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29p_PAWN endgames
Compiled by whiteshark
--*--

taht iz whaen noh piezez R laeft

Pawn endings do not arise out of nowhere; we know of course that every pawn ending started out as an endgame with more pieces on the board....

The main concepts of king and pawn endings are well known, and will be summarized only briefly here:

< 1. King activity. This is frequently critical in all sorts of endings, but never more so than when the kings are the only pieces remaining.

< 2. Opposition. King opposition, both direct and distant, are key ideas in such endings. Triangulation, to lose a tempo and transfer the move to the opponent, is a standard technique.

< 3. Outside passed pawns are often decisive, as are protected passed pawns. Such passed pawns often result from combinational breakthroughs.

4. Above all, king and pawn endings are probably the most concrete of all, in that tempi are usually vital, and variations are everything. There is usually little scope for general strengthening moves, of the sort which are common in other endings. In king and pawn endings, it is generally essential to be able to calculate everything in detail. >>> - Steve Giddins

Basic pawn endgames: http://jeremysilman.com/chess_orlov...

Pawn Endgames: Beauty and the Beast: http://www.chess.com/article/view/p...

reviews of Glenn Fear's book on pawn endgames: http://www.karlonline.org/kol51.htm http://www.chessville.com/reviews/S...

http://www.thechessmill.com/instruc...

"The older I grow, the more I value Pawns." - Paul Keres

♙ = ♙ = ♙ = ♙ = ♙ = ♙ = ♙ = ♙ = ♙ = ♙ = ♙ = ♙

Chess Song from the Internet

Another interest chess resource on the Internet is the Chess-L mailing list. Here chess enthusiasts are able to send comments to the entire subscription list (about 800 at last count) by sending a single message to the list maintainer. A recent topic for discussion was pawn endings. Here is one of the more delightful replies (reproduced by permission) by Chess-L member David Moody:

"GM Alexander Baburin provides a list of things you need to know about pawn endings:

"opposition reserved tempo and triangulation square the pawn outflanking and elbowing locking up more active King pawn race transformation into a Queen ending passed pawn creation:

"Breakthrough passed pawn creation on opposite flanks: self marching pawns self-supporting pawns stalemate outside passed pawns protected passed pawns better pawn structure corresponding squares.

===

The most elementary of chess positions. All things being equal, every position must be judged in relation to the pawn ending. Important concepts in these endgames include <king activity> <opposition> <triangulation> along with <zugzwang> <pawn breaks> <passed pawns> <square of the pawn> and <promotion/under-promotion>.

Queen endings can also arise from close pawn endings when both sides promote.

===

"That's a beautiful list. Some might be moved to poetry. I have no idea what I was moved to, as I couldn't get the Disney song "It's a small world" out of my mind.

"You may want to sing along. Then again, you may want to delete this immediately and censor me forever."

IT'S A PAWN GAME

Chorus:

It's a pawn game after all!
It's a pawn game after all!
It's a pawn game after all!
It's a pawn end game.
There is some outflanking and elbowing,
There is locking up the more active king,
When you triangulate, be prepared for stalemate, It's a pawn game after all!
If your opposition should square a pawn,
Use your reserved tempo and race one down,
When a breakthrough is seen, they transform into queens, It's a pawn game after all!

Pawns are self-supporting, self-marching too,
They're outside, protected, and passed to boot,
Better structure is theirs, corresponding to squares, It's a pawn game after all!

--- David Moody

(It's a small brain after all...)
http://www.angelfire.com/mi/JFrankl... ♙ = ♙ = ♙ = ♙ = ♙ = ♙ = ♙ = ♙ = ♙ = ♙ = ♙ = ♙

check also: Game Collection: Pawn Endgames


Elementary, my dear ...
D Boskovic vs G Sargissian, 2010 
(C53) Giuoco Piano, 38 moves, 0-1

