3, as in P Nikolic vs Short, 1987 or Anand vs P Nikolic, 2000
Premium Chessgames Member
  Penguincw: Opening of the Day

Dutch, Leningrad, Main Variation (A87)
1.d4 f5 2. c4 ♘f6 3.g3 g6 4.♗g2 ♗g7 5.♘f3

click for larger view

Premium Chessgames Member
  Troller: And again today :)

Seems like Nakamura is the only top player still employing this; Kramnik was fond of it in his youth, though.

Jan-04-13  xeneizexxx: I believe that the black dark square bishop is more important than the rook in the leningrad, at least it confuses your opponent and gives you more winning chances. See: R Fontaine vs M Vachier-Lagrave, 2007
Premium Chessgames Member
  eternaloptimist: Wow so my kibitz is the 1st kibitz made here in ~10 1/2 years! This variation is similar to the king’s indian defense, fianchetto variation. The good thing about playing the Dutch defense, Leningrad variation, instead of the KID, is that u save 2 tempi b/c u don’t have to play Ne8 or Nh5 & then …f5 if u want to get ur attack going by playing …f5. Quite often black will push his ♔side pawns anyway to attack when playing the KID. The Leningrad Dutch is an excellent way to unbalance the situation and to play for a win against 1 d4 if u r familiar w/ the themes to strive for in it
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