Zhao Xue vs E Paehtz, 2004
(D15) Queen's Gambit Declined Slav, 99 moves, 0-1

easy
S Guliev vs V Tukmakov, 1993 
(E32) Nimzo-Indian, Classical, 36 moves, 0-1

V Gashimov vs A Anastasian, 2003 
(C10) French, 63 moves, 0-1

E Peralta vs A Almiron, 2009 
(A43) Old Benoni, 56 moves, 1-0

C H Alexander vs Botvinnik, 1936  
(B24) Sicilian, Closed, 35 moves, 0-1

Nimzowitsch vs Tarrasch, 1911 
(C45) Scotch Game, 39 moves, 0-1

Tarrasch vs K Hollaender, 1892 
(C62) Ruy Lopez, Old Steinitz Defense, 36 moves, 1-0

Lasker vs Tarrasch, 1914 
(C83) Ruy Lopez, Open, 47 moves, 1/2-1/2

Bacrot vs Kramnik, 2005 
(E20) Nimzo-Indian, 56 moves, 1-0

Zhu Chen vs K Haznedaroglu, 2010
(D10) Queen's Gambit Declined Slav, 106 moves, 1/2-1/2

T Middelburg vs M Okkes, 2001 
(B18) Caro-Kann, Classical, 46 moves, 0-1

Morozevich vs Adams, 2009 
(E37) Nimzo-Indian, Classical, 50 moves, 1/2-1/2

Tarrasch vs J N Berger, 1889 
(C77) Ruy Lopez, 74 moves, 1-0

38.f5! cuts the cake
Timman vs J Vogel, 1974 
(A17) English, 43 moves, 1-0

Pillsbury vs Gunsberg, 1895 
(D10) Queen's Gambit Declined Slav, 40 moves, 1-0

E Cohn vs Rubinstein, 1909 
(D21) Queen's Gambit Accepted, 38 moves, 0-1

Tiviakov vs R Rapport, 2011 
(C77) Ruy Lopez, 62 moves, 1-0

Tartakower vs Lilienthal, 1937 
(C00) French Defense, 42 moves, 1/2-1/2

A Giri vs Ivanchuk, 2012 
(E11) Bogo-Indian Defense, 51 moves, 1-0

D Brandenburg vs L Ootes, 2012 
(B07) Pirc, 50 moves, 1/2-1/2

last move!!!
H D Wunderlich vs N E Patrici, 2007 
(C92) Ruy Lopez, Closed, 48 moves, 1-0

H Max vs F Sulik, 1936
(C01) French, Exchange, 53 moves, 0-1

Nimzowitsch vs Chigorin, 1907 
(D02) Queen's Pawn Game, 58 moves, 1-0

V Fedoseev vs M Bosiocic, 2012 
(D70) Neo-Grunfeld Defense, 79 moves, 1-0

Smyslov vs Korchnoi, 1960 
(D79) Neo-Grunfeld, 6.O-O, Main line, 54 moves, 0-1

Kashdan vs E Tholfsen, 1934
(C10) French, 38 moves, 1-0

--> Q
J Shaw vs J Rowson, 2000
(B51) Sicilian, Canal-Sokolsky (Rossolimo) Attack, 74 moves, 1/2-1/2

-->Q
M Ragger vs N Paikidze, 2012
(D38) Queen's Gambit Declined, Ragozin Variation, 65 moves, 1-0

Averbakh vs Karpov, 1970 
(D42) Queen's Gambit Declined, Semi-Tarrasch, 7.Bd3, 52 moves, 1/2-1/2

Grischuk vs Lputian, 2002 
(C02) French, Advance, 45 moves, 0-1

4p:4p
Seirawan vs Kasparov, 1983 
(D34) Queen's Gambit Declined, Tarrasch, 54 moves, 0-1

O Bernstein vs Rubinstein, 1914 
(C48) Four Knights, 97 moves, 1/2-1/2

Alekhine vs Yates, 1910 
(D61) Queen's Gambit Declined, Orthodox, Rubinstein Attack, 46 moves, 1-0

Taimanov vs Botvinnik, 1953 
(D45) Queen's Gambit Declined Semi-Slav, 51 moves, 0-1

G Kuzmin vs Petrosian, 1977 
(C10) French, 61 moves, 1-0

Taimanov vs Suetin, 1952 
(D85) Grunfeld, 72 moves, 0-1

Geller vs Smyslov, 1952 
(D19) Queen's Gambit Declined Slav, Dutch, 58 moves, 0-1

D Karatorossian vs J Blauert, 2005
(C43) Petrov, Modern Attack, 61 moves, 1-0

Zugzwangowitsch
Alekhine vs Opocensky, 1943 
(C01) French, Exchange, 48 moves, 1-0

K~'s swansong
Topalov vs Kasparov, 2005 
(B30) Sicilian, 30 moves, 1-0

Tkachiev vs Mamedyarov, 2012
(A04) Reti Opening, 52 moves, 1/2-1/2

7:7 --> 4:4
Tal vs Korchnoi, 1968 
(E19) Queen's Indian, Old Main line, 9.Qxc3, 40 moves, 1/2-1/2

winding-up into 4:4|| ftw
Vidmar vs Flohr, 1931 
(A46) Queen's Pawn Game, 85 moves, 0-1

draw!
Shirov vs V Laznicka, 2012
(B12) Caro-Kann Defense, 49 moves, 1/2-1/2

Korchnoi vs Petrosian, 1974 
(A17) English, 51 moves, 1-0

I A Nataf vs J L Chabanon, 2005 
(B19) Caro-Kann, Classical, 55 moves, 1-0

3:2|| - Triangulation
Alburt vs Kasparov, 1978 
(E75) King's Indian, Averbakh, Main line, 56 moves, 0-1

A Matanovic vs Larsen, 1958 
(B76) Sicilian, Dragon, Yugoslav Attack, 64 moves, 1-0

Abwicklung
Pillsbury vs Halprin, 1898 
(C67) Ruy Lopez, 39 moves, 1-0

--> Q -->P
Blackburne vs Max Weiss, 1889 
(C65) Ruy Lopez, Berlin Defense, 70 moves, 0-1

P--> Q
I Ivanisevic vs N Grandelius, 2012 
(D38) Queen's Gambit Declined, Ragozin Variation, 63 moves, 0-1

M Al-Modiahki vs A Shukuraliev, 2012
(C84) Ruy Lopez, Closed, 53 moves, 1-0

K A Walbrodt vs Conill / Ostolaza / López / Herrer, 1893 
(C89) Ruy Lopez, Marshall, 44 moves, 1-0

S Vaibhav vs Claus Seyfried, 2011 
(C10) French, 49 moves, 1-0

3:2||
Najdorf vs Kotov, 1948 
(D74) Neo-Grunfeld, 6.cd Nxd5, 7.O-O, 73 moves, 1/2-1/2

Stoltz vs Nimzowitsch, 1928 
(B24) Sicilian, Closed, 61 moves, 0-1

Post, Morten!
R S Mitchell vs P Morten, 2004 
(D21) Queen's Gambit Accepted, 41 moves, 0-1

4:4||
A Pomar Salamanca vs J Cuadras Avellana, 1974 
(D93) Grunfeld, with Bf4 & e3, 50 moves, 0-1

Al's 1st loss after the 1927 match
H K Mattison vs Alekhine, 1931 
(C46) Three Knights, 42 moves, 1-0

Kashdan vs J Asiain, 1932
(C26) Vienna, 67 moves, 1-0

Rubi
Burn vs Rubinstein, 1912 
(C01) French, Exchange, 64 moves, 0-1

Botvinnik vs Flohr, 1944 
(A09) Reti Opening, 68 moves, 1-0

Adams vs G Jones, 2011 
(B76) Sicilian, Dragon, Yugoslav Attack, 42 moves, 1/2-1/2

--> Q
Shirov vs Morozevich, 2012 
(E04) Catalan, Open, 5.Nf3, 61 moves, 1-0

Huebner vs T Luther, 2002 
(B01) Scandinavian, 46 moves, 0-1

--> Q
Jansa vs I Farago, 2012
(C07) French, Tarrasch, 67 moves, 1/2-1/2

Candidate's lecture
Grischuk vs Kramnik, 2013 
(C67) Ruy Lopez, 41 moves, 0-1

--> Q
Bogoljubov vs Saemisch, 1938 
(A14) English, 68 moves, 1-0

I Bilek vs P Troeger, 1961
(C10) French, 81 moves, 1-0

Larsen vs Gligoric, 1956 
(B92) Sicilian, Najdorf, Opocensky Variation, 47 moves, 1-0

QRR --> QR --> R -->P --> Q --> P
I E Morovic-Fernandez vs Short, 1980 
(B06) Robatsch, 60 moves, 1/2-1/2

A Brinckmann vs Rubinstein, 1929 
(C48) Four Knights, 80 moves, 0-1

N Ciganovic vs S Martinovic, 2012
(C16) French, Winawer, 49 moves, 0-1

Kasparov vs Ulf Andersson, 1988 
(D36) Queen's Gambit Declined, Exchange, Positional line, 6.Qc2, 44 moves, 1-0

a famous misevaluation!!
Aronin vs Smyslov, 1951 
(B08) Pirc, Classical, 51 moves, 1/2-1/2

K Havasi vs Stahlberg, 1934  
(D30) Queen's Gambit Declined, 68 moves, 1/2-1/2

Romanishin vs T Kriebel, 2013 
(A07) King's Indian Attack, 45 moves, 1-0

Szabo vs Reshevsky, 1957 
(E21) Nimzo-Indian, Three Knights, 58 moves, 1/2-1/2

B Vladimirov vs Stein, 1957
(A56) Benoni Defense, 57 moves, 0-1

W Shipman vs Dzindzichashvili, 1993 
(A45) Queen's Pawn Game, 43 moves, 1-0

T Simonian vs Navara, 2014 
(E71) King's Indian, Makagonov System (5.h3), 35 moves, 0-1

A Abdulwahhab vs N Noritsyn, 2008
(B32) Sicilian, 99 moves, 1/2-1/2

V Plat vs T Dijkhuis, 2012
(A01) Nimzovich-Larsen Attack, 43 moves, 1-0

Paulsen vs Englisch, 1877 
(A28) English, 44 moves, 1-0

E Amigues vs V Okhotnik, 2001 
(A40) Queen's Pawn Game, 35 moves, 0-1

Sveshnikov vs Kasparov, 1979 
(B22) Sicilian, Alapin, 43 moves, 0-1

Karjakin vs Kamsky, 2014 
(B06) Robatsch, 78 moves, 1/2-1/2

G Welling vs G Popilski, 2014
(A48) King's Indian, 44 moves, 1/2-1/2

Yurtaev vs S Temirbaev, 1998
(A84) Dutch, 50 moves, 1/2-1/2

Ehlvest vs I Rausis, 1995 
(D31) Queen's Gambit Declined, 43 moves, 1-0

V Selimanov vs M Gerusel, 1957
(E42) Nimzo-Indian, 4.e3 c5, 5.Ne2 (Rubinstein), 40 moves, 0-1

what??
C Sandipan vs R Frischmann, 2014 
(D02) Queen's Pawn Game, 60 moves, 0-1

E Eliskases vs L Schmitt, 1938 
(E33) Nimzo-Indian, Classical, 51 moves, 1-0

Kramnik vs Lautier, 1995 
(A35) English, Symmetrical, 42 moves, 1-0

L Schandorff vs K Arakhamia-Grant, 2012
(A56) Benoni Defense, 74 moves, 1-0

--> Q
G Jones vs V Godoj, 2007
(B23) Sicilian, Closed, 57 moves, 1/2-1/2

Ivanchuk vs Wang Yue, 2009 
(C42) Petrov Defense, 51 moves, 0-1

W Napier vs Tarrasch, 1902 
(D08) Queen's Gambit Declined, Albin Counter Gambit, 45 moves, 1/2-1/2

Yates vs Marshall, 1929 
(D37) Queen's Gambit Declined, 62 moves, 1/2-1/2

Barsov vs L Brunner, 1994 
(D27) Queen's Gambit Accepted, Classical, 52 moves, 1/2-1/2

--> Q
J P McKenna vs J Hardarson, 2012
(B77) Sicilian, Dragon, Yugoslav Attack, 62 moves, 1/2-1/2

Alekhine vs Prins, 1933 
(A40) Queen's Pawn Game, 47 moves, 0-1

Adams vs Judit Polgar, 2008 
(C42) Petrov Defense, 44 moves, 0-1

-->Q
A Volokitin vs M Ragger, 2015
(C67) Ruy Lopez, 79 moves, 1/2-1/2

D Viard vs A Uogele, 1993
(B27) Sicilian, 47 moves, 0-1

57.g4
H Ree vs Ftacnik, 1978 
(D99) Grunfeld Defense, Smyslov, 77 moves, 1-0

K Gratka vs G Sargissian, 1997
(A30) English, Symmetrical, 56 moves, 1/2-1/2

Ragozin vs Reshevsky, 1939 
(C44) King's Pawn Game, 61 moves, 1-0

--> Q
Keres vs I Rabinovich, 1939
(B72) Sicilian, Dragon, 60 moves, 1/2-1/2

Carlsen vs Yifan Hou, 2016 
(C42) Petrov Defense, 54 moves, 1-0

Morphy vs Loewenthal, 1858 
(C41) Philidor Defense, 59 moves, 0-1

B Gledura vs Anand, 2016 
(D45) Queen's Gambit Declined Semi-Slav, 48 moves, 1-0

Ulf Andersson vs Kavalek, 1978
(A04) Reti Opening, 56 moves, 1/2-1/2

Tal vs Bagirov, 1967 
(B14) Caro-Kann, Panov-Botvinnik Attack, 57 moves, 1-0

.-> Q
Ashley vs Waitzkin, 1997 
(B57) Sicilian, 76 moves, 1-0

--q
A van de Oudeweetering vs Van der Wiel, 1987 
(C48) Four Knights, 72 moves, 0-1

E Canal vs Spielmann, 1929 
(A07) King's Indian Attack, 59 moves, 1-0

Colle vs Pirc, 1930
(A46) Queen's Pawn Game, 56 moves, 0-1

Nisipeanu vs D Svetushkin, 2007
(C83) Ruy Lopez, Open, 50 moves, 1-0

M Marin vs T Sachdev, 2016
(E06) Catalan, Closed, 5.Nf3, 46 moves, 1/2-1/2

D Lintchevski vs A Kashlinskaya, 2009
(B76) Sicilian, Dragon, Yugoslav Attack, 42 moves, 1-0

A Sokolov vs Korchnoi, 1987 
(C82) Ruy Lopez, Open, 52 moves, 0-1

Keres vs E Klein, 1946 
(E04) Catalan, Open, 5.Nf3, 41 moves, 1-0

Kouatly vs Marjanovic, 1987
(D34) Queen's Gambit Declined, Tarrasch, 58 moves, 0-1

Wei Yi vs B Adhiban, 2015
(C50) Giuoco Piano, 48 moves, 1/2-1/2

S Gorgievski vs Leko, 1990 
(A07) King's Indian Attack, 50 moves, 0-1

66...Kf3! was a win Kasparov overlooked
Kasparov vs Bacrot, 2004  
(C88) Ruy Lopez, 66 moves, 1/2-1/2

City of Munich vs City of Frankfurt, 1902 
(D02) Queen's Pawn Game, 40 moves, 1/2-1/2

Delchev vs A Frois, 2011 
(D34) Queen's Gambit Declined, Tarrasch, 72 moves, 1-0

K Berbatov vs D Chatterjee, 2010 
(B01) Scandinavian, 40 moves, 1-0

Tan Zhongyi vs T Abrahamyan, 2013
(A04) Reti Opening, 62 moves, 1/2-1/2

Eljanov vs Yifan Hou, 2017 
(C50) Giuoco Piano, 49 moves, 1-0

Zukertort vs Englisch, 1877 
(C49) Four Knights, 60 moves, 1-0

J C Schroeder vs A Ra Harikrishnan, 2017
(C05) French, Tarrasch, 51 moves, 1/2-1/2

W So vs Carlsen, 2017 
(C10) French, 64 moves, 1/2-1/2

Naiditsch vs R Dautov, 2017 
(B11) Caro-Kann, Two Knights, 3...Bg4, 69 moves, 1-0

31...exf3!! wud hv won
Najdorf vs Mecking, 1978  
(A15) English, 43 moves, 1/2-1/2

G Timoshchenko vs A Vitolinsh, 1990
(E97) King's Indian, 45 moves, 0-1

